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Anastasius, how the cause of the Nestorian rise in xvii cent. and pernicious tenets,
controversy, i. 377; bis sentiments ex iv. 107, 108 and 2,4, b.
cent. i. 275; the extent of his power in
the title, ibid. p.
i. 455; and work, or Pandect of the
Antoninus, Marcus, listens to calumnies,
aud persecutes the Christians, i. 132;
eminent patron of letters in xii cent. ii. witnesses suborned by his judges against
to the Aristotelian philosophy, ibid. Stoics, and its effects upon learning,
Pius, persecution under him,
the Lutheran Doctors, iii. 249. See tians, ibid. and x.
Antonins, Paulus, endeavours to correct
eent. iv. 39.
all controversies concerning speculative into a body, i. 290; the rapid progress
their pliilosophy, which seduced the
but fantastic writer in ix cent. ii. 40 and in xi cent. ii. 190.
Apochryphal and spurious writings, many
- books, reading of them in the
church disliked by the Puritans, iii. 289.
340 ; some few converted by Augustin thor and tenets maintained by him, ib.
Apollonius Tyanneus, comparison of Christ
- his controversies about the pow.
proves the science of Logic, ii. 141 ; iv. 114; occasions a flaming dispute
-of Laon, bis character, ii. 282, 289. ter the effusion of the Holy Ghost, 59;
- of Havelsberg, strenuous advocate the election of one in the room of Judas,
related of them, ib. their authority and
ii. 4; is created archbishop of Ham-. church undetermined, ib. aud z; they
Danish, and Swedish churches, ibid. a. 93; the creed, by whom composed, 99
116; why encouraged and admired, 117. account of a sect in xiii cent. ii.
nal part of the public religion, ib. their
credit given by them to the predictions
ans in xvi cent. iii. 236 ; suppression by Apostolic Fathers, their general character,
Apostolics, a sect. in xii cent. ij. 320; the particularly in the West, ibid. under
wbo favour the Nicenians, ibid. excess-
of his controversy and tenets, ibid. dals in Africa, i. 374; its state in vi
France, and why so called, iv. 193 and h. Lombards in vii cent. i. 464.
cate for the philosophy of Aristotle, and in xvii cent. iv. 173 and w; to whom
Dr. Stillingfleet's excellent admonition
reason of their name, i. 240; confuted Aristotelian, philosophy, admired by the
before the inquisition in xv cent. ii. 516.
ii. 331 ; but expelled by the order of man soul, i. 40; bas many admirers in
xiii cent. and the prejudice done by
reading of his works condemned by the
Fontevraud in xii cent. ii. 276 ; one Arius, opposes the opinions of Alexander
defends his opinions with success, ibid.
media to his cause, ibid. Constantine,
the kingdom of Judea ; is infamous for cil at Nice, at which Arius is condemn-
ed, and Christ is declared consubstan-
the licentious clergy in iv cent, and is received into the church, and invited
is denied a place among the presbyters
toe tenets held by its author, 316; its miserable death, with some reflections
Richard of, attacks the Mendi-
Armenians, an account of, in xvi cent. iv. Arnold, Godfrey, disturbs the Lutheran
193 and q; have three patriarchs, ibid. church, and his character, iv. 47; his
ibid. the works of Cassiodore and Boe-
cent. iv. 129. See Church Arminian, 469.
Ascetics, their rise and principles, i. 157 ;
by the Lutherans in xviii cent. iv. 25; sect, 158; the progress of this disci-
Asia, Protestant missions there in xvi cent.
opposed, with the decision of the synod 410.
dered as magic in xiv cent. ii. 451.
cerning a frequent approach to the holy Pope Innocent XI. and Lewis XIV. iii.
487 and l.
and banisbed into Gaul, ibid.
debates relating to, 56 ; his good cha xviii cent. iv. 188; and those chiefly fol-
Atto, Bishop of Vercelli, bis works useful,
the younger, an account of, i. Ave Maria, added to the prayers in xis
cent. ij. 497.
sect in xii cent. ii. 313; is justly cen held at, between Luther and Cajetan,
justly admired, ibid. its matter supplied
chapters, and to what they reser, ibid. Bacon, Lord Verulam, bis cöaractér, iii.
Melancthon, ibid. a ; its associates, 295. Baptism, not to be considered as a mere
i. 279, 280, andl; admired for his di bration in i cent. 107.
in iv cent. by the Bishop with
Baptismal fonts, introduced into the por-
St. Monks of, their rise in xüi the particular Baptists, 349.
particular, Calvinistical, their
Baradæus, Jacob, restores the Monopky-
dence in xiv cent. ii. 455 and h; their and diligence, 435; is acknowledged
are called Jacobites, ibid.
tolerable, i. 200; a dreadful persecution tians in x cent. ij. 54.
Barcepha, Moses, his great character, ii.
29 and p.
testants, in xvii cent. iii. 455 and p. Christians, 131 and 1.
Jutland and Cimbria in ix cent. ii. 4; in ii cent. i. 176; the doctrine he taught,
the congregation of the Holy Sacra thor to be inclined to Stoicism, ii. 447 ;
a champion for the Greeks against the
his Commentary on the Revelations, with some Greek monks, 497; the names
he gives them, who are defended by
works, ii. 283; a polemic writer, 299. by a council at Constantinople, ibid.
supposed to be spurious, i. 97.
Christianity by the Capuchins in xvii founded in xvi cent. and by whom, iii.
150 ; soon deviate from their first rule
and their office, ibid. and 1.
Baronius, Cesar, his Annals, an account
of, iii. 152 and z; confutations of them,
Bartolus, his character, ii. 449.
Barrow, Isaac, his great zeal for natural fin. not. s ; retires into France, and reknowledge, iii. 445.
turns, 269; is assassinated in his own Barsumas, of Nisibis, a zealous promoter chapel, ibid. reasons to clear Henry II. of Nestorianism, i. 391.
of England from consenting to his murAbbot, brought the Eutychian der, and the punishment inflicted on the opinions into Syria and Armenia in v assassins, ibid. t; is enrolled among cent. i. 386, 387; but the former rejects the most eminent saints, 270 and u. them, ibid. and h.
Bede, venerable, bis character, i. 507 and Basil, Bishop of Cæsarea, account of him 11; exposition of St. Paul's epistles and and his works, i. 277 and w.
Samuel, 509 ; moral treatises, 515. the council held at, in xv cent. ii. Beghards, see Beguines, the origin of this 532 ; the designs of it, and vigorous pro denomination, ii. 392 and r; differed secutions taken at it, alarm the Roman from the Fratricelli in what, 393; conpontiff, 533 and h, i; the decrees, and sidered as seculars and laymen, 395 and acts, of it, 534; the attempts of Euge s; the miseries they suffer under Charles nius IV. to dissolve it ineffectual, 535; IV. in Germany, 481, 482 ; but not exdepose Eugenius, and elect another tirpated, ibid. named Felix V. ibid. friars at Lausanne Beghards, Belgic and German, their oriratify Felix's abdication, and confirm gin, ii. 395 and u, 396 and 10; first socithe election of Nicholas, 538.
ety when and by whom formed, ibid. Basilides, chief of the Egyptian Gnostics, and x; corrupted by the brethren of the
i. 179 ; gems supposed to come from free spirit in xiv cent. 500 ; a division him, ibid. andr; enormous errors of his of this sect, 501, c; the persecution of system, 180; falsely charged with de them and tragical conclusion, 502, 503, nying the reality of Christ's body, ibid. and h. s; his moral doctrine, 181 ; his errors,
-Schwestriones, in xv cent. iji. and how led into an enormous one, ib. 449; their leading principle, ibid. the and t.
miseries they suffer from the inquisition, Basilius, of Seleucia, writes against the ibid. accounts of them by many writers Jews in v cent. i. 362.
imperfect, ibid. h. -the Macedonian, under bim the
by corruption called Picards, ii. Sclavonians and Russians are convert 563; their horrible tenets, 564 ; severe ed in ix cent. ij. 5; an inaccurate ac treatment from Ziska, ibid. and i; callcount of the latter by Lequien, 6, k. ed Adamites, 565; this name afterward
- the founder of an heretical sect, applied to the Hussites, ibid. in xii cent. ii. 306 ; is condemned, and Beguines, see Beghards, how different from burnt at Constantinople, ibid. his tenets the Belgic and German, ii. 395. resemble the ancient Gnostics and Ma- Behmen, Jacob, one of the Rosecrucian nichæans, ibid, denies the reality of brethren, iii. 437 ; bis chimerical noChrist's body, and a future resurrection, tions and followers, iv. 59; works, ibid. ibid.
b. Bassi, Matthew de, zealous in attempting Believers, who obtained this name in the
to reform the Franciscans in xvi cent. earliest period of the Christian church, iv. 147 and i, k; founder of the order i. 88; how distinguished from Catechu
of the Capuchins, ibid. Bayle, a skeptical philosopher in xvii cent. Bellarmine, Robert, an eminent defender iii. 448 and y.
of the Romish church in xvi. cent iii. Beauvoir, account of the letters which 164; his character, ibid. is censured by
passed between him and archbishop the church of Rome, ibid. and u. Wake, relative to their correspondence Bellator, his character as a commentator, with the doctors of the Sorbonne, con i. 420 ; translates the works of Origen, cerning the union project, iv. 229; au. 425.
thentic copies of them, 252. See Wake. Bello-visu, Armand de, an account of, ii. Becker, Balthaser, account of, iii. 445 ; his 400.
peculiar sentiments, and contest occa. Bembo, Peter, Cardinal, a supposed infidel sioned by them, iv. 122 ; work entitled writer in xyi cent. iij. 119. The World bewitched, ibid. argument Benedict, of Nursia, founder of an order of against the being of spirits unsatisfacto: monks in vicent. i. 414 ; his works, 417. ry, ibid. u; is opposed, and tumults Abbot of Aniane, employed by consequent thereupon, 123; is deposed Lewis the Meek, to reform the practifrom his pastoral office, and continues ces of the monks in ix cent. ii. 27; rein the same sentiments to his death, stores the monastic discipline, ib. subibid. and u.
jects the various monastic orders to that Beckel, archbishop of Canterbury, sub of Benedict of Mount Cassin, ibid. his
scribes, and afterward rejects, the Con. discipline at first admired, soon destitution, of Clarendon, ii. 267, 268 sub clines, ibid.