תמונות בעמוד


ASCEND. The cartilaginous kind, (of fishes) which, by what artifice they sphere. Oblique, is an arch of the equator inter- ASCENpoize themselves, ascend and descend at pleasure, and continue cepted between the first point of aries, and that point

ASCEN. in what depth of water, they list, is as yet unknown to us.

Ray on the Creation.
of the equator which rises together with a star in

an oblique sphere.
So likewise in the year we observe the cold to augment, when

TAIN. the days begin to increase, though the sun be then ascensive, and

AscENSION Day, commonly called Holy Thursreturning from the winter tropick.

day. A festival of the church of England in com

Brown's Vulgar Errors. memoration of the day on which our Saviour ascended
Sweet voices, mixed with instrumental sounds

into Heaven. It is the fortieth day after Easter Sun-
Ascend the vaulted roof, the vaulted roof rebounds. day, and the Sunday but one before Whitsunday.

Dryden's Fables.

On this day (says Wheatley) our blessed Saviour
Arimant. Madam, you have a strange ascendant gain'd,

publicly ascended, with our human nature, into
You use me like a courser, spurr'd and rein'd:

heaven, and presented it to God, who placed it at
If I fly out, my fierceness you command,
Then sooth, and gently stroke me with your hand.

his own right hand, and, by the reception of those

Dryden's Aurenge-Zebe. first fruits, sanctified the whole race of mankind.
Who can observe the vapours to ascend, especially from the

AscensIONAL DIFFERENCE, is the difference between
sen, meet above in clouds, and fall again after condensation, and the right and oblique ascension of any point in the
not understand this to be a kind of distillation in order to clear heavens; or it is the space of time any of the planets
the water of its grosser salts, and then by rains and dews to
supply the fountains and rivers with fresh and wholesome liquor. time of their coming to the meridian. See Astro-

rise or set before or after the sixth hour, from the
Wollaston's Religion of Nature.
This (Laud, Bishop of London) was the man who acquired so
great an ascendant over Charles, and who led him, by the facility

ASCENSION, Isle of. An island between Africa and
of his temper, into a conduct which proved so fatal to himself Brazil, so called from having been discovered on Holy
and to his kingdoms.

Hume's History of England. Thursday, in the year 1508. It is about ten miles in
In the first fire-engines, a boy was constantly employed to length, six in breadth, and sixty in circumference,
open and shut alternately the communication between the boiler mountainous, sandy and barren. From the quantity
and the cylinder, according as the piston either ascended or de- of ashes and heaps of black cavernous stone, which

Smith's Wealth of Nations. ·
That predominant love of righteousness and hatred of iniquity; there can be no doubt of its being volcanic. “ It is

resembles the common lavas of Vesuvius and Iceland,
maintaining an absolute ascendency in the mind, in all times and
upon all occasions, which the Psalmist attributes to his heavenly a barren place (says captain Beeckman, who visited
King, has belonged to none that ever wore an earthly crown. it in 1715) not inhabited, and seems as if it had been

Horsley's Sermons.

formerly on fire, a great part of the rocks being burnt -Fire fill'd his eyes;

to a pumice.” Captain Cooke touched there in 1775.
Turning, he bade the multitude without

He says not a shrub or plant is to be seen for several
Ascend the rampart; they his voice obey'd,
Part climb'd the wall, part pour'd into the gate.

miles, and nothing to be found but stones and sand,
Cowper's Iliad, book xii. or rather slags and ashes. A high mountain at the
Themistocles now entered. At his look

south-east end of the isle, called the Green Mountain, Which carry'd strange ascendancy, a spell

seems to be left in its original state, and to have escaped Controlling nature, was the youth abash'd.

the general destruction. Its soil is a kind of white Glover's Athenaid, book xiv.

marl, which yet retains its vegetative qualities, and The Acts of the Apostles continue the history of our religion produces a kind of purslain, spurge, and one or two after our Lord's ascension,

Porteus' Lectures, v. l.

grasses, a supply, however scanty, which is sufficient
ASCENDANT, is that portion of the heavens which to provide for a considerable number of goats. The
ascends above the horizon in the east. In astro- island is chiefly valuable on account of an excellent
logy it signifies the horoscope, that is, the star harbour, which is much frequented by the homeward
ascending above the horizon at the time the question bound ships from India, who take in turtle and sea-
is put, or the person is born; and in the latter case it is fowl. These are found in great abundance, particu-
supposed to have an influence on his character and larly the former, which are peculiarly large and fine,
destiny. From this arises the signification which the and to be taken from January to June, when they
word bears in a moral sense, as such a one has the come thither for the sole purpose of depositing their
ascendant over another, meaning that he possesses eggs. See Beeckman's Voyage to Borneo, Svo. Lon-
a certain superiority, from some cause not to be de- don, 1716, p. 200. Cooke's Voyage round the World,
fined. Ascendant is also used in genealogical in- 4to. 1777, p. 272.
quiries, denoting ancestors, those ascending, in con- ASCERTA’IN, ? Fr. Acertener ; from Ad, and
tradistinction to the descending line.

Ascerta'INMENT.) certum, froin cerno, cretum; from
ASCENDING, is used in anatomy, astronomy, bo- the Greek Kpuw, to separate, to distinguish, to de-
tany, and music; all which see. In the first it is cide. To be or make sure or certain; to be or make
applied to the vessels which carry the blood upwards. surely or certainly known; to determine, to esta-
In the second, to those stars, or degrees, rising above blish.
the horizon, in any parallel of the equator. In botany
it denotes such leaves, &c. as grow first horizontally

My hands to heauen I held, and prayed, and giftes and off'rings

and afterwards are inclined upwards : and ascending In fires to them I threw; and all my duty done with cure,
harmony in music is modulating by 5ths.

Anchises I ascertaine then, and him declare the caas.
Ascension, in astronomy is right and oblique.

Æneidos, by Thos. Phaer, book iii.
Right ascension of the sun, or a star, is that degree

In whiche tyme, and soone after, whereof the tyme is nat duely
of the equinoctial, counted from the beginning of ascerlayned, dyed the forenamed hynge Lowys surnamed nought
Aries, which rises with the sun, or star, in a right doynge, whan he had reygned, after moost wryters, viii yeres,

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ASCER- leuynge after him a sone, named Charlys, the whiche after, was that appeared about the second century, and made ASCETAIN- surnamed symple.


profession of uncommon sanctity and virtue, which TICK. ASCE

Necessary it is that both good and badde knew it. The faith- they supposed to consist in self-denial and mortificaTICK. full to be assartened that their finall redemption is at hande, to

ASCITÆ. tion. They considered it an act of great merit to their consolation. The vnfaithfull to haue knowledge that their deny themselves the use of those things which were iudgemente is not farre of, that they may repent and be saved.

esteemed lawful for all other Christians to enjoy, and Bale'e Image.

held it as an indispensable duty to undergo continual
As soon as men cease to range the woods and plains in common, abstinence, and to subject themselves to the most
like their fellow animals, if they ever did so, as soon as societies

severe discipline. Their object was, by raising the
were formed, and in those societies a division of property was
made, nature, that led them to assign, led them to ascertain

soul above all external objects and all sensual plea-

sures, to enjoy a nearer communion with God on Bolingbroke's Essay on Human Knowledge. earth, and, after the dissolution of their mortal Fools only engage on a sudden, without ascertaining the bodies, to ascend to the supreme centre of happiness strength of their enemy.

and perfection, unretarded by the impurities and imSir William Jones' Hitopadisu. perfections which debase mankind in general. (MoHe tells us, that the positive ascertainment of its limits, and sheim Eccl. Hist. cent. ii. part 2.) The appellation its security from invasion, were among the causes for which civil was also given to those who were more than ordinasociety itself has been instituted.

rily intent on the exercises of prayer and devotion, Burke on the Revolution in France. and hence St. Cyril, of Jerusalem, calls the prophetess To what common use or want of the insect kind, a provision so

Anna, “who departed not from the temple, but
universal (i. e. the antennæ) is subservient, has not yet been served God night and day," dokýtpia evlaßeotáty,
ascertained; and it has not been ascertained, because it admits

a most religious ascetic. In the present day, by
Dot of a clear, or very probable comparison, with any organs Ascetics we understand those who retire from the
which we possess ourselves, or with the organs of animals which

ourselves, in their functions and faculties, or with which conversation and pleasures of the world, and pass
we are better acquainted than we are with insects. We want a their time in religious mortification, although in the
ground of analogy

Paley's Theology. primitive ages such as pretended to this title were
ASCETERIUM, a name sometimes given in old

men of active life, living in society, and differing
writings to a monastery. The college of the funes from the rest of mankind only in their exact adherence
rarii, or undertakers, founded by the emperor Anas to the rules of virtue and forbearance inculcated in
tasius, was so called. This consisted of eight monks

the gospel. and three acolythists, whose occupation was one of

ASCHARIANS, v. ASHARIANS. most active employment, namely that of continually

ASCHBILIA, v. Sevilla.
burying the dead.

ASCIDIA, in Zoology, a genus of the class Tuni-
ASCETICK, n. 'Aokytikos, from dokéw, to ex-

cata; order Disjuncta. Generic character; body en-
Ascetick, adj. ercise.' It is applied by the Greek veloped in a double tunic; fixed to marine bodies

AscE'TICISM. fathers to those who exercise at the base. Exterior tunic somewhat coriaceous,
themselves in, who employ themselves in, who de- forming an irregular ovate, or cylindrical sac, per-
vote themselves to the contemplation of divine things; than the other. The interior, or proper, tunic, en-

forated above by two unequal foramina, one lower
and for that purpose, separate themselves from all
intercourse with the world.

closing the body, not entirely filling the external sac,

to which it is united only at the foramina.
Anthony de Corro.. was born at Sevil in Spain, educated there
from his childhood in the Roman Catholic religion, and was at dered as analogous to those inhabiting bivalve shells ;

The animals of this genus were by Linnæus consi-
length an ascetic, but whether a monk or fryer, I know not.

Wood. Athene Oxonienses,

and have by subsequent naturalists been generally Our calling therefore doth require great industry; and the bu- arranged with the mollusca. Cuvier appears to have siness of it consequently is well represented by those perform supported this opinion; and in order more completely ances, which demand the greatest intention, and laborious acti- to demonstrate the analogy, compares the external vity; it is styled exercise; agonistic and ascetic ; exercise. tunic with the shell of the acephalous mollusca. But

Barrow's Sermons. there surely can be no real analogy etween sub-
He (Bishop Burnet) resolved to live in a more retired manner, stances so essentially distinct: the one an unorganiz-
than he had done hitherto ; and abstracting himself from all mixted testaceous covering, serving only the purposes
company, confining bimself wholly to study and the duties of his of protection and muscular attachment; the other
function, he entered into such an ascetic course, as liad well presenting all the indications of a truly organized

The Life of Bishop Burnet.

structure; and appearing, as Lamarck observes, even

vascular, on its internal surface. The comparative

were inspired by the savage enthusiasm, which represents lowed out, into a more detailed investigation. La-
The Ascetics, who obeyed the absurd and rigid precepts of the anatoiny of the animals is not less distinct, when fol-
man as a criminal, and God as a tyrant. They seriously re-
nounced the business and the pleasures of the age ; abjured the marck has, therefore, very properly arranged them in
use of wine, of flesh, and of marriage ; chastised their body, separate classes. The species of Ascidia are rather
mortified their affections, and embraced a life of misery, as the

numerous, and several of them are natives of the
price of eternal happiness.

Gibbon's History, vol. vi.

shores of Great Britain.
The truth is, we have seen, and yet do see, religious societies, ASCITÆ, a piratical tribe, on the southern coast
whose religious doctrines are so little serviceable to civil govern- of Arabia. Their vessels were rafts, fixed on inflated
ment, that they can prosper only on the ruin and destruction of skins, (whence their name from ioxos a bladder); their
it. Such are those which teach the sanctity of celibacy and
Warburton. Alliance, book ii.

arms, poisoned arrows; their food, the berries of the

pale urus (a species of zizyphus); they were naked, ASCETIC, the term was originally applied to a sect ferocious pirates. The Arabian geographers observe,


ASCITÆ. that their language differed from that of their neigh- The greater part have been forward to reject it, upon a mistaken ASCRIBE bours; for there can be little doubt that the pirates persuasion, that those phænomena are the effects of nature's abhor

ASEKI. ASCRIBE, on the borders of Mabrah and Hadramaut, mentioned rency of a vacuum, which secın to be more fitly ascribable to the

weight and spring of the air.

Boyle's Works.
by Idrísì and Abú 'l Fedà, were the Ascitæ of Ptolemy,
See his Geography, Pliny, vi. 29. Abulfede Arab, et

I do not hereby ascribe any thing to the magistrate that can pos

sibly give him any pretence of right to reject God's true religion,
Geogr. Nubiens. p. 22, 27. Vincent's Periplus, ii. 313.

or to declare what he pleases to be so, and what books he
ASCITES, from aoros, a water-bottle, in medicine, pleases to be canonical, and the word of God.
dropsy of the belly; so called, because the protube-

Tillotson's Sermons.
rance of the belly resembles that of a bottle. It is

Ascribe, thou nation, every favour'd tribe, divided into two species, ascites abdominalis, when

Excelling greatness to the Lord ascribe;

The Lord! the rock on whom we safely trust, there is a regular and equal intumescence of the abdo

Whose work is perfect, and whose ways are just. men; and ascites saccatus, when the ovaries, &c. are

Parnell. The Gift of Poetry. the seat of the disease, and the swelling, at least in

Such pow'r have they as factious lawyers long the beginning, is partial. The cure is difficult, since

To crowns ascrib'd, that kings can do no wrong.
the disease is often only the symptom of a decaying

Dryden's Hind and Panther.
constitution ; evacuations are the chief palliatives,
and paracentesis (napakeview, to perforate,) or tap- tion of all those arts whereby human life is civilized, and the world

To industrious study is to be ascribed the invention and perfec-
ping, relieves for a time, and, in some cases, perma- cultivated with numberless accommodations, ornaments, and
nently. For particulars of this disease, see Medicine. beauties.

Barrow's Sermons.

Behold, Sir Balaam, now a man of spirit,
ASCLEPIA, a festival of Æsculapius, the god of

Ascribes his gettings to his parts and merit;
physic. It was observed particularly at Epidaurus,

What late he call'd a blessing, now was wit, where it was celebrated by a contest between the

And God's good providence, a lucky hit. poets and musicians; whence it was termed iepós

Pope. Moral Essays, es. ii.
ůywv, the sacred contention.

These extraordinary convulsions of the material world must be
ASCLEPIAD, a verse, consisting of a spondee, two

ascribed to the power by which God in the beginning created it,

and still directs the course of it.
choriambi, and a pyrrichius, used by the Greek and

Horsley's Sermons.
Latin poets, and said to have been so called, from Ascle-
piades, an ancient poet. Horace, book i. ode 1, book iii. ASCRIE, A and skry, for cry, from Teut. schreyen,
ode 30), and book iv, ode 8, are written in this ineasure.

Skinner. Ger. schreien, to cry out, to vociferate.
ASCLEPIAS, in Botany, a genus of plants ; class The French, more correctly, use crier; and the Eng-
Pentandria ; order Digynia. Generic character; nec-

lish, to drie. Wachter. Schrewing, exclamatio, a cry-
taries five, ovate, concave, standing out from a horn- ing out, a shrieking. Somner. Skry is of common
like process. Pollen masses ten, pendulous.

occurrence in G. Douglas; and the Glossarist observes, English name,

swallow-wort. This is prinipally that it is frequently used on the Scottish border for
an American genus.

cry; as to skry a fair ; that is, to proclaim it. Skry
ASCOTT, in the county of Oxford; a curacy, (not still exists in the compound descry; the French
in charge) of the certified value of £18. 6s. Sd.; dedi- descrier, decrier, is rather applied as the English
cated to the Holy Trinity. Population in 1811, 392. . decry.
Rates in 1803, +381. 13s. 6d. at 8s. in the pound. It is

þe kỳng said on hie, “Symon ieo vous defie;
5 miles N. E. by N. from Burford.

Edward was hardie, pe Londres gan he ascrie."
ASCRIBE, Ad aud scribo, to write to;

R. Brunne, p. 217.
Ascri'BABLE, (Plane SCRIBO est, a ypapev.

And taught hem how thei shulde askrie,
Vossius.) Insculpendo literas; by

All in a voice par companie.

Gower. Con, A. book vii.
Ascripti'tious.) carving, cutting, graving letters,
&c. See To write.

Some of the French men came to Calice gate, and were ascried
To write to, to write in addition, to write or place of the watche, and so rang alarme.
to the account of, to charge against, to impute, to

Grufton, vol. ii.

By day all the bridges were made, so that all the horsemen
passed ouer, and ascryed the countrie.

Id, Ib.
Oye traitours & maintainers of madnesse
Unto your foly I ascribe all my paine ;

Suane toward Oxenford went fulle smertly,
Ye haue me depriued of ioy and gladnesse,

& in þat ilk toun did he krie a krie.
So dealing with my lord and soueraine.

R. Brunne, p. 42.
Chaucer. Lamentation of Marie Magdaleine, fol. 319, c. 4.

In the morning a certeine number of gentlemen that were within
But now thei be so far from this seperation, that thei ascribe

the towne issued ont to the number of two hundreth speares, to
themselues into theyr felowship and communion, & do euerye one make a skrye in the Scottes hoste.
of the feinedly professe themselues to be membres of that body.

Grafton, v. i.
Yf any naughtines therefore bee in vs, let vs not ascribe it vnto

ASCYRUM, in Botany, a genus of plants; class
God, but vnto our own selfes : and if any good thing, if any true

Poladelphia ; order Polyandria. Generic character;
liglit, if any vndefiled wisedom be in vs, let vs ascribe it wholy calyx of four leaves ; petals four. Capsule of one
vnto God the autor.

Udall. S. James, c. 1.

cell, two or three valved.
Thus then is Britanny burthened with many titles vnder one English name St. Andrew's wort; an American
truth; and these are the ascriptions, causes, and exceptions, as
far as we are able to gather.

genus, very nearly allied to Hypericum, or St. John's

Speed's Hist. of Great Britaine.
Hereupon the Athenians do ascribe that day for a njost unfortu-

ASEKI, a corruption of the Turkish word khās'-
nate day, and are very circumspect to do any matter of import- 'sehkì, or khássekì, peculiar, privy, and applied
ance on it.

North's Plutarch. exclusively to the most confidential servants of the



ASELLUS, sultan; hence his favourite wife is called the khás- ASH, 1. sekì sultán, the sultane par eccellence.

Ash, 0.

Asca, pulvis, asce, cinis. Dust, ASGAR ASELLUS, in Zoology, a genus of the class Arach

ashes. Applied to dust produced by BY. nides ; order Tetracera ; family Asellota of Latreille.

burning any substance.
Generic character ; tail formed of a single segment,

with two bifid styles; the four antennæ setaceous, Philip left his engýnes withouten kepýng a nyglit,
apex of many articulations.

þat perceyued þe Sarazines, with fire brent þam down right.
Asellus aquaticus, (oniscus aquaticus, Lin.) inhabits For he com on be morowe, assaut he wild haf gyuen,
fresh water, and is considered as a sign of its purity.

His engýns fond he lorne, brent & tille askes dryuen.
The female carries the young in a bag under the

R. Brunne, p. 176.

O ze cauld assis of Troy, and flambis bayth,

And extreme end of cuntre folkis, here i
ASELE, or Aschele-Lapmark, a province of Swedish

Drawis zou to witnes, and dois testify,
Lapland, bounded on the north west by Norway, on Quhen that ze fell to ground thus and war slane,
the east by the Lapmark of Umea, on the south by

I nothir sparit wappyngs, strenth nor pane,
Angermannland, and on the south west by Jamtland.

Nor nane onset eschewit of Grekis mycht.

Douglæs. Æneados, book ii. p. 53.
Long. 17° 0'. lat. 64° 12' N. It was first colonized

Ye Troyan ashes, and last flames of mine,
in 1673, when Charles XI. exempted from the militia,

I cal in witnesse, that at your last fall, the poll-tax, and other burdens, all who would settle

I fled no stroke of any Grekish swerd. Surrey. there; and these privileges were confirmed by the

Tho came this woful Theban Palamon states of the kingdom, at the diet, 1720. The parish

With flotéry berd, and ruggy asshy heres, of Asele measures about nine Swedish miles, and is

In clothes blake, ydropped all with teares. chiefly inhabited by Swedish peasants, whose sole

Chaucer. The Knightes T'ale, v. i. p. 114. subsistence is derived from a few cattle and the pro

For whan we may not don, than wol we speken,

* Yet in ður ashen cold is fire yreken. duce of their nets, a resource which seldom fails.

Chaucer. The Reves Prologue, v. i. P.

153. The inhabitants are large, laborious, active, and hos

Ev'n in our ashes live their wonted fires. pitable towards strangers. In consequence of fre

Gray's Elegy. quent scarcities, and the high price of corn, they

Still she entreats, and prettily intreats, substitute the bark of the fir-tree, dried and moulded,

For to a pretty ear she tunes her tale; from which they make a species of bread, when

Still is he sullen, still he low'rs and frets,

'Twixt crimson shame and anger ashy-pale. barley (which is their chief grain) is not to be pro

Shakespeare's Venus and Adonis. cured; and even in times of greater plenty they mix

His ashy coat that bore a gloss so fair, it with their flour, both to preserve the custom, and

So often kiss'd of the enamour'd air, to keep themselves free from disorders accompanying

Worn all to rags, and fretted so with rust, a sudden change of diet.' There is one church in Asele

That with his feet he trod it in the dust. built under the reign of Christina, in 1648, for the

Drayton's Poems. The Owl. conversion of the Laplanders; service is performed

Porneius next him plac'd a meagre wight,

Whose leaden eyes sunk deep in swimming head; once in fifteen days to a very small congregation,

And joyless look, like some pale ashy spright, occasioned by the distance of their residences; and

Seem'd as he now were dying, or now dead. there is a government school for the education of six

P. Fletcher's Purple Island. children. Asele is troubled, during the summer with

-But as when a species of gnat, called knort, from which the people

The bird of wonder dies, the mayden phenix,

Her ashes new create another heyre,
protect themselves by anointing the face with a mix-

As great in admiration as her selfe.
ture of fat and tar, as well as by burning pieces of a So shall she leaue her blessednesse to one,
knotty tree in their houses, every night, which destroys (When Heauen shall call her from this cloud of darkness)
the insect.

Who from the sacred ashes of her honour
ASFUN, a town on the western bank of the Nile,

Shall star-like rise, as great in fame as she was,

And so stand fix'd. called Asphunis in the Notit. Imperii, and built on the

Shakespeare's K. Henry VIII. fol. 232. site of Aphrodites-polis. (D'Anville ; Hartmann.)

If the said (Turkish) ambassador were here among us, he would. ASFORDBY, in the county of Leicester; a rec- think that our modern gallants were also all mad, or subject to be tory, valued in the King's books at £15. Ils. 8d. mad, because they ashe and powder their pericraniums all the year

Howell's Letters.
Church dedicated to All Saints. Population in 1811, long.
367. Parish rates in 1803, £357. 198. 11 d. at 6s.

They fondly thinking to allay

Their appetite with gust, instead of fruit. in the pound. It is 31 miles W. from Melton Mow

Chew'd bitter ashes, which th' offended taste

With spattering noise rejected.
ASGARBY, in the county of Lincoln; a rectory,

Milton's Par. Lost, book x.
(united in 1737 to the rectory of Kirkby Laythorpe,) The thirde day had from leauen night's chyllie shade expeld
valued in the King's books at £10. 14s. 4 d. Patron, away,
the earl of Bristol ; church dedicated to St. Andrew.

When heauelie the ashes heapes which there confused lay:
Population, in 1811, 59. Parish rates in 1803,

In vrnal pottes they put; and smoultringe moulde theron do

Phaer's Eneados, book xi.
£25. Os. 1 d. at 10d. in the pound. It is 24 miles

Now liad the morning thrice renew'd the light,
S. E. by E. from Sleaford.

And thrice dispell’d the shadows of the night;
ASGARBY, in the county of Lincoln; a prebend, When those who round the wasted fires remain,
valued in the King's books at £12. 108. Patron, the Perform the last sad office to the slain :
bishop of Lincoln. Population, in 1811, 49. Parish They rake the yet warm ashes, from below;
rates in 1803, £65. 16s. 8d. at 38. 3 d. in the pound.

These and the bones unburn'd, in earth bestow,

These relics with their country rites they grace;
It is 5 miles W. by N. from Spilsby.

And raise a mount of turf to mark the place.

Dryden's Virgil's Æn, xi, fol. 597.


A sudden horror shot thro' all the chief,

95. Parish rates, in 1803, £254. 93. 64d. at 5s. in ASH. And wrapt his senses in the cloud of grief;

the pound. It is 54 miles E.N.E. from Whitchurch.
Cast on the ground, with furious hands that spread
The scorching ashes o’er his graceful head;

Asu, in the county of Surrey; a rectory, with ASHAME,
His purple garments and his golden hairs,

the chapel of Trimley; valued in the King's books Those he deforms with dust, and these he tears;

at £15. 188. 114d.; patron, Winchester College.
On the hard soil bis groaning breast he threw,

Church dedicated to St. Peter. Population, in 1811,
And roll'd and grovel'd, as to earth he grew.
Pope's Iliad, book xviii.

553. Parish rates, in 1803, £579. 18s. at 12s. in the

pound. It is 5 miles, N. E. by E. from Farnham.
The clonds of sorrow fell on Peleus' son,

Asu-BOCKING, in the county of Suffolk; a dis-
And grasping with both hands the ashes, down
He pour'd them on his head, bis graceful brows

charged vicarage, valued in the King's books at
Dishonouring, and thick the sooty show'r

£9. 18s. 6d.; patron, the King. Church dedicated Descending settled on his fragrant vest.

to All Saints. Population, in 1811, 237. Parish Then stretched in ashes, at the vast extent

rates, in 1803, #114. 128. 31d. at 25. 9d. in the Of his whole length he lay, disord’ring wild

pound. It is 54 miles, east by south from Needham.
With his own hands, and rending off his hair.

Cowper's Iliad. Ash, North, in the county of Kent; a rectory,
ASH, 2
Of uncertain etymology.

valued in the King's books at £9. 188. 4d. Church

dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul. Population, in A'shen. S suggests the Greek Avw, to burn.

1811, 500. Parish rates, in 1803, £367. 16s. at Wachter, the Greek loxvw, to be strong.

48. old. in the pound. It is 31 miles, north by There sawe I eke the fresh hauthorne

west, from Wrotham.
In white motley, that so swote doth smell

Ash, Priors, in the county of Somerset. Popula.
Asshe, firre, and oke, with many a yong acorne

tion, in 1811, 155. Parish rates, in 1803, £57. 88. 2d.
And many a tree mo then I can tell.
Chaucer. The complaint of the Blacke Knight, fol, 271, c. I. at 2s. 5d. in the pound. It is 6 miles, north-west

by west, from Taunton. This small church is a
The hie eschis soundis thare and here,
For dyntys rude of the scharp stelit ax.

curacy in the deanery of Taunton, valued in 1292 at
Douglas. Eneados, book xi. p. 365. twenty shillings.
And here with stroke of mighty axe the brittle ash doth sound.

Asu WEDNESDAY, a solemn fast kept by the Chris-
Aeneidos, by Thomas Twyn.

tian church on the first day of Lent. It was anciently
Now the tough ash the sounding axes ply: Pitt,

called the head of Lent, and was a season of extraor

dinary humiliation. Penitents had ashes sprinkled -He fell,

upon their heads and stood clothed in sackcloth, acAs when an ash on some hill top (it selfe topt wond'rous well) The steele lewes downe, and he presents his young leaves to the cording to the rite mentioned, Isaiah, lviii. 5. In the spoyle :

Reformed Church the office of Commination, which So fell be, and his faire armes gron'd.

is always read in the course of the service of this Chapman's Homer's Iliad, book xiä.

day, has been substituted in the room of this open As from some far-seen mountain's airy crown,

Subdu'd by steel a tall ush tumbles down,

Asn-WEED, in Botany, an English name for the
And soils its verdant tresses on the ground;
So falls the youth; his arms the fall resound.

@gopodium Podagraria, or Gout-weed.
Pope's Iliad. ASHAME, dialects, and is interpreted by the

The word exists in all the northerr:
He fell, as falls the ash,

Which on some mountain visible afar,

various Lexicographers, Erubescere—and perhaps the
Hewn from its bottom by the woodman's axe,

meaning of the word may be to blush, to redden. It With all its tender foliage meets the ground.

is now applied to the feeling which occasions the So Imbrius fell; loud rang his armour bright

With ornamental brass.

Cowper's Niad,
In Luke xvi. 3. Επαιτειν αισχυνομαι.

Then exercise thy sturdy steers to plough

erubesco. Gothic, Bidyan Skama Mic. Saxon, Scea-
Betwixt thy vines, and teach thy feeble row
To mount on reeds, and wands, and upward led,

meth thæt ic wædlige. Wiclif, I schame to beg.
On ashen poles to raise their forky head.

Drayton's Virgil's Geor. Ü.

bis Lier was a schamed þo, and in wrappe at þe ende

To hys oper dogter, þe quene of Cornewail, he gan wende,

And playnede of þe vnkynde dede of hys dogter Gornorille,
Asy, in the county of Kent, a chapel of the certi-

And wende pere amendement to hal be aftur ys owne wille. fied value of £70.; patron, the archbishop of Can

R. Gloucester, p. 32. terbury; chapel dedicated to St. Nicholas. Popu- Now then when all false folke be ashamed, which wenen all lation, in 1811, 1685. Parish rates, in 1803, bestialtie and yearthly thing, he sweeter and better to the bodic £1585. 6s. 7d. at 3s. in the pound. It is 2 miles than beauenly is to the soule: this is the grace and the fruict that east by north from Wingham.On a sandy eminence I long have desired ; it doeth me good the savour to smell. in this parish, about 3 miles from Sandwich, on

Chaucer. Test, of Loue, book iii. fol. 318. c. 1. the north side of the high road to Canterbury, many

Eschame ze not, Phrigianis, that twyis tak is, antiquities have been dug up, from a spot supposed

To be inclusit amyd ane fald of stakis; to have been a Roman burial place. A particular

Schame ze not to prolong zour liuis, said he?

Douglas' Eneados, book ix. p. 298. account of them will be found in Boys's Sandwich,

And whanne he seide these thingis alle his aduersaries weren 268-9. Some are engraved in the Nænia Britannica;

ashamed: and al the puple joyede in alle thingis: that weren gloand Gough has given others in his Camden, i. 203.

riously don of him.

Wiclif. Luk, c. xiii.
Asy, in the county of Southampton, a rectory,

An when he thus sayde, all lys aduersaryes were ashamed, and alued in the King's books at £9. Ils. 5d. Church all the people reioysed on all the excellent 'dedes, that were done edicated to the Holy Trinity. Population, in 1801, by hym.

Bible, 1539.

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