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But all this was done, that the Scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled. 57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas
the high priest, where the Scribes and the elders were assembled. 58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and 59 went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end. Now the chief
priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against
people came unto him, and he sat down and 57 They that had laid hold on Jeses, &r.] taught them. John viii. 2. I spake openly Every day they wrest my words, all their to the world (said Jesus); I ever taught in the thoughts are against me for evil. They synagogue and in the temple, whither the gather themselves together, they hide therJews always resort ; and in secret have I said selves; they mark my steps, when they wait nothing. Why askest thou me? (of my dis- for my soul. Ps. Ivi. 5, 6. And they led ciples, or of my doctrine), ask them which Jesus away to the high priest, and with him heard me, what I have said unto them; be- were assembled all the chief priests, and the hold they know what I said. John xviii. elders, and the Scribes. And Peter followed him 20, 21.
afar off, even into the palace of the high priest; 56 That the Scriptures of the prophets, &c.] and he sat with the servants, and warned See verse 54. I will put enmity between himself at the fire. Mar. xiv. 53, 54. Then “thee" (" the serpent”) and the woman, and took they him, and led him, and brought him between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise into the high priest's house. And Peter folthy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. Ge. lowed afar off. And when they had kindled iii. 15. I am the Lord that confirmeth the a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set word of his servants, and performeth the down together, Peter sat down among them. counsel of his messengers : that saith to Jeru- Lu. xxii. 44, 55. And one of them named salem, Thou shalt be inhabited ; and to the Caiaphas, being the high priest that same cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all! raise up the decayed places thereof. Is. xliv. nor consider that it is expedient for us, the 26. The breath of our nostrils, the anointed one man should die for the people, and that of the Lord was taken in their pits, of whom the whole nation perish not. John xi. 49, 50, we said, Under his shadow we shall live Then the band, and the captain and officers among the heathen, La. iv, 20.
of the Jews, took Jesus and bound him; and Then all the disciples forsook him, &c.] led him away to Annas first (for he w See verse 31. And they all forsook him and father-in-law to Caiaphas, which was the high fled. And there followed him a certain young priest that same year). Now Caiaphas * man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked he which gave counsel to the Jews, that it body, and the young men laid hold
him. was expedient that one man should die für And he left the linen cloth, and fled from the people. Now Annas had sent him bound them naked. Mar. xiv. 50, 51, 52. Behold, unto Caiaphas the high priest. John xviii the hour cometh (said Jesus), yea, is now 12, 13, 14. 24. come, that ye shall be scattered every man to 58 And went in and sat with the serrants. his own, and shall leave me alone ; and yet I And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did am not alone, because the Father is with me. another disciple; that disciple was known John xvi. 32. I have told you (said Jesus to unto the high priest, and went in with Jesos the chief priests) that I am "he" ("* Jesus of into the palace of the high priest ; but Peter Nazarein?). If, therefore, ye seek me, let stood at the door without. " Then went est " these” (“the disciples") go their way: that that other disciple, which was known unto the saying might be fulfilled which he spake, the high priest, and spake unto her that kept Of them which thou gavest me have i lost the door, and brought in Peter. And Simon none! And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and Peter stood and warmed himself; they said so did another disciple ; that disciple was therefore unto him, Art not thou also one known unto the high priest, and went in with his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am Jesus into the palace of the high priest: not. John xviii. 16, 16. 25. See change but Peter stood at the door without. Then xxvi. 69. went out that other disciple, which was 59 Sought false witness.] If a false witknown unto the high priest, and spake unto ness rise up against any man to testify against her that kept the door, and brought in Peter. him that which is wrong: then both the man John xviii. 8, 9. 15, 16. At my first answer between whom the controversy is, shall stam (to Alexander the coppersmith, said Paul,) no before the Lord, and the judges which shall man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I be in those days. And the judges shall make pray God that it may not be laid to their diligent inquisition; and behold, if the witness charge. 2 Ti. iv, 16.
be a false witness, and hath testified faizely
Jesus, to put him to death; But found none : yea, though many 60 false witnesses came, yet found they none.
At the last came two false witnesses, And said, This fellow said, I am able to 61
against his brother, then shall ye do unto the high priest descended with the elders, bim as he had thought to have done unto his and with a certain orator named Tertullus, brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from who informed the governor against Paul ; and among you. And thine eye shall not pity, when he was called forth, Tertullus began to but life shall go for life, eye for eye, tooth for accuse him, saying, We have found this man, looth, hand for hand, foot for foot. De. xix. a pestilent fellow, and a mover of sedition 16–21. So she (Jezebel) wrote letters in among all the Jews throughout the world, Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal, and a ringleader of the sect of Nazarenes; and sent the letters unto the elders, and to who also hath gone about to profane the the nobles that were in the city, dwelling with temple. Then Paul, after that the governor Naboth. And she wrote in the letters, say- had beckoned unto him to speak, answered, ing, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high Forasmuch as I know that thou hast been of among the people: and set two men, sons of many years a judge unto this nation, I do the Belial, before him, to bear witness against more cheerfully answer for myself, because him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and that thou mayest understand that there are the king; and then carry him out and stone yet but twelve days since I went up to Jeruhim, that he may die. And the men of his salem for to worship: and they neither found city, even the elders and the nobles who were me in the temple disputing with any man, the inhabitants of his city, did as Jezebel had neither raising up the people, neither in the sent unto them; and as it was written in the synagogues, nor in the city; neither can they letters which she had sent unto them. They prove the things whereof they now accuse me. proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high Ac. xxiv. 1-13. among the people. And there came in two 60 Found none.] Then the presidents and men, children of Belial, and sat before him: princes sought to find occasion against Daniel and the men of Belial witnessed against him, concerning the kingdom ; but they could find even against Naboth in the presence of the none occasion, nor fault, forasmuch as he was people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God faithful ; neither was there any error or fault and the king. Then they carried him forth found in him. Then said these men, We out of the city, and stoned him with stones, shall not find any occasion against this Daniel, that he died. 1 Ki. xxi. 6—13. Deliver me except we find it against him concerning the not over unto the will of mine enemies, for false law of his God. Da. vi. 4, 5. Young men witnesses are risen up against me, and such likewise exhort to be sober-minded : in docas breathe out cruelty. Ps. xxvii. 12. False trine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sinwitnesses did rise up, they laid to my charge cerity, sound speech, that cannot be conthings that I knew not. They rewarded me demned; that he that is of the contrary part evil for good, to the spoiling of my soul. Ps. may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say Xxxv. 11, 12. Shall the throne of iniquity of you. Tit. ii. 8. Sanctify the Lord God in have fellowship with thee, which frameth your hearts : having a good conscience ; that mischief by a law? They gather themselves whereas they speak evil of you, as of evil
gether against the soul of the righteous, and doers, they may be ashamed that falsely condemn the innocent blood. Ps. xciv. 20, accuse your good conversation in Christ. 21. A man that beareth false witness against i Pe.iii. 16. his neighbour is a mawl, and a sword, and a At the last came two false witnesses.] One sharp arrow,
Pr. xxv. 18. And the chief witness shall not rise up against a man for priests
, and all the council sought for witness any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that against Jesus, to put him to death, and found he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, none: for many bare false witness against or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the him, but their witness agreed not together. matter be established. De. xix. 15. And Mar. xiv. 55, 56. Then (when the Jews could there arose certain, and bare false witness not resist the wisdom and the spirit by which against him, saying, We heard him say, I Stephen spake) they suborned men, which will destroy this temple that is made with said, We have heard bim speak blasphemous hands, and within three days I will build words against Moses, and against God. And another, made without hands. But neither so they stirred up the people, and the elders, did their witness agree together. Mar. xiv. and the Scribes, and came upon him, and 57, 58, 59. caught him, and brought him to the council. 61 This fellow said.] See verse 71. This And set up false witnesses, which said, This fellow (saith the Pharisees) doth not cast out man ceaseth not to speak blasphemous words "devils but by Beelzebub, the prince of the against this holy place, and the law. Ac. vi. devils. Mat. xii. 24. And they (the Sodom11, 12, 13. And after five days Ananias ites) said (of Lot), This one fellow came in to
62 destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. And
the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing
sojourn, and he will needs be a judge; now new gate of the Lord's house. Then spake will we deal worse with thee than with the priests and the prophets unto we princes "them” (" the two angels”). Ge. xix. 9. and to all the people, saying, This man is Thus saith the "king" (" Ahab'), Put “ this worthy to die: for he hath prophesied against fellow” (“ Micaiah, the prophet") in the prison, this city, as ye have heard with your ears and feed him with bread of affliction and with Then said the princes and all the people unto water of affliction, until I come in peace (from the priests and to the prophets, This man is Ramoth-gilead). 1 Ki. xxii. 27. Then Jehu not worthy to die ; for he hath spoken to us came forth to the servants of his Lord, and in the name of the Lord our God. Then one said unto him, Is all well? Wherefore rose up certain elders of the land, and spake came this “mad fellow” (“the young prophet" to all the assembly of the people, saying, sent by Elisha to anoint Jehu king) to thee? Micah the Morasthite prophesied in the days And he said unto them, Ye know the man, of Hezekiah king of Judah, and spake to all and his communication. 2 Ki. ix. 11. I am the people of Judah, saying, Thus saith the a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and Lord of hosts, Zion shall be plowed like a despised of the people (said David, as a type field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, and of Christ). All they that see me laugh me the mountain of the house as the high place to scorn : they shoot out the lip; they shake of a forest. Did Hezekiah king of Judah and the head, &c. Ps. xxii. 6, 7. Thus saith all Judah put him at all to death? did he not the Lord, the Redeemer of Israel, and his fear the Lord, and besought the Lord, and Holy One, to him whom the nation abhorreth, the Lord repented him of the evil which be to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and had pronounced against them? Thus night arise, princes also shall worship, because of we procure great evil against our souls. J. the Lord that is faithful, and the Holy One xxvi. 8–11. 16–19. And they that passed of Israel, and he shall choose thee. Is. xlix. 7. by railed on him, wagging their heads, and He (the Messiah) is despised and rejected of saying, Ah! thou that destroyest the tempe, men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with and buildest it in three days, save thyst grief. Is. liii. 3. And they began to accuse Mar. xv, 29. Destroy this temple ( said him, saying, We found this fellow perverting Jesus), and in three days I will raise it up the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was Cesar, saying, That he himself is Christ, a this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it king. Lu. xxiii. 2. We know (said the up in three days ? But he spake of the Pharisees) that God spake unto Moses; as for temple of his body. John ii. 19, 20, 21 this fellow, we know not from whence he is. This “man” (said the false witnesses against John ix. 29. Then certain philosophers of “Stephen") ceaseth not to speak blasphemous the Epicureans, and of the Stoics, encountered words against this holy place, and the law, "him” (“ Puul"), and some said, What will Ac. vi. 13. this babbler say? Ac. xvii. 18. This fellow 62 Answerest thou nothing ?] And when (said the Jews, of Paul) persuadeth men to he was accused of the chief priests, and elders, worship God contrary to the law. Ac. xviii. he answered nothing. Then saith Pilate unto 13. Away with such a fellow from the earth; him, Hearest thou not how many things they for it is not fit that he should live. Ac. xxii. witness against thee? And he answered hio 22.
never a word, insomuch that the governor I am able to destroy the temple of God.] marvelled greatly. Mat. xxvii. 12, 13, 14 Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest And the high priest stood up in the midst, it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the and asked Jesus, saying, Answerest abou Son of God, come down from the cross. Mat. nothing? what is it which these witness xxvii. 40. Now it came to pass, when Jere- against thee? Mar. xiv. 60. miah had made an end of speaking all that (Herod) questioned with him" (" Jeses") the Lord had commanded him to speak unto in many words, but he answered him nothing all the people, that the priests, and the pro- Lu. xxiii. 9. The high priest then asked (Jesus) phets, and all the people took him, saying, of his disciples and of his doctrine. Jesus an Thou shalt surely die. Why hast thou pro- swered him, I spake openly to the world; I phesied in the name of the Lord, saying, ever taught in the synagogue, and in the This house shall be like Shiloh, and this city temple, whither the Jews always resort, and shall be desolate without an inhabitant? And in secret have I said nothing; why askech all the people were gathered against Jeremiah thou me ? Ask them which heard me what in the house of the Lord. When the princes I have said unto them. Behold, they know of Judah heard these things, then they came what I said. John xviii. 19, 20, 21, And up from the king's house, unto the house of (Pilate) went again into the judgment-hall, the Lord ; and sat down in the entry of the and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou! But
what is it which these witness against thee? But Jesus held his 63 peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said : 64
Jesus gave him no answer. Then saith Pilate heard not when his father charged the people unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? know. with the oath : wherefore he put forth the est thou not that I have power to crucify thee, end of his rod that was in his hand, and dipped and have power to release thee? Jesus an- it in an honey comb, and put his hand to his swered, Thou couldest have no power at all mouth, and his eyes were enlightened. Then against me, except it were given thee from answered one of the people, and said, Thy above; therefore he that delivered me unto father straitly charged the people with an thee hath the greater sin. John xix. 9, oath, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth 10, 11.
any food this day: and the people were faint. 63 Jesus held his peace.) They also that 1 Sa. xiv. 24. 26, 27, 28. And the king seek after my life lay snares for me ; and they (Arab) said unto “him” (“ Micaiah"), How that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, many times shall I adjure thee that thou tell me and imagine deceits all the day long. But I nothing but that which is true in the name of as a deaf man, heard not; and I was as a the Lord. Iki. xxii, 16. Whoso is partner dumb man, that openeth not his mouth. Thus with a thief hateth his own soul, he heareth I was as a man that heareth not, and in whose cursing, and bewrayeth it not. Pr. xxix. 24. mouth are no reproofs.
Ps. xxxviii. 12, 13, That thou tell us, &c.] Again the high 14. He was oppressed, and he was aflicted, priest asked him, and said unto him, Art yet he opened not his mouth; he is brought thou the Christ, the Son of the Blessed ? Mar. as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before xiv. 61. As soon as it was day, the elders of the her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his people, and the chief priests and the Scribes, mouth. Is. liii. 7. Shadrach, Meshach, and came together, and led him into their council, Abed-nego (when urged to worship the golden saying, Art thou the Christ ? tell us. And he image which Nebuchadnezzar the king had set said unto them, If I tell you ye will not beup) answered and said to the king, O Ne- lieve me: and if I also ask you, ye will not buchadnezzar, we are not careful to answer answer me, nor let me go. Hereafter shall thee in this matter.
Da. iii. 16. The place the Son of man sit on the right hand of the of the Scripture which "he" (the “ Ethio- power of God. Then said they all, Art thou pian eunuch") read (when Philip ran to him) the Son of God ? And he said unto them, was this; He was led as a sheep to the slaugh- Ye say that I am. Lu. xxii. 66–70. Then ter, and like a lamb dumb before his shearer, said they unto him, Who art thou ? And 80 opened he not his mouth. In his humilia- Jesus saith unto them, Even the same that I tion his judgment was taken away, and who said unto you from the beginning. John viii. shall declare his generation? for his life is 25. Then came the Jews round about him, taken from the earth. And the eunuch an- and said unto him, How long dost thou make swered Philip, and said, I pray thee, of whom us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us speaketh the prophet thus ? of himself, or of plainly. John X. 24. Art thou a king then some other man? Then Philip opened his (said Pilate)? Jesus answered, Thou sayest mouth, and began at the same scripture, and that I am a king; to this end was I born, and preached unto him Jesus. Ac. viii. 32–35. for this cause came I into the world, that I Who when he was reviled, reviled not again; should bear witness unto the truth; every one when he suffered, he threatened not, but com- that is of the truth heareth my voice. John mitted himself to him that judgeth righteously. xviii. 37.
The Christ, the Son of God.] See chap. ii. I adjure thee by the living God.] And if a 2; xiv. 33 ; xvi. 16. I saw and bare record soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and (said John the Baptist), that this is the Son of is a witness whether he hath seen or known God. John i. 34. For God so loved the of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear world, that he gave his only begotten Son, his iniquity. Le. v. 1. And the men of that whosoever believeth in him should not Israel were distressed that day (in the battle perish, but have everlasting life. For God with the Philistines), for Saul had adjured the sent not his Son into the world to condemn people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth the world, but that the world through him any food, until evening, that I may be avenged might be saved. He that believeth on on mine enemies.
So none of the people him is not condemned: but he that be
And when the people were lieveth not is condemned already, because come into the wood, behold, the honey drop- he hath not believed in the name of the onlyped, but no man put his hand to his mouth; begotten Son of God. John iii. 16, 17, 18. for the people feared the oath. But Jonathan Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill
I Pe. ii. 23.
tasted any food.
nevertheless, I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son et
man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds 65 of heaven. Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hati
him, because he not only had broken the same Jesus which is taken up from a sabbath, but said also that God was his father, into heaven shall so come in like me making himself equal with God. Then an- ner as ye have seen him go into her swered Jesus, and said unto them, Verily, Ac. i. 11. We shall all stand betzea verily, I say unto you, the Son can do no- judgment-seat of Christ. Ro. xiv. la la thing of himself, but what he seeth the Father the Lord himself shall descend from brasa do; for what things soever he doeth, these with a shout, with the voice of the answered also doeth the Son likewise. For the Father and with the trump of God; and the deres loveth the Son, and sheweth him all things Christ shall rise first. 1 The. iv. 16 be that himself doeth; and he will shew him hold, he cometh with clouds; and eterie greater works than these, that ye may marvel. shall see him, and they also which means For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and him; and all kindreds of the eart stel erzi quickeneth them, even so the Son quickeneth because of him, even so, Ame 2.1 whom he will; for the Father judgeth no man, And I saw a great white throne, sad kin but hath committed all judgment unto the sat on it; and from whose face in a Son. That all men should honour the Son the heaven fled away, and there was kesin even as they honour the Father. He that place for them. Re. xx. 11. honoureth not the Son, honoureth not the The right hand of power.] The Late Father which hath sent him. Verily, verily, unto my lord, Sit thou on my right is I say unto you, he that heareth my word, and until I make thine enemies thy footsted. h believeth on him that sent me, hath everlast
“ He" (" Stephen"), bein; tudo ing life, and shall not come into condemna- Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into bres tion, but is passed from death unto life. and saw the glory of God, and Jesus as Verily, verily, I say unto you, the hour is on the right hand of God, and said, bet coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear see the heavens opened, and the Son da the voice of the Son of God; and they that standing on the right hand of God hear shall live. John v. 18-25. I and my 55, 56. Who being the brightness of Father are one (said Jesus). Say ye of him (“God's”) glory, and the expressiner whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent person, and upholding all things by the into the world, Thou blasphemest, because of his power, when he had by himse if I said I am the Son of God ? John x. 30. 36. our sins, sat down on the right hand of th: And this is the record that God hath given to jesty on high. He. i. 3. Letus run with us, eternal life, and this life is in bis Son. the race that is set before us, look He that hath the Son hath life, and he that Jesus, the author and finisher of *** hath not the Son of God hath not life. 1 who for the joy that was set before 's John v. 11, 12. See chap. ii. 11.
dured the cross, despising the shame, L 64 Thou hast said.] See verse 25. Art set down at the right hand of the there thou the Christ, the son of the blessed (said God. le. xii. 12. the high priest)? and Jesus said, I am: and 65 The high priest rent his cletken ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the that is the high priest among his right hand of power, and coming in the clouds upon whose head the anointing oil as prekes of heaven. Mar. xiv. 62. Then said they and that is consecrated to put on the ? all, Art thou then the Son of God; and he shall not uncover his head nor said unto them, Ye say that I am. Lu. xxii. clothes. Le. xxi. 10. Then came E 70.
the son of Hilkiah, which was over the e Ilereafter shall ye see the Son of man, &c.] hold, and Shebna the Scribe, and Jant See chap. xvi. 27 ; xxviii. 13. I saw in the of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah. night visions, and behold, one like the Son of clothes rent, and told him the words of
came with the clouds of heaven, and shakeh. 2 Ki. xviii. 37. And it came to the Ancient of days, and they brought pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, him near before him. Da. vii. 13. Because his clothes, and covered himself with (said Jesus to Nathanael) I said unto thee, I cloth, and went into the house of the most saw thee under the fig-tree, believest thou ? And he sent Eliakim, which was *** Thou shalt see greater things than these. household, and Shebna the Scribe, & And he saith unto him, Verily, verily, I say elders of the priests, covered with suka unto you, hereafter ye shall see the heaven to Isaiah the prophet, the son of Antik open, and the angels of God ascending and they said unto him, Thus saith Her descending upon the Son of man. John i. This day is a day of trouble, and of 50, 51. Ye men of Galilee (said the angels), and blasphemy, for the children are ** why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This the birth, and there is not strength