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occur, equally descriptive of the times. In the tapestry of the Tower of London, the original and most antient seat of our monarchs, there are recited Godfrey of Bulloign, the three kings of Cologn, the emperor Constantine, saint George, king Erkenwald', the history of Hercules, Fame and Honour, the Triumph of Divinity, Esther and Ahasuerus, Jupiter and Juno, saint George, the eight Kings, the ten Kings of France, the Birth of our Lord, Duke Joshua, the riche history of king David, the seven Deadly Sins, the riche history of the Passion, the Stem of Jesses, our Lady and Son, king Solomon, the Woman of Canony, Meleager, and the Dance of Maccabre". At DurhamGeorge embrawdered. A case of fyne & This was a favourite subject for a carved work. A box with a bird of large gothic window. This subject also Araby. Two long cases of blacke lether composed a branch of candlesticks thence with pedegrees. A case of Irish arrows. called a JESSE, not unusual in the anA table, with wordes, of Jhesus. A tar- tient churches. In the year 1097, Hugo get. Twenty-nine bowes.” MSS. Harl. de Flori, abbot of S. Aust. Canterb. 1412. fol. 58. In the Gallery at Green- bought for the choir of his church a wich, mention is made of a “Mappe of great branch-candlestick. “ CandelaEngland.” Ibid. fol. 58. And in brum magnum in choro æneum quod Westminster-palace “a Mappe of Hant- jesse vocatur in partibus emit transmashire." fol. 133. A proof that the to- rinis." Thorn, Dec. Script. col. 1796. pography of England was now studied. About the year 1930, Adam de Sodbury, Among various HEADS of Furniture, or abbot of Glastonbury, gave to his constores, at the castle of Windsor, such as vent “ Unum dorsale laneum le Jesse.' Horns, GYRDELLES, Hawkes Hoods, Hearn. Joan. Glaston, p. 265. That WEAPONS, BUCKLERS, Dogs COLLARS, is, a piece of tapestry embroidered with and AIGLETTES, WALKING-STAVES are the stem of Jesse, to be hung round the specified. Under this last Head we have, choir, or other parts of the church, on “A Cane garnished with sylver and gilte, high festivals. He also gave a tapestry with astronomie upon it. A Cane gar- of this subject for the abbot's hall. Ibid. nished with golde havinge a perfume in And I cannot help adding, what indeed the toppe, undre that a diall, with a paire is not immediately connected with the of twitchers, and a paire of compasses of subject of this note, that he gave his golde and a foote reule of golde, a knife monastery, among other costly presents, and the file, th' afte [the handle of the a great clock, processionibus et spectaknife) of golde with a whetstone tipped culis insignitum, an organ of prodigious with golde, &c.” fol. 407.–ADDITIONS.] size, and eleven bells, six for the tower
So in the record. But he was the of the church, and five for the clock third bishop of St. Paul's, London, son
He also new vaulted the nave of king Offa, and a great benefactor to of the church, and adorned the new roof St. Paul's church, in which he had a with beautiful paintings. Ibid. most superb shrine. He was canonised. bf. 6. In many churches of France Dugdale, among many other curious there was an antient shew or mimicry, in particulars relating to his shrine, says, which all ranks of life were personated that in the year 1339 it was decorated by the ccclesiastics, who all danced anew, when three goldsmiths, two at the together, and disappeared one after anwages of five shillings by the week, and other. It was called Dance MACCavRE, one at eight, worked upon it for a whole and seems to have been often performed year. Hist. St. Paul's, p. 21. Sec also in St. Innocent's at Paris, where was a
famous painting on this subject, which
place we find the Citie of Ladies', the tapestrie of Thebes and of Troy, the City of Peace, the Prodigal Son“, Esther, and other pieces of Scripture. At Windsor castle the siege of Jerusalem, Ahasuerus, Charlemagne, the siege of Troy, and hawking and hunting! At Nottingham castle, Amys and Amelion". At Woodstock manor, the tapestrie of Charlemagne". At the More, a palace in Hertfordshire, king Arthur, Hercules, Astyages, and Cyrus. At Richmond, the arras of Sir Bevis, and Virtue and Vice fightingo. Many of these subjects are repeated at Westminster, Greenwich, Oatelands, Bedington in Surry, and other royal seats, some of which are now unknown as suchP. Among the rest we have also Hannibal, Holofernes, Romulus and Remus, Æneas, and Susannah. I have mentioned romances written on many of these subjects, and shall mention others. In the romance of Syr Guy, that hero's combat with the dragon in Northumberland is said to be represented in tapestry in Warwick castle.
In Warwike the truth shall ye see
In arras wrought ful craftely'. This piece of tapestry appears to have been in Warwick castle before the year 1398. It was then so distinguished and valued gave rise to Lydgate's poem under the who made the entry calls Theseus a same title. See Carpent. Suppl. Du saint. The seven Deadly Sins, Le saint Cange, Lat. Gl. ü. p. 1103. More will Graal, Le graunt tappis de Neuf Preux, be said of it when we come to Lyd- Reyne d'Ireland, and Godfrey of Bulloign. gate.
Monum. Fr. iii. 64. The neuf preur i A famous French allegorical ro are the Nine Worthies. Among the
stores of Henry the Eighth, taken as * A picture on this favourite subject is above, we have, “two old stayned clothes mentioned in Shakespeare. And in Ran- of the ix worthies for the greate chamdolph's Muses Looking-glass. " In paint ber," at Newhall in Essex, f. 362. ed cloth the story of the PRODIGAL." These were pictures. Again, at the Dodst. Old Pl. vi. 260.
palace of Westminster in the little study I f. 298.
f. 364. called the Newe Librarye, which I benf. 318.
lieve was in Holbein's elegant Gothic P Some of the tapestry at Hampton- gatehouse lately demolished, there is, court, described in this inventory, is to Item, xii pictures of men on horsebe seen still in a fine old room, now re backe of enamelled stuffe of the Nyne maining in its original state, called the Worthics,and others upon square tables." Exchequer.
f. 188. MSS. Harl. 1419. ut supr. · Montfaucon, among the tapestry of Signat. Ca. 1. Some perhaps may Charles the Fifth, king of France, in think this circumstance an innovation or the year 1370, mentions, Le tappis de la addition of later minstrels. A practice vie du saint Theseus. Here the officer not uncommon.
o f. 346.
a piece of furniture, that a special grant was made of it by king Richard the Second in that year, conveying “ that suit of arras hangings in Warwick castle, which contained the story of the famous Guy earl of Warwick,” together with the castle of Warwick, and other possessions, to Thomas Holland, earl of Kents. And in the restoration of forfeited property to this lord after his imprisonment, these hangings are particularly specified in the patent of king Henry the Fourth, dated 1399. When Margaret, daughter of king Henry the Seventh, was married to James king of Scotland, in the year 1503, Holyrood House at Edinburgh was splendidly decorated on that occasion; and we are told in an antient record, that the “
“hanginge of the queenes grett chammer represented the ystory of Troye toune.” Again, “the king's grett chammer had one table, wer was satt, hys chammerlayn, the grett sqyer, and many others, well served; the which chammer was haunged about with the story of Hercules, together with other ystorys." And at the same solemnity, “in the hall wher the qwene's company wer satt in lyke as in the other, an wich was haunged of the history of Hercules, &c. 4" A stately chamber in the castle of Hesdin in Artois, was furnished by a duke of Burgundy with the story of Jason and the Golden Fleece, about the year 1468 w. The affecting story of Coucy's Heart, which gave rise to an old metrical English romance entitled, the Knight or COURTESY, and the LADY OF FAGUEL, was woven in tapestry in Coucy castle in France*. I have seen an antient suite of arras, containing Ariosto's Orlando and Angelica, where, at every groupe, the story was all along illustrated with . Dugd. Bar. i. p. 237.
his chansons and chivalry, but more so * Leland. Coll. vol. iii. p. 295, 296. for his unfortunate love, which became Opuscul. edit. 1770.
proverbial in the old French romances. See Obs. Fair. Qu. i. p. 177. See Fauch. Rec. p. 124. 128. (The
Howel's Letters, xx. vi. B. i. Knight of Curtesy and the fair Lady of This is a true story, about the year Faguel has been reprinted by Mr. Kit1180. Fauchet relates it at large from son, vol. iii. p. 193. The hero of this an old authentic French chronicle; and romance was Raoul de Coucy, and not then adds, “ Ainsi finerint les amours Regnard as stated by Warton on the du Chastelain du Couci et de la dame authority of Fauchet. See Memoires de Faiel." Our Castellan, whose name Historiques sur Raoul de Coucy. Paris, is Regnard de Couci, was famous for 1781.-Edit.)
short rhymes in romance or old French. Spenser sometimes dresses the superb bowers of his fairy castles with this sort of historical drapery. In Hawes's Poem called the PASTIME OF Pleasure, written in the reign of Henry the Seventh, of which due notice will be taken in its proper place, the hero of the piece sees all his future adventures displayed at large in the sumptuous tapestry of the hall of a castle. I have before mentioned the most valuable and perhaps most antient work of this sort now existing, the entire series of duke William's descent on England, preserved in the church of Bayeux in Normandy, and intended as an ornament of the choir on high festivals. Bartholinus relates, that it was an art much cultivated among the antient Islanders, to weave the histories of their giants and champions in tapestry. The same thing is recorded of the old Persians; and this furniture is still in high request among many Oriental nations, particularly in Japan and China2. It is well known, that to frame pictures of heroic adventures in needle-work, was a favourite practice of classical antiquity.
y Antiquit. Dan. Lib. i. 9. p. 51. wrought by the most skilful artificers of
2 In the royal palace of Jeddo, which that country, and adorned with pearls, overflows with a profusion of the most gold, and silver. Mod. Univ. Hist. B exquisite and superb eastern embellish- xiii. c. ii. vol. ix. p. 83. (Not. G.) edit. ments, the tapestry of the emperor's 1759. audience-hall is of the finest silk,
ALTHOUGH much poetry began to be written about the reign of Edward the Second, yet I have found only one English poet of that reign whose name has descended to posteritya. This is Adam Davy or Davie. He may be placed about the year 1312. I can collect no circumstances of his life, but that he was marshall of Stratford-le-bow near Londonb. He has left several poems never printed, which are almost as forgotten as his name. Only one manuscript of these pieces now remains, which seems to be coeval with its author. They are Visions, The BATTELL OF JERUSALEM, THE LEGEND OF SAINT ALEXIUS, SCRIPTURE HISTORIES, OF FIFTEEN TOKNES BEFORE THE DAY' or JUDGEMENT, LAMENTATIONS of Souls, and THE LIFE OF ALEXANDER,
In the Visions, which are of the religious kind, Adam Davie draws this picture of Edward the Second standing before the shrine of Edward the Confessor in Westminster abbey at his coronation. The lines have a strength arising from simplicity.
To our Lorde Jeshu Crist in heven
* Robert de Brunne, above mention of the holi land. f. 65.-66. It begins : ed, lived, and perhaps wrote some of his « Qwerr soever a cros standyth ther is a pieces, in this reign; but he more pro- forzivenes of payne." I think it is a perly belongs to the last.
description of the holy places, and it This will appear from citations appears at least to be of the hand-writwhich follow.
ing of the rest. C MSS. Bibl. Bodl. Laud. I 74. fol.
e dream. membran. It has been much damaged, thought, dreamed. In the first and on that account is often illegible. sense, we have me metle in Chaucer,
• In the manuscript there is also a Non. Pr. T. v. 1013. Urr. And below. piece in prose, entitled, The Pylgrymages