« הקודםהמשך »
Bene till our ? eris cause of gret delyte;
This panegyric, and the poem, is closed with an apology, couched in elegant metaphors, for his own comparative humility of style. He addresses the poem, which he calls a
O know quhat thou of rhetoric has spent;
Dunbar's Daunce has very great merit in the comic style of painting. It exhibits a groupe of figures touched with the capricious but fpirited pencil of Callot. On the eve of Lent, a general day of confession, the poet in a dream sees a display of heaven and hell. Mahomet', or the devil, commands a dance to be performed by a select party of fiends; particularly by those, who in the other world had never
2 To our ears.
· Ere your golden pens were shaped to write.
• Bare and desolate:
+ Be ashamed.
h St. xxxi.
i Mahon. Sometimes written Mahoun, or Mahound. See Mat. Parif. p. 289. ad ann. 1236. And Du Fresne, Lat. Gloff. V. MAHUM. The christians, in the crusades were accustomed to hear the Saracens swear by their prophet Mahomet: which thence became in Europe another name for the devil.
made confession to the priest, and had consequently never
Let se, quoth he', now quha beginis ?
Begouth to leip attanis ".
Lyk to make vaistie wanis;
His kethat for the nanis 9.
They girnd with hyddous 'granis '.
Several holy barlots follow, attended by monks, who make great sport for the devils ".
k The original is garmountis. In the P Casaque, Callock. Memoir, cited above, concerning the pro
9 Nonce. Designedly, gress of the princess Margaret into Scot Deceiver. See Spenfer's Sir Trom. land, we have the following passage. “ The .PART. Or perhaps an empty fellow, a “ lord of Northumberland made his devoir, rattle. Or Trompour may be trumpeter, “at the departynge, of gambades and lepps, as in Chaucer's Knight's Tale, v. 2673“[leaps,] as did likewise the lord Scrop See Chaucer's CANTERBURY Tales, “ the father, and many others that retorned with the Notes of the very judicious and “ agayne, in takyng 'ther congie,” p. 281. ingenious editor. Lond. 1775. vol. iv. [See Notes, supr. p. 253.]
p. 231. Mahomet.
Scalding, Began to dance at once.
They grinned hideously. · Wheel.
v St. ii. • Rumples.
w St. jäi. Vol. II,
Heilie Harlottis in hawtain wyis *,
But yet luche nevir - Mahoun:
Black-belly, and Bawly-brown.
Black-belly and Bawfy-brown are the names of popular spirits in Scotland. The latter is perhaps our Robin GoodFELLOW, known in Scotland by the name of Brownie.
Anger is drawn with great force, and his accompaniments are boldly feigned. His hand is always upon his knife, and he is followed, in pairs, by boasters, threateners, and quarrelsome persons, all armed for battle, and perpetually wounda ing one another
Than Yre come in with sturte and stryfe;
He brandeist lyk a beir:
All bodin in feir of weir:
Frawart was thair affeir.;
B. iii. edit. ut infr.
& In short jackets, plates, or slips, and bonnets of steel. Short coats of mail and helmets.
h Either, chained together. Or, their legs armed with iron, perhaps iron net-work, down to the heel.
i Their business untoward. Or else, their look froward, fierce. Fair is feature..
Sum upon uder with brands beft",
With knyvis that scheirp coud scheir “.
Envy is equal to the rest. Under this Sin our author takes occasion to lament, with an honest indignation, that the courts of princes should still give admittance and encouragement to the whisperers of idle and injurious reports ".
Next in the dance followit Invy,
Hid malyce and difpyte;
With feynit wordis quhyte.
To ley' that had delyte.
Of tham can nevir be quyte * !
AVARICE is ufhered in by a troop of extortioners, and other miscreants, patronised by the magician Warloch, or the demon of the covetous; who vomit on each other torrents of melted gold, blazing like wild-fire: and as they are emptied at every discharge, the devils replenish their throats with fresh supplies of the same liquefied metal'.
k Some struck others, their companions, Diffembling gallant. with swords.
• Backbiters. I Wounded others to the quick. To the haft.
• Rounders, whisperers. To round, in m Cut sharp
the ear, or simply to round, was to whisper n Sr. v.
in the ear. • Enmity.
x Free. p Hatred.
y St, vi. . Trembled. Nn 2
Sloth does not join the dance till he is called twice: and his companions are so flow of motion, that they cannot keep up with the rest, unless they are roused from their lethargy by being sometimes warmed with a glimpse of hell-fire”.
Syne Swirnes, at the seccound bidding,
Full flepy was his grunyie .
Him servit ay with sounyie.
Evir lascht on the lungie ".
And maid tham quicker of conyie'.
When his associates, mingle in the dance, their visages burn red like the turkis-stone'. The remainder of the stanza, although highly characteristical, is too obscene to be transcribed. But this gave no offence. Their manners were too indelicate to be shocked at any indecency. I do not mean that these manners had lost their delicacy, but that they had not yet acquired the sensibility arising from civilisation. In one of the Scotch interludes of this age, written by a fashionable court-poet, among other ridiculous obscenities, the trying on of a Spanish padlock in public makes a part of theatrical representation.