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causes. Besides, it brings down to us from the earliest periods, the names of men known to be fully as great in the knowledge of other arts ; whose writings, though in some parts superstitious and uncouth as the times in which they appeared, evince minds equally capacious with any now existing; that is, allowing for the progress of society in refinement and experience.
If we are not now justified, we really know not how to strengthen our argument. If we have failed to convince our best friends, those whose good opinions are dear to us, we can make no appeal to their feelings. Let them be assured that we attempt nothing, but in the most firm consciousness of the rectitude of our intentions: instead then of silent and deploring censure, let them contribute their parts cheerfully to assist an undertaking begun on such a basis ; which in the various field of science, thus humbly opened, may be easily done; and if the gratitude of hearts whose faith and affection have long been tried can increase the glow of mind arising from having contributed to make society wiser and better, ours will be offered fully and freely.
Should our undertaking experience the disapprobation of one scientific and real patriotic mind, we hope his opinion will be conveyed with candour ; for the reprehension of the wise is ever salutary, and will be received with becoming reverence. It is the silence only of such we fear, as in that case the impression that our pages are beneath their writings would hurt and humble us. The sneers and the rail. ing of insolence and folly we do not dread; and while we shall deem it our duty to admit the queries, to enlighten the understandings, and to do all in our power to alleviate the sorrows of those who really seek for knowledge and relief; we shall repel all applications arising from curiosity, unless they should carry marks of ability sufficient to entitle them to consideration.
LONDON, 31st Dec. 1813.
If in an age, though rude, and unrefin'd,
What wonder then that we a science scan,
Does not conviction in our mind arise,
When we survey yon circling orbs on high,
* This planet, when viewed through a good telescope, makes a more remarkable appearance than any of the other celestial wanderers. Galileo first discovered his uncommon shape, which he thought to be like two globes, one on each side a larger one. Having viewed him for two years, he was surprised to see him become quite round without these appendages, and then afterwards to assume them as before. These adjoining globes