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culture prevalent in America is fully calcu- swoop," and says to her partner, “I reckon EDITOR'S TABLE.

lated to defeat the hopes of the Roman if you don't squeeze me tighter, Mr. Smith,

Church. While ignorance may be held and I shall slide;" talks about " a piggy young TE THE London Times, in an article upon æsthetic refinement seduced by the splendor | lady”—but here we have made a blunder; a

Cardinal McCloskey's visit to Rome, the and pretensions of this Church, we may be second look shows us that it is not the Yan. general tenor of which cannot be complained sure that a people trained in philosophical | kee that talks about “a piggy young lady," of, takes occasion to repeat an opinion about thinking will be the last to give their assent but one of the immaculate Englishmen of American culture which is very generally en- to the domination of an arrogant and pro. the story, who, in referring to the fact that tertained abroad. “In a democratic commu- scriptive priesthood. The culture that we our Yankee Venus is the daughter of a porknity,” it remarks, “the baldness of life be- possess is, as a whole, peculiarly serviceable merchant, thus characterizes her; and of comes very apparent to the rich and idie, to our present needs, and well calculated to course English slang, "you know," is quite and, as social distinctions are few and uncer- guard us against seductive arts and danger- right and proper, "you know"-orders her tain, the attractions of a creed which care- ous dominations of all kinds.

partner to keep his pecker up”—but this fully cultivates the æsthetic side of religion,

again is distinctly English slang, although and which claims the inheritance of a grand Some of our readers may recall one of put in the mouth of a Yankee—and so on. bistorical tradition, are almost irresistible to Punch's society pictures which depicted an Our smitten Mr. Smith is dazzled by the a large class of minds. In every society English and an American young woman play beauty and strange sayings of his divinity, there are those faint hearts and feeble ing billiards, with a legend below which ran, but doesn't win her. Queer and vulgar as wings that every sophister can lime,' and in as nearly as we can recollect, as follows: the daughter of the pork - merchant is, Mr. America, where, in spite of the diffusion of American girl.-Oh, what a horrid scratch ! Smith is not alone in his admiration, his elementary education, a high aud thoughtful English girl (much shocked). — You should making the seventeenth proposal she had reculture is rare, the same influences which not talk like that; that's slang; say what a ceived that year alone, the sixty-ninth being here tempt many to the distractions of ritu- / beastly fluke." Punch, always so keen, the grand total! It is refreshing to know alistic vanities, or even across the border- watchful, and truthful, never sent an arrow that a pretty American woman can make so land, are very potent with a certain superfine more directly to the mark than in this in- many conquests, notwithstanding the draw. class who would gladly ape the externals of stance. The sensitiveness of our English back of vulgarity and slang. It would not an aristocracy." The italics in this extract friends in regard to American slang and be a bad idea for some of our story-writers are our own. We may as well mention here American manners would entitle them to ad- to amplify the idea in the Punch anecdote that the Times article concludes by asserting miration were they not all the time the most with which we begun this paragraph, and that the Roman Church can never become a obtuse people in the world to their own er. write a story in which the slang and mandominant influence in America, inasmuch as rors and shortcomings of the same nature. ners of an English young woman shall be set the forces that she wields are confronted by / Whölly satisfied with their own mode of say. “ cheek by jowl” with the slang and mansomething greater, healthier, and more en- ing and doing things, they seem to have set ners of an American. It is only in this way during—the strength manly and intelligent their hearts upon exposing our social deficien- that people on both sides of the Atlantic can individuality, nowhere wa among cies and upon trying—we suppose this must be brought to see themselves as others see of English blood.

be their object-to reform them. Toe latest them. Assenting fully to this utterance, we yet showing up we have is in the current number wish to say a word or two as to the nature of Temple Bar, where we learn in a story how The social reformer must have more courof American culture, which the Times thinks one Sınith fell in love with "a beautiful Yan- age than the political, since society is, after is so rarely “high and thoughtful,” and its kee,” and how this fascinating young person all, a tyrant more severe than what we are power as a check to the spread of Romanism. talked and conducted herself. The hero first pleased to call “political principles.” The In a certain sense it is no doubt true that sees our countrywoman at the table d'hôte at bravery of Mrs. Crawshay, an English lady "high and thougatful culture” is rare in Trouville, and is immediately struck with her with a very revolutionary idea, is, for inAmerica, over-refined and æsthetic dilettante. exquisite beauty and faultless dressing, and stance, worthy of our admiration. She is ism not being so common with us as in Eng. watches eagerly for her to speak, to hear the bold enough to make a proposition which land. In the entire domain of æsthetics, words “ripple out of those coral lips," and is runs counter to the tenor of all the traditions we must yield the palm to England; and astonished, when she does speak, that, instead and customs of English society. Looking those “silent Greeks,” too fastidious to enjoy of the words “rippling through the little coral abroad over the country, her philanthropic or to perform any thing in literature be- lips, they descend unmistakably through her heart is distressed to see so many “gentlelow classic perfection, are indisputably more chiseled nostrils.” After the accomplishment women born" in an impecunious and needy abundant there than here. But in speculative of this wonderful feat, the “beautiful Yan. condition. The inexorable code of society reasoning, in inquisitive thought, in taste for kee” astonishes our hero by sundry strange compels them to sit idle with folded hands, science and philosophy, in a culture that utterances—talking about her mother being to become objects of polite charity on the takes cognizance of all that is purely intel- “real sick," asserting that Trouville is a part of family friends and distant relations, lectual, we do not think our people inferior "right elegant place, and the company most and thus to pass useless lives, a burden both to any other in the world. All the great refined,” declaring she is “passionately fond " to themselves and to others. Why not, writers have constituencies in America equal of dancing, notwithstanding all of which Mr. asks truly chivalrous Mrs. Crawshay, defy soto those elsewhere; it was here, indeed, that | Smith, still fascinated, seeks an acquaintance cial considerations, and become "domestic Herbert Spencer found a hearing before he with the queer-speaking lady. Then follows a helps ! ” Why not " go into service," make did in bis native land; and here the fore- flirtation, of course. It is true the charming up beds and dust drawing-rooms, wash dishes most thinkers are never without eager and Yankee pronounces Europe “ Yrrup,” Amer- and sweep carpets-nay, why not preside respectful listeners. If aesthetic culture is ica “Amurrica," and Paris “ Parris;" is in. over the concoction and serving up of wellrare with us, robust intellectual culture is vited to dance, and talks about the “Boston cooked dishes in rich and aristocratic manvery far from being so. And the kind of slow," the " New York slide,” the “Saratoga i sions ! We can fancy the shock which this

en

proposition must give the sedate but penni- | melancholy, jokeless, funless people. A re- In those countries where marriages are less English maiden of good birth, and fear cent account of the Veddas, a tribe inbabit. made with little or no regard to the tastes of that Mrs. Crawshay will not be very abun- ing a region in Central Ceylon, is indeed full the persons most concerned, and where the dantly thanked for her suggestion by the of interest. That they never laugli or smile, opportunity to “become acquainted with class for whose benefit she has imagined it. and cannot be made to laugh or smile, is not each other's dispositions, habits, and modes Like many enthusiasts with the best inten- the least of their peculiarities. The discov. of thought” is never afforded at all, it so tions, it is to be feared that Mrs. Crawshay ery and detailed description of the appear. happens that “the wail and woe and struggle very much under-estimates the difficulties in ance and habits of the Veddas must be a to undo marriage-bonds” are least known. the way of thus creating a new avocation for godsend to Mr. Darwin. Perhaps they are It is perhaps true that divorce often “comes female gentility out at elbows. When the the “missing link” which he has so labo. in our day from the dissonance of more deideas of birth and rank which prevail in Eng- riously sought in vain. They are so very low veloped and widely-varying natures,” but this land, and particularly among English women, in the scale of humanity that they nearly re. development is just the thing that it is most are considered, the plan must be dismissed semble the monkeys which share with them difficult to foresee in youth; and we may be as hopeless. It must occur to the practical their native forests. They mostly roam wild sure that young people fascinated with each mind that to call a "lady born” to account in tbe woods and jungles. They are dwarf- other are certain to be blind to those seeds for a badly-swept room or an over-cooked ish, with “ape-like thumbs" and long hair. of defects and differences that are to ripen steak were a task full of stormy probabili. They sleep in caves or roost on the branches into evil and discord. So long as human ties; nor can we imagine any one more to be of trees; their sustenance consists of honey, nature is what it is, men and women really pitied than that “master of the house " who lizards, monkeys, and such game as, with ex- in love, and not making cool calculations as should be called upon to "give notice" to a ceeding skill, they kill or capture. They to marriage, will be incapable of studying pretty, well-bred creature, the daughter of a neither wash themselves nor can count, and each other's moods and tempers, at least in country rector, who bent her neck too stiffly appear to have no memory. Their language their minor manifestations. We doubt, thereto the yoke of his spouse. It is ungracious, is a strange jumble of confused, chattering i fore, whether there is much virtue in Mrs. perhaps, to deprive Mrs. Crawshay of »what sounds. They have a religion, but it is of

Stowe's panacea.

Divorces are sure to be little encouragement she may bave derived

the vaguest and most reasonless kind. It is tolerably numerous wherever the means for from the assurance of a London paper that singular enougb that a race so near akin to divorce are easy, inasmuch as a certain proit is the customary thing for “a Washington the brutes should universally practise virtues portion of marriages are inevitably unhappy; or Saratoga belle," on returning to the “old in which the civilized races are, to speak but the number of divorces is no criterion folks at home,” to quietly put off her pride | mildly, somewhat defective; for we are as- of the extent of matrimonial infelicity. In with ber silks, and don calico, descend to the sured that the Veddas “never steal, never one country the dissonance between the murky regions of the kitchen, and, in short, | lie, and never quarrel!” Though wives are parties to the marriage-bond is borne with to do the “old folks!” cooking ; but, un- the subjects of barter and sale, constancy to what patience it can be, inasmuch as there happily, we are far from so blissful a Utopian the marriage relation and mutual affection is no relief; in another country the exist state. According to Mrs. Crawshay's cheer- between the parents and the children are ob- ence of a legal remedy brings the “wail and ful informant, it has been the hab " from

served as existing among them to an extraor- woe" into public observation. We doubt time iinmemorial,” for American young ladies dinary degree. These, then, must be primi. if any just person, with opportunities for in good society to do the cooking and house- tive and instinctive virtues, Though the

wide and close observation, would say that work for their families. There are, no doubt, Veddas laugh not, they cry, and that on easy marriages are really more infelicitous in evils in the present condition of domestic provocation. Were they supposably capable

America than elsewhere. service in both countries; but we cannot of philosophizing on the conditions of human think that Mrs. Crawshay has found a fea existence, they would be regarded as cynical Mr. Bayard Taylor having assaulted sible cure for its imperfections. After all, and misanthropic; such views as they take that pestilence of our railway.cars, the news. many employments have become open to of life appear to be sad and dismal. Thus paper and lozenge peddler, some one has gentlewomen born ” within recent years, they are really a most interesting study, and

hastened to the defense of the nuisance and proper spheres for their labor and use- well worthy of Mr. Darwin's serious attention. by declaring that “Bayard Taylor himself fulness are coming into view every day. It

would frown and perhaps rave if he could is still “ respectable” to be a governess or a In Mrs. Stowe's“ We and our Neighbors' not buy a paper or a book, if he bappened companion ; nor does a lady forfeit respecta- occurs the following passage :

to be without reading matter in a railwaybility by keeping books or copying legal doc

“The wail and woe and struggle to undo

train.” This champion mistakes the matter uments; whereas, to become a menial,” to marriage - bonds in our day come from this wholly. It is not a question as to whether find herself on a par with the butler and the dissonance of more developed and more widely- provision for the supply of newspapers,

varying natures, and it shows that a large footman, would be a degradation such as

books, or refreshments, is to exist for railproportion of marriages have been contracted most English gentlewomen would rather without any advised and rational effort to as

way travelers, but whether venders are to be starve than accept.

certain whether there was a reasonable foun- permitted to persecute every person in the dation for a close and life-long intimacy. It

car by his rude, unmannerly method of offerwould seem as if the arrangements and cusIt was Jurenal, or some other philosophi. toms of modern society did every thing that

ing his wares. Every station may be fur. cal ancient, who distinguished man from the could be done to render such a previous nished with stands for the sale of such artibrute creation by describing him as a “laugh- knowledge impossible. Good sense would

cles as may be in demand; or a vender might ing animal; ” and a great deal of speculation say that if men and women are to single each

be permitted to expose his wares in some other out, and bind themselves by a solemn has been spent, both in remote and in modern oath, forsaking all others, to cleave to each

part of each train; but the present method times, on the causes of laughter, from Aris- other as long as life should last, there ought of a number of noisy boys ceaselessly promtotle to Kant. A living student of races, to be, before taking vows of such gravity, the

enading the cars, shouting out their wares, very best opportunity to become minu however, tells us that he has found a buman quainted with each other's dispositions and

thrusting their papers and candy-parcels, community which does not laugh—a most habits and modes of thought and action.” without so much as “by your leave," into everybody's lap, is an unmitigated nuisance, to be compromised by this individual.

The

ficulty. Thus, an inland student, having got which no traveling public but an American

State Fish Commissioners proposed to ex- the typical idea of an insect from the study

hibit the process of artificial batching of one would tolerate. And pray why should

of a common grasshopper, for example, is fish, together with a fine display of fish so

much better prepared to understaud the genMr. Taylor or any one else “rave” if he hatched, and of nearly a dozen varieties of va

eral structure of the crustacea, though he could not obtain reading-matter in a car? rious ages up to three years. A fish-culturist, Why should he want paper or magazine if residing several miles from the city, had vol

may never have seen the few forms peculiar unteered to take charge of the matter during

to fresh water. In the same way, after having every two minutes he must be interrupted

the exhibition (six weeks), and without re- studied the common earthworm, he can form in its perusal by troublesome peddlers, and muneration-wholly in the interest of science, a better idea of the complicated structure

a sacrifice which he could ill afford, being a live through his journey ever on the alert to

of many marine worms, though these he poor man—and arrangements had been nearly keep bis lap clear of articles rudely thrust

may never see." perfected with the institute to furnish the

From the abundance of material, and the into it? If every traveler who finds articles necessary aquaria, when the matter came to

comparative ease with which the specimens of merchandise thrust into his lap without

the knowledge of the aforesaid manager, who
declared that the matter was illegitimate in

may be preserved for cabinet use, shells and his consent would instantly fling the artisuch an exbibition, being neither scientific nor

insects have always formed the favorite col. cles out of the window (very few would object mechanical; and he actually bullied the man

lections of children; and with these, accordif he threw the vender after them), this nui- agers into a dismissal of this feature.' Nu- ingly, Dr. Morse commences the study of sance would soon cease.

merous operations of this kind caused great zoölogg. Beginning with such familiar types discontent, particularly among exhibitors, as the snails, he proceeds upward to clams, many of whom have objected to the forth

mussels, and oysters; then to insects; then Correspondence. coming “ Centennial” being located here, in

to the crustaceans; then to worms; and final. asmuch as its principal features are to be sci- ly to the family of vertebrates. A couple of

entific and industrial. And this, by-the-way, chapters on “ Natural Groups ” and “ Classes PHILADELPHIA, PA., reminds me that only last week I saw a comSeptember 20, 1875. } munication in a prominent New York paper

and Sub-kingdoms " furnish as much in the To the Editor of Appletons' Journal. from a well-known writer, saying that the

way of generalization as the pupil can comDear Sir: I have just read, in your issue forthcoming exposition was in no wise a na

prehend at the start. The illustrations in of the 18th instant, the letter of Professor tional affair. It is to be sincerely hoped that this volume call for special notice. The John Wise, which recalls some incidents of a the Journal will assure its readers that, what-drawings were in every case made from the year ago that might as well be "journalized.” ever local features may find a lodgment there, animal, expressly for the present work; they It is known to many readers of the JOURNAL the management will be purely national, and are all American, and, with few exceptions, that the Franklin Institute, of this city, held that all matters, scientific or useful, will have

they are entirely new. Each of them, moreone year ago its first exhibition for sixteen a fair show, whether aquatic, terrestrial, or

over, is made in outline, in order to facilitate years ! On this occasion, the Institute had a aërial.

WACAUTAH.

their being copied by the pupil—a practice huge array of managers, embracing many intelligent and thoroughly scientific minds, but,

warmly insisted upon by Dr. Morse. unfortunately, also ernbracing a few antiquated

Literary. specimens of the genus "old fossil,” who, as

THOUGH Professor Youmans's “ Classis too often the case, held their positions by

Book of Chemistry" (New York : D. Applemoney - power rather than scientitio attain

NLY a teacher, of course, can pass an ton & Co.) is nominally a new edition of a ments, and these few constantly nullified the

authoritative verdict upon a text-book book published as long ago as 1862, it is in well - studied arrangements of the majority, designed primarily for use in schools, such a reality a new work-new not merely in the who were compelled to abandon miany projects of interest rather than have a quarrel in

question being practical rather than literary; sense of being “revised and enlarged,” but the board. Among the most interesting of

so we shall make no attempt here to do more as an exposition of the science of chemistry these projects was an arrangement made with

than describe the plan and contents of Dr. on a basis entirely different from that on Professor Wise for a series of balloou-ascen- Edward S. Morse's “ First Book of Zoölogy" which the original work was founded, insions in the interest of science-which ascen- (New York : D. Appleton & Co.). The feat- volving a restatement and readjustment of sions were to be from the roof of the large ure in which it differs most from ordinary nearly every proposition. Explaining this exhibition building. At an early day, ar- text-books for beginners is that, instead of point in his preface, Professor Youmans says: rangements for the first ascension were com

aiming to give a more or less complete view “ The first edition represented the state of pleted. An elegant, large balloon, constructed

of systematic zoology, thus too often weary, chemistry as it prevailed at the time of pub. expressly for the occasion, was inflated. About

ing and confusing the minds of those who lication, and had been long established; but twenty persons, invited guests, reporters, etc., were upon the roof, all of whom were required

take up the study for the first time, it en- the revised edition (published in 1863), though to man the guys preparatory to “letting go."

deavors in method to follow the course one adhering to the old theories, recognized that Two gentlemen, who were to make the ascen- naturally pursues when he is led to the study they were undergoing important modificasion with Professor Wise, were seated in the by predisposition, and in scope to cover only a tions. These modifications have been long basket, and the professor was adjusting tbe few of the leading groups in the animal king- in progress, and having at length issued in a valve-cord, etc., when suddenly a tumult was dom. 'The main thing at the outset," says new system of chemical doctrine, which has heard at the window through which access Dr. Morse, “is to teach the pupil how to col. generally been accepted by chemists, it has was had with the roof. A glance in that di

lect the objects of study; this leads him to been adopted in the present volume, and exrection revealed the presence of one of the

observe them in Nature, and here the best plained and applied as fully as the plan of before-described “managers” – who had ar

part of the lesson is learned: methods of the work will allow. The present position rogated to himself the direction of the exbibition-in the act of throwing a man through the protection for the young, curious habits, of the science is, therefore, of special imwindow. He now violently approached the

modes of fabricating nests, and many little portance in relation to its exposition.” At balloon, ordering people off the roof, and ab- features are here observed which can never the same time, this position is not the final ruptly informing "Mister" Wise that “this be studied from an ordinary collection. one of a science which has attained its full thing” must stop, that there could be no more Hence, collecting in the field is of paramount development. The new theories mark an im. balloon - ascensions from this building, etc., importance. Next, the forming of a little portant step in the progress of chemistry; etc. The professor gave a contemptuous yet collection at home prompts the pupil to seek they harmonize a wider range of facts, and pitying glance at this redoubtable manager of

out certain resemblances among his objects, give us a more consistent philosophy of the a scientific institution, and quietly gave the

in order to bring those of a kind together. subject than the theories they supersede; yet word to his friends to “let go," and in a moment was floating gracefully to the skies; and

In this way he is prepared to understand and they are far from being complete. And this this was the last of the series of ascensions in

appreciate methods of classification. Final. fact has been kept constantly in mind in the the cause of science.

ly, having grasped the leading features of a preparation of the “ Class-Book.” “In this I will mention one more incident in which few groups, he is enabled to comprehend the volume,” says Professor Youmans, “I have this time - honored institution allowed itself character of the cognate groups with less dif- | aimed to preserve somewhat the transitional

ON

he says,

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aspect of the subject, so that “The New tance in 1876 of substituting a “ civilian weeks ago, and it is in several respects a Chemistry' may neither be regarded as an for a “military President." The peculiarly better piece of work; still, it is inferior to ingenious device of yesterday, nor as a final. fatuous and jejune way in which these sub. the initial volume of the series. Without ity to be acquired with no expectation of fur- jects are discussed by the angels is of less occupying more space than either Mr. Smith ther improvement."

consequence, perhaps, than the fact that they or Mr. Vaux, Dr. Birch succeeded in giving As regards the plan and special objects are discussed at all. If these were the only not only a fairly complete history of aneient of the work, we cannot do better than again subjects, however, we might in time reconcile Egypt, but a very satisfactory account of its to quote the author. “It is not designed,” | ourselves to them; but certain others are architecture, its arts, its industries, its politi

as a manual for special chemical traversed in a manner which, we grieve to cal system, and its religion and worship. students. It aims to meet the wants of that say, we applied the popular proverb about Mr. Vaux's “ History of Persia " is, perhaps, considerable class, both in and out of school, angels fearing to tread where fools rush in, equal to Dr. Birch's “ History of Egypt” as who like to know something of the science, would render us liable to mistake Mrs. Ward's a narrative, but in other respects it is very but who are without the opportunity or the angels for fools.

defective. We learn scarcely more of Zorodesire to pursue it in a thorough experimen- Here is a specimen of the style of these astrianism, the national religion, than that tal way. Some acquaintance with the subject messages :

it involved belief in a good principle and in is now required as a part of every good edu

"I have traveled over earth's domain ; I

an evil principle; and, of the Persian archi. cation; but books designed for laboratory

have traveled over the cliffs to find the eaglet's tecture, all we are told is that certain build. use, and abounding in technical details, are nest; I have visited the lazar-houses of the ings are supposed to have been built at such ill-suited to those who do not give special earth; I have stood upon the lofty peaks of and such places by a certain king. A whole and thorough attention to the subject. I the snow- clad mountains ; I have walked chapter is devoted to a description of the have here attempted to furnish such an out- the beach of the rolling ocean; I have picked principal ruins which modern investigation line of the leading principles and more imup pebbles from the shore of time; I have

has discovered to us, but we gather from it portant facts of the science as shall meet the heard the wind as it lashed the angry waves,

nothing as to the characteristic features of needs of the mass of students in our higband saw the snow-cap as it bursted; I have

Persian architecture. The want of a map, schools, seminaries, and academies, who go felt the keen lightning as it flashed around

too, is keenly felt, when we endeavor to fol. me; I have seen the mighty ship, that genius no further with the subject than to study a created by the brain of man to waft the mer

low the alternate expansion and contraction brief text-book, with the assistance perhaps chandise of nations over the bosom of broad

of the Persian Empire. of a few lectures, and the observation of

oceans; I have penetrated the deepest forest As is well known, Persian history touches some accompanying experiments."

of the home of the savage; I have stood upon at several points upon the Biblical narrative, Aside from the revision and restatement the banks and looked across the rivers of the and Mr. Vaux gives a special interest to his of principles, much new matter has been Eastern World ; I have visited the sepulchres work by numerous cross - references to the added under various heads, among them of past ages; I have beheld the ruins of an

latter. “ Spectrum Analysis.” The chapter on this

cient temples built by man to offer up therein is one of the most valuable in the volume, prayers to Deity ; I said to myself, . What is

The incidents which give a local flavor to this? why were all those temples built ?' and and is a very complete and lucid exposition

Mr. Thompson's “ Hoosier Mosaics ” (New the answer was, “They are the home of thought. of the

York : E. J. Hall & Son) would seem to inmost brilliant and startling of all

'Tis the finger of God pointing to the dome of modern discoveries." Notwithstanding the thought which develops to man a progressive degrees than that depicted in Eggleston's

dicate a state of society ruder by several additions, however, the present edition is eternity." smaller in compass than the original one, be

admirable “ Hoosier Schoolmaster;" and the And here is a specimen of their philosophy: ing thus brought into more manageable limits

dialect is proportionately broader and more for school use.

“Spirits cannot get wet, nor cold, nor

copious. A good deal of this dialect, indeed, burned, nor even suffer pain. We go through shows unmistakable signs of recent manu. Secular criticism must necessarily feel

cold air without feeling it, and so don't have facture, but it cannot be denied that, on the

to bundle up with shawls, cloaks, and overself-distrustful when it comes to deal with the

whole, it is plausible enough and quaint shoes to protect us from the weather. I shall literature of angels, and we hardly know how

enough to impart a certain raciness to stories have a double opportunity now to come and to record our opinion of “ Angels' Messages,

which otherwise would have very little insee you. I don't want to be selfish, or I should through Mrs. Ellen E. Ward, as a Medium”

have come oftener. (Do you go horseback(Nashville, Tennessee: Henry Sheffield, M. D.). riding ?) No, I have not been on horseback Were the messages from men, we should say since I came here. Oh, would it not be nice

The Athenæum has no very high opinion that they are as stupid, vulgar, and common- for you to go and see so many people as you

of “American humor,” so called. It says: place in thought, and crude in expression, do without your horse and buggy!

“There seems some probability that the wave as any we had ever received, and that they have to do here is to have the desire, and we go

of comic literature, which a short time ago inwith it."

vaded our shores from America, has finally could not deceive any one in whom credulity

subsided. For more than half a century we had not attained the proportions of an intel- The only statement in the book which had become accustomed to the funny sayings lectual frenzy. We should say, further, that affords any satisfaction is the following, from of Mrs. Partington. Mrs. Partington, howthey add a new terror to futurity, and recall the preliminary explanation : “Spirits of the ever, reached us only in driblets, utilized, as irresistibly to the thoughtful mind Haw- nineteenth century attack ignorance, super- they reached us, in the facetious columns of thorne's wish that he might be permitted stition, and falsehood, in all their strong- country papers, and such publications as the to rest two or three thousand years before holds." Our faith in the reality of Mrs.

London Journal and Family Herald. Nobody being thrust into the next stage of exist. Ward's intercourse with the spirits of the

supposed a whole volume of Mrs. Partington

would find English readers. And yet, within ence. One of the most consoling items in nineteenth century will depend largely upon

the last decade, we have had a dozen or more our conception of the happiness of angels our receiving early and authentic informa

volumes of what is called 'dry,' or American, has been the belief that they are released tion that said spirits have “ attacked ” Mrs.

humor, every one of which found admirers from the petty cares, thoughts, and occupa- Ward's angels for the ignorance and super- fitting and not few. If the man that says he tions of our earthly life; and certainly it is a stition which, through her mediumship, they likes dry champagne would pick a pocket, the little intimidating to find them, as we do in have precipitated upon the world.

man that confesses to a taste for dry'humor this book, discussing such topics as the

would surely be expected to rob a church. “ Cause of Crime," “ Dress," Morphine," The third volume of the "Ancient History

The first to court public favor was, we believe,

Artemus Ward. His book is, for the most Philosophy of Government,” “ Political from the Monuments " series (New York:

part, typographical buffoonery, but so funny Economy," "Popular Scandal” (being a broad Scribner, Armstrong & Co.) is “ Persia, from

was it considered to spell two with a numeral, discussion of the Beecher trial and a revela. the Earliest Times to the Arab Conquest,"

that more than one publisher reproduced the tion of Mr. Beecher's guilt), “Drunkenness," by W. S. W. Vaux, M. A., F. R. S. Its narra- work, and thus stimulated the sale, just as “ Yellow Fever," the late Democratic victory tive is more animated than that of Mr.

rival costermongers stimulate the sale of their in Tennessee, paper-money, and the impor-Smith's “ Assyria," which we noticed a few wares in a quiet street by simultaneous howls.

terest.

All we

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Then there came a flood of dry' humor; ' “ New Shakespeare Society announces that

The gentlemen who have undertaken the Orpheus C. Kerr, Petroleum Nasby, Titus A. the " society wants but an increased list of founding of this school in Boston are among Brick, Josh Billings, and Shoddy Z. Jones, members, and more workers with good heads,

its most wealthy, educated, experienced, and are some of the brands we recollect. For the to insure its lasting success." Most other so

traveled citizens. They have studied every inost part these productions were dreary, but, cieties would succeed, we imagine, were this since international copyright is not in the want supplied.

art-school, not only in external form, but the most satisfactory state, the publishers got

Jarge motives that control them, and that their comic wares for nothing, and could sell

have led to their failure or success in the past them for next to nothing, and thus glutted the

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as well as the present time. They are also market. Like 'crinoline,' dry humor had its

personally familiar with the best thinkers of day, let us hope never to have another."

Europe as well as America ; and, with such HE “ Museum of Fine Arts" in Boston men to undertake it, it seems as if no school is

could be established on broader or deeper the Spectator says: “Mr. Carlyle's rule for

ing contains a number of good rooms, favor- foundations. The committee on the school writing history, therefore, would be this:

ably situated for an art - school. Several have for some time been in consultation with ‘Look to your facts; remember that nations consist of living men; leave abstractions of

wealthy and intelligent gentlemen of that the best artists and the most successful art. all kinds, including systems and constitutions, city, who are widely known for their interest teachers in the country in regard to matters to pedants.' An excellent rule, so far as it in developing the taste and culture of the of detail, and within a short time it will, goes, but not the whole truth. What if ideas, people, have associated together to found, in doubtless, be shown whether their plans will opinions, entities of the mind and heart, which connection with the museum, a school which take positive form. Our chief cities in all Mr. Carlyle calls abstractions, are themselves shall give the highest art-education that ex- parts of the country are at the present time facts and forces id liistory? What if the devo

perience and wealth can supply. For sev- busy about their art-schools, and it seems tion of a people to its institutions is just as

eral years past Massachusetts has had very desirable that they should be. Each city has real a tbing as the devotion of an army to its

flourishing schools for teaching industrial its different influences of climate and popu. chief? It will inexorably follow that the bistorian who takes no account of these abstrac

drawing, but these do not satisfy the demand | lation, and the variety of these elements, tions will not give the whole truth of history.

in the higher regions of art, and it is hoped English, German, French, Spanish, and ScanAnd on this side Mr. Carlyle has always been

that the new school will ultimately cultivate dinavian, with their different national clar. defective. His contempt for those who manu- and educate its pupils as thoroughly as mod. acteristics, affects art particularly, and for facture histors with the aid of theories drove ern resources will permit.

that reason this period seems the fit one him to an opposite extreme. He never fully The rooms of the Art Museum will ac- when schools flavored by the English, the sympathized with or understood the enthusi

commodate a hundred and fifty pupils. It is Celtic, the German, the Italian, should have asm produced in England by Hampden's re

intended to drill the pupils at first in draw. their rise and their development side by fusal to pay ship-money; he scorned and dis

ing from the round, in light and shade as it side. As in Italy, the Roman, Venetian, paraged that ingrained and inextinguishable devotion to constitutional liberty which made

is now understood and taught in the French Florentive, and many other schools, bad each the English grumble not only under an in

schools, and of late years in the National its distinctive character, we see no reason capable and perfidious Stuart, but under a su

Academy School of New York, and at the why in time Cincinnati, Chicago, Philadelpremely gifted and magnanimous Cromwell. Cooper Institute. It is also intended to have phia, New York, San Francisco, New Or. A perfect historian would combine the dis- the greatest attention paid to drawing out- leans, St. Louis, Charleston, and Boston, tinctive excellences of Hallam and of Carlyle, lines of objects. The pupils will have ex- may not each work well and from different but for this miracle we shall probably have plained to them, as far as they can com- stand-points for the development of art. long to look."

prehend it, the meaning of outline, its gen

eral character and large direction, as well The Convention of German Journalists, to which we referred two weeks ago, passed the

as its complex character. Study from life The last works of the deceased American following resolution: “The Congress of Jour

will also constitute a portion of the course sculptor Rinehart, brought directly to Baltinalists declares the anonymity of the press to

of instruction. A prominent feature of all more from Italy some weeks since, are now be a right which its highest duties render it the great European schools of art consists being exhibited at the gallery of Messrs. imperative to maintain, and which should of lectures on artistic subjects, and the en- Freyer & Bendann, in that city. They con. only be waived when a strict adherence to it forced use of art libraries. It is shown by sist of thirteen busts, two bass-reliefs, reprewould favor the impunity of crime.".... It all experience that the hand and eye alone senting “Spring” and “ Aurora,” and a maris stated that some valuable autographs of

are not enough to make the perfect artist, ble reclining figure of “Endymion." The Galileo have been found at Milan among the

but that enlarged artistic thought is the soul busts are not specially interesting, as they state archives. These autographs are not included in the Palatine collection, but refer

of all great execution. To fill this need, lect- are, with one exception, merely copies of to his negotiations with the Spanislı Govern

ures on special subjects will instruct the well-known classical pieces; and the bassment relative to ceding the application of

pupils en masse, and a copious art-library reliefs, though not without merit, suggest an his method for applying longitude to navi

will enable them to study for themselves on instinctive comparison with Thorwaldsen's gation. The letters also relate to Galileo's special subjects.

· Night” and “Morning,” which, of course, journey to Rome in 1624 to pay homage to The main rooins of the Art Museum will must always be to their disadvantage. But Pope Urban VIII. ... With a view to the be filled by the collection of pictures now in “Endymion” is in the artist's best style, better protection of copyright in dramatic

the Boston Athenæum, by the “Way Collec- and will compare favorably with his group works, a declaration has been signed by Lord

tion” of Antiquities, and above all by the of “Latona and her Children," or any of bis Derby, on the part of England, and the Mar

“Lonn Collection.” The public spirit of the most celebrated works. The sleeping youth is quis d'Harcourt, on the part of France, canceling the paragraph in the convention of 1851 by

leaders will perhaps make this last the most stretched out upon a sheepskin, spread upon which it was understood that the protection

valuable of all for the student, with its va- a flowery bank, and the perfect rest of the stipulated for by the convention was not in- riety, constant change, and with its pictures figure is its main characteristic. The sheptended to prohibit fair imitations or adapta- | by the best modern masters, and such works herd's pipe dropping from the relaxed fingers, tions of dramatic works to the stage in Eng. as the Veronese, of which we have spoken the lips slightly parted, the hair falling neg. land and France respectively, but were only before in the JOURNAL, and its specimens of ligently downward, all add their part, without meant to prevent piratical translation. . . the bass-reliefs of Luca della Robbia, its cast being overstrained or too strongly marked, to It is reported that the late General Dufour left

from one of the faces of the pedestal of Ben- the idea of complete restfulness conveyed by an important manuscript which will shortly

venuto Cellini's “ Perseus," its admirable ta- the whole. And, as is nearly always the case appear in print. It is the history of the Sonderbund War, and will be prefaced by a life of

pestries, and its fine collection of the prod- with Rinehart's human forms, the figure is the general, compiled from his own memoirs.

ucts of the looms of India, Persia, and China. extremely graceful, and the general effect is ... Mr. PL Gilbert Hamerton is prepar

These works will afford a constant opportu- beautiful and attractive in a high degree. ing a new and thoroughly revised edition of nity for reference and study-an opportunity This last production of the dead American his book on “Etching and Etchers." The which time will continually enlarge.

sculptor will probably be exhibited, during

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