« הקודםהמשך »
the best dramas that have been produced on our sum is expended in the construction of per. plosion must result from the sudden disstage for many months. It is called " A Nine
manent works which may be of continual | placement of a volume of water, which would Days' Wonder," and the central figure in it is
service, provided the results attained are fa. cause an equally sudden and powerful strain a widow, Mrs. Fitzroy (admirably acted by
vorable. It is yet estimated that each one Miss Madge Robertson). Mrs. F. is a woman
to be put upon all portions of the bull above, with a strange history. When we make her
of these great guns will cost the English or within reach of its influence. The experiacquaintance she is living in the house of a
government at least ten thousand pounds. ments were seven in number, and were conHr. Vavasour, a middle-aged widower, whom
As the weapon is designed stricıly for naval ducted at the relative distances shown in the years ago she had jilted to marry a professed | service, a ship must be built to carry it, with illustration, the surface depth, however, being gambler. Subsequently, while on the Con- suitable gun-carriage and other appointments in each case forty-eight feet. In every case tinent, she had run away from her husband for rendering it manageable and effective; save the fifth the mine rested on the bottom, with one of his friends, owing to his ill-treat- hence we are not surprised to learn that such and the published report of the results obment, leaving her son to shift for himself.
a piece of artillery will entail, before it is tained is given in full as follows: Her husband had followed and overtaken her, ready to be used, an expense of three hunand had been killed in a duel with her seducer. dred thousand pounds sterling!
No. 1 is the position on August 6th, the Mr. Vavasour, however, does not know all this;
charge, five hundred pounds of compressed he only knows that his affection for his “old
We have chosen to present these facts re
cotton, being placed at one hundred feet horiflame” is returning. He has a sweet daugh- garding the nature and expense of modern zontally from the starboard side on the ground, ter, Kate; she loves a young man named naval weapons and warfare in order that our
at forty-eight feet depth of water. The effect, Christian Douglas, who is too poor to offer her readers may more readily comprehend the judging from the apparent leaking, was at first his hand. Kate tells her fond father this; he, true significance and value of the torpedo, thought to be serious, but proved to be due to unlike most fathers, considers Christian's pov- the success of which must of necessity check dislodgment of tubes imperfectly fixed. erty no obstacle to the marriage, and invites all further advance in the direction of heavily
No. 2, August 218t.-Charge fixed at eighty him to spend a few days at his house. The plated and armored vessels. If it is possible
feet horizontally from starboard side, depth, young man comes, and then the most exciting part of the drama begins. Christian recogto approach a vessel by an unseen enemy,
etc., as before ; effect slight.
No. 3, September 5th.-Charge at sixty feet nizes in Mrs. Fitzroy his mother; she, not whose attack is made from below the water.
horizontally from starboard side, depth, etc., knowing that her son is to be Kate's husband, line, and hence beneath the range of the mon
as before; effect again inconsiderable. adjures him to be gone, so that she can the ster gun, the mission of the latter is evidently
No. 4, September 26th.-Charge at forty-eight better “angle" after Mr. Vavasour, whom she at an end. At an early day we shall hope to feet from starboard side; effect considerable ; has, scheming woman that she is, set her mind
present to our readers a descriptive and illus. condenser broken, and other severe injuries, on marrying. After a keen mental struggle, Christian does go, on the condition that, before his mother weds Mr. Vavasour, she will acquaint him with her errors. Shortly after Mr. Vavasour proposes, is told all, and still offers Mrs. Fitzroy his hand. She is about to accept it, when, learning the sacrifice her son has made, she quits the house forever, the end be
-80-0-ing that, after all, Christian, instead of his
-60-0“. mother, marries into the Vavasour family. The
+48.0--acting is first rate. As Kate, Miss Ilollingshead, who has not long been ou the stage,
K---30.0--plays most gracefully and intelligently, as, of course, as I have hinted, does Miss Robertson. Mr. Hare as Vavasour, and Mr. Keudal as Christian, are also excellent. The dialogue of the
3 4 6 piece is often brilliant, always good; the in
SEPT.5. SEPT. 26. NOV. 28. cidents are in good sequence, and are well worked out.
THE OBERON TORPEDO EXPERIMENTS.
trative account of the progress that has been such that the vessel could hardly have proScience, Invention, Discovery. made in the construction of that form of
ceeded on her course, her engines, etc., being naval vessels known as torpedo-boats. At
probably too much injured.
No. 5, November 12th.-The starboard side present attention is briefly directed to cer.
of the vessel having greatly suffered, it was SINCE INCE the earliest adaptation of the rifled. tain recent experiments that have been con
decided to attack the port side at thirty feet gun and iron armor-plate to offensive ducted with a view to determine the effec
distance; but, the vessel lying as before, the and defensive warfare, there has been a con- tiveness of stationary or moored torpedoes. charge could not be placed on the ground withstapt advance in the effectiveness of these Early in August of last year the English out altering all the conditions, the depth at the weapons and the strength of the resisting Admiralty, in order to test the effectiveness spot in question being seventy-two feet. The surface against which their power is directed, of gun-cotton in submarine explosions, caused charge was therefore suspended at forty-eight from the armor of the Meteor and Thunderer | the following experiments to be made : The feet, the actual distance from the ship's botthat in the Crimean War proved invulnerable hull of the vessel Oberon was first strength
tom being about fifty-two feet. The effect was
much less than on the last occasion, showing to thirty-two-pound shot, to that of the modened, so that it should represent the class of
incidentally the great disadvantage at which a ern iron-clad two feet in thickness, against vessels to which the iron-clad Hercules be
suspended or floating charge acts as compared which it is proposed to direct a shot project | longed. She was then anchored directly
with a ground one. ed from an eighty-ton gun. This latter weap- above a submarine slope, as shown in the
No. 6, November 28th.— The charge was at on is now in the course of construction at accompanying illustration. The direct pur- thirty feet horizontally from the starboard the Woolwich Arsenal, and we learn that pose of this series of experiments was to as. side, at a selected part. The effect was an in. "the actual outlay for the production of this certain the effect of the explosion of subma- creased one, water-casks and ship's thwartfirst enormous gun, including new forges rine mines resting on the botton, though at plates now suffering, and great leakage arid and forty-ton hammer, steam and hydraulic varying diagonal distances from the vessel.
No. 7, May 20th.–The same charge-five cranes, special furnaces, rolling and bend- In each case, however, the depth directly be
hundred pounds of compressed cotton--was ing machinery, gigantic tongs of thirty tons low the surface of the water was forty-eight placed vertically under the starboard side of weight, and multitudes of minor parapher. | feet, and the charge of the torpedo in every
the vessel, at the same depth--forty-eight feet nalia, will be little short of one hundred thou- inst ce was five hundred pou
fect is not yet sand pounds sterling."
pressed gun-cotton. It will thus appear that fully ascertained and reported. The vessel's It is true that a large per cent. of this any disastrous effects from this order of ex- back is certainly broken, and she is a com
plete wreck; but for the reason of the differ- that planet are life-supporting." Returning ceeding our sun a thousand-fold in volume." ence in weight and structure between the Obe- now to the main argument, the writer notices The remainder of the attractive essay is ron and a real armor-clad, it is still more im- at length the various forms of life upon our occupied in an attempt to prove, by analogy portant to ascertain how far her actual bottom globe, and the possible conditions under and fact, so far as facts are attainable, that, plates have suffered, and what direct local in- which it exists, giving special attention to the viewed merely as a problem of chances, it is jury has been caused, than to know what | evidence that “ Nature possesses a power of improbable that at the present time or at any dislocation of her structure has taken place. | modifying the different types in accordance given time the conditions of two or more planHowever this may be, the series of experi- with the varying conditions under which they ets will be so closely allied as to make them ments has given most important results, and subsist. . . . Still," he adds, and in this sen- life-supporting. Mars lias in all probability will probably have the effect of shaping our tence sounds the key-note of all subsequent / passed this stage, and Jupiter is yet far from entire system of subrnarine defense-modifying reasoning, “there must be a limit beyond it, though advancing. “Nor need we stop,” it, indeed, to an extent that was hardly con- which the change of the earth's conditions, he adds, " at solar systems, since within the templated by any one previously.
whether through the cooling of her own globe infinite universe, without beginning and withA review of these results, though they are
or the diminution of the sun's heat, will be out end, not suns only, but systems of suns,
such that no conceivable modification of the galaxies of such systems, to higher and highof a negative character, does not lessen their
types of life now existing could render life er orders endlessly, have long since passed importance, and as the subject of torpedoes possible. ... The struggle for life involves through all the stages of their existence as is one in which our own Gorernment is at
the repeated victory of death. . . Nature, systems, or have all those stages yet to pass present specially interested, owing to our ex
wasteful of individual life, is equally wasteful through. In the presence of time-intervals tended coast-line, these experiments with the of types of life," and "at length the time thus seen to be at once infinitely great and Oberon become of direct interest and value. comes when the struggle for existence can infinitely little--infinitely great compared with As briefly stated, the conclusion reached is manifestly have but one end, and then, though the duration of our earth, infinitely little by that torpedoes containing comparatively the type may linger long before it actually dis- comparison with the eternities amid which small charges, but so moored as to explode | appears, its disappearance is only a question they are lost—wbat reason can we have for in actual contact with the vessel, are much
of time.” Admitting the justice of this gen- viewing any orb in space from our little earth,
eral proposition, the writer arrives naturally and saying now is the time when that orb is, more effective than those even more heavily
at the following conclusion : “We bave also like our earth, the abode of life? Why should eharged, but the force of whose explosions only to consider that life on the earth neces- life on that orb synchronize with life on the must be transmitted through an intervening sarily had a beginning, to infer that it must earth ? Are not, on the contrary, the chances stratum of water.
necessarily have an end. Clearest evidence infinitely great against such a coincidence ?
shows how our earth was once 'a fluid haze If, as Helmholtz has well said, the duration of The theory, or rather hypothesis, that many of light,' and how for countless æons after- life on our earth is but the minutest. ripple in or all of the members of the stellar and plan- ward her globe was instinct with fiery heat, the infinite ocean of time, and the duration etary universe are the abodes of life, that is, amid which no form of life could be conceived of life on any other planet of like minuteness, of living organisms, has long been received to exist, after the manner of life known to us, what reason can we have for supposing that with favor, and, although the question would though the germs of life may have been pres- those remote, minute, and no way associated appear to be beyond the limits of argument ent in the midst of the fire.' Then followed waves of life must needs be abreast of each even, yet it has been made the subject of ages in which the earth's glowing crust was other on the infinite ocean whose surface they mapy a learned essay or poetic effusion. In drenched by showers of muriatic, nitric, and scarcely ripple?” It should be borne in mind, 3 recent number of the Cornhill Magazine, sulphuric acid, not only intensely hot, but as lessening the chances of a coincident of life Pichard A. Proctor ventures again to ap- fiercely burning through their chemical activ- in two worlds, that the life-sustaining period proach the subject, reviewing it under the ti- \ity. Only after periods infinite to our concep- of a planet's existence covers but a minute tie “ Life, Past and Future, in other Worlds." tions could life such as we know it, or even period of its actual existence, and hence it may Deeming it probable that many of our read - in the remotest degree like what is now justly be regarded as “antecedently improbable ers may fail to meet with the paper in full, known to us, have begun to exist upon the that any planet selected at randon, whether We are prompted to give extended space to earth." The reader will discover that Pro- planet of our own system or plavet attending a condensed review of its main points-con- fessor Proctor articipates the vague objec- on another sun than ours, is at this present vinced that they will recognize in the au- tions of the purely imaginative opponents time the abode of life." Though we close our thor's line of reasoning, though necessarily by limiting his definition of life to that which review with this sentence as embodying Proone of analogy, many points in favor of the exists "after the manner known to us.'' fessor Proctor's conclusions deduced from conelusion, viz., that it is more probable that If we have succeeded in the rather difficult his main premises, justice to the author bids life is wanting than that life exists at this task of condensing an already succinct argu- us recognize the extended efforts-here unpresent time in other worlds than ours. At ment, the reader will be ready to follow the noticed-by which he appears to justify the the close of a brief reference to opinions ex- author in his next step, and, as he has defined claims which we have hardly more than set pressed in former essays, and at variance with the nature of this step in a few brief sentences, forth and defined. those now advanced, the writer adds: “Let we give them as follows: “We see our earth the matter be explained as it may, it was only passing through a vast period, from its first For months the air has been heavy with gradually that both the Brewsterian and existence as a separate member of the solar rumors, and at times apparently authorized Whewellite theories of life in other worlds system, to the time when life appeared upon statements, regarding the discovery of a new gave place in the writer's mind to a theory in its surface; then began a comparatively short motor or motive power, which was not only to De sense intermediate to them, in another period, now in progress, during which the supersede steam, but accomplish more wonders sense opposed to both, which seems to accord earth has been and will be the abode of life; than were ever hoped for by any inventor of better than either with what we know about and after that. must follow a period infinite to perpetual motion. We acknowledge that it our own earth, about the other members of the our conceptions when the cold and inert globe appears hardly gracious to condemn that of solar system, and about other suns which peo- of the earth will circle as. lifelessly round the which we have no knowledge, and in this cenple space. . What we now propose to do is to sun as the moon now does. We may, if we tury of wonders the sight of a steamboat crosspresent this theory as specially illustrated by please, infer this from analogy, seeing that the ing the Atlantic or a train crossing the plains the two planets which adorn our evening skies duration of life is always infinitely small by urged by a force generated from a vialful of during the summer months of the present comparison with the duration of the region water, or a dew-drop even, would not altoyear.” The planets to which allusion is here where life appears; so that, by analogy, the gether amaze us. It may be the fault of an made are Jupiter and Mars, and their past, duration of life on the earth would be infinite- education which has sadly marred our faith in present, and future conditions are made the ly short compared with the duration of the mechanical miracles, but we freely confess that subject of thoughtful consideration. The earth itself. But we are brought to the same we have been but slightly impressed by the groundwork upon which Professor Proctor conclusion independently of analogy, perceiv- astounding advices received regarding the bases his whole argument against the probable ing that the fire of the earth's youth and the Keeley motor. As there may be those among present existence of life in other worlds may deathly cold of her old age must alike be in- our readers, however, who, if not credulous, be stated as follows: Organic life is but a nat- finite in duration compared with her period of are at least curious regarding the claims of this ural phenomenon, and depends upon conge- vital, life-preserving warmth. And what is new engine of progress, we submit the accombial physical conditions, without which there true of the earth is true of every member of panying description of the motor as given to could be no life. In other words, to prove that the solar system, major planet, minor planet, the Tribune by its Philadelphia correspondent. bfe abounds on any planet we must first ac- asteroid, or satellite; probably of every orb in As to the desirability of purchasing stock, eept the fact that the physical conditions on space, from the minutest meteorite to suns ex- well, we all reinember the advice of Punch to
the friend contemplating marriage--" Don't." strangers who might come near them. This few, and he evidently did not despair of himThe report to which we allude reads as fol- seemed dangerous as well as disagreeable, so self. It had been such a very little fall, he lows: "The inventor's name is John W. Kee- we gave up our intention. Ilowever, one even- said, and added, with a hope that was piteous ley, and he calls bis invention the "Keeley ing returning froin the Convent de los Mar- in its hopelessness, that no doubt when the Motor.' It is owned by a stock company com- tires, we had scrambled up a rough path to winter came he should get stronger, and be posed chiefly of New York and Philadelphia have a better view of the Generalife, when, on able to move about again, but it did not need capitalists, who have paid in a working capital turning a corner, we came upon the rocks in- much knowledge to see from the emaciated, of about one hundred and fitty thousand dol- habited by this curious people.
sunken features and nerveless hands, that long lars, and hold stock of the nominal par value Finding ourselves there, we thought it before the winter came he would be where of one million dollars. They hold the stock best to try to appear fearless and pleased, pain and hunger are unknown. at fabulous prices. The apparatus that gen- though we were far from feeling so; there- It was interesting to note how in some erates the power is called a “multiplicator,' fore, going up to a young woman, with a bun- ways these gypsies retain traces of Oriental and is composed of a number of iron cham- dle or a baby in her arms, seated on a stone habits; for instance, many of them made a bers of cylindrical form, connected by pipes somewhat apart, we saluted her in Spanish movement as if raising the hem of a superior's and fitted with certain cocks and valves. The fashion, and begged her to show us the short- garment to the heart and head, an action used machine upon which experiments have been est way to the Generalife.
in Turkey and the East to express affection conducted during the past eight months is The woman civilly rose, and was about to and respect. about thirty-six inches high, twenty-four long, direct us, when the infant in the bundle ut- The boles they live in are like exaggerated and thirteen wide, and its cylinders will hold tered a low wail, so feeble and pitiful that we sand - martins' nests. Even the dwellingabout six gallons of water. A small brass could not help asking if the little thing was ill. places of the rock Arabs we had seen in Syria vipe, with an orifice one-quarter of an inch in The young woman, scarcely more than a child are superior to these wretched les, but the diameter, leads from it to a strong, wrought-in years, opened the shawl and showed us a inhabitants seemed content with them, and iron reservoir, six inches in diameter and tiny baby, rolled in a bit of rag. The little assured us that in some ways they were betthree feet long, where the power is stored, and creature, pallid with suffering, its tender limbs ter than ordinary houses, being cool in sumwhence it is fed to a beam-engine through a emaciated, evidently from bunger, lay motion- mer and warm in winter. It was curious that, still smaller pipe. The process of generating less, only uttering from time to time a plain-| though several of the women were evidently the power consists in forcing air into the up- tive moan that went to the heart of those who fortune-tellers, never once did they offer to per chamber of the multiplicator, and after- heard it. Tears dropped slowly from the eyes tell our fortunes, or impose upon us any of the ward letting water run in from a hydrant until of the poor mother, she did not speak, she did tricks of their trade. the receptacles are nearly filled. In the exper- not ask, but she pressed the little creature iments lately made, the inventor has used his closer to her, with a tenderness that said more own lungs for an air-pump, blowing through a than the most touching words. The poor babe Like the Italians, Spaniards are passiontube for a few seconds, then turning a cock to was evidently dying of hunger.
ately fond of dancing. Among the poor it shut off the air, connecting the tube with the My young companion, touched by the sight seems their greatest solace and recreation, and hydrant and opening the cook until sufficient of the little creature's sufferings, raised the no sooner do the lengthening shadows indiWater runs in. Within two minutes after this tiny hand and gently kissed it. This natural cate that the day is drawing to a close than operation is performed the cocks on the tubes act of compassion seemed to go straight to the from the shady walks of the Alamedas, and connecting the upper with the lower cylinders mother's heart, she burst into tears, and out other favorite places of resort, may be heard are turned and the power is ready for use. The poured a sad story of suffering, illness, and the tinkling music of guitars and the sound little machine exerts, through the small tube starvation. She and her husband were dan- of distant song. Our poor neighbors awake one-eighth of an inch in diameter, a pressure cers, and wandered about from fair to fair. to new life, and young and old are aroused by varying from two to fifteen thousand pounds The man had had a serious fall, and for many the inspiriting clatter of the castanets. From to the square inch, at the will of the operator. weeks had been partly paralyzed. He was
our terrace, we delight in watching their The power is accurately measured by a force- now lying, suffering and motionless, in one graceful movements, for the Spaniards from register. When applied to the engine it runs of the holes before us.
their earliest youth are iinbued with the true as rapidly as it is prudent to permit, the sup- The woman said their friends had been poetry of dancing. Occasionally a voice joins ply of power always being kept below its full very kind to them, but in these times it was itself to the notes of the guitar, and thougb capacity."
difficult to earn any thing, and her child had the melody may be rude, and the singer un
been born when they were nearly starving. learned, yet in the soft enchantment of an AnThough given with no view of exciting an
Her pinched features and skeleton-like arms dalusian night the long-drawn sigh of the " AY unreasonable alarm, we are yet prompted to
said that at any rate this part of her tale was de mí!" with which almost every song termiwarn our readers against a too careless Jisretrue.
nates, has a charm that scarcely any other mugard of the possible truth of the statement here. made. It appears that a gentleman in
By this time many others of the tribe had sic can rival.
gathered round, and such a set of bright-eyed, Stettin, baving, soon after the purchase of a
gaunt, haygard creatures I have seldom seen. hat with a brown - leather band, experienced
We had but a few small pieces of money with It is perhaps a dangerous topic to touch severe headaches followed by the breaking out
us, perhaps fortunately, as there was no temp- upon, because every nation has its own standof ulcers on the forehead, was induced to sub
tation to take that which we gave the young ard on such points, but it would be difficult to mit the band to a chemist for examination.
mother; but, poor people, they were all most tind anywhere niore charming women than The result proved that the dye with which it civil and grateful.
Spanish ladies. The average of beauty is exwas stained was one of the poisonous analine
They wished us to see some of their homes, ceedingly great, but even when the features are colors, and that its properties were such as to
but, being alone, we thought it most prudent not strictly pretty, the fine eyes have such a render inflammation unavoidable when it came
to proceed on our way, promising to return depth of tender expression, the slender figure in contact with the skin.
another time. Taking our Spanish servant as is so graceful in every movement, the low, guard, we did return, and far from finding sweet voice speaks in such tones of earnest
these people savage and rude, they impressed 1 persuasion, that critical indeed must be the Miscellany :
us most favorably. Like animals, they bur- judgment that is not pleased. And these
row in the rocks, but the holes they in, charms are not hose of mere appearance, for VOTEWORTHY THINGS GLEANED HERE
though poverty-stricken to the last degree, Spanish women are true, and kind, and gentle, AND THERE.
were neat and almost clean. They seemed and singularly free from affectation of either very industrious, and were always at work, mind or manners. Many are very accomthe men as tinkers, cobblers, or chair-mend-plished, though perhaps the education usually
ers—the women making and selling brooms given to women is not very profound. Of in Spain," just published in London, and similar articles.
course there are admirable exceptions, and we select a few interesting paragraphs :
The dancer's was a sad case. I never saw these ladies naturally take the lead in society. any one so thin to be alive ; his lower limbs The men, too, are exceedingly agreeable.
were quite paralyzed, and even his hands were Brilliant and clever, they have also the great It was in the course of one of these walks feeble, and moved with uncertain action. The fascination of a hearty and sincere manner. that we came upon the gypsy quarter. poor fellow was lying in a hole little larger There is a profound earnestness in whatever had hesitated about going there, for some peo- than a dog-kernel, propped up by a bundle they say or do that is inexpressibly attractive. ple in the hotel said the gypsies were perfect of straw, and trying to make some baskets. This faculty of throwing themselves with enBavages, abusing and throwing stones at any He was cheerful and hopeful when I ordered a thusiasm into the occupation or amusement
SPANISH MEN AND WOMEN.
FROM Mrs. Harvey’s “Every - Day Life
GYPSY-LIFE IN GRANADA.
of the hour is at once the misfortune and the the father, and so make him shrink away; grow and develop, one joint out of another, charm of Spaniards, and is especially charac- and it is no matter at all that the serpent who one branch and twig out of another-naturally, teristic of those of the soutb.
crushes does not bite. It was an admirable freely, unexpectedly—as a tree grows. This In the Cortes, in the pulpit, in private life, conception to make the sons two little fully- | is true not only of the characters but of the there are an earnestness and completeness of developed men, one-third the size of their ta- conduct of each play, and especially of the purpose that one feels to be true. Should ther, instead of children. The restored parts later ones. Take Othello, for instance, and the object be ever so trivial, they pursue are admirable also, and there is liere a good see how his character develops with circumit with an eagerness that for the moment deal of feeble philosophizing and artistic met- stances; how the restrained passion of his naseems to banish every other thought. But aphysics to round the whole.
ture, which gives at first only a genial glow to then, it is only for the moment, and how long Mallett. You are very hard on Goethe. his bearing, finally bursts forth into an overdoes such devotion last? The great difficulty Belton. I know I am. I suppose I feel as powering fury, breaks down all the safeguards is to interest the multitude permanently. the ancient Athenian did about Aristides: I of his judgment, destroys his dignity, and **Castable as water, thou shalt not excel," and cannot bear to hear him called the artist any ruins his reason. Goethe's plays, on the conthis is one feature of Spanish failure.
more than he to hear the great statesman called trary, are mechanically laid out like a gardenThe Spaniards are any thing but weak in the Just. Artist! Despite his large talent and plot, and all his pretty flowers, exotic or natucharacter, they are not even fickle; but the his many accomplishments, he is utterly with- ral, are planted in them artificially. They do mass of the people easily wander from the out that innate enthusiasm, that fiery impulse, not grow there by their own sweet will, do hard, weary road of duty into the pleasant that self-surrender to passion for his work that not flower out of the theme, but are grafted on paths of to-day's amusement. They are gen- alone can make an artist in the true sense of it. They do not make themselves, but are erous, large-hearted, and for the most part the word. He was essentially cold of nature, made by him. Two and two always make singularly free from the love of money. In and his work is generally cold. He prepared four, but in life they sometimes make five. no other country is a traveler less cheated himself elaborately for all his writings, ar- There's a daring truth of unexpectedness in than in Spain. When spoken to with courte- ranged his materials with patience, and, hav- Shakespeare, as there is in Nature. His char$y and kindness, Spaniards will readily assist | ing got them all ready, sat dowu with deliber- acters do not say what you expect, but what & stranger, and will often take much trouble ation to put them together, and work them their nature prompts. A tree has its law, but to do so; but they are proud, and keenly re- into shape in the most mechanical way. He it also has its whim and caprice, and one limb sent the slightest appearance of rudeness. laid up his observations as one makes a hortus and branch is not balanced against another
Apart from the Inquisition, which in truth siccus, and put them into his work like so many geometrically, as it is in Goethe's plays. In Tas more the creation of cruel churchmen fragments of mosaic. He could not give way all the deviousness of outline in Nature, there and cruel kings than the offspring of the to his enthusiasm, but insisted on governing is at once the characteristic and the capricious. people, the Spaniards are not a blood-thirsty it. He never was possessed, rapt, lifted out In Goethe's “Tasso," for instance, you can mee. In the history of civil wars, few na- of himself, carried away by his theme. He forecast every thing that each character will tions have gone through such violent revolu- drove his Pegasus in good German barness; say and think, but you cannot do this with tionary changes with less of bloodshed than Pegasus never ran or flew away with him. I “Hamlet,” and “Othello," and " Lear.” Spain.
put aside his “ Faust,” which is far his great- Mallett. The world is against you in your A Spaniard loves his country, he loves the est work. This he wrote in his youth, when estimate of Goethe, and I am against you. political party to which he belongs, he is he could not suppress his genius, which got But don't let us discuss him any further. You brace as a lion, and will fight to the death for the better of him, and in this one sees him at will not convince me. Let us talk about someeither; but with the keen suspicion of a his highest. But this was before he was an thing we agree upon. As to what you say of southern mind he doubts his leaders, and puts artist in his sepse, and while the enthusiasm the German critics of Shakespeare, of course Izle faith in any. Besides, who can long re- of youth was in him, and would have its sway. there is one side of him to us as wonderful as sist the excitement of the bull-ring, the at- Nearly all the rest of his life he was engaged any, which they never can feel-I mean his tructions of a new opera, the pleasant talk in at intervals on the second part of “Faust,' language and his rhythm. No translation can aufis, and, more than all, the fascination of piecing it out mechanically, and endeavoring give this, however well it may be done. There bright, speaking eyes ? So the great things of to give some real shape to mere disjecta mem- is a light, and life, and color in the words of to-morrow are forgotten for the little pleas- bra, which he never could put together into our great poet that most of all is his, which ares of to-day.
any definite completeness. The result of all makes them magical. To translate Shakehis art was to huddle together an unintelligi- speare is as impossible as to copy Titian-ay,
ble mass of myth and history, without begin- much more so; the outline, the story, the One of the talkers in the Blackwood pa- ning, middle, or end. When his genius carried bones, remain, but the soul is gone—the espers, “ Conversation in a Studio," has some- him away he was great, and the first part of sence, the ethereal light, the perfume, is vanthing audacious to say about Goethe. They
“Faust” has scenes of great power both of ished. Try in any of his great passages to re
conception and execution. bave been discussing German criticism on
place a forgotten word, and you can never im
Mallett. Ah, well, I breathe again. After prove it. Nothing will fit it but the very word Shakespeare (see selections in Journal of
all, it is something to have written one great he used. If, then, we ourselves cannot transJune 26th), when the conversation turns to work.
late or alter his language without loss, how is Goethe, and then to Shakespeare and trans
Belton. It is, but it is the story of Mar- it possible that the whole should be transferred guerite which alone interests us. Faust is a into another language, with different idioms,
colorless walking gentleman, without char- and still preserve its quality ? Take for inBlton. It is the same in their criticisin of acter or individuality, and there is no real stance thisart. Look, for instance, at Goethe's critique “Motiv," to use Goethe's word, for Margueon the Laocoon.
*No; this my hand will rather rite's conduct.
The multitudinons seas incarnadine, Vallett. You mean Lessing's? Mallett. Pray leave Goethe alono-we shall
Making the green one red "Belton. No, I mean Goethe's-Lessing's is never agree about him. I have heard you bequite another affair. He has written a most fore on this subject, and I say with Galileo, and translate it if you can. “Multitudinous elaborate criticism on this group, in which he “E pur si muove." I know “Wilhelm Meis- "—what an expression !--You feel the inds every thing perfect, every thing done in ter
you, and the “ Elective Affinities" wide weltering waste of confused and tumtbe highest spirit, with the clearest intelli- is, according to you, a mechanical mosaic; bling waves around you in that single word. gence and insight, and with a perfection of but I don't agree with you.
What beauty and wealth of color, too, in inexecution as great as the conception is won- Belton. Yes, if Goethe talked no better than carnadine, a word capable of dying an ocean! derful. The ancient Greeks are the greatest the characters of those two novels, I am not and then, after these grand polysyllables, how walptors, and this is the greatest of their sorry I never knew him. I am tired to death terse and stern comes in the solid Saxon, as if Forks, and without a single defect. In fact, of gardens, and the way they should be laid a vast cloud had condensed into great, heavy it is a cut-and-dried panegyric, by a man who out, and I do not admire his theatrical discus- drops--the green one red! Turn it into GerLad no knowledge of his subject, who was de- sions; and his characters, except when they man if you can. Hitch together three or four termined to find that whatever is, is right, and are reminiscences of particular persons, are to monosyllables, and pretend they are one word, TL11649 enthusiasm is all literary and second- me thoroughly mechanical.
and see if they will give you the effect of that Laad. We are told to adınire, with upraised Mallett. Let us get back to Shakespeare, one great Latinish multitudinous. Try muchwal, the defects as much as the merits. It where we can agree.
folding, or many-folding, or manifold (" vielThe subtile and exquisite thought to make Belton. Shakespeare's plays grow. All oth
or “mannigfaltig"), which are the serpent, while he crushed the group with ers, more or less, are constructed, built up me- nearest approximations in German to the sense pids, also bite the most sensitive part of chanically part by part; while Shakespeare's and sound. Do they satisfy you? Or, instead
of incarnadine, take that poetic and noble Ger- back, and they are dressing her to be lis fresh layers of soap, and douched again. By man correlative “fleischfarben,” to flesh-col- bride; she is walking in the bridal proces- this time you are beginning to feel rather exor; or substitute the German phrase, for itsion, veiling her face for shame.
hausted. They then cover your face, and is not a word, “purpurroth färben;" or say forth.
neck, and arms, with a sort of powder which in English, empurple, or make purple. It The performers are clamoring for raki. I looks like meal, and move you through the will not do-we cannot translate it even into think they deserve a little, but we must not other rooms, each warmer than the last, till English, much less into German.
let them have too much. Now, I will ask for you are turned into the hottest. If it is steam, my favorite sword -- dance. That thin and 150° will content you; if in dry heat, you can
graceful girl will take her turn, and describe with practice bear 300°. Your stay in the caliFrom Mrs. Burton's “ Inner Life of Syria,
to you a fight by pantomime. You will be sur- darium lasts about twenty minutes. They Palestine, and the Holy Land,” just pub- prised at the way she can handle a cimeter, as give you iced sherbet, and tie towels dipped lished in London, we glean two passages.
if she had learned broadsword all her life. in cold water round your head, which prevents The first is descriptive of Arab dancing and
She wbirls it round ber head and throat, under your fainting, and makes you perspire more
her arms, over her back, like lightning, and freely. The white powder passes away of itsinging: : :
within an inch of our faces, as if she were self. They scrub your feet with a hard, rough You must understand that Arab dancing is slashing at sixty unseen enemies, dancing all stone; indeed, it appears to me that one's first more curious than pretty, but it is strange to the time.
skin is wholly peeled off. you and wild. You would be sorry to miss
Our second extract gives a brief descrip
Now you move back again through all the seeing it, but I must explain to you that there
rooms, but gradually, staying ten minutes in tion of the Turkish bath: are some things we may see, and some that we
each. You are again douched with water, and may not see. However, my friends are very Firstly, we enter a large hall, lit by a shampooed with towels as you pass from heat discreet and respectful, and they will arrange domed skylight, with a huge marble tank in to cold. The most rigorous of all is when you with these almahs exactly what they are to the centre, and four little fountains 'spurting arrive at the latter, when pails of cold water dance and what they are to sing ; that they in the corners. All around are raised divans, are thrown at your back and poured down the are to be fully clad, and are not to exceed in covered with cushions. Here we wrap our- spine. In the last room the final shampooing raki. They have brought five, all dressed in selves in silk and woolen sheets, and towels is done with towels. various - colored gauzes, and spangles, and round the head. We shall now pass through We now return to the hall where we first gold-coin ornaments, trousers frilled and gath- six marble rooms, all with domed sky-lights, | undressed, enveloped in silk and woolen cloths, ered round the ankle with a ring, and hair marble floors, and a gutter cut in them to let and we recline on divans. It is all strewed plaited in two long tresses to the knees. You the water off, and surrounded by large stone with flowers, incense is burned about us, cups see, in point of dress, that they are far more basins and troughs, each with its tap of hot of very hot and rather bitter coffee are handed decent than our own ballet-girls, and that even and cold water. The first is the cold room, to us, and nargiles are placed in our mouths. the lord-chamberlain could not object to them. the next warm, the third warmer, and so on A woman advances and kneads you like bread; Their instruments are the tom-tom, the tam- until you come to the sudarium, of about 120° you fall asleep Juring the process, which has bourine, and a sort of zittern. They crack Fahr.
almost the effect of mesmerism. their fingers by putting their hands together, Here the operation commences. Firstly, When you awake you will find music and by pulling back the second and third finger of they lather your head and hair thoroughly. | dancing, the girls chasing one another, eating the left hand with the index-finger of the right, Then you are washed over, first with flannel sweetmeats, cracking nuts, and enjoying all and by letting them rebound, with a noise and soap, if you like; secondly with a brush sorts of fun. Moslem women go through louder than any castanets. Their voices are and soap; thirdly with líf and soap. If is much more than the above performances, esmelancholy, nasal, and boyish, and all their the fibre of the palm-frond soaked in water, pecially in the matter of being henna'd, and songs are in a minor key. They used to set sun-dried, and pulled out. It looks like a having their eyebrows plucked. The best my teeth on edge at first, but I have grown to large sponge of white horse-hair, and it rubs time for the bath is with a wedding party prelove them now. I am very fond of music, but as hard as a clothes-brush. You are douched paring a bride. One feels very light after I have never been able to pick up an Arab air. from head to foot, between each of these opera- these baths, and the skin is wonderfully white. It takes a year before one can perceive the dif- tions, with tubs of hot water thrown at you Easterns are not content with less than peeling ference between one air and another, or wheth- and over you. You are then shampooed with the outer skin off. er it is intended to be joyous or sorrowful ; but after this initiation the music becomes most expressive. Even their military bands,
Notices. like all their music, sound half a note below concert-pitch.
You must watch them singing. They put ART-WORKERS IN SILVER.—THE GORHAM COMPANY, established 1831. Bridal, on a miserable look, hang their heads side- Christening, Birthday, and Household Silver. The most extensive and brilliant collection to be found in the ways, turning up their eyes like dying ducks,
city. Salesrooms, No. 1 Bond Street, near Broadway. and then out comes a wail, reminding us of an Æolian harp bung in a tree.
All sit cross
SCIENTIFIC BOOKS.–Send 10 cents for General Catalogue of Works on Architeclegged in a row upon the divan, and they will
ture, Astronomy, Chemistry. Engineering, Mechanics, Geology, Mathematics, etc. D. VAN NOSTRAND,
Publisher, 23 Murray Street, New York. sing and sway from side to side. That almah, who was once the best dancer, and is now the APPLETONS' JOURNAL is published weekly, price 10 cents per number, or $4.00 size of six ordinary mortals, can no longer per annum, in advance (postage prepaid by the publishers). The design of the publishers and editors is to furnish dance. We are going to have a pas seul. a periodical of a high class, one which shall embrace a wide scope of topics, and afford the reader, in addition This girl will move about the room, with little to an abundance of entertaining popular literature, a thorough survey of the progress of thought, the advance of wriggling steps, in time to the music, nearly
the arts, and the doings in all branches of intellectual effort. Travel, adventure, exploration, natural history, social double herself backward, and throw herself
themes, the arts, fiction, literary reviews, current topics, will each have large place in its plan. The JOURNAL is in all sorts of contortions and attitudes, till I
also issued in MONTHLY Parts; subscription price, $4.50 per annum, with postage prepaid. D. APPLETON &
Co., Publishers, New York, am convinced that all her bones are made of gristle. One thing which perhaps you will THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY. (Established May, 1872.) Conducted not understand is, that her dancing means by Prof. E. L. Youmans. THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY was started to promote the diffusion of valuable something, whereas ours is only intended for scientific knowledge, in a readable and attractive form, among all classes of the community, and has thus far met exercise, or to give people a chance of talking. a want supplied by no other periodical in the United States. The great feature of the magazine is, that its conShe has told you by pantomime whole histo- tents are not what science was ten or more years since, but what it is to-day, fresh from the study, the laboratory, ries--of how she was at home with her mother,
and the experiment; clothed in the language of the authors, inventors, and scientists themselves, who comprise and how she went to market and to the bazaar;
the leading minds of England, France, Germany, and the United States, THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY is how she did the washing and cooking; how
published in a large octavo, handsomely printed from clear type, and, when the subject admits, fully illustrated.
Terms: $5 per annum (postage prepaid), or 50 cents per Number. APPLETONS' JOURNAL and THE POPULAR her father (the sheik) wanted her to marry,
SCIENCE MONTHLY, together, for $8 per annum, postage prepaid. D. APPLETON & Co., Publishers, New York. and how she didn't want to marry, for that Ali was fighting far away in the desert. She TO RAILWAY TRAVELERS.-In order to save trouble and anxiety in reference to wonders if he thinks of her, and she looks at
which route to select previous to commencing your journey, be careful and purchase a copy of APPLHTONS' the moon, and knows that he can see it, too, Railway GUIDE. Thousands and tens of thousands of Railway Travelers would as soon think of starting on and asks when he will come back. Now the their journey without their baggage as without a copy of the GUIDE. Price, 25 cents. D. APPLETON & Co., music and the steps change. He is coming Publishers, New York,