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populous towns. We ought every one to step out of the routine of our accustomed methods of doing good, and ftrive with peculiar energy to save our peoples fouls from death, and our beloved country from ruin. An affociation of Protestant Dissenters, of different denominations, has allo been formed at Bedford*. About thirty ministers in that neighbourhood are already engaged to co-operate in {preading the knowledge of the Gospel through all the towns and villages, in that vicinity, upon the most liberal plan. The same kind of associations are formed also in London, Kent, Dorsetshire, Surry, Suffolk, Lancashire, Cheshire, Derbyshire, Northumberland, and will probably in a little time pervade the whole of the three kingdoms.' This is good news to all that wish well to the cause of religion, without regard to fects, parties, and opinions; and may convince us, that the Gospel of Jesus wants nothing but fair play, and that human establishments, and great worldly emolu. ments,, are not effentially necessary for its support and propagation. The Puritans were frowned on by the govern. ment from the time of the Reformation to the days of CHARLES I. and yet they encreased to such a height as to overturn both Church and Staie. The Diljenters have been; in some respects, frowned on again from the Restoration to the present time, and yet they, and the Methodifs, who are in the same predicament, are much more upon the increaset, thán we of the Establishment, who are foftered by

* Consult Mr. GreaTHEED's Sermon at Bedførd on General Union : a valuable discourse.

+ It is said the Methodists have encreased some thousands last year. This brings to my mind an'anecdote that is related of the late Rev. George WHITEFIELD, in the reign of King George II. which is, that when a certain Bishop was complaining to the King of Mr. WHITEFIELD's great and eccentric labours, and advising with him what iteps were best to be taken to put a stop to his preaching, his Majesty very shrewdly replied, “My Lord, I can see no other way but for us to make a Bishop of him. This will stand a good chance of stopping his wild career,"

If this is the recipe for curing a Clergyman of an excess of public preaching, the following prescription, given by a valuable author about thirty years ago, would have no little effect' in preventing the growth and increase of Methodism,---" Let the Clergy live more holily,

pray more fervently, preach more heavenly, and" labour more dili“ gently, than the Methodist ministers appear to do: then will Christians « Hock to the churches to hear us, as they now flock to the meetings to hear them.”


the government, attended by the nobles and gentry of the land, and supported by the State, at the expence of near two millions a year. When shall it once be, that the Greaf Ones of the world will be capable of seeing, that oppreffion, of every kind and Jegree, for conscience' fake, always produces an effect dïreatly contrary to the wishes and intentions of the oppreffor?

The villages in England alone, besides cities and market towns, are about 30,000. All these call upon us for every exertion to evangelize them, and to save the peoples fouls alive.- A branch off from the Methodists is likewise spreading itself far and wide, under the direction of Mr. ALEXANDER KILHAM. At present they have about seventeen circuits, twenty preachers, and upwards of

5000 persons in society, and are encreasing considerably each year. Shall we then, we, the eighteen thousand Clergymen of the Establishment, who are under such superior obligations, many of whom are paid by the State,, at the rate of some hundreds, and others at the rate of some thousands a year; shall we be all asleep, sit still, and purfue no peculiarly vigorous measures, each one in our own sphere, or various of us in concert, till destruction come upon us to the uttermoft* ? Is not the time nearly arrived for the subversion of the nations ? And can any thing under heaven prevent our sharing in the common fate of Cbristendom, but a speedy and effectual return to evangelical principles and practices ? Is not our sister kingdom already deluged with blood? And is not the alarṁ of war in our own borders! Does not the murderous sword draw nearer and nearer every year ? And shall we Clergymen, who above all men in the kingdom are devoted to the most assured destruction, be indifferent to circumstances ? Let the very laudable conduct of the several zealous bodies of Christians in this nation, before mentioned,

• It is related of the Rev. JOHN CARLYON, L. L. B. in the Gentle. man's Mag. for O&t. 1798, that when his health would not permit him to refide upon the valuable Living of Bradwell, in Efex, he resolutely gave it up, and would not serve it by a Curate, though entreated by the BiJhop fo to do. There was not, however, in this case that close trial of confcientious integrity, that we have known in fome others; because Mr. CARLYON was a person of confiderable private fortune.


ngt excite our rage and envy, but rather let it provoke the great body of us, the established Clergy, to jealousy and emulation. If ever there was a time when it was necessary to awake out of neep, and be alive to the interests of the Gospel, surely it is now. If our most reverend and righe reverend the Archbishops and Bishops are indisposed towards a meliorated state of the ecclesiastical part of the conftitution, let them at least lay aside their affectation of pomp and shew, come among their clergy and people, and let us an example of a warm and judicious zeal* in preaching-not merely a refined morality—but the great and glorious truths of the everlasting Gospelt, in such a way as we can all understand and feel. This would have a strong tendency to animate and encourage the pious pare of the Clergy in their ministerial labours for the good of mankind, and to discountenance and overawe the licenti. ous and profane, those dreadful pests of every neighbourhood, which has the misfortune to be cursed with their example t. Such a reformation as this, is within the power of every Bishop upon the bench, whose age and

See Bishop GIBSON on the Evil and Danger of Lukewarmness in Religion.

# Consult the Charge of Bishop Horsley in 1790, on the Truths of the Gospel

For the various efforts that have long been making, and are at this moment still making, for the destruction of all the churches and governments in Christendom, see those two very curious and interesting works, ROBison's Proofs of a Conspiracy against all the Religions and Governments of Europe, and BARRUEL's Memoirs of Jacobinijm.

Bishop Newton, in his three admirable volumes on the Prophecies, which were first published forty or fifty years ago, hath spoken in terms nearly as strong as any of the foregoing concerning the danger the country is in because of our national iniquities. See vol. 2. p. 239.

Bishop Horne also hath expressed his fears to the same purpose, at the. 162 page of his Sixteen Sermons; to which two able writers, I beg leave to recommend the reader.

I Bishop BURnet speaks on this subject with great concern. it with great regret,” says he, “ I have observed the Clergy in all places through which I have travelled, Papifts, Lutherans, Calvinists, and Dilsenters; but of them all, our Clergy are the most remiss in their labours in private, and the least severe in their lives.-Unless a better fpirit pofselles the Clergy, arguments, and what is more, laws and authority, will not prove strong enough to preferve the church."

Own Times, vol. 4. p.p.411, 430.


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bealth will admit of exertion; and no one need wait for the concurrence of his brethren. As matters, however, are now managed, a large proportion both of our Bishops and Clergy are, in a very considerable degree, a useless burden upon the public.

the public. We not only do little or no good, but we do a great deal of harm. While we continue dead to the interests of religion; subscribe what we do not believe; read what we do not approve; a.id set the pulpit and reading deik at loggerheads one with the other : while our doctrines are unevangelical; our spirit lukewarm; cur minds secular, worldly ; our studies merely literary, or philosophical; and our conduct immoral; far better would it be the nation were without us, and all our preferments fequestered to the purposes of the State, as they respectively become vacant, and the people left to provide at their own expence for minifters, as is at present among all denominations of Disenters. In this case, ministers in general would both be better provided for, the people would be better served, the Government wculd gradually obtain considerable sums of money to aid them in their efforts to save the country, and all the dumb dogs, the useless and immoral part of the Clergy, would be sent a packing, one to his farm, and another to nis merchandise*. Can any rational man fay, that this would be a misfortune to the nation? Ac least, were I in the Prime Minister's place, and wanted to raise money for the salvation of the kingdom, as it is well known he must do, I should certainly turn my attention to the property of the Church. What need is there that a Bishop should enjoy public money to the amount of—from two to twenty thousand pounds a year ? and for what? Where is the necessity too that a private Clergyman should hold a living or livings to the amount of one, two, or three thousand pounds a year? I protalt my fagacity cannot difcern either the necessity or propriety of these thingst. If I

might • Dr. South very juftly somewhere says, if my memory fail me not, that "

many a man has run his head against a pulpit, who would have cut an excellent figure at a plough tail."

+ The ingenious MonTESQUIEU tells us, that the prosperity of religion is different from that of civil government. A celebrated author

might be permitted to speak from my own feelings, I can truly say I never took more pains in the ministry, than when I had only sixty pounds a year. Since I have been married and had a family, my income from the church has never amounted to an hundred and twenty pounds a year. Notwithstanding this, I have been, thank God, not only content, but happy. I have laboured hard, studied hard, and, probably, have been as useful, and well satisfied with my condition as the fattest rector in all the diocese of Chester. If any person, in the mean time, had bestowed upon me a living of five hundred or a thousand pounds a year; to be sure I should have been under great obligation to such a person, but I very much question whether I should have been made either a more happy man, or a more useful minister of the Gospel*. It is much more likely, I should have been very seriously injured, should have composed myself to rest, and cried with the rich fool; Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine case, cat, drink, and be merry. The Clergy with large preferments are, generally speaking, the drones of society. They neither write any thing to good purpose, nor do they take any serious pains in their vocation of preaching the Gospel. If they do write,

says, that religion may be well in an afflicted state, because affliction is the true state of a Chriftian. To which we may add, that the humiliations and dispersion of the Church, the destruction of her temples, and the persecutions of her martyrs, are the distinguished times of her glory. On the contrary, when she appears triumphant in the eye of the world, Ne is generally finking in adversity."

De la Grand et la Decad des Romains. Agreeably to this, Bishop Newton, in his learned Differtations on the Prophecies, speaking of Constantine's open profession of Christia. nity, says, “ Though it added much to the temporal prosperity, yet it contributed little to the spiritual graces and virtues of Christians. It enlarged their revenues, and encreased their endowments; but proved the fatal means of corrupting the doctrine, and relaxing the discipline of the Church.

Vol. 2. p. 164. * This brings to my recollection a story of one of the Popes of Rome, who, seeing a large sum of money laying upon his table, said to one of the Cardinals, The Church can no longer say, Silver and gold bave I none."-"No," answered the other, “nor can the Church any longer " say, Take up thy bed and walk,

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