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The volume contains portraits of Constable, William Godwin, Miss Seward, and Goethe-those of Godwin and Goethe being reproduced from the Maclise Gallery.


The latest development of the “Little Classic" idea is the little “ Vest-Pocket Se

(Boston: J. R. Osgood & Co.). The object of this series is to present the briefer prose and poetic masterpieces of standard and popular authors in volumes “so small that they can be carried in a vest-pocket of proper dimensions ;” and, as a specimen of their proposed contents, the publishers have issued four volumes, containing Longfellow's “Evangeline” (illustrated), Whittier's “Snow-bound” (illustrated), and six of Emer. son's essays,

“ Power,''

Wealth,” “Ilusions,” “Culture,'' “ Behavior,” and “ Beauty,” in two volumes. Other authors whose works will be drawn upon are Tennyson, Holmes, Lowell, Hawthorne, Howells, and Bret Harte. The volumes are not really small enough to put into a vest-pocket of ordinary size, but they are sufficiently diminutive to be easily stowed away, they are well printed and very prettily bound, and they are abundantly readable. With one or two of them hid away about his person, one can bid defince to a railway journey or, what is worse, a long horse-car ride.


ARTHUR Clive, in the Gentleman's Maga- known by the name of Teresa Jacoby,” The zine, declares Walt Whitman to be “the no- frontispiece, it is stated, is designed by the blest literary product of modern times," and spirit of Jan Steen, the Dutch painter. asserts that “his intluence is invigorating and refining beyond expression.” We are told The condition of Turkey will remind the that no poet since Shakespeare has written

curious of the old rhymed prophecy which has with a vocabulary so fruitful; no word can be dropped out of common. recollection. It is substituted for another; and “ where he seems

said to have been made in 1453 :
roughest, rudest, most prosaic, then often is " In twice two hundred years the Bear
his language most profoundly melodious."

The Crescent shall assail,
We learn that “under a mask of extravagance,

But if the Cock and Bull unite,
of insane intensity, Whitman preserves a bal-

The Bear shall not prevail.
ance of mind and a sanity such as no poet since " But look! in twice ten years again,
Shakespeare has evinced.” If his sympa-

Let Islam know and fear,
thies were fewer he would go mad. Energy

The Cross shall wax-the Crescent wane, and passion so great, streaming through few

Grow pale and disappear." and narrow channels, would burst all barriers. It will be "twice ten years" next spring from His universal sympathies have been his salva- the conclusion of the Crimean War. tion, and have rendered his work in the highest degree sane and true. He is always em

Carlyle attained his eightieth birthday on phatic, nay violent, but then he touches all the 3d instant, and the occasion was commemthings. Life is intense in him, and the fire orated by presenting him with an address of existence burns brighter and stronger than signed by eighty persons in England and in other men. Thus he does bis reader ser- Scotland, and accompanied by a gold medai, vice: he seems out of the fullness of his veins with Carlyle's head on the obverse and the to pour life into those who read him. He is date and a few appropriate words on the reelectric and vitalizing. All Nature, books,

As no American participated, we may men, countries, things, change in appearance

hope that the great Scotchman accepted the as we read Whitman; they present themselves

friendly testimonial with a good grace. under new aspects, and with different faces.”

BAYARD Taylor is said to be making elabBut Peter Bayne, in the last Fortnightly,

orate studies for a combined biography of takes a very different view of the poet. “Whit

Goethe and Schiller, which will occupy severman's writings abound with reproductions of

al volumes, and take several years to comthe thoughts of other men spoiled by obtuse

plete. ness or exaggeration. . . . Is there any thing

A GREEK translation of three of Shakein Whitman decidedly better than merely ex

speare's tragedies will be published at Atheus travagant affectation? ... Nature in America

next year.
is different from nature in Europe, but we lo
not, in crossing the Atlantic, pass from cosmos
into chaos, and Mr. Carlyle's expression, 'win-
nowings of chaos,' would be a candidly scien-
tific description of Whitman's poetry if only
it were possible to associate with it the idea

sweepings of lumber - land--disjointed frag-

lery in Fifth Avenue, has a noticeable ments of truth tossed in mad whirl with dis- collection of paintings. At most of the gai. jointed fragments of falsehood, gleams of leries of the city the public is accustomed to beauty that have lost their way in a waste of find works by foreign artists, many of whose ugliness-such are the contents of wnat he names are well known, but there are very calls his poems."

few paintings by Americans. In Mr. SnedeJOAQUIN MILLER has confided to a corre

cor's collection it is interesting and pleasant spondent of the Louisville Courier-Journal to be able to compare foreign and American certain facts regarding his past life, from scenes that hang side by side. which it appears that he “came from a God- The larger portion of the exhibition conforsaken, impecunious, wandering race ;" sists of about a hundred of Mr. Colman's that, as near as he can tell, he was born in studies, made during his residence in Africa Cincinnati in 1841; that he ran away from his

and Europe. These occupy one whole side home in California, was captured by the Mo

and part of another in the large room. In a docs, lived with them nearly five years, loved

recent number of the JOURNAL we described them, learned their language, fought with

the general character of these sketches, with them, and escaped from them to San Francisco in 1958; that he then went to Oregon,

their rich, deep skies, picturesque groupings studied law, and was admitted to the bar in of figures, and the charming arebitecture, 1860 ; that he shortly afterward became editor quaint or ornate, of Brittany or Algeria. The of a newspaper; that in 1866 he was elected blue Mediterranean, too, stretching away District Judge of Oregon, in which position from the shores of Italy, and the rich tones he served for four years; that he was married of the barren hill-sides to be seen along the in 1863, and didn't know of one pleasant mo

Corniche road, all appear soft in sunshine or mert after that for years ; that his very first

gray at twilight in these varied pictures. poem was babbled at his mother's breast; and that he is now at work on a new poem called

But, besides the works of Mr. Colman, Snede"Adrianne: A Dream of Italy."

cor has gathered from various sources a num

ber of other important paintings. Some of The Manchester Guardian speaks of a curi

our readers will remember a cheerful figureous contribution as being just made to the lit

painting by Mr. Eastman Johnson called * A erature of Lancashire, viz., a book published

Woodland Bath,” which was exhibited at the in Manchester bearing the title of “ Angelic Revelations," which professes to give disser

Academy two or three years ago. The scene tations on the "origin, ultimation, and des- represents a woman dipping her infant into a tiny, of the human spirit, communicated by a

pool of clear water, surrounded by bright feminine angel, Purity, who on earth was maple-trees. The sister of the child is leaning

"REMINISCENCES of Saratoga and Ballston," by William L. Stone (New York: Vir. tue & Yorston), is a somewhat scrappy and newspaperish collection of anecdotes, traditions, and historical incidents relating to Saratoga and its vicinity. Mr. Stone can re. member a time when Saratoga was still almost a wilderness, and he heard in his child. hood stories from others of the days when it was the scene of fierce Indian fights and of General Gates's great victory over Burgoyne. These stories and reminiscences he narrates in lively style, and the book bas a certain value as illustrative of the narrow interval in point of time which, in America, separates savagery from civilization.

The Irts.

of any winnowing process whatever. Street MR, SVEDECOR, at his new picture-sal.


Mr. M. D. Conway, writing to the London Acailemy regarding a recent visit to Walt Whitman, says: “He is only in his fifty-seventh year, nor does his l'ace present so many indications of age as I was prepared to see. He is about as handsome an old man as I have seen, bis white locks parting over a serene and most noble forehead, the eye clear and sweet, the features manly and refined, and the strength of the large head softened by an aspect at once pensive and simple. Time has not in any sense diminished his sanguine democratic hopes and his enthusiasm for America. He spoke most sadly when saying that he could hardly hope to see those of his readers and critics in England from whom he has received so many expressions of esteem and affection, and he was never wearied in asking questions concerning those among them with whom I was acquainted. He evidently feels that his end cannot be very far, but he is perfectly calm in the prospect, which I hope may be brighter than he at present anticipates. I will only add that, even more than when I first saw him, I have felt that I was in the presence of a man cast in the large mould, both as to heart and brain, and in every sense (as Thoreau describes him) the greatest democrat that lives."

toward him on her hands and knees, cheering While, unlike some of the other picture- be opened to the public in the galleries of him up and diverting his fears of the cold dealers, Mr. Schaus seldom exhibits an en- the National Academy of Design on Monday, pool. Near this picture is a cabinet painting tirely new collection of works of art, in his January 31st, and will continue four weeks. by Mr. S. J. Guy, representing a little scene little gallery the visitor is constantly pleased Works for the exhibition will be received which the artist names “The Torn Trousers,” and surprised by finding, from month to from the 12th to the 19th proximo. Drawand showing a frightened boy, seated on an month, excellent additions of pictures or ings in black and white, as well as water-colold leather trunk, sewing up a rent he has statues from different foreign artists, or ors, will be admitted, but they must be origimade in his velveteen breeches, while his

from our own. At the present time, Mr. nal works, and never before have been exbib. mother, attracted by his unusual quietude, is Schaus bas some half-dozen new pictures, of ited in New York. The banging committee watching the process of his sewing through cabinet size, whichi, from the names of the is composed of artists who will be likely to the balustrade of the staircase. Many perc artists, at once attract attention. Two of rigorously exclude poor pictures ; and, judg. sons will recall a charming summer land- these are still-life” scenes, one by Des. ing from the average annual increase in works scape of the Housatonic Valley, by Bristol, goffe, and the other is a newly-painted fruit. sent in, they will have at least one thouğund which was one of the first paintings sold from piece by the Düsseldorf artist, Preyer. To to select from. This will insure a high genthe walls of the Academy last year-white say that a picture is by Desgoffe is to say eral merit ; besides which, we know of a summer clouds, that lie in little groups, dap. that it is beautiful, for he is almost the only number of important drawings of special pled with alternate light and shade; the far man living who knows how to add inter- value now in preparation by prominent arreaches of soft meadows dotted with trees, est and poetical charm to groups of ob- tists. Altogether, there is every prospect and varied by the windings of the gleaming jects of virtu, which are always artistically that the society will make a better show than river. On either side this valley is bounded composed in light, and shade, and color, to that of last year. There will be the usual by the low, blue hills of Berkshire, and the bring out the beauty of a pearly shell cup, or reception to artists and their friends on Satartist had combined all the forms and soft- to reveal the delicacy of an enamel or the urday evening preceding the public opening. ened the colors, so that the picture was the texture of a bit of lace. The little picture by The exhibition this year is necessarily short, favorite of everybody who saw it, and was Preyer is one of his usual subjects, fruit and owing to the demands of the Academic Counconceded to be one of the best paintings in ! leaves; and in this painting, as fully as in cil, which requires that the galleries must be the exhibition.

the first picture we saw from bis easel, he vacated on or before March 4th. The officers Of the same class of rich Oriental color has rendered with exquisite purity of color of the society hope in anotber year to have a as Mr. Colman's pictures, Mr. Louis Tiffany and of touch the bloom of a peach and the suitable building for their exhibitions, exclu. has two or three fine architectural scenes juicy flesh of a broken apricot. Grapes lie sively under their own management. At the from old towns in Brittany-street-scenes of beside these as lucent as drops of gum, and close of the exbibition in New York the col. strange, irregular towers and quaint spires, pinks, purples, and their yellow transparency, lection, or such part of it as may be left unwhere overlapping stories and old arcades are all depicted with the utmost purity. Be- sold, is to be transferred to the galleries of recall buildings of a somewhat similar char- side these paintings is an excellent Verboeck- the Brooklyn Art Association, where it will icter for quaint picturesqueness in the city hoven, rather small in size, but one of the be exhibited two weeks. The officers also of Chester, though in this latter place one pleasantest compositions we remember by announce that they have secured one of the feels the absence of color and of peasant. this painter. A shepherd, whose head is best galleries in the Centennial buildings, costume, which are the greatest element of turned partially aside to call to his sheep, in and are preparing to make a good display charm in the old towns of France.

the field outside the door, is driving a smail of work at the exhibition. Side by side with these pictures the visit- flock of lambs, goats, and two or three woolor has a chance to compare the modeling of ly veterans of the flock, through an open door The Crawford monument and group of a boy sitting on the side of his fishing boat, | into their sheepfold. Two or three bright. statues at Richmond form the best piece of by Mr. Winslow Homer, and see how good it colored fowls within the barn catch a stray monumental sculpture in the country. But is, even when the eye can travel immediately ray of sunshine on their red and green feathi- it stands in a city not usually visited by forto a painting of an old prisoner in his cell, ers, and outside appear a green pasture and eigners, and is unfamiliar, except in engrarthe work of the celebrated artist Knaus. blue distant bills. Looking at this little scene ings, to the greater number of our own peoThe pale, worn features of the prisoner, with through a magnifying-glass, the locks of long ple. If it were practicable, and we believe their gray and delicate shades, caught our wool on the backs of the sheep separate and it is, to have a copy taken in plaster fulleye the moment we entered the gallery, but stand apart in their thick, close wisps, while size, and placed at the Centennial Exbibition, it was not till we came close to it that we the minute delineation of the faces of the an. we should be able to show our visitors from discovered the reason why the close drawing imals is seen in each nicely-finished feature. abroad a specimen of art-work of a character of the old man's features, the brown stones Verboeckhoven is now an old man, and he is larger in conception and better in execution of his cell, or the straw pallet on which he one of the most laborious of artists. Six than we are commonly supposed to possess. was sitting, had impressed us as so good, and o'clock in the morning finds him at work in Plaster copies of colossal works of art may we saw the artist's name, which was a justi- his studio, while other artists are still sleep- be seen in the School of Fine Arts at Paris ; fication of the whole impression.

ing, and he seldom abandons his brush till and hence it may be assumed that no insuOne of the largest works in the gallery, eight or ten at night. His pictures in Ameri- perable obstacle exists to the erection at by Mr. F. H. De Haas, called “ Heaving-to ca are now quite numerous, but it is not many Philadelphia of a plaster-cast of the great for a Pilot,” is one of the best specimens of years that we can expect this excellent ani.

Crawford group. this artist's style. A fine sea, a fine sky, and mal-painter to be able to produce works to a ship full of motion and breezy lightness, which each year adds a better reputation. combine many of his strongest points. Besides the subjects we have mentioned,

From Abroad. Pictures that are all good do not suffer there are two small costume-pictures by Gues. by direct comparison with others, and we Soldiers, in slashed doublets and leather top

OUR PARIS LETTER. think no opportunity is so valuable for the boots, in one picture hold a magnificent penpublic or the artists themselves to see what non, rich in color, and heavy with gold em.

November 30, 1875. they have really done as to allow such a broidery

. The soldier in the other painting T":

VIE papers are becoming very indiscreet picture as Knaus's, or two or three Viberts, is acting as a sentry. There is also a small on the subject of “ L'Etrangère," the lo show at a glance whether Mr. Johnson's cattle-piece by Van Marcke, a pupil of Tro

new comedy by Alexandre Dumas, so anx

iously awaited by the public, and now in resoft, sweet color is as barmonious as it ap- yon. This artist has the touch and manner

hearsal at the Comédie Française. This piece, pears when seen alone, and if the action of of the master, united with individual feeling

which is probably the most talked about of Mr. Guy's “Good Sister teaching her Little and conception.

any literary work of the present season, will Brother the Alphabet," in a charming do

probably be produced early in February. It mestic" bit," is as excellent as we had sup- The ninth annual exhibition of the Ameri.

was only read by the author to the committee posed.

can Society of Painters in Water-Colors will some two weeks ago. Various rumors about the leading personage, or at least the one that An account has recently been published of master-engravers of the sixteenth and severgives her name to the piece, have been afloat, one of the most curious and arcient of exist- teenth centuries. Four large albums contain some declaring that L'Etrangère was no other ing typographical establishments, the print- the drawings made for the house, among which than a portrait of the eccentric Princess de ing-house of the Plantin family at Antwerp, are eleven by Rubens, accompanied by a reMetternich, others that the model thereof was which has been in existence since the six- ceipt signed by him. Nearly all the important the potorious Mrs. Blackford, whose career teenth century, and the archives of which Flemish artists are represented in these alhas evidently made a great impression on the have been most carefully preserved. The city bums. As to the library, it contains speciimagination of Alexandre Dumas, to judge by of Antwerp has under consideration a project mens of all the works issued by Plantin and the allusion which he makes to her in his for purchasing the establishment and its con- his descendants, as well as copies of works preface to “ Manon Lescaut.” At all events, tents, and it is from the interesting report issued by rival houses, such as Etienne, the the fact that L'Etrangere herself is an Ameri- made by M. Naut to the Communal Council Elzevirs, etc. Nearly all the books are antecan appears to be settled. She is one Mistress of that city that the following facts are taken: rior to the middle of the eighteenth century. (sic!) Clarkson, a terrible creature, a stranger The founder of the house was one Christopher The library contains nine thousand volumes, not only to France but to morality and decen. Plantin, born in France in 1514, who estab- including two hundred and three manuscripts. cy as well. Her husband, an American of a lished himself at Antwerp in 1550, and five Among the latter are to be found the “ Biblia very pronounced type, is one of the minor years later he purchased the large mansion on Sacra” of 1402, in two volumes, a magnificent personages.

This Clarkson has not been the Marché du Vendredi, which became the work, ornamented with colored designs, for studied from any actual living model, but has seat of his typographical works, and which which twenty-five thousand francs (tive thoubeen evolved merely from the depths of the has served as a residence for his descendants sand dollars) has been offered; the “ Apocainner consciousness of M. Dumas. Hence, until the present day. Thence he filled the lypsis ” of the fifteenth century, and the if reports are to be believed, he is depicted as civilized world with his publications and with " Chronicle of Jean Froissart” of the same a gross, vulgar boor, who draws a pipe from

his renown.

He contrived to win the con- period, in three volumes. Among the printed his pocket to smoke at an evening soirée, and fidence of the terrible Philip II., notwith- volumes is to be found the celebrated Polyglot only puts it up at the request of the inistress standing his avowed ablıorrence of the Inqui- Bible, published by Plantin, and still bearing of the house, and then after testifying the ut- sition, and of its peculiar features, the torture the notes and corrections of Arias Montanus. most astonishment at her objection. The cast and the stake. The King of France and the The possessions of the firm, exclusive of is to comprise the very “flower of the bas- Duke of Savoy strove to win the illustrious the manuscripts and the library, bave been ket” (to use a pretty French idiom) of the printer to their dominions by the most tempt- estimated at over forty thousand dollars. It Comédie Française. The real heroine of the ing offers, but he steadfastly refused to leave is to be hoped that the collections of this play is a titled lady-a duchess of the Fau- his beloved city of Antwerp. IIe died in 1589, curious and interesting establishment will be bourg St.-Germain. This elegant personage at the age of seventy-five, leaving his house kept together and not dispersed by public has fallen to the share of the bizarre Croizette, and his numerous works to his son-in-law sale, as is now threatened, in case the city of while to Sarah Bernhardt-elegant, poetic, Jean Moretus. At the time of his death he Antwerp does not become their purchaser. talented, and touching-has been allotted the

possessed twenty-two presses, and had estab- The literary news of the week is unimporpart of L'Etrangère ; a curious reversal of lished a branch-house in Paris. From that tant, owing to the approach of the holidays, things as they ought to be. But Madenioi- epoch till the end of the last century, the and the consequent absorption of booksellers selle Croizette is in truth what she is often wealthy house lost nothing either of its pres- and publishers in the peculiar forms of trade significantly called — namely, “the mistress tige or its importance. Passing from heir to incidental to the season. Dentu has issued of the house" at La Comédie, and conse- heir, from generation to generation, it has Hecter Malot's “Marquise de Luciliière," 9 quently she has first choice of a part in any come down intact to our own times, and forms continuation of his “ Colonel de Chaprillan," piece in which she may be called upon to one of the most curious literary monuments and one or two other unimportant novels have play. The male characters are to be taken by not only of Belgiun but of the world. In the seen the light. The articles on “ Alsace and Got, Delaunay, Febvre, Coquelin, and La- present house are still preserved the first two Lorraine in 1875," from the pen of Jules roche. After the close of the reading of the presses ever possessed by Christopher Plan- Clarétie, now in course of publication in comedy, M. Dumas, as is usual in such cases, tin. They are still in working order, and a l'Evénement, bas procured for that paper its retired. A unanimous vote of acceptance proof was taken from one of them by the suppression by the German authorities in tbe from the sociétaires followed, and then one of Queen of the Belgians during a recent visit. two provinces in question. I gave some exthem remarked:“ Gentlemen, let us call back All the primitive material of the establish- tracts from the first numbers of the series & M. Dumas, and do not even say to him that

ment has been preserved. The stalls and ta- few weeks ago. Erckmann-Chatrian's ** Hishis piece is received ; it would be impertinent bles for the correctors and workmen stand in tory of a Conservative” is still running as a to hint that there was ever the slightest doubt their original places, and the hall in which feuilleton in Le Rappel. John Lemoinne's on the subject."

they work, with its massive ceiling in carved articles in Les Débats, on the late purchase of I have lately had the pleasure of an intro- oak, and its curious windows with small-the Suez Canal shares by the English Governduction to M. Théodore Barrière, the well- paned lattices and wrought-iron fastenings, is ment (an affair which, by-the-way, has created known and brilliant dramatist, whose “ Scan- one of the most interesting of existing relies an immense excitement bere), are wonderfully dales d'Ilier” is now drawing crowded houses of the household architecture of the sixteenth able, and have attracted a great deal of notice at the Vaudeville. He is a tall, slender, aris- century. The room formerly occupied by Jus- and of commendation, tocratic-looking gentleman, apparently about tin Lipsius when correcting proof's retains its M. Patin, the secretary of the Academy, is fifty years of age, with dark, silver-threaded antique furniture and its hangings of Cordova dangerously ill. He is over eighty years of hair, keen, dark eyes, finely-cut but attenuated tapestry. In the correctors' room is preserved age. Dejazet avd Frédéric Lemaitre still surfeatures, and a heavy black mustache. The the type of the house from its origin to the vive, though both these aged theatrical celebright of translation and reproduction of "Les commencement of the present century. The rities are in a dyirg condition-Dejazet frem Scandales d’Hier" for America has already firm possesses a mass of rare manuscripts, doc-dropsy of the chest, and Lemaitre from a been sold to M. Théodore Michaelis and to

uments, etc., amounting to over eleven thou- internal cancer. M. Schneider, the former Mr. Samuel French. On being complimented sand pieces, and comprising valuable and cu- president of the Corps Législatif, died of apon its brilliant and deserved success, M. Bar- rious historical documents, autographs of great oplexy at his superb hotel on the Rue Bourière remarked modestly that it was so ad- interest and value, such as those of Rubens, dreau last week. The remains of Carpeaux were mirably acted that even a bad piece could Vandyck, etc., and a quantity of interesting transported to Valenciennes the other day, und hardly fail of success with such a cast; and matter, valuable for a complete history of the there interred with much pomp and ceremony. he went on to say that he had built more art of printing. It would take years to classi- The City Council and the Academical Council hopes upon others among his works that had fy and arrange this immense and priceless col- received the body at the railway-station. It failed for want of proper interpretation. “Bet- lection. The copperplates and wood - blocks was then transported to a chapel erected on ter a poor play well acted," he added, “than of the numerous publications of the house are one of the large vestibules of the Academy, a good one badly perforined.” Probably he in perfect order and preservation. The copper- where it remained all day to receive the homwas thinking of his “ Chemin de Damas," | plates amount in number to twenty-seven hun- age of the fellow-citizens and admirers of the which fell flat at the Vaudeville last season. dred and thirty-seven, all of Anversois artists celebrated sculptor. The coffin was loaded But, with all due deference to M. Barrière, I of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; and with crowns and bouquets long before the am willing to assert that the acting of' Rossi the number of the wood-blocks is estimated at close of the day. Yesterday morning the fuand Ristori combined could hardly have fifteen thousand. The collection of engravings neral took place in the midst of an enormous availed to save that well-written, pretentious, is extremely important. They number over crowd. The ceremonial is said to have been but most stupid play from its well-deserved two thousand, of which many are proofs before magnificent. The father, mother, and chiltate.

letter, and comprise the works of most of the dren of the deceased were present, but not his

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wife, a cloud of scandal of a very real but un- fire to be in the coal-bunkers, immediately | posed to accomplish this end, carbonic-acid defined nature having enveloped the marital adjacent to the magazine. Discovering that, gas is the most in favor—and this with good relations of Carpeaux. with the means at command, it would be im.

In the first place, it can be readily A few days ago a celebrity of the past died possible to stay the flames before they should and cheaply generated, as by the treatment at Colmar-the Captain Richard who enjoyed a few days' renown many years ago as the cap

reach the magazine, the order was at once of marble with sulphuric acid; then it is a tor of Prince Louis Napoleon at Strasburg in

given and as promptly executed to "sink the heavy gas, and thus, when projected into the 1936. The prince, surrounded by his accom

ship.” A hole quickly opened below the wa- lower hold, will fill the vessel by displaceplices, had gone to the barracks of Finkmatt

ter-line effected this result, and the next dayment; and, again, its presence can in no way to harangue the soldiers. The troops were saw the ship pumped out and on the ways for work injury to the cargo. Among the simwavering, when Captain (then Sergeant) Ri- " trifling repairs," while the officer, whose plest devices proposed for the use of this gas, chard stepped from the ranks and resolutely presence of mind saved not only his ship but we have before described one as follows: arrested the prince. This daring soldier re- those of the fleet in the midst of which he along the bottom of the vessel boxes or leadtained, strange to say, his grade under the anchored, was rewarded by promotion. In en cans filled with broken marble are placed, Empire. He was made captain at the siege of

view of the fact that this ship was at anchor leading to these boxes are lead tubes conSevastopol, and received the ribbon of the Legion of Honor.

in a safe and shallow harbor, the course of nected with receivers on deck; these contain Two musical events have signalized the

the captain was without question a wise one, the acid wliich, when admitted to the marble, past week—the production of “Don Juan" at and his honors fairly earned. Had the fire, causes a generation of the gas. A second the Grand Opéra, and the first performance of an Italian opera troupe at the Salle Ventadour. The first-named performance attracted a great deal of attention. The house was densely crowded in every part, though the display of toilets was by no means brilliant.

А As to the performance itself, it was the old story at this house — superb scenery, an exquisite ballet, and (always excepting Faure) an absurdly weak cast. Mademoiselle Krauss was indeed a very tolerable Donna Anna, but poor, fat, old Gueymard as Donna Elira, and poor, fat, young Vergnet as Don Ottavio, were Jismal behold and to hear. Then Miolan Carvalho, as Zerlina, did indeed look pretty and

DECK young and winning enough for the character, and, had she only kept her mouth shut, she would have gotten along very well, but, unfortunately, Zerlina is obliged to sing, and the worn and wavering voice of the once fine

TWEEN DECK artiste was something painful to listen to. Gailbard makes a better Leporello than he does a Mephistopheles, but he is a thoroughly unintelligent performer ; there are no brains apparently back of his big physique and big voice. The great feature of the evening was, of course, the Don Juan of Faure, and the great bary

We tone litorally surpassed himself, both vocally and dramatically. The scenery was exquisite, particularly the opening scene (a street in Madrid by night), the gloomy and moonlight cemetery, wherein stands the statue of the

HOLD Commendatore, and the ballroom of Don Juan's palace, all lights, statues, gilding, and flowers.

As to the Italian opera, the season was inaugurated with a performance of Verdi's “Rigoletto," with the great barytone Graziani as the unfortunate jester. His acting and singing were both extremely fine. But the Gilda of the evening was a Mademoiselle St.-Urbain, who is forty years old at the very least, and immensely stout. “ She could replace at need the elephant in the Tour du Monde, said one malicious critic. “She resembles Alboni," said another, “only it is the elephant bowever, been discovered wben the ship was; method, that may be adapted to steamships before it swallowed the nightingale."

in midst of a tempestuous sea, the result only, is the arrangement throughout the ve3LUCY H. HOOPER.

would have needs been fatal to ship and all sel of a series of steam-pipes connected with on board, and the record of “ burned at sea" | the main boiler, and through which steam

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Science, Invention, Discovery. would have alone been entered to tell the could be projected into the hold. Although

story of man's vain struggle against the ele there are points in favor of this method,

ments. Though in the recital of this inci. there are many and decided objections to it. EXTINCTION OF FIRE IN SHIPS.

dent we read nothing of the action of the Steam being lighter than air, would accumuA :

honor and promotion owing to a single for preventing its recurrence, yet it is evident ments, and would, moreover, rapidly con“Wappy thought” bravely executed. It ap- from the many plans proposed—some of which dense, and in this form be of little value pears that the ship it was his fortune to com- have been noticed in these columns — that against an active conflagration. It is true mand carried in her magazine an unusual the attention of owners and underwriters has that in certain trial-tests the carbonic-acid amount of powder and explosive missiles. been directed with increased earnestness to machines have proved very effective. Yet, While at anchor in an Eastern harbor the the actual need of some simple, efficient, and the difficulty of producing the gas rapidly watch reported the ship on fire. A hasty positive method for extinguishing fire in the enough and conveying it with sufficient enexamination determined the location of the hold of a vessel. Among the agents pro- ergy, to the threatened parts of the vessel, seems to be a decided one, and, so far, bas On the appearance of Sir John Lubbock's one of my artificial nests; isolating it, howinterfered with a general adoption of the

first paper recording his observations on ants ever, in such a manner that, for an ant to walk plan. and bees, we presented an extended review of

to the nest she would be obliged to go thirtetui

fect round, I then placed some black ants (F. An English inventor, Captain W. H. the author's experiments and the conclusions

nigra) on the glass with the larvæ. Each of deduced from them. These conclusions, it then took a larva in the usual way, and then Thompson, by a judicious and eminently

may be remembered, were briefly to the effect endeavored to go by the quickest road bome. practical combination of tbese two methods, that these insects do not, as a rule, possess, or

They leaned over the glass, and made every has succeeded in perfecting a device that at least practise, the communicative faculty

effort to reach down, but of course in vain, has secured the indorsement of the direct

though the distance was so small that they that is, having found a store of honey or food, could all but touch the nest with their antenno, ors of the “White Star Line” of steam- they do not communicate the information to and even in one or two cases succeeded in gtters, upon two of which-the Britannio and their friends or colaborators. So contrary was ting down by stepping on to the back of an Germanic -- the apparatus has already been this opinion to the popular belief, that many

ant below. Tbost, however, which did 104 fitted. A reference to the accompanying il. observers and bee-keepers were led to ques

meet with any such assistance, gradually,

though at first requiring some help from me, lustration will render the followiug description the thoroughness of Sir John's observa

found their way round to the nest, and after a tion, for which reason he has been led to retion of Captain Thompson's method plain to

short time there was quite a string of ants the reader: At a point A on the upper-deck peate or vary the tests, with a view to a final passing to and fro from the rest to the larsa, verification or retraction of his former state

although it would have been so easy for them midships, a series of four iron pipes project,

to throw the larvæ over the edge of the glass, ments. The results of these continued obserand are, when not in use, closed by screw

or to go straight home, if they would have vations were embodied in a recent paper read faced a drop of, say, one-tenth of an incl." caps. These pipes terminate below respec- before the Linnwan Society. tively in the main-deck, 'tween-deck, hold, As may rightly be judged from the observ

With a true natural philosopher's faith in and coal-bunkers. To the right of this line er and his theme, this last report is one of ex

the wisdom of all of Nature's children, it is of projecting pipes is a second single one ceeding interest and significance, and, as many

not surprising that Sir John should confess leading from the boilers below, and half-way of the experiments were of a character which

with reluctance that this experiment, which between this steam-pipe and the other four will admit of a repetition by those specially

he tried several times, “ surprised him very

much." is a large box, in which carbonic-acid gas

interested, we are prompted to condense from
this paper somewhat at length:

Having in the former paper taken the can be generated by some one of the usual

The first test was of the same order as the

ground that bees did not as a rule conmunimethods. former one made with bees, and was insti

cate the discovery of honey to other bees, tte Let it be supposed that, as in the case of tuted with a view to deterinine whether ants

following test was made : Having placed some the Russian ship, a fire has broken out in the communicate their good fortune to their com

honey in a flower-pot laid on its side, a bei coal-bunkers. In such a case, the first order panions. A small heap of larvæ was placed

was introduced through the small orifice in would be to close all the openings to the within a few feet of a nest of small red ants.

the bottom. Under these circumstances, fronu bunkers, in order that the extinguishing A single ant was then placed on the larvæ

a quarter to seven in the morning till a queragents may not be too widely or uselessly heap, and her movements watched from elev

ter-past seven at night, she made fifty-nire distributed.

journeys to and from her nest, and only one The reagents needed to gener.

en o'clock in the morning till after seven in
the evening. During this time she made

other bee found her way to the honey. Tle ate the gas are then brought together in the eighty-six journeys from the larvæ to the nest,

conclusion here reached is the same as that box, and connection between it and the nozcarrying off one each time; but, although so

hitherto presented-namely, that, when honey zle of the pipe leading to the bunkers is es- busy, and with the precious store lying so

is concealed so that it would not naturally be tablished, as here shown. When all is in long exposed, she brought po other ant to aid

found by others, the bee in the possession of readiness, the steam-valve is opened, and at her in removing it. In a second instance a

the secret will not or cannot divulge it. This once a blast of steam enters the box, where single ant bore off one hundred and eighty

same test was made with wasps with like reit combines with the carbonic acid, and these larva in a single day. Other trials, however,

sults: only when the honey was exposed aid

others come. two powerful agents rush on and downward resulted differently ; and, being in doubt

“I trained," he writes, “S whether in these cases the ants purposely

wasp to come to some honey, which I placed together. The carbonic acid, aided by the

brought assistance, or whether the aid was in a box communicating with the outside bş energy imparted to it by the steam, soon the result of accident merely, the following

an India-rubber tube six inches in length an: finds its way to the seat of the conflagration, final test was made.

one-third of an inch in diameter. She came and, replacing the air that favored the com

Having taken two ants, the one was placed

to this honey continuously for three days, dubustion, acts as a wet blanket, smothering on a heap of larvæ, and the other on a group

ing which time no other wasp found the and finally extinguishing the flames. In or- of two or three only. In this latter case, how

honey." der that the distribution of the steam and ever, a larva was always put in the place of

Though this last paper presents many othgas may be as general and positive as pos

the one carried off. It was then observed that er facts of great interest, we will omit furtzer sible, the conducting-pipes, on entering their the ant placed on the large group of larvæ

reference to all save one, which opens a riei special precinct, are perforated along their

brought far more friends to its assistance than field for inquiry and speculation. This fart the one which had but a few to remove. Thus

relates to the question as to whether bees possides, the steam emerging from these holes in it appears that the question, so far as regards

sess the faculty of distinguishing colors, and the manner indicated in the illustration. It the ants, remains unsettled, with the weight

as to how this question was answered we will will be seen from the method of its construcof evidence, as shown by this final test, in fa

refer to the author's own recital, giveu as foltion that this apparatus is so contrived that

lows: vor of the view that they do seek for and seeither gas or steam may be used alone. In cure all needed assistance.

"I found that hees soon accustomed therthe former case, however, it is evident that Advancing another step, an ingenious and selves to look for honey on papers of parties the gas must not only be generated in in. extremely interesting series of tests

lar colors. For instance, on September 13 -1 creased quantity, but under sufficient press- made, with a view to settle a vexed question placed a bee to some honey on a slip of glys

on green paper, and, after she had made twelre an immediate distribution

regarding the intelligence of ants. It appears journeys to and from the bive, I put red ps

that M. Lund states that, while in Brazil, he through the pipe into the desired apartment.

per where the green had been, and place i The inventor of this apparatus also comwas passing one day under a tree which stood another drop of honey on a green paper, at a

distance of about a foot. The bee returneu. almost by itself, and was surprised to hear the mands one of the vessels—the Britannic

however, to the honey on the green paper. I leaves falling about him like rain. On examupon which it has been fitted, and has doubt.

then gently moved the green paper, with the ining the cause for this, he found that a num- bee on it, back to the old place. When the less given attention to all the needed details ber of ants had climbed the tree and were cut- bee had gone, I replaced the green paper ley of its construction. Certainly, the device as ting off the leaves, which were then carried a yellow one, and put the green again a fuos

off. After the usual interval, she returner here illustrated is simple enough in construc- away by companions waiting below. This

again to the green. I repeated the same pris tion, and there seems little reason to doubt certainly sounds like a veritable "traveler's

ceeding, but with orange paper instead of but that it will compass the desired end. tale," and that it may justly be regarded as green. She returned again to the green. I Should experience—though we trust it may

such appears from the following report which now did the same with white paper; she too Sir John Lubbock gives of a kindred experi

turned again to the green. Again I tried It! be long delayed-establish its claims, it will

with biue; she again came to the green. I ment: then be imperative to demand of ship-own

then reversed the position of the blue and ers an adoption of it upon all ocean-going

“I placed a number of larvæ on a slip of green papers, but still she returned to the

glass, which I suspended by a tape, so that it green. I repeated this experiment with other steamers.

hung one-third of an inch from the surface of bees, and with the same result, though i:





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