תמונות בעמוד

formance of certain ceremonies by the medi. the winter passed away without a further call quantity, where for nearly an inch in a circle cine-men-whose medicine - bags, composed from the conjurer.

there was no hair. He attributed the pheof the skins of wild animals, form an impor- In the early spring, the girl by some ac- nomenon to a decoction of certain berbs giten tant feature of the ceremony—are cooked cident cut her hand slightly—not sufficiently him by a medicine-man whom he had mortal. and eaten. The dog-meat, when prepared, deep, however, to necessitate binding up.ly offended. His family, so far as we saw of presents a very uncouth and repulsive ap- Before it healed, she was one day engaged in them, were innocent of any birsute covering, pearance as it is borne from man to man in carrying water from an adjacent stream, In a family of three Cree Indians of ad. shapeless trenches that each may select the when the conjurer unexpectedly approached vanced age, a sister and two brothers, named portion he intends to devour.

her. Professing to have forgotten his ejec- respectively Sallie, Creppe, and Hornie, odee To the casual spectator such a ceremony tion of the previous winter, le proffered his pensioners of ours at an isolated trading. as the dog-feast seems a confused conglom- hand in a friendly way to the girl, who post, perhaps the strangest effects of the eration of frivolous rites and genuflections, thoughtlessly gave him in return the wound- medicine-man's drugs appeared. These old destitute alike of meaning and design. One ed member. He shook it a long time, squeez- people had been poisoned in early youth, might be tempted to believe that the princi- | ing it tightly in his own. The sore smarted with a different effect in each case. Sallie, pal and most rational object of the assem- considerably, and upon withdrawing her hand who was a hanger-on about the kitchen, lost blage was to eat the dogs. Inquiry, how by reason of the pain, she noticed some dark the nails of her fingers and toes regularly ever, of any well informed resident of the substance in the palm of the conjurer's hand. every year at the season when birds moult country, elicits the reply that the unfortu- The thought then occurred to her that he their feathers. This phenomenon had Deter nate beings are assembled for what, in their had poisoned the sore. She was assured of failed to occur annually since the medicine eyes, is the celebration of a solemn act of it by the medicine-man, who informed her had been taken in infancy. There was but communion with the spirits. That such com- that she would break out in black blotches little pain connected with this shedding of munion is real has been believed, to our for one month in each year, ever afterward. the nails, and they soon grew out again. Her knowledge, by many clergymen and priests in One year from that date black eruptions ap- brother Creppe was afflicted with au eruption the Indian country, though, of course, their peared over her entire body, each spot about of warts over his entire person, and was al. theory is that it exists with the powers of the size of a dime silver coin. They contin- together as hideous a looking object as could darkness. It probably lies much with the ued upon her person, without any severe well be imagined. The divisions of his foaccidental bias of each man's mind, whether pain, for one month, when they disappeared. gers and toes were hidden by these monstrous he inclines to so serious a view of these bar- For three successive years—as long as we excrescences; from his ears depended warts barous proceedings, or mentally attributes had knowledge of her—the eruptions occurred nearly an inch in length; in fact, he was to them much the same amount of spiritual regularly, and continued for the allotted covered with them all over except his eyes. efficacy which he would to the fantastic con- time.

At certain seasons of the year they become tortions of some Eastern devotee.

Among the visiting Indians who called very painful, and deprived him of the power The nominal object of this feast is to perennially at our kitchen-door during the of locomotion. make medicine. What medicine this is, we winter months, was a middle-aged woman But in the case of Hornie--a name conare unable to state with precision. The In- suffering from a loss of power to move the ferred by some facetious Scotch trader, ia' dians have many medicines, composed for facial muscles. This incapacity was brought allusion to a fancied resemblance to his Ss. the most part of roots, and sometimes pos- on, according to her own testimony, and that tanic majesty--the effects of the poison were sessed of real medicinal virtue. Sarsaparilla, of others cognizant of the circumstances, of quite another character. Hornie's bair for instance, is used by them. Some are some five years before our first acquaintance was simply changed from a generally deep said to be highly poisonous, and even to ex- with her, by certain drugs administered by a black to alternate streaks of black and white. ercise what we presume would to a physician conjurer. These medicines were given her These streaks were about an inch in width, appear an unaccountable effect.

to produce that effect alone, without reser- and ran from the forehead to the back of manent contortion of feature, the growth of ence to the prevention or cure of other dis- the head. The line of dercarkation between hair over the entire body, the eruption of eases, and were taken without her knowledge, the two colors was very abrupt and distinct; black, ineffaceble blotches on the skin, are being mingled surreptitiously with her food. the white color being the purest that can be alleged to be the consequences of partaking The effect soon showed itself in a total loss imagined. There was no gradual mergin: of some of them, either by swallowing or in- of power in the facial muscles. She be- from iron-gray to gray, thence to white; it haling their fumes. Frequent examples of came as expressionless as a mask. Only the was the whiteness of unsullied snor throughthe results above cited have come under the eyes moved; and, as they were intensely out the streak. And it never changed. personal observation of the writer, who can black and rather sparkling eyes, the ghastly We do not feel that strangers to the sea vouch for the effect produced.

deformity was rendered the more glaring. ject of which we write will receive these in We had employed at one time, as a ser- The most singular effect was produced, how- cidents with the confidence which they de vant in the family, a Salteaux girl, of about ever, by her laugh. She was a jolly, good- serve, nor even that those who are somewhat twenty years of age. As a natural result of natured squaw, and laughed upon the slight- familiar with the actual circumstances uz] her presence about the establislıment, nu- est provocation. Her eyes sparkled, and her admit every inference to be drawn to be the merous Indians of both sexes, claiming ties “Ha! ha!” was musical to a degree; but not living truth ; but our own assurance is se of consanguinity of more or less remoteness, a muscle moved to denote the merriment clear and strong that we can only judge the daily besieged the culinary department of on that expressionless face. One felt that critic by his judgment of it. We know abz? our domestic economy. The matter became some one else laughed bebind that rigid in- we assert, and are upon honor with the reader. unbearable, finally, as it often occurred that

tegument, and was tain to pull it off, and see Medical gentlemen in the country bare the kitchen-floor was nearly covered with the the dimples and curves it concealed.


differed in their opinions as to the ability of squatting relatives. The girl was ordered sensation was that of being the presence

Indians to cause the above-described symp to refuse admittance to any being, of either of an enigma one could not comprehend. toms; and, so far as we can gatber, tbe sebe sex, vabited in a blanket. It happened that No idea could be formed of what she thought ject is a difficult one, and resolves itself mer the first candidate presenting himself for ad- at any time; but when she waxed merry ber into a question of evidence of facts than of mittance after the receipt of this prohibitory countenance was more than ever a deathi- the medical property of the roots and drugi order was an old conjurer, or medicine-man. mask.

The writer was furnished an opportunity The door was unceremoniously shut in his As to the growth of hair over the body, of examining at his leisure the contents of face. He lingered about, however, until we remember to have seen but one instance many medicine-bags at a certain Indian pis some duty called the girl outside the door, of it. That was an old man from a tribe sion-station in a northern country. These when, after threatening her with dire re- dwelling in the swamps and marshes. He bags had formerly been the property of sun venge, he took his departure. The poor do- was entirely covered with a thick coating of dry medicine-men, who, on their courersioe mestic was much alarmed, and reported his hair nearly an inch in length. Only about to Christianity, had transferred them to the threats. Little attention was paid to it, and the eyes was there any diminution in the keeping of the reverend missionary. There

The per

was a large collection of them thrown pro- tain it is that a fraternity of medicine-men ferent tribes, however, or, it may be, differmiscuously upon the floor of a small out- exists among the Indians, and that those ent schools of medicine, have their distinct building The bags were, for the most part, without its pale look with great awe upon

methods of initiation. The most curious ini. formed of the skins of various wild beasts in the power of its members. The latter are tial ceremony coming under our own obserembryotic state, taken off whole, and so the great actors in the dog-feasts. They make vation was that of a tribe in the far North. stuffed as to retain as much as possible the medicine for the recovery of the sick, who The candidate was required to repair to the natural position of the animal. They had apply for their assistance, and initiate novices forests for a certain number of days, to be evidently served as the totems of the owners. into the mysteries of the fraternity. In pay. passed in fasting, until, from extreme physi. The contents of these primitive medicine- ment for each exercise of these offices, a re- cal privation, he should be wrought up to chests were as varied as the most enthusias- muneration of some value is required; the close communion with the spirits. He then tic curio could desire. Each article was charges being, like those of many of the returned, and entered the pale of the sence wrapped carefully in a separate parcel by it- medical profession, in proportion to the marking the limits of the dog-feast, to be at self, with the inner bark of the birch-tree, wealth of the patient. In many cases it hap- once surrounded by a circle of conjurers and and duly labeled as to its contents with to- pens that, through a pretty thorough knowl. braves of his tribe, who indulged in a wild temic symbols. An unwrapping of these edge of the virtues of certain herbs, a firm dance. In the midst of this dance a live dog packages resulted in the discovery of an ex. determination on the part of the sufferer pot (white in color, if to be had) was brought tensive assortment of ingredients. There to die, and a constitution inured to noxious within the circle by the instructing medicine. were many dried herbs of many different va. lotions of every kind, the medicine-man ef- man, and handed to the novitiate. Seizing rieties-bark and leaves of strange plants fects a cure. Some of his cures and specifies the sacrificial canine by the neck and a hind. and trees; white and orange colored powders are wonderful, too.

leg, the candidate finished his initiation by of the finest quality, and evidently demand- The writer recalls to memory a certain devouring the animal alive. The spectacle ing skill in their preparation ; claws of ani. buffalo-hunt in which he once participated, of this poor wretch, his face covered with mals and talons of birds; colored feathers accompanying a French-Indian family. Among blood, the howls and contortions of the sufand beaks ; a few preserved skins and teetli the members of this nomadic domestic circle fering animal, and the yelling, dancing deof reptiles; but a total absence of liquids or was a young woman of about nineteen years mous, circling about in their monotonous any vessels that could be used to carry them. of age, and of not very strong physique. It dance, was appalling to the last degree. The There were several plants, packages of which happened one day that, in drawing a loaded dogs consumed were generally of small size, were found in every bag; but the majority shot-gun from the cart by the muzzle, the but in some instances large ones were given, differed greatly, and the materia medica of charge exploded, and passed entirely through and the neophyte was in a gorged and semi. each practitioner seemed to be the result of her body in the region of the chest. The gun dormant condition at the termination of his individual choice and research. One thing, being not over twenty inchies distant from repast. however, was common to all — the small

her person when discharged, the shot left a With some few orders of medicine-men package of human finger and toe nails. Of bole through which one's finger could be physical torture in the initiation obtains. what peculiar signification they were, or used thrust. We were tented on the plain, hun. The candidate, to cure others, must be a perin what malady, we are unable to state. dreds of miles from settlements, and totally fect physical man himself; and, as he may

Among the other contents of the medi- destitute alike of medical knowledge and occasion pain to his patients, must be able to cine-bags, and common to all, were small im- remedies. The girl was given up for lost, of endure it without murmur in his own perages of wood, the presence of which was con

Vear our own camp, however, were At an appointed time he appears besidered essential to the proper efficacy of the a few lodges of Indians, and among them, as fore a medicine-man, who cuts four gashes drugs. This was the real totem which pre- usual, a medicine-man. The report of the about three inches long on the shoulders near sided over the effectual use of the ingre- accident soon reaching the Indian tepees, this the point. With a smooth stick of bard dients, and represented the guardian spirit conjurer stalked over to our tents, and looked wood he makes a hole underneath the slits of the owner. The Indians believe every ani- without comment for a time upon the un- he has cnt, and taking in an inch or more in mal to have had a great original or father. skilled efforts being made for the sufferer's width, and through which a buffalo-thong is The first buffalo, the first bear, the first relief. At length he addressed the father of passed and tightly tied. Then the breast is beaver, the first eagle, etc., was the Manitou, the girl, offering to cure her if she was in-served in the same manner. After this one or guardian spirit of the whole race of these trusted to his care. Clutching at this straw, thong is fastened to a long pole, the other to different creatures. They chose some one of in the absence of any better thing, with the a buffalo.skull, or other heavy weight, with these originals as their special Manitou, or girl's consent the father accepted the propo- about ten feet of rope between the back and guardian; and hence arose the custom of sal; and the patient was transferred to the skull. The candidate then jumps into a livehaving its representation as the totem of an lodge of the medicine - man. Strange as it ly dance, singing a song in keeping with the entire tribe. But the medicine-men, being, as may appear, the woman recovered after a

performance, and jerking the skull about it were, the priests of the spirits and me. time, under the drugs and care of the con- | so fast that at times it is four or five feet diums between them and the world, are enti. jurer, and was able to return home with us from the ground, all the time pulling as best tled to a special guardian spirit of their own, at the termination of the hunt. We saw her he can at the thong fastened to the pole by and hence carry his totem among their drugs. some years after, and she expressed herself jumping back and swinging upon it. At As they profess to heal through the direction as enjoying perfect health. The payment for times the flesh on back and breast seems to of this spirit or guardian, they very properly effecting this cure was, if we recollect aright, stretch eight or ten inches, and, when let up, place his image among the means he com- two Indian ponies, which, it is needless to closes down again with a pop. This dancing mands to be used.

say, were cheerfully paid.

and racing continues until the flesh-fasten. These images were, as a matter of course, On his initiation into the mysteries of the ings break. The novitiate is by that time a of limited size and rough workmanship. brotherhood, the candidate, besides paying terrible - looking object, and so nearly exTheir designs were various, and represented the me licine-men a fair price, must be a man bausted that he has to be helped away. His different animals, birds, reptiles, the human known to the adepts as eligible. This eligi. wounds are washed and bound up, presents figure in strange attitudes, the sun and moon, bility consists, it has been contended, in phys. are made to him, and he is thenceforth rec. and co:nbinations of all these in many forms. ical perfection alone; but, having known ognized as a medicine-man. Whatever they held to be superior to them- conjurers who were deformed froin birth, A fast of ten days' duration has been stat. selves, they deified ; but they never exalted and others maimed at the time of their initia- ed to us, on oral and trustworthy testimony, it much above humanity, and these images | tion, we incline to the opinion that mental as a necessary preliminary among some tribes never betrayed the expression of a con characteristics are those most closely exam- to becoming a conjurer. During the time tion of a supernatural being on the part of ined. A certain dignity of appearance, a se

indicated the candidate sleeps among the their owners.

vere and mysterious manner, and a more branches of a tree, where a temporary resi. But, whatever may have been the value than usual taciturnity and secretiveness in dence has been fitted up for him. His dreams of the contents of these melicine-bags, cer- the candidate, are favorably considered. Dif- | are carefully treasured up in his recollection,







evidently discovered the source, and without Day with dewy eve was blending,

and he believes that the spirits who are as- ever, in their weather divinations. During With this note: “Here vas five dollars terward to become his familiars then reveal stormy weather, the medicine-man may be

Und ein barrel of besten flour; themselves to him. Indeed, this intent watch- heard in his tent engaged in loud incanta

Marguerite und dot dear baby ing for his spiritual familiars is the principal tions. After half a day spent in this manner,

More better as goot is—more and more. object of his retirement and fast. Ile is he appears, and predicts at what time the

"Now dot funny leetle baby taught to believe in two kinds of spirits, one storm will begin to abate, the direction the Sucks de ink vot's in mine pen, eminently good, the other eminently evil. wind will take, and the time that will elapse Makes me laugh-I dink, Herr Pustor, But the latter are inferior in power to the before its entire cessation. In short, he gives Next year I vill coome again." former. The good spirits are his guardians a complete meteorological and storm table; and familiars, yet he may use the devices of and, in the many instances in which these

Down the years the pair went marching, the evil ones if he so desire. Every accident predictions were made in our presence, they Bearing each the other's crosses,

Hand in hand, from dawn to dawn, of life with a medicine-man is accounted for invariably proved correct.

Wearing each the other's crown.
by spiritual agency. An amusing incident However, neitber from undoubted medi.
may serve to show the extent to which this cine-men who have been converted to the And from year to year came rolling,
belief may be carried :

Christian faith, nor from any others of whom Straight into the parson's door,
A small company of Indians drifted into we have heard, has any thing worth knowing

That “ ein barrel of besten flour," the writer's premises one winter's day for the in relation to what may be termed the mys

Always " mit fise dollars" more. purpose of begging provisions. Among the teries of the ceremonies above indicated

They have passed their golden wedding, number were several noted conjurers. Some been ever elicited. Christian ex-conjurers Children's children in their train, freak of curiosity tempted us to try how far have, we believe, been known to express an Sweeter grows the wedding music, their belief in the supernatural would carry opinion that they possessed a power when Gentler, tenderer the strain. them; and, having a large music-box in our pagans which they were unable to exercise possession, it was wound up and placed unno- after baptism. What this belief may be

Fainter now and like an echo, ticed upon the table. In a moment it began worth we do not know.

From the bright, the better land,

Restfully they wait and listen, playing, and the notes of “Bonnie Doon,"


Full of peace, for heaven's at hand! “The Lass o' Gowrie," etc., reverberated

(late Vice-Consul at Winnipeg, B. N. A.). through the apartment. At its first chords

Moral : () ye men and brethren, the faces of the savages assumed a wonder

Who to marry have a mind, ing, dazed expression. But, quickly recover


Pay the parson, as, with trial, ing from that phase of amazement, they be


Bliss or misery you find. gan to trace the sound to its origin. After

NOTE.- Many years since a clerzyman was the some minutes of deep attention, one old man AY

recipient of this droll but most comprehensive Clouds lay piled in radiant state,

of rewarding his services. a moment's hesitation raised his gun and When a fine young German farmer

FANNY BAED F. fired it at the box. It is perhaps unneces.

Rode up to the parson's gate.
sary to mention that the instrument was, to
use a nautical expression, “a total wreck.”
Clinging to him on a pillion

Was a maiden fair and tall,
The conjurer asserted that the music was pro-

Blushing, trembling, palpitating-
duced by an evil spirit concealed in the box,
Smiling brightly through it all.

HOW me your bill of company, insteai and could only be driven out by a gunshot.

of your bill of fare," is the remark Our curiosity was satisfied, but at a consid- Said the farmer: “Goot Herr Pastor,

attributed to a shrewd and experienced 39erable expense.

Marguerite und I vas coome

cial critic. How well he knew that no es For whole nights previous to the public Diesen evening to be married,

tronomic achievements could take the pias:

Dhen mit her I makes mine home." and final ceremony of the dog - feast, the

of genial society; that no marvels of cookery principal medicine-man, installed in his med. Soon the nuptial-tie was fastened;

could lift a dull dinner company out of its icine-tent, instructs his pupils. The quaint Soon the kiss received and given.

own dull level, or atone to a person of braio: party is accompanied by an individual who In that moment earth had vanished

and taste for the fixed vicinity for two & beats the medicine-drum, the monotonous They had caught a glimpse of heaven! three hours of a brace of bores! Given th: tones of which are kept up during the whole

social success, let the bill of company be a.! time the lesson continues. What special But the prudent German farmer

that it should be, and no one would be 18

First recalled his tranced wits ;
branch of medical science is instilled into
Said: "Herr Pastor, here's von skilling;

different to the triumphs of culinary art the minds of the pupils we do not know. It

Choost at present ve vas quits.

But, unless to a professed gourmand, the latis probably but a lesson in incantation or

ter is of much less importance than it is getsome senseless jugglery, intended to awe the “But, dake notice, if I finds her

erally supposed to be, and the former aloi. candidate; for the medicine-men are acute de- Marguerite, mine frau, mine queen

of absolute necessity, if one is desirous-ar] ceivers, and as despotic and absurd in social Ven der year vas gone, is better

who is not ?-of having an attractive huast. life as are the priests and oracles and conjur

As goot, by dhen, I coomes again."

I have known what are called high liters, ers of civilized man in another hemisphere. Twelve months sped with 'wildering fleetness

those who were very fond of the pleasures or In has been our good fortune to see some Down Time's pathway past recall,

the table, who would persistently avoid Ebat of the tricks performed by the medicine-men, Then tbere came a barrel rolling,

they knew to be a dull house on dinner of among the most curious of which is one anal

Thundering through the parson's hall,

casions, though they also knew that the bil ogous to the celebrated Davenport trick. The

of fare was fit to set before a king. conjurer in every instance permitted an inWith this note: “I send, lerr Pastor,

But the test of an attractive house is not Mit ein barrel of besten flour, spection of tent and person; he was then

in its inviteil company always, though 15: Dhem five dollars—for mine Marguerite securely tied inside the tent and left alone

More better as goot is every hour.

may be finely selected; for a large visitin: for a moment, when he would


list and observant shrewdness, together with at the door; a moment later he would be “ Dot shinall leetle baby is ein darling! experience, will enable many a hostess to tied again. This trick is, in certain locali- If dhey shtay so goot, vy dhen,

give deligbtful parties. The really attrae ties, quite common among them, and exceed- Vhen dot year vas gone, Herr Pastor,

tive house is that where attractive people, ingly well performed. They exhibit also many Quick, booty soon, you hear again."

people of brains, and taste, and character, like other feats of jugglery, in themselves very On the wedding-march went singing,

“drop in.” There are such rare combicurious and interesting, but not calling for

Sweeter, tenderer than before.

nations of circumstances and conditions, of notice in this paper. At the year's end it came drumming

traits and temper, which are necessary to An interesting circumstance obtains, how- Gayly at the parson's door,

make this attractiveness, that such houses


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are not plentiful. One absolute condition is now and then drop in upon me, invariably few engravings. Groups of ferns nod from a certain domestic harmony. A family-jar is exclaimed, “How pleasant the air is here, the mantel - shelf, and all the doorways are fatal. A Madame Récamier could scarcely and how very odd that you don't get the fringed with evergreens. Pots of flowers clus. “hold her own” ir such an atmosphere. It scents from the basement!” Of course, the ter at the windows, and vines hang from the is hardly less absolute that the hostess should, closure of that detestable "hole in the floor" cornices of the simple lace curtains. About above all things, have the quality of appreci. had something to do with the banishment of the fire, low, inviting - looking chairs stand ation, and the tact to conceal her preferences the basement scents; but not every thing, as hospitably. These chairs are well worn and where this appreciation would lead her into I discovered very quickly when a warm day of various designs, and, sitting there in the absorbing interests in individuals. A real came and my fire went out. Then, with in- light of the cheerful blaze, you will never liking for social companionship, which does sidious, creeping footsteps, the little fiends miss any freshness or costliness of furnishing not have its slightest root in vanity, and of foul smells came stealing in under my or decoration. In this parlor some of the therefore is not merely self-seeking, but in. door. A handful of kindlings lighted in that brightest men and women of the day “drop stead self-lifting, would complete these con- | blessed grate, and presto !--the fiends were in” of an evening, or in the late hours of the ditions so happily that one might well ques- burned up in purifying flames in good ortho- | afternoon, when the genial blaze from the tion whether they have ever been fulfilled. dox fashion, as fiends ought to be. Let no open stove throws joyous invitations of wel. But, rare as they are, we now and then find misguided house-keeper think that she can come in long streams of light from the low that they are not impossible. A hostess of insure all this beauty and comfort by that windows. this temper and tact would be sure to make meanest of shams-a gas-log. Neither sweet- The other parlor is a rather famous recepher guests comfortable physically. She would ness of atmosphere nor ideal pleasure can be tion-room in the southern part of New Eng. have no draughts from swinging doors and found in that glaring humbug. No after- | land, in the small State that adjoins Massaunbeated chambers. She would be sure that dinner odors can be burnt up in that blaze, chusetts. Its hostess has entertained most ber rooms were properly ventilated, and that no fine fancies flower out in that g(h)astly of the famous men and women who were in no scent of yesterday's dinner lurked in un. light. But, with the grate filled with soft or their prime forty years ago, but she will never aired corners.

hard coal, or, best of all, with wood, one grow old herself, and still holds her court “I hate to go to Mrs. Blank's, because need not trouble one's self with other ventila- with a younger generation with undiminished she hasn't any nose,” said a gentleman, re- tors, nor with the lack of fine furniture. And

sway. Her rooms are somehow regions of cently, to an intimate friend.

so the wise woman, who is desirous of mak- enchantment. Yet, if you examine critically, “No nose! what on earth do you mean?” ing an attractive house, will in her parlor you will discover that it would be difficult to queried the friend.

arrangements first of all establish an open find furnishings of less cost. But a bit of “I don't mean the facial protuberance of fire!

drapery here and there, soft groupings of bone and cartilage. I mean that she has no The next thing to be considered is the color, mellow lights, not the strong, fierce nose for all the purposes that a nose is good seating of your friends. You had better by glare of a full blazing chandelier, easy-chairs, for. I smell dead dinners in her house from far sacrifice a picture, or a bust you had set and an open fire, make a harmonious whole, January till May. She's a pretty woman, your mind on with a view of its giving grace which, with the atmosphere of the hostess she's a bright woman, and amiable to a de- and beauty to your room, than have a scar- herself, completes a charm as delightful as gree. Her house is as pretty as she is, and city of comfortable chairs. If you can't have rare. People visit these bouses with a freshe's hospitality itself, but I can't get used both, dispense with high art in this case, for quency they have no time for in other quarto those dead dinners. They smother all my you can't dispense with the other, which, in

And the reason is obvious. Here are fancies, all my ideas, with their charnel-house the nature of human nature, is a necessity. to be found the realities of ideal social lifesuggestions.

Nobody can be at ease in a chair too high or what every one imagines, yet what few are So it is inevitable that the hostess of the too low, or that bulges in the back where it able to realize, either in their own homes or House Beautiful must have a nose of the ought to curve inward, or with any other of in another's. And these ideal realities are most sensitive construction as an olfactory. the uneasy angles and hard lines that are so freedom from conventionalities, together with

The very best aid to ventilation is an often the torment of a visitor doomed to the a cultured refinement, which gives to the open fire. It needs not to be that expensive “ best parlor” with its “best chairs.” Seven barest simplicities a grace and charm which luxury, a hearth fire of wood; an open grate, or eight-it may be ten-years ago, a certain costly display always lacks. After all, it or one of the pretty open-grate stoves which style of furniture came into vogue and ought not to be so difficult to find such atare just now coming into the market, will “raged” to the extent that a fresh “style” | tractive houses. The list of “conditions" serve the purpose.

With this open fire Mrs. is sure to do with the majority of people who is not so lengthy nor the requirements so Blank would be able to burn up literally all blindly suppose that a “fashion" of furnish. hard but it would seem easy of fulfillment if her dead-dinner odors, and people with sen. ing is indispensable to the elegance of their one should seriously and thoughtfully consitive noses could nurse their finest fancies houses. This style was known, I believe, as sider it, and set about it as one of the finest in the sweetened atmosphere thus created. I the mediæval pattern. It produced tall, hard achievements to be accomplished. A social. once occupied the back-parlor directly over seated chairs, with straight, high backs, and ly sympathetic nature, a little taste and tact, the basement-kitchen in a Boston boarding- tall, straight-backed sofas or lounges, upon and—a sensitive nose! There is the recipe. house. The house was heated with a fur. which no mortal could even appear at ease.

NORA PERRY. nace, and for a time I endured the mingled It did not show a single curve of grace or scents of dead and living dinners with what aspect of luxury. It was rigid, stiff, and unpatience I might. It was a brief time, how- compromising, and I never knew a party to THE MISCHIEF OF PROV. ever, for, discovering the possibility of an go off well in rooms with which it was fur

ERBS. open fire in a long-disused and furniture-hid. nished. In the “attractive houses," where den grate, I made a fresh arrangement with we like to “ drop in," there is never any fashmy landlady at once, and, turning off the fur- ion in the furniture. It may be costly, of DEAS may rule the world; but mere terms nace-heat, built up an open fire, which, with carved rosewood and satin. It is quite as govern the majority of mankind. And care, seldom died out. I had no further likely to be of simplest material, and within when these are aptly and compactly expressed, trouble with dinner or any other disagreeable the range of a limited purse. But it is com- they are likely to be accepted as true without odors, while rooms in the second and third fortable. That is the grand desideratum. I question or examination. Hence the force story would gather now and then unsavory know of two parlors, one in the vicinity of and influence of proverbs and phrases in scents, which could not be easily dispelled; Boston, where this "attractiveness” is en- proverbial form. The falseness or fallacy my back-parlor, even with its close kitchen tirely the result of taste and tact.

they may contain is hidden or unsuspected vicinage, was invariably sweet and healthy. An open fire confronts you as you enter in their easy and frequent iteration. They

So sweet and pure was the air in compar- this latter parlor-an open fire of wood blaz- are quoted not only as reasons for certain ison with the other rooms, that my neighbors ing forth from an old-fashioned stove. There questionable conduct, but as palliations and on the second and third floors, who would are no costly pictures upon the walls, only a excuses for conduct that is unmistakably



base. While many are unable to see their tues, the angel part of our common human- cal incentive to advancement, improvement, full significance, many more are unwilling to ity. It is so pure, so sweet, so tender, so to a larger and better life. To put it prisee it, and try to lioodwink others by flippant generous, so noble, so confiding, so sponta- marily to material use is to degrade and proand noisy repetition.

neous, that to wrong it by a thought-much fane it. The nature capable of understand. Proverbs at best are seldom more than more to deceive it - is wicked in the ex- ing or feeling friendship will be slow to ask partial truths, and at worst are often the treme. And then to employ stratagem de- the rhetorical question unless playfully or meanest of falsehoods. They are specious liberately, and likewise to justify it, is sim- satirically. And such a nature never will generally, and their speciousness frequently ply infamous. He would be bold indeed and never can act upon it. veils their sopbistry and their moral deform- who should have the courage to father so There is quite enough in this bustling, its.

vile a maxim. The bitterest cynic has never | necessarily prosaic world to dwarf and de“The world owes a man a living" is one said any thing to surpass or exceed this, stroy our ideals, without our volunteeriog of the pleasant fallacies by which both lazy which strikes at all faith, and in its spirit any cynical and superfluous aid thereto. A and unprincipled fellows seek to evade duty aims to strangle what is best in human na- true friend is so willing and anxious to assist to themselves and responsibility to others. ture.

us in every bonorable way possible, that we The world may possibly owe a man a living ! Not one person in a hundred that quote should be careful not to give bim excess of when irreparable adversity has overtaken the words takes in their entire meaning. The opportunity. Besides, to use a friend, in the him ; when he has failed after repeated tri- attention is directed to stratagem and war- general sense of the verb, is ignoble, and als, or when he cannot get work. But it those two terms linger in the memory-and must soon result in the fracture of friend. certainly does not, if he folds bis arms, or, love and the suggestion of its monstrous ship; for no friend can long consent to be through wretched vanity misnamed pride, treatment are kept in the background until used without a certain loss of self-respect, refrains from honest labor which he counts familiarity with the phrase renders the whole without which friendship is impracticable. unworthy. He in whose mouth the phrase acceptable. If the adage should be so cur. No doubt there is a constant temptatica oftenest is, is very apt to be a professional tailed as to include love only, there are not with many persons to employ their friends loaser or sponge, or, still worse, a geuteel many who would not be startled by its utter- to their own advantage, without thougbt of swindler-a borrower of money without ex. ance. Then it would stand-it should so reciprocity; and quoting the proverb strength. pectation or thought of its return. He stand with its present appendage—as a semi- ens the temptation and justifies the habit. affects to believe that the world is indebt. apology of roues and profligates to public de- Never let the aphorism pass your lips, hor. ed to him, although he has rendered it no cency; and the right kind of people would ever jocularly, lest you be suspected, in the service; has given it absolutely nothing to never mention it except in condemnation. first place, of meaning it, and, secondly, lest base an obligation on. He is usually a “Charity begins at home" is generally the you prompt others to do what they shall eventdrone in the beehive of life; a claimant of excuse of selfishness for lack of generosity. ually regret. merit he does not possess; a sycophant, a Yet many who are not naturally selfish may “What was once a vice is now a cus. sham, and a bully combined.

be made so by taking what they deem a pru- tom," though it may be true enough, bas Beware of the man who is voluble about dential admonition too much to heart. Ap- done a deal of harm by making unthioking the debt this busy ball has incurred by his plied to the over-liberal, the proverb may folk believe that some unalloyed vice they birth! He is not to be trusted. His fond- be, and doubtless often is, a corrective. The are inclined to is destined to become a cusness for the proverb indicates his antipathy mischief is that they who need its restrain. tom, and be relieved, therefore, of all its to work—and the enemy of work is the en- ing influence seldom use or heed it. In the evil. They undertake to substitute the presemy of society-offers just ground for sus. main, it is the oral property of the morbid ent for the past, and to forecast the future picion; is an argument against his character. and the covetous, and, to strengthen them- never a safe experiment in any hands bat The few men who are the world's creditors selves in their sordidness, they employ the those of a master. Because a thing is a coswill be very sure to keep silent concerning phrase to the detriment of others whose tom, it is not the less, but more, a rice. Re the fact, if they recognize it; though the character is yet unformed, but whose ten- peaters of the apothegm usually seek theregreat probability is that they will be too dency is in the wrong direction.

by to mitigate or atone for a favorite fault of modest to be conscious of their large desery- The charity that begins at home is prone their own. They are in no wise successfd ing.

to stay and end there. And he who preaches i except in calling attention to their prope There is a pride in merit that bridles the the doctrine is in constant danger of carry- short-comings, and emphasizing their egotism. tongue as well as humbles the judgment of ing its practice to a point of positive nig. | They who have a vice, and are conscious of its own performance. But the fellow who gardliness.

it, would better try to get rid of it than to has the globe on the debit side of his ledger, of a kindred kind is “Self-preservation excuse it by the expression of any sopbistro can rarely balance his account save by a lib. is the first law of Nature." As everybody or catch-phrase of an apologizing character. eral entry of immitigable self-conceit. knows, or ought to know, the meaning of “One may as well have the game as the

“ All stratagems are fair in love and the axiom is literal and absolute. As such name" is a most mischievous saw, and is war" is one of the most atrocious sentiments it cannot be gainsaid. But it should be constantly heard from men wbo are looking ever uttered. An ingenious deviltry lies in when it is put forward as a warning against for excuses for misbehavior. Such med at its wording; for it couples two things that benevolence, as a curb to any disposition to infrequently invent their own detractions in are entirely opposite. Love is the antipode help the needy. Self-preservation, being an order, as they say, not to be any better than of war ; not its contradiction alone, but its instinct, needs no enforcement from prover- their reputation. To them the Fulgar pros. extinction. Assent to the latter part of the bial popularity. They that are perpetually erb does small harm, except in so far as it proverb might be readily gained; but never telling us that it is the first law are usually facilitates them in moral decline. But to per. to the former from any mind of moral san- the very persons who might make us wish it sons of another and higher kind, whose inity. The cunning of the verbal contrivance were the last law; for then they might so stincts are good, and whose characters are is therefore palpable. The enormity of half forget themselves for a moment as to drop weak, it is exceedingly pernicious. the phrase is concealed in the plausibility out of the world to which they add nothing Slander is always bitter, and is likely to of the other half. but a bad example.

arouse a revengeful feeling that may expeod Stratagems in love? Who can think of “What is the good of having friends un. itself in practical misanthropy or general them without abhorrence. The connection is less you use them?” is often jocosely asked; wrong.doing through a mistaken notion of unnatural, inhuman. Mephistopbeles lurks but the friends are oftener obliged to answer self-justice. The wisest, the only true ray in the suggestion. Love is the one thing seriously. The proverb is in bad taste, to to deal with slander is, of course, to live it above aught else that should be dealt with in say the least, and its repetition evinces a down. Still, this is doubly hard when som strictest honesty ; that should be reverenced, grievous want of sensibility, if nothing worse. one at your elbow is steadily whispering, “ Ås worshiped, glorified. To take any advantage Friendship springs from sympathy, from well have the game as the name;" for there of love would be—if any thing were--an un- spiritual affinity, from mutual understanding is a certain sort of savage consolation to most pardonable sin ; for love is the queen of vir. and appreciation, and ought to be a recipro- l of us in the secret thought that we are quite

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