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a pretty group was formed of Alison in the nothing to suspect or to disbelieve. I did not middle, Gilbert at her right, and Rachel at her know for six years and more of the death of my left.
wife-" Stephen's face darkened; but he forced him. He did not hear the door open behind him : self to be genial.
he hardly observed how Alison, with panting "Well,” he said, with a smile, "one can not breast and parted lips, sprang past him : he did expect daughters like mine to become obedient not hear the cry of astonishment from all, but in a moment. Marry whom you please, Alison. he felt his dead brother's hand upon his shoulYour husband, however, must look to please me der : he turned and met his dead brother before any settlements are arranged. Rachel face to face, and he heard him say: “SteNethersole, I am sorry to see that your usual phen, that is not true; you knew it a week after common sense has failed you on this occasion." her death."
Rachel shook her head. She mistrusted the All the pretense went out of him: all the man by instinct.
confidence : all the boastfulness; he shrunk to"If I could believe you,” she murmured—“if gether: his cheek became pallid : his shoulders only I could believe you—"
fell and were round : his features became mean : There happened, then, a strange sound in the he trembled. hall outside-shuffling steps-a woman's shriek “Go," said Anthony, pointing to the door-the voice of young Nick, shrill and strident, "go! I know all that you have done and saidordering unknown persons to be silent ; in fact, go ; let me never see you more, lest I forget the they were William the under-gardener, and promise which I made by the death-bed of our Phæbe the under-housemaid, and he was enter- mother." ing the house with his captive when they rushed S tephen passed through them all without a up the steps and Phæbe screamed, thinking in word. the twilight of the June night that she was look- In the general confusion, no one noticed Aling upon the face of a ghost.
derney. “Silence, all of you!” cried young Nick, ex- He waited a moment and then crept furtively citedly, trying not to speak too loud; "you chat- out, and caught Stephen at the door. tering, clattering, jabbering bundle of rags, hold “Courage," he said ; " Anthony will come your confounded tongue! Take her away, Wil- round. All is not yet lost.” liam, stop her mouth with the handle of the “You stand by a fallen friend, Alderney?" spade-choke her, if you can! Now, then.” said Stephen, bitterly. "Nay, man, go back and
They hardly noticed the noise in the study. get what you can. I am ruined.” It happened just when Miss Nethersole was ex- “ Dives eram dudum,” replied the Fellow of pressing her doubts as to Stephen's perfect ve- the College. “Once. I was rich. Fecerunt me racity. Everybody was discomfited. Mrs. Crid- tria nudum - three things made me naked : land was miserably wiping her eyes, thinking of Alea, vina, Venus. . You are no worse off, Stethe days of fatness, gone for ever: Miss Nether- phen, than you were." sole was uncomfortably suspicious that the man As Stephen walked rapidly away across the had not told her anything like the truth : the common, it was some consolation to think that two partners were silent and abashed—they felt at this, the darkest moment of his life, he could like conspirators who had been found out: Gil reckon on the friendship of one man in the bert was hot and angry, yet for Alison's sake he world—and on the promise made at a death-bed was keeping control of his temper. Stephen by another. As for the game-he had played himself was uncomfortable, trying to devise some for a high stake-he stood to win by long odds method of restoring confidence, cursing Alderney -and he lost. for forcing his hand. Alderney was ready to sit "Oh, my dear! my dear!” cried Alison, fordown and cry: Mr. Billiter was apparently say- getting her father altogether, as she clung to ing to himself for the third time :
Anthony, and kissed him a thousand times. “ This is truly wonderful!”
“Oh, my dear! I said you would come back to And then Alison broke from Gilbert and me some time — somehow. I said you would Rachel, and, standing like a startled deer, cried : come back."
“I hear a step-I hear a step!” And for a moment she stood with her hands outspread, listening
Ten minutes later, when the confusion was Stephen took no notice of his daughter's ex- over, young Nick touched his uncle on the arm, traordinary gesture. He addressed himself to and whispered : Rachel, having his back to the door.
" It's all right about that desk in the office, of “I repeat, Rachel,” he said " that you have course ? Very good. And now, if I was you, I would sneak up stairs and change my boots, and I give notice that I am about to change my name. put on another coat. I'll amuse Alison while Henceforth I mean to be known as Nicolas Cridyou are gone. ... Old lady," he stood in the land-Hamblin, Esquire, about to become, as soon full light of the gas, with his right hand modest- as I leave school, a clerk in the firm of Anthony ly thrust into his bosom, and his left hand on his Hamblin and Company, Indigo Merchants, Great thigh—“old lady, and everybody here present, St. Simon Apostle, City.”
HENRY THOMAS BUCKLE.*
M R. BUCKLE'S reputation is unique in more kitchen over, gave his nurse's daughter a pea
I ways than one; after a long preparation shooter, and had shooting-matches with her; he burst upon the world with a masterpiece, and and on another occasion, when he went to call this masterpiece was received with instant ac- on his old nurse, turned everything there topsyclamation by the public, and depreciated so far turvy, romped about, threw the daughter's cat as possible by most of those to whom the public out of the window, and, finally, walking with generally looks for guidance. The most singular them down the street, sang and was generally thing of all is that during the period of prepara- uproarious, seizing fruit from the open shops, and tion he deliberately abstained from any partial or behaving so as to make them quite afraid that he tentative work, and that he entered upon the would get into trouble.” He was sent again work of preparation with an utterly undisciplined, to a private tutor's, and there, though he never not to say unexercised intelligence. He was a seemed to learn his lessons, he was always forevery delicate child, and had hardly mastered his most. His health, however, failed, and again he letters at eight, and was quite indifferent to child- had to be taken home. In the latter part of this ish games. Dr. Birkbeck was of opinion that he time his father's conversation gave him an interought to be spared in every possible way, and est in politics and political economy, and by the never made to do anything but what he chose, time he was seventeen he had composed a letter His great delight was to sit for hours by the side to Sir Robert Peel on free trade. His father, a of his mother to hear the Scriptures read. Up cultivated man who had been at Cambridge, and to the age of eighteen he read hardly anything used to recite Shakespeare to his family, wished but the “ Arabian Nights," “ Don Quixote,” Bun- his son to be an East India merchant like himyan, and Shakespeare, whom he began at fifteen. self. Buckle entered the office much against his He was sent to school for a short time to give will, but when he was a little over eighteen he him a change from home, with strict directions was released by his father's death, which occurred that he was never to be punished or forced to on the 2nd of January, 1840. His last words leam; nevertheless, out of curiosity, he learned were to bid his son “be a good boy to his mothenough to bring home the first prize for mathe- er." Buckle was taken fainting from the room. matics before he was fourteen. Being asked He always repaid her self-sacrificing devotion what reward he would have for this feat, he chose with the tenderest attachment; he never really to be taken away from school. He knew hardly recovered from the shock of her death. She was anything, and was proud of showing off what he a very remarkable woman. Miss Shirreff said, knew. He would stand on the kitchen-table, and after meeting her in 1854: recite the Creed and the Lord's Prayer in Latin and French, translating sentence by sentence,
Apart from her being the mother of such a son,
she was a very interesting person to know. It is cuHe would play with his cousin at “ Parson and
urious how many people there are on whom their own Clerk." always preaching himself, according to lives seem to have produced no impression: they his mother, with extraordinary eloquence for a may have seen and felt much, but they have not rechild. This is more like a precocious child of flected upon their experience, and they remain apfour than a clever and backward child of four- parently unconscious of the influences that have been teen. The same may be said of his less intellec- at work around and upon them. With Mrs. Buckle tual amusements. “On one occasion, for in- it was exactly the reverse. The events, the persons, stance, he turned every chair and table in the the books that had affected her at particular times or
- in a particular manner, whatever influenced her ac* Life and Writings of Henry Thomas Buckle. By tions or opinions remained vividly impressed on her Alfred Henry Huth. New York : D. Appleton & Co. mind, and she spoke freely of her own experience, and eagerly of all that bore upon her son, He was now in better train for reading than I was at the joy, even more than the pride of her heart. Have first, so that I think, on an average, I may say ing saved him from the early peril that threatened eight days will suffice for each history." He was him, and saved him, as she fondly believed, in a aware that this proceeding was hasty and supergreat measure by her loving care, he seemed twice ficial, and he looked forward to completing his her own ; and that he was saved for great things, to knowledge by further study of larger and more do true and permanent service to mankind, was also
elaborate works, such books as Sismondi's “Hisan article of that proud mother's creed, little dream. ing how short a time was to be allowed even for
toire des Français," and by reading in biographisowing the seeds of usefulness. . . . When I said
cal dictionaries the lives of all the notabilities of
C above that Mrs. Buckle spoke freely of her own ex. the period he was studying, for he made it a rule perience, I should add that her conversation was the to go through a period in many books, instead of very reverse of gossip. It was a psychological rather going through many periods in one book. One than a biographical experience that she detailed. I can not say that his method of study was exactly rarely remember any names being introduced, and uncritical ; he found out the first day that Dr. never unless associated with good.
Lardner quite deserved his reputation for inac
curacy, but he took no precaution against having It is natural to compare Buckle's training, or to unlearn more important errors than a wrong want of training, with Rousseau's, and perhaps name or date. A professional scholar does not the reason it turned out so differently was, that it feel that a fact is the foundation of an opinion till was conducted by a Calvinist mother instead of he is sure that he has reached the right point of by a libertine father, and that the physical condi- view. In all but very exceptional cases this tions were healthier. Rousseau when a child method leads to more questions than answers, habitually turned night into day; it was an event and constructive effort has to restrict itself inwhen Buckle sat up to write to Sir Robert Peel. creasingly to monographs, and the largest specuEntering life at eighteen his own master, with lation generally turns upon the application and powers that had never been taxed, with an im- extension of one or two conceptions, such as the agination ceaselessly stimulated, it is no wonder primitive family or the survival of the fittest. that he was enormously ambitious. He set to · Now Buckle, like Bacon, thought that it was work at once to gratify his ambition. He trav- possible to pick out facts from the best seceled for more than a year on the Continent with ond-hand authorities, like Hallam, or even from his mother and an unmarried sister, studying the authorities which were not the best, like the manners of different countries, and taking les- “History of Helvetia," in two volumes, which he sons in the languages from masters, who taught picked up for eighteenpence in a book-stall, and him to talk them fluently, but could never break then to tabulate the facts picked out, and graduhim of his British accent; the grammar he found ally sift them into a system. he could master more quickly and thoroughly W herever he could he used translations, beby himself. At the same time he began a cause he could go through them faster, but, as course of omnivorous reading, and his wonder- many works were not translated, he learned nineful memory very soon made him seem a prodigy teen languages, seven of which he could write of information, especially as, like Dr. Johnson, and speak serviceably (he introduced himself to he had the talent of tearing the heart out of a Hallam by interpreting for him in Germany). At book.
first he still found time for travel, and formed The way he began his studies with a plan of æsthetic preferences; he thought, till he saw the “ History of Civilization" in his mind is ex- Egypt and Petra, that he preferred beauty of ceedingly characteristic. He began the “ Histo- form to beauty of color. He had a marked disry of the Middle Ages ” in Lardner's “ Cabinet like to being bullied or cheated, which reminds Cyclopædia," finishing thirteen pages in two us of Schopenhauer. At Naples, for instance, hours, during which he referred to Hallam and the boatmen threatened to leave him in a cave at Hawkins's little work on Germany for verification Capri unless he would pay more than he had barof dates. “This brings me from the invasion of gained for. He gave them his purse, but took Clovis in 496 to the murder of Sigebert by Frede- care to stay and have them punished. At Dresgonde in 575. I have at the same time made den a chess-player gave out that Buckle was not copious abstracts of the times referred to.” This good enough for him to play with; he placarded is from the first entry in his diary, October 15, a challenge to play the braggart for five hundred 1843. Ten days later we read: “The sketch, thalers, with the result that he did not venture to then, of the history of France during the middle show his face till Buckle left. Again, when he ages has occupied me just ten days, but then on had bought a new carpet from a man who had one of those days I did not read at all (on ac- promised him discount for cash, and then asked count of a thick fog). And, besides that, I am for the whole sum, Buckle quietly returned the
unpaid bill to his pocket, and told him to call for powers of explanation. “Pages of our great prose payment that day two years.
writers," says Miss Shirreff, “ were impressed on his At first chess was his favorite recreation, and memory. He could quote passage after passage with by the time he was thirty he had some right to the same ease as others quote poetry; while of poeconsider himself the champion player of the day, try itself he was wont to say, 'It stamps itself on the though with his customary independence he never
brain.' Truly did it seem that, without effort on his studied printed games or openings, and had no pa
part, all that was grandest in English poetry had chessboard at home which was not too small for
become, so to speak, a part of his mind. Shake
speare ever first, then Massinger, and Beaumont and his men. He had a special talent for giving odds,
Fletcher, were so familiar to him that he seemed and knew by intuition what risks it was safe to
ever ready to recall a passage, and often to recite it run with a strange player, since the play of a with an intense delight in its beauty which would giver of odds can never be perfectly sound. He have made it felt by others naturally indifferent." was a pleasant antagonist, whether he won or It was the same in all that was best in French literalost, but he avoided exposing his temper to too ture, in Voltaire, Corneille, Racine, Boileau, and, great trials. One player, known as “the tele- above all, Molière. Captain Kennedy recalls an ingraph," he would never engage, and at last gave stance of this ready memory on an occasion when the following explanation : “Well, sir, the slow- they were in company together. The conversation ness of genius is difficult to bear, but the slow- turned on telling points in the drama, and one of ness of mediocrity is intolerable." Even with the party cited that scene in “Horace" which so this precaution chess was too exacting a game struck Boileau, where Horace is lamenting the disto be the sole relaxation of a student, and from grace which he supposes has been brought upon him 1850 onward he showed an increasing preference by
by the Aight of his son in the combat with the
Curiaces. “Que vouliez-vous qu'il fît contre trois ?" for the stimulus of society; he was beginning to be known, and, as he refused to write except for "Qu'il mourût."
asks Julie ; and the old man passionately exclaims,
Buckle agreed that it was very immortality, it was natural he should talk.
fine, and immediately recited the whole scene from
its commencement, giving the dialogue with much While his mother was well enough, he gave din spirit and effect. ners during the season of from eight to eighteen persons two or three times a week, and dined out him. A more formidable feat was reciting Burke's self frequently; indeed, he could not bear dining peroration on the loss of the American colonies, alone, and, if without any special invitation, he would to prove to Burke's biographer that it was Burke, drop in upon some of his relations or more intimate not Sheridan, who applied the metaphor of shearfriends to spend the evening. Of his talk, Miss Shir. ing a wolf to the obstinacy of George III. reff truly observes: “The brilliancy of Mr. Buckle's
In other ways his life was the reverse of as
In other ways his life was the reverse o conversation was too well known to need mention; cetic: he “cultivated ” his sense of taste, at one but what the world did not know was how entirely
time actually seeing his steaks cut at the butchit was the same among a few intimates with whom he felt at home as it was at a large party where suc
er's; insisting on having toast made before his cess meant celebrity. This talk was the outpouring
no eyes every Monday, when the bread was more
yo of a full and earnest mind, it had more matter than
than one day old; and teaching his womankind wit, more of book knowledge than of personal ob- how to make tea, which ought, it seems, to stand servation. The favorite maxim of many dinner. rather longer when the caddy is full than when table talkers, 'Glissez, mais n'appuyez pas,' was cer- it is nearly empty, and the proportion of tea-dust tainly not his. He loved to go to the bottom of a which does not need to be uncurled by the steam subject, unless he found that his opponent and him. is larger. The same spirit of minute forethought self stood on ground so different, or started from ran through his management of money matters. such opposite principles, as to make ultimate agree. He had never more than fifteen hundred pounds ment hopeless, and then he dropped or turned the a year to spend, and had made up his mind that subject. His manner of doing this, unfortunately, three thousand pounds was the least he could gave offense at times, while he not seldom wearied marry on. (He never did marry: for one cousin others by keeping up the ball, and letting conversa- whom he fell in love with at seventeen married tion merge into discussion. He was simply bent on
some one else, and he was parted from another getting at the truth, and, if he believed himself to hold it, he could with difficulty be made to under
every way suitable because his family thought it stand that others might be impatient while he set it
wrong for cousins to marry.) He spent three forth. On the other hand, it is fair to mention that. hundred pounds a year on books, and it is not if too fond of argument, and sometimes too prone to surprising that he taught his servant to bind the self-assertion, his temper in discussion was perfect; ragged ones in brown paper, and that he cherhe was a most candid opponent and a most admira- ished comfortable old clothes. He could spend ble listener." His memory was almost faultless, and as well as spare; his books were luxuriously always ready to assist and illustrate his wonderful lodged in glass cases, and if a friend's family
needed rest or change, he was anxious to press contingent on the result of the sales. He actua hundred pounds on them as a loan. He was ally received six hundred and sixty-five pounds kind, too, in immaterial ways, exercising the same for the first edition of fifteen hundred copies, and minute forethought for others as for himself. five hundred pounds for the copyright of the secFrom his first acquaintance with Miss Shirreffond edition of two thousand. and her sister he was unwearied in his endeavors His immediate success was deserved by the to assist them. Here are one or two fragments industry with which he had studied a clear and of his letters in 1854: “I feel it was very ill- popular style, reading and rereading the great natured on my part not to press Comte upon you masters, French and English, going through last night when you so considerately hesitated as Johnson's dictionary and Milton's prose works to to borrowing it. To make the only amends in enlarge his vocabulary, writing out in his own my power I now send it you, and beg that you words the substance of a passage of Hallam and will keep it as long as you like, for I promise that Macaulay, to see where his own inferiority lay. if I have at any time occasion to refer to it I will Besides, his habit of never leaving a subject in ask to have it back, so that you need have no conversation till he had made his meaning perscruple on that head. The only thing I will beg fectly clear must have served him as valuable of you is that when not reading it you would practice in exposition, even if part of the audihave it put into some cupboard, as on several ence were wearied at the time. grounds I value it very much, and I never leave The author's want of systematic training was it out at home. ... You sent me the first three itself an advantage for the immediate effect of volumes of Comte as I happen to remember, for his work; he knew nothing but the prejudices he I put them away directly they came. I am sorry had escaped, the facts he had accumulated, and you should have missed taking them with you, the doctrines he had marshaled them to support; as in the country one particularly needs some in- he addressed a public as ignorant as he had been, tellectual employment to prevent the mind from and as acute as his father had been. He had falling into those vacant raptures which the beau- followed the scientific movement of his day, and ties of nature are apt to suggest." This is ten observed with prophetic insight that the discusmonths later: “I am truly sorry to receive so in- sion of the transmutation of species was the different an account of your health. To hear weak point in Lyell's great work on geology, but such things is enough to prevent one from being he had not busied himself with the speculative an optimist-how much more to you who feel movement then mainly political or theological. them. I have often speculated on what you and If he had done so he would have been in danger Miss Shirreff could accomplish if you were made of losing himself in side issues. As it was he capable of real wear and tear; but this is a specu- stated and illustrated clearly and weightily, so lation I could never bring to maturity, because that the work will not have to be done again for of the strong suspicion I have that with a certain any section of the Western world, the concepmind there must and will be a certain physical tion of an orderly movement of human affairs structure of which we may modify the effects but depending upon ascertained facts of all degrees never change the nature. Look at Miss Marti- of generality. This is his great service: his speneau! Give her delicacy as well as power, and I cial theories were of value chiefly as they furbelieve that she could never have gone through nished headings under which facts could be clasthe work she has." He was ready to criticise sified. Such conceptions as the “principle of the second work of the sisters in manuscript, protection" and the “principle of skepticism" while his own work was passing through the are not made for immortality; it is not a key to press.
the history of France to be told that there the The first volume was printed at his own ex- spirit of protection manifested itself in secular pense, after negotiations with Mr. Parker, which affairs, while in Spain it manifested itself in spirshowed a curious mixture of suspicion and gen- itual. Nor can we explain the difference between erosity. Buckle would not consent to his MS. the history of Spain and Scotland by observing being submitted to any person whom he did not that a bigoted clergy opposed the crown in Scotknow; but he was sincerely anxious that Mr. land and supported the crown in Spain; or the Parker should have some independent opinion, difference between America and Germany by obwhen he was ready to dispense with it. He was serving that the ablest minds of Germany dewilling that Mr. Parker should assess the esti- voted themselves to the deductive method and mated profits of the first edition, and to accept the accumulation of knowledge, and the ablest half for his share, but if he disposed of the copy- minds of America to the inductive method and right of the first edition he was determined to the diffusion of knowledge. secure a sum down, and drew back when he He was never too far in advance of his day: found that the half profits, if any, were to be he thought women ought to be educated, but not