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the North Side of the Thames, a confiderable Distance from the Sea, and by Computation contained within the Walls, before the dreadful Fire in the Year 1666, above 20,000 Houses, which is not now above a fixth Part of that which is commonly called London.

Q. What Buildings are most remarkable in Lon. don?

A. There are many magnificent Churches, and St. Paul's that is now rebuilt is a most sumptuous : Piece of Work. The Royal Exchange is most ftately, so is Bedlam, and the Pillar on Filsfreer-bill, that was set up in Remembrance of the Burning this City. The Bridge, Guildhall, the Cuftom-House, and many other stately Halls.

Q. Which are the three moft noted Churches in England?

A. St. Paul's, Westminster, and Salisbury ; St. Paul's for Antiquity, Weftminster for her curious Workmanship, and Salisbury for a Spire, and Variety of Pillars, Windows, and Gates. St. Paul's, before the great Conflagration of Fire, was renowned for her continual Society of the Living: Weftminster is renowned for her Royal Sepulchres of the Dead ; and Salisbury, for her tripartite: Calculation of the Year, having as many Windows, Pillars and Gates, as there are Days in the Year, of which Mr. Cambden, the famous Antiquary, thus writes :

" How many Days in one whole Year there be, *. So many Windows in one Church we see; many

marble Pillars there appear, As there are Hours throughout the fitting


" Year ;

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many Gates as Moons, one Year doth view,

Strange Tale to tell, yet not so strange as true. And for our other Churches, the most renowned are, first, the Cathedral of Lincoln ; fecondly, for a


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[6] private Parish Church, that of Radcliff in Bristol; third, for a Chapel, that of King's College in Cambridge; fourth, the Minster of Ely; fifth, for the curious Workmanship of the Glass, that of Cbrift-Church in Cante, bury; fixth, for the exquifite Beauty of the Fonts, those of Wells and Peterborough ; seventh, for a pleasant and lightfome Church, the Abbey Church at Batb; eighth, for an ancient and reverend Fabrick, the Minster of York.

Q. Which are the three chiefest Rivers in Exgland?

A. Thames, Severn, and Trent, Thames renowned for the stately Buildings she pafseth by, and for Swans and Ships the beareth; Severn for her Swiftness, and beautiful Shores ; Trent for her va. riety of Floods and Fish ; which some think to be so called from Trent, a French Word which fignifies Thirty ; because the beareth thirty several forts of Fish, and thirty Rivers fall into her Flood.

Q. What Forelt is that which was erected out of the Ruins of most Churches, Towns and Vil. lages in England ?

A. Nero Forefl in Hampshire, which William the Conqueror to erect, pulled down thirty-fix Churches, and brought all the Towns, Villages, and Houses, within the Compass of thirty Miles, for a Forest for wild Beasts : For which heinous Offence, the Judgnients of God foon overtook his Posterity ; for William Rufus, his second Son, was there thot with an Arrow by Walter Terril, and thereby lott his Life: One of his other Sons was there blafted with a peftilent Air : His Grandchild, pursuing his Chale, was there hanged amongit the Boughs. And thus much of this large Foreit, in this short Discourse for Example and History,

Q. Who was the first that brought Tobacco into England ?

[1] A. It was first brought into England by the Mariners of Sir Francis Drake in 1585 ; but brought into more Request by Sir Walter Ra. leigh, who is said to have taken two Pipes thereof, as he was going to Execution.

Q Who erected Charing Cross?

A. King Edward the Third, in Honour of his Wife Queen Elinor, whom he loved so dearly, that dying in his Company in the North Countiy, and intending to bury her in Westminster-Abbey, in every Place where her Corpse refted, he erected a moft magnificent Cross ; the last of all was that at the End of the Strand, commonly called Charing-Cross.

8. What four Counties are those in England, which are fam'd for four principal Qualities?

A. Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Cbejhire, and La.. cashire,

Staffordshire for Beer and Bread,
Derbyshire for Wool and Lead, .
Cheshire for the chief of Men,
And Lancafire for fair Women.

Q. How many Kings did formerly Reign in thefe Countries, whereof our Sovereign King George the Second is Monarch?

A. In England were seven during the Suxor Heptarchy; in Wales three ; in Ireland five, till it was subjected to England by King Henry Il. Scotland had formerly two Kings, one was of the Scots, the other of the Piets: Besides these there was a King of the Isles of Scotland, and one of the Isle of Man; and Henry VI. created Henry Beaucamp, Earl of Warwick, King of the Ifle of Wight, so that, reckoning them one with another, you will find them to amount to twenty Kingdoms.

Q. Whereupon did the Antients Name England?
A. England, ab Angulo, as being an Angle of
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the World, engirdled round about by the Sea, having within it Plenty of all Things, and comely Personages the Poffeffors thereof, as St. Gregony on a Time faid, seeing certain English Youths at Rome, Well may they be called Angli, English, because their faces shine like Angels.

Q. Why was it called Britannia ?

A. Either from Brutus, or Britto, a King; or rather, as Mr. Cambden hath it, from Britt.

Q. Who taught the English to make BroadCloth?

A. The Flemings, who at the Invitation of King Edward III. came and settled in England: Afterwards that wise Prince, Henry VII. encousaged it by lending Money to young Merchants and Tradesmen, the better to enable them to carsy it on, till he found answerable Amends in the Advance of his Customs; these Foreigners being afterwards perfecuted, Queen Elizaberb tenderly preserved them, to the very great Improvement of our Woollen Manufacture, and Relief of the Poor.. We are also indebted to Foreigners for the making of Arras, Dornix, and worsted Says; they also restored Mufick, and found out divers Musical Instruments, besides the laying on of Colours with Oyl, and the working of Pictures in Glass.

Q. What Answer gave Queen Elizabeth when her Opinion was ask'd concerning the real Preferice of Chrif in the Sacrament?

A. Chris is the Word that spake it,

He took the Bread and brake it,
And as the Word did make it,
I do believe and take it.

Q. How long did Queen Elizabeth Reign? .

A. This excellent Queen was renowned all over the World, for her Wisdom, Prudence, Courage, and Learning; the could speak five or fix Lan


guages, and delighted in the Mathematicks, Geor graphy, and History. After the Defeat of the Spanish Armado, in 1588, she was a Terror to that King, and Nation. She reigned 44 Years four Months and odd Days, and died being much lamented, in the 70th Year of her Age, on the 24th of March, about Two in the Morning, 1602.. She had many stately Tombs built for her : in Wefiminfer- Abbey, and many other places.

If royal Virtues ever crown'd a Crown,

If ever Mildness shin'd in Majesty, If ever. Princess put all Princes down,

For Temperance, Prowess, Prudence, Equity: This, this was the, who, in despight of Death,

Lives ftill ador'd, admir'd Elizabeth.

In the Figure of a Book over her Effigies were
written these Words. :
They that trust in the Lord fall be as Mount :
Sion, which shall never be removed.

On one side :
Spain's Rod, Rome's Ruin, Netherland's Relief,
Heaven's Gem, Earth's Joy, World's Wonder,
Nature's Chief.

On the other Side : :
Britain's Blessing, England's Splendour, ·
Religion's Nurse, the Faith's Defender.

Under her:
I have fought a good fight, I have finib?d my Courses
Read but her Reign ; this Princess might have

been For Wisdom call’d Nichalious, Sheba's Queen i : Against Spain's Holofornes, Judith, she Dauntless gain'd many a glorious Victory;


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