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of Representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

Seft. 8. The Congress shall have power

To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises ; to pay the debte and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States ; but all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States; 'To borrow money on the credit of the United States;

To regulate conimerce with foreign nations, and among the several ftates, and with the Indian tribes;

To establish' an uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the suhject of bankruptcies throughout the United States;

To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures ;

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States ;

To establish post offices and poft roads;

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by fecuring, for limited times, to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their refpective writings and discoveries;

To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court ;

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high feas, and offences against the law of nations;

To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water;

To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years;

To provide and maintain a navy;

To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and na. val forces;

To provide for the calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions ;

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the states respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia according to the disci. pline prescribed by Congress;

To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such dif. trict (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by ceffion of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places pur. chased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be, for the erection of foris, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings ;-And

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department, or officer thereof.

Sext. 9. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the Aates now existing shall think proper to admit, fhall not be prohibited by

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