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PART VI.

SECTION V.

Exultation in Heaven over the fallen Babylon, and upon

the approach of the new Jerusalem.

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έκ τ8 θρόνα εξηλθε,

from the throne him, both small and λέγεσα” Αινείτε τον came forth, saying; | 6 great. And I heard Θεόν ημών πάνlες « Praise our God, all as it were the voice of οι δέλοι αυτά, οι “ye his servants, ye a great multitude, and φοςέμενοι αυτόν οι | 4 who fear him, both as the voice of many

μικροί και οι μεγάλοι. “ small and great." waters, and as the 6 Και ήκεσα ως φω 6 And I heard as it were, voice of mighty thun

νην όχλα πολλά, και a voice of a great mul derings, saying; Alle. ως φωνήν υδάτων titude, and as a voice | luia: for the Lord God τσολλών, και ως of many waters, and I Omnipotent reigneth. φωνήν βρονών ισ as a voice of mighty 17 Let us be glad and reχυρών, λέγολας: thunderings, saying; I joice, and give honour

'Αλληλεία» ότι “ Allelujah! for, the to him: for, the mar• Εασίλευσε Κύριο “ Lord our God the riage of the Lamb is

ο Θεός ημών ο σαν» « Omnipotent reign- I come, and his wife bath 7 τοκράτωρ. Χαίρω

made herself ready. μεν και αγαλλιών

“ and rejoice, and give 8 And to her was grants μεθα, και δώμεν την “ the glory to him; ed, that she should be δόξαν αυτά ότι ήλ “ for the marriage of arrayed in fine linen, θεν ο γάμο το « tlie Lamb is come, clean and white: for, αρνίε, και η γυνή αυ

“ and his Wife hath the fine linen is the το ητοίμασεν ε Τ “ prepared herself. righteousness of saints. 8 αυλήν. Και εδόθη

|s « And it hath been 19 And he saith unto me; αυτή, ένα περιβά “ given to her, that Write, Blessed are they λήlαι βύσσινον κα “ she should be ar which are called unto θαρόν και λαμπρόν: « rayed in fine linen, the marriage-supper of το γαρ βύσσινον, “pure and bright : for, the Lamb. And he

τα δικαιώμαία έξι “ the fine lineu is the saith unto me, These 9 των αγίων. Και “ righteousness of the are the true sayings of λέγει μοι· Γρά

9 “ saints." And he | 10 God. And I fell at * ψον Μακάριοι οι saith unto me, “Write;

his feet to worship εις το δείπνον τα

« Blessed are they who him: And he said unto γάμε τα αρνίε κε “are called to the me; See thou do it not; κλημένοι. Και λέ “ marriage- supper of I am thy fellow-ser. γει μοι· Ούτοι οι

« the Lamb.” And vant, and of thy breλόγοι αληθινοί εισι he saith unto me, thren that have the 10 τ8 Θεξ. Και έπε “ These are the true testimony of Jesus: σον έμπροσθεν των | 10« words of God.” And !

worship God: for the ποδών αυτά προσ. I fell down before his testimony of Jesus is. κυνήσαι αυτό και feet to worship him: the spirit of prophecy, λέγει μ: "Oρα μή. and he saith unto me,

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Ver. 1. And after these things; &c.] In the 20th verse of the last chapter, Heaven, as described in ch. iv, and the Saints, who are stationed in grand chorus before the throne *, are exhorted to rejoice over the fall of Babylon. The représentation of this fall being now completed, we hear the choral song.

Ib. Allelujah!] Heb. Praise ye Jehovah! å word of holy exultation, which hath passed into many languages even of the heathens, both ancient and modern t. This song of praise breaks forth on the fall of the harlot, -of Babyloni; and as she falls by the last Viál, it has retrospect to that Vial, and to the rest, which are preparatory to her fall.

Ver. 4. And the twenty-four elders ; &c.] The song of praise is begun by the redeemed Saints, in conjunction probably with the innumerable company of angels 1. The elders, and the cherubim, who are near the throne, sing the antiphonal “Allelujah, Amen.Thus the song beginning, from the lowest, advances to the highest orders of heavenly beings $; from "the

* Ch. xv. 2. . See Schleusner or Parkhurst, in voc.

See notes, ch. iv. 9, 10.

And therefore the elders are mentioned here before the cherubiin, as observed in note, ch. iv. 6. 9.

" redeemed

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"redeemed from amongst men,” to the cherubim, who are “in the midst of the throne and around the throne,” (ch. iv.6); till at length a voice proceeds from the throne itself, joining in the same harmony, and exhorting all the servants of God, of every rank and degree, to praise Him. The exhortation is immediately obeyed. -And magnificent is the effect, when all unite their accordant voices, to sing praise to the Almighty King; who, by destroying the impure harlot, (which had usurped the name of his Church upon earth,) had prepared the way for the Virgin-Bride, the true Church, who is now to be owned and espoused publicly by her Redeemer.

Ver. 7. The marriage of the Lamb is come.] The holy and mystical union of Christ with his Church, is frequently mentioned in Scripture t. The harlot, pretending to be that spouse I, having been now convicted of fornication with the worldly powers; having been judged, and eternally discarded; the attention in Heaven and earth is naturally turned to that chaste and pure Virgin ġ, who is now to be presented to her Lord. The choral song brings her to view; arrayed, not “in purple and scarlet, and gold and precious "stones ;” not in worldly splendour, like the harlot; but in the pure, simple, but resplendent garments, which are the clothing of the heavenly inhabitants. She had “washed her garments, and made them white, in “ the blood of the Lamb q." By faith in her Redeemer, she is become righteous :--for, this is “the fine linen, “ the righteousness of the saints.”

• Ver. 5.

+ Isaiah, liv. 5. Jer. iii. 14. Hos. ii. 19, 20. Matt. xxii. xxv, 2 Cor. xi. 2. Eph. v. 22–32. Ch. xviii. 16. § 2 Cor. xi. 2. Ver. 9. And he saith unto me, Write.] From the first opening of the vision, which exhibits the judyment of the great harlot,” an angel, one of the seven, had graciously accompanied the prophet, explaining to him the mystery ; (xvii. 7). This vision now closes with the triumphal chorus in heaven. The angel then orders him to write what he had seen; which was to be delivered to the seven Churches, and not to be sealed or suppressed with the prophecy of the seven thunders *. He then fixes the attention of the prophet, and of those who are to read what he thus writes, on the due application of what is now represented. " Blessed are they “ who are called to the marriage-supper of the Lamb !" Blessed are they who by the grace of God, co-operating with their own endeavours, “make their calling and “ election sure t;" who, having on the “ wedding-gar“ment" of righteousness I, become entitled to “sit “ down to meat” in the Kingdom of Heaven $. The angel then concludes with this solemn assurance: “ These are the true words of God.” All that thou hast now heard and seen, will assuredly come to pass.

|| Matt. xxviii. 3. Rev. iv. 4; iii. 5, where see the note; xv. 6. 9 Ch. vii, 13.

Ver. 10. And I fell down before his feet; &c.] The prophet, affected with astonishment at what he had beholden and heard, and with veneration and gratitude towards his heavenly conductor, follows the na. . tural bent of his feelings; and falls down before the angel, to express them, after the custom of the eastern nations. But the angel renounces this kind of adoration, ranking himself only, where other intimations of Scripture have placed him and his fellow-angels, “as a “ ministering spirit, sent forth to minister for them who " shall be heirs of Salvation ;" (Heb. i. 14). The pro

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* Ch. x. 4.
I Matt. xxii. 11.

9 Luke xii. 37.

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