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PREFACE

BY THE AMERICAN EDITOR.

From the foregoing preface of the venerable author to the fifteenth London edition of his work, some idea may be formed of the degree of favour, with which it has been received by the British public. We may add; that in reference to its adaptation to the wants of the people of the United States at the present day, numerous essential additions and improvements have been made. The object of the work being to present an accurate and impartial account of the various sects, into which the Christian world is divided, we have been careful to submit every article, in which a sketch of an existing denomination of American origin is given, to the inspection and approval of some recognised expounder of its tenets.

Among the works to which we have been largely indebted in the execution of our task of revision, are Brande's Encyclopædia; Hayward's Book of Religions; D'Aubigne's History of the Reformation ; Encyclopædia Americana ; Maurice's True Catholic Church; Parochial Sermons, by John Henry Newman ; the Ox. ford Tracts; Pusey's Sermons; Puseyism no Popery, by Bishop Doane; The Churchman; &c. &c.

The condition of religious parties at the present moment is deeply interesting. All sects seem to be examining their principles, and the spirit of theological investigation was never more active. Religion cannot possibly suffer by the canvassing of its truths; and enlightened views alone are likely to be of permaQent duration.

“It is more and more understood," says a celebrated divine of our own day, “ that religious truth is every man's property and right, that it is committed to no order or individual, to no priest, minister, student, or sage, to be given, or kept back at will; but that every man may, and should seek it for himself; that every man is to see with his own mind as well as with his own eyes; and that God's illuminating spirit is alike promised to every honest and humble seeker after truth. This recognition of every man's right of judgment, appears in the teachings of all denominations of Christians. In all the tone of authority is giving place to that of reason and persuasion. Men of all ranks are more and more addressed, as those who must weigh and settle for themselves the grandest truths of religion.

“The same tendency to universality, is seen in the generous toleration which marks our times, in comparison with the past. Men, in general, cannot now endure to think that their own narrow church holds all the goodness on the earth. Religion is less and less regarded as a name, a form, a creed, a church, and more and more as the spirit of Christ which works under all forms and sects. True, much intolerance remains; its separating walls are not fallen; but with few exceptions, they no longer reach to the clouds.

Many of them have crumbled away, till the men whom they sever can shake hands, and exchange words of fellowship, and recognize in one another's faces the features of brethren."

NEW-YORK, Dec. 1843.

IN DE X.

PAGE

PAGU
138

80,95

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American Presbyterians . 134 Dutch Reformed Church
Anabaptists

142
Andover Creed

81 Edwards, Jonathan
Antinomians

89 | England, Church of
Apostles' Creed

100 Episcopalians
Arians

55 Episcopal, U. S. Church
Arius

Erasmus
Armenians

241 Evangelical, The term
Arminian Creed, The

85, 120
Arminians, The

78, 85 Five Points, The
Armenius

66 Fox, George
Athanasian Creed

53 Free Communion Baptists
Atheists.

11 Free-will Baptists
Augsburg, Confession of 75, 76, 126 Friends

97
96
103

73
136

79
156
154
149
155

30, 34

Bacon, Lord, on Atheism,

12 German Reformed Church 141
Baptism
11o, 142, 161 Gnostics

253
Baptisis

143 Grant, Dr. A., On the present
John Milton on

148 state of the Jews
Free Communion 154 | Greek Church

64, 70
Free Will

149
Seventh Day
150 Henry the Eighth,

97
Six Principle
151 Hicksites

163
Baxterians
87 Holland, Church of

138
Baxter, Richard 87, 88, 287 Hopkinsonian Calvinists

80
Bereans

202 Hopkins, Samuel
Bishops, succession of the 102 Huguenots

84
Brownists
96 Humanitarians

257
Hutchinsoniuns

216
Calvinism

84, 133
Calvinists
77, 138 Immersion, Modes of

145, 146
Calvin, John
58, 75 Independents

96
Chalmers, Rev. Dr.
134 Indulgences, Sale of

71
Channing, Rev. Wm. E.

63
Chesterfield, Lord, on Atheism 14 Jewish Confession of Faith 27
Christianity
40 Jews

25
" Brief view of its evidences

45
Christian Connection

206 Kant, Emanuel, Quotation from 16
Christian inoderation,

264 His letter on Swedenborg 184
Church government, Modes of 96 Knox, John

130
Clarke, Dr., on Deism

18
Coleridge, Quotations from 17 Latin Church

65
Come-outers
212 Latter Day Saints

232
Concluding reflections
264 | Lee, Anne

165
Congregationalists
96, 137 Luther, Martin

72
Cranmer
98, 109, 112 Lutherans

76
Cumberland Presbyterians 138

Mahometans

35
Daleites
211 Mahometan Creed

37
Deists
18 Manicheists

251
Disciples of Christ
197 Martyr, Justin

61
Dort, Synod of
78, 86, 141 Materialists

90
Dunkers
152 | Melancthon

73
A5

4 .

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