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for the Christian Church, even here upon earth. For the days will come, and seem at no very great distance, (the present century may perhaps disclose them,) when, the beast and false prophet being removed, and Babylon sunk for ever, the devil, that ancient foe, shall be deprived of his wonted influence; and the prophecies, which in the Old Testament, as well as in the book of Revelation, promise happy times, shall be accomplish
* An abstracted view of the sentiments of the Ancients on this difficult, and as yet obscure subject, may be seen in Bishop Newton's Dissertations, vol. iii. 329–343. 8vo; and of the Moderns, in Lowman's Paraphrase and notes on Rev. p. 242—248. Some ingenious and useful bints are suggested in Mr. Kett's last volume on Prophecy. And a comprehensive, learned, and very judicious view of the whole subject may be read in Mr. Gray's Discourse on Rev. xx. 4, 5, 6. It is remarkable that Dr. Whitby, who had declined to comment on the Apocalypse, assigning as his motive, that he felt himself unqualified for such a work, has ventured to explain this particular prediction of the Millennium; which being, as all agree, a prophecy yet unfulfilled, is, of all others, the most difficult. Yet his Treatise on the true Millennium may be perused with advantage. But, as it plainly appears that no one, who lived before the completion of the prophecies of the Seals, the Trumpet, or the Harlot of Babylon, however learned and sagacious, was able to penetrate through the veil of these mysteries ; nor was any progress made in assorting these prophecies, until the historical events fulfilling them appeared; so, to the events alone are we to look with confidence for the complete illustration of these predictions. We can at present collect from tbem with safety, only general notions and assurances. Such however are sufficient to support our faith, if not to gratify our curiosity.
Setan loosed, deceiveth the nations, and is cast into
the burning lake.
CIIAP. XX. VER. 1-10.
7 Και όταν τελεσθη
τα χίλια έτη, λυ-
εκ της φυλακής αυ8 το: Και εξελεύσείαι
πλανήσαι τα έθνη τα εν ταις τέσσαςσι γωνίαις της γης, , Tov Tay nai too Mayžiny, ouve aliv αυτες εις πόλεμον, , ών και αριθμός αυτών
ως η άμμος της θα9 λάσσης. Και ανέ
6ησαν επί το πλάτος της γης, και έκύκλωσαν την παξεμβολήν των αγίων, , και την πόλιν την αγαπημένην nai καλέςη ούρ από το Θες εκ τ8 έρανε,
και κατέφαγεν αυτές. 10 Και ο διάβολος και
σλανών αυτές, έβλήθη εις την λίμνην τα συρός και θεία, όπα και το Ingior ny o teudoπροφήτης και βασα
ī And when the thou- 17 And when the thou.
sand years shall be sand years are expired, completed, satan sball Satan shall be loosed
be loosed from his 8 out of his prison, And 8 prison: And he shall shall
go out to deceive come forth to deceive
the nations which are the nations which are in the four quarters of in the four corners of
the earth, Gog and the earth, the Gog,
Magog, to gather them and the Magog, to ga
together to battle: the ther them together to
number of whom is as battle, the number of
the sand of the sea. whom is as the sand of 9 And they went up on 9 the sea. And they
the breadth of the went up on the extent
earth, and compassed of the earth, and sur
the camp of the saints rounded the camp of
about, and the beloved the saints, even the
city: and fire came
down from God out of beloved city. And fire
heaven, and devoured came down from God
10 them. And the devil out of heaven, and de
that deceived them, 10voured them. And the
was cast into the lake devil, who deceiveth
of fire and brimstone, them, was cast into the
where the beast and the lake of fire and brim
false prophet are, and stone; where were like
shall be tormented day wise the wild-beast and the false prophet; and
and night for ever and they shall be torment
After the grand period of the Millennium, so favourable to the Christian cause, shall have come to its end, another apostacy shall unhappily take place. This is expressed figuratively, by satan being again loosed, to deceive the nations. This new rebellion against the laws of God, and against the easy yoke of the Redeemer, is of formidable extent. The four corners of the earth, (that is, the nations of the whole earth) * are engaged in it. It is an apostacy of a new kind; different at least from the former apostacy, in which the beast and false prophet were satan's instruments of mischief. Beyond this we have little ground of conjecture. The enemies of the Christian Church, numerous as the sands upon the sea-shore, surround the camp of the Saints, which is represented as in a state of siege. But the extinction of these enemies shall be sudden, miraculous, and complete. They shall be destroyed by fire, by fire from heaven, that is, miraculously, and utterly t.
This description is conformable to other ancient prophecies, still remaining to be fulfilled; or which have received only a partial and typical completion. Such are Isaiah Ixiii. lxvi. Joel iii. Ezek. xxxviii, and xxxix; which is the last prophecy in the book, and is said expressly to be of the latter days. Gog and Magog will be found to signify the nations ; those which were most distant, and yet hostile to the Church. On all these prophecies, evidently not yet fulfilled, little can be conjectured with safety. They are to be handed down to the Church of the latter days, even as those prophecies, which we have seen fulfilled, have been delivered to us; and with this consolation, that this “overflowing of iniquity,” whenever it arrives, shall be miraculously and completely terminated f. And this is the last successful effort of satan against the Church. He is then consigned to his eternal prison.
See note, ch. iv. 6.
+ See note, ch. xvii, 12. 1 Excepting the exhibition of the temple, which, being a subject entire of itself, was reckoned by the Jews as an additional book. See Joseph. Ant. Jud. lib. x. c. 6.
most λευκόν μέγαν, και τον καθήμενον επ' αυτε, και από
* See Mede's Works, p. 280; Abp. Newcome on Ezekiel xxxviii. 2; also Lowth on the same passage.
+ So Ezek, xxxix. 6. Isaiah xlvii. 13, 14; xxxiii. 14.
CHAP, XX. VER. 11-to the end.
11 Και είδον θρόνον
ogoσώπα έφυγεν η γη και και έρανός και τόπος
έχ ευρέθη αυτοίς. . 12 Kai sidor tis vee
κρες, μικρές και μεγάλες, εσώτας ενώπιον τ8 Θεέ, και βιβλία ήνεώχθησαν και βιβλίον άλλο newxon, ő iso año
11 And I saw a great
wbite throne, and bim
there was found no
I saw the dead, small
11 And I saw a great
white throne, and bim that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away, and there was
found no place for 12 them. And I saw the
dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the
ζωής και εκρίθησαν life. And the dead οι νεκροί εκ των were judged from the γεγραμμένων εν τοις things written in the
βιβλίοις, καλα τα books, according to 13 έργα αυτών. Και 13 their works. And the έδωκεν η θάλασσα
sea gave up the dead Tas ir aura vexperts, which were in it: and rj ó Sávalos vj
death and hell gave up άδης έδωκαν τας εν
the dead which were αυτοϊς νεκρές και in them: and they were εκρίθησαν έκασος judged, every one ac
καλά τα έργα αυ- cording to their works, 14 Täv. Kai Já.
14 And death and bell καλος και ο αδης
were cast into the lake εβλήθησαν εις την of fire. 'This is the diurny Tő augós 15 second death. And ετός εσιν ο δεύτερος
if any one were not 15 Súvalos. Kai si
found written in the τις έχ ευρέθη εν τη book of Life, he was βίβλω της ζωής
cast into the lake of γειραμμένος, έβλήθη
fire. εις την λίμνην το augóso
dead were judged out of those things which were written in the
books, according to 13 their works. And the
sca gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell dclivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged,
every man according 14 to their works. And
death and bell were cast into the lake of
fire. This is the se15 cond death. Anduho
soever was not found written in the book of life, was cast into the lake of fire.
The Christian Church being now triumphant over its enemies, and the instigator of all mischief being himself eternally banished, there is no more warfare to relate. Nothing remains but to describe that general judgment, which shall render to every man according to his works ; when, immortality succeeding to mortality, death, that “ last enemy, shall be destroyed.” The appearance of the great Judge, before whose “
presence " the earth and the heaven are seen to flee away;" at whose approach, the former scenery, (as described in ch. iv. &c.) vanishes, and the process of the tribunal,
* 1 Cor. xv, 26.