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is common in prophetic writings; and he immediately describes the thing which was to be revealed.
the passage under consideration, forbids that it should be applied the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans.
For polluting the sanctuary of strength, and burning it, are two very different things. The latter was performed by the Romans. But the for. mer by Antiochus; and the whole verse was fulfilled by him, when he with armed forces plandered, and defiled the temple; called it the temple of Jupiter Olympius; placed in it the image of this heathen god; forbade the Jewish sacrifices; aud compelled the Jews to eat swine's flesh, and to conform to the idolatrous rites and manners of the heathen.
Verses 32, 33. And such as do wickedly against the covenant, shall he corrupt by flatteries; but the people, that do know their God, shall be strong, and do exploits. And they, that under. stand among the people, shall instruct many, yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, and by captivity, many days. Who shall corrupt by Hatteries these apostates from ihe cove. pant? It is said he shall do it. Antiochus has been the subject of the whole paragraph, without the least interruption, or no. tice of the introduction of a new subject. The unity of the whole passage seems to decide, that the people spoken of were the Jews under the persecution of Antiochus, and not the pro. miscuous Christians of other nations many centuries afterwards. Verse 34: Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help; but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. To apply this to the revolution in Rome, and those lucrative estab. lishments in the Church, by which Constantine designed to set 'the Church superior to the violence of herenemies, but which in fact proved the occasion of the rise of the Papal hierarchy, appears to violate the unity of the whole prophecy. Verse 35; And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end, because it is yet for a time appointed. And does this relate to a new subject still? To the persecuted witnesses under the Papal hierarchy, down to the sixteenth century? Will not such a mode of ex position open the door to the wildest conjectures of men, in the interpretation of prophecy? There appears to be a perfect unity in the whole fifteen verses, (from the 21st to the 35th inclusive,) which is incapable of being broken, or of permitting the different parts to be applied to a variety of different powers, and in far distant ages. And it is a fact, that events took place under Antiochus Epiphanes, which appear to answer to every part of the predictions. (See 1 Macc. i, 21-23, and from the 41st to the end; and chap. ii. 2 Macc. the 2d, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th chapters; and Heb. xi, 35-38.) It being said, 'that some of them of understanding should fall to try them-to the time of the end, because it is yet for an appointed time, does not neces
: This Infidel Power predicted in Dan. xi, from the 36th
verse to the end.
The way being thus prepared, the Angel comes to the Power, who was to be revealed, whose time was long; or who was to exist just at the close of the wicked ages of the world. And the king shall do according to his will
, and he shall exalt himself and magnify himself above every god; and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods; and shall prosper, till the indignation shall be accomplished; for that, which is determined, shall be done.
Upon this verse, let the following things be noted:
1. That here is a change of characters, or a new subject introduced, is acknowledged by expositors; and is evident from all that follows. What precedes was but a few centuries after Daniel's time. But what follows, or what the Angel had in view to reveal, was to take place at a time then far distant, just at the time of the end. This we learn from verse 40th; And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him; and the king of the north shall come against him. What precedes the 36th verse, is spoken of the king of the south, and king of the north; in order to exhibit Antiochus, as has been shown. But now, at the time of the end, many centuries after the time of Antiochus, we find those two powers uniting against a third Power; who is the new Power introduced verse 36th. And the king, says the Angel; q. d. The king, that I have in view; who has been described in his type; and is now to be described in his own character.
sarily carry our thoughts to the battle of the great day, nor to the end of the world, nor to the sixteenth century; but to the end of the tyranny and persecutions of Antiochus, the subject then under consideration. As Antiochus was presented here as the type of Antichrist, so the end of his persecution was typical of the time of the end of the antity pical Antichrist.
2. By a king, in the language of prophecy, is gene- . rally to be understood a kingdom, or civil power, whether monarchical, or republican; and not an individual person. In this sense we are to understand the king in this text. Instances of this kind in prophecy
3. In this passage we are presented with a great atheistical Power, who in his commencement is to be anarchical; raised up to be an instrument of the Divine indignation; and who is to prosper, till that work of judgment shall be accomplished. His licentiousness is first noted; he shall do according to his will; breaking every restraint. His anarchy follows; and he shall exalt himself and magnify himse above every god; i. e. above every king or legitimate ruler. That this is the sense of the passage, is evident. The following clause decides it, where the Most High is called, the God of gods; i. e. the King of kings, and Lord of lords. Kings and earthly rulers are, in Sacred Writ, called gods: I said, Ye are gods. Thou shalt not revile the gods; i. e. thou shalt not speak evil of the rulers of thy people. God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. In such passages, kings, and other lawful rulers are called gods; which passages may suggest the true sense of this Power's exalting himself above every god. War with king's was to be among his first characteristics. His Atheism follows; and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods. He shall blaspheme and deny the God of heaven, the King of kings. And a train of astonishing successes shall follow, or attend his arms, till the work of judgment, for which he is raised up, shall be accomplished. For the Divine counsel has originated the event for judgment; and nothing can frustrate its accomplishment.
Verse 37; Neither shall he regard the god of his fathers, nor the desire of women; for he shall magnify himself above all. Kings, and the God of heaven, were
. before denounced. Now his fathers' god, their pretended head of the church, so long venerated, even as a god, in all Popish countries, is by this Power rejected. And the Seed of the woman, to be the mother of whom was the fervent desire of the Jewish women, betore his incarnation, and whose vicar the god of the fathers of this infidel Power pretended to be, is impiously disregarded, and his religion abjured. Eve upon bearing her first son, exclaimed, I have gotten the man, the Lord, as in the original. Her desire to be the mother of the promised Seed, suggested to her fond imagination, that this babe was the person. This same general desire continued in after ages. And
And it was perhaps chiefly on this account, that barrenness in Israel, where the Seed of the woman was to be born, was deemed so great a reproach. The desire of women, therefore, seems a suitable enigmatical appellation of the Messiah then to come, and then thus desired by women.
How exactly does the character, here given to the infidel Power, accord with the New Testament charac. teristics of Antichrist! He is Antichrist, who denieth the Father and the Son. Denying the Lord, who bought them. Denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. Despising dominion; speaking evil of dignities. Such predictions in the New Testament probably allude to this very passage in Dan. xi, 37. They identify the subject of their description, with that of the prophet; or show that the Power predicted in both, is the same. For the first thought of the application of the desire of women, to Christ, I am indebted to Mr. Faber. At tirst, the application appeared to me doubtful. But on deliberation, I apprehend it to be correct; so perfectly does it agree with the characteristics of Antichrist in the New Testament, as is noted above; and as may further appear. .
The supposition that the clause, Neither shall he regard—the desire of women, is the same with the characteristic of the Papal hierarchy, Forbidding to marry, cannot be admitted. For the Power under description is a power different from Popery, as has been hinted at, and as will more fully appear in the course of this Dissertation. And the two passages literally express different things. The desire of women must mean what women desire. It must mean the object of the desire,
which women did then entertain, when the passage was written. But forbidding to marry, is quite another thing. *
Verse 38; But in his estate shall he honor the god of forces. When this Power shall view himself established, although he deny God, and Christ, and all legitimate authorities, yet shall he acknowledge Mozim, (in the Heb.) translated by Mede and others, gods-protectors; i. e. tutelar gods. He shall adopt his fancied de. ities, like the country-gods of the ancient heathen. Some things highest in popular estimation, shall be reputed as gods. Or some deceased champions of their Infidel order shall, in the impious fancy of their followers, be deified; and perhaps their bones deposited in some temple.
Or after this Power shall gain national importance, he shall honor military munitions, or pay his first attention to the arts of war; a sense which the term Mozim may bear.
The last part of verse 38th; And a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honor with gold and silver and precious stones and pleasant things. Although his fathers' god, and all gods, have been rejected, yet a god, or ruler, of foreign descent, shall by and by come to be acknowledged by this Power, and honored with the greatest magnificence.
Verse 39th; Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory; and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain. This infidel Power shall overrun strong holds, and powerful nations, with this foreigner at their head, who shall be
* Should any doubt relative to this exposition of the passage, let them examine the following; Neither shall he regard, but shall destroy the monarch of his own nation: And his queen, and hundreds of thousands of innocent females, shall he destroy, as though the desire of women for their lives, for the lives of their children, and for that protection, which is their due from man, were wholly disregarded. The queen, and 250,000 females were murdered in France, during the reign of terror there.