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this pillar, which I have cast betwixt me and thee; This heap be 52 witness, and this pillar be witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me, for harm. The God of Abraham, and the God of 53 Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac. Then Jacob offered sacrifice 54 upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread : and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount. And early in 55 the morning Laban rose up, and kissed his sons and his daughters,


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committed villany in Israel, and have com- ham) here by God that thou wilt not deal
mitted adultery with their neighbours' wives, falsely with me: but according to the kindness
and have spoken lying words in my name, that I have done to thee, thou shalt do unto
which I have not commanded them ; even I And Abraham said, I will swear. Ge.
know, and am a witness, saith the Lord. Je. xxi. 23, 24. See chap. xxiv. 3. and com. ;
xxix. 23. Then they said to Jeremiah, The xxvi. 28. 31.
Lord be a true and faithful witness between Fear of his father, &c.] See verse 42. and
us, if we do not even according to all things com. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and
for which the Lord thy God shall send thee serve him, and shalt swear by his name. De.
to US. Je. xlii. 5. Hear, all ye people; vi. 13.
hearken, 0 earth, and all that therein is: and 54 Did eat bread, &c.] And the child
let the Lord God be witness against you, (Isaac) grew, and was weaned; and Abraham
the Lord from his holy temple. Mi. i. 2. made a great feast the same day that Isaac
Yet ye say, Wherefore? (doth not the Lord was weaned. Ge. xxi. 8. And he (Isaac)
regard thy offering.) Because the Lord hath made them (Abimelech, fc.) a feast ; and they
been witness between thee and the wife of thy did eat and drink. Ge. xxvi. 30. And “they"
youth, against whom thou hast dealt treach- (Joseph's brethren") sat down to eat bread :
erously. Mal. ii. 14. And I will come near and they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and,
to you to judgment; and I will be a swift behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from
witness against the sorcerers, and against the Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and
adulterers, and against false swearers, and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to
against those that oppress the hireling in his Egypt. Ge. xxxvii. 25. And Jethro, Moses'
wages, the widow and the fatherless, and that father-in-law, took a burnt-offering and sa-
turn aside the stranger from his right, and crifices for God : and Aaron came, and all the
fear not me, saith the Lord of hosts. Mal. iii. elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses'
5. For neither at any time used we flatter- father-in-law before God. Ex. xviii. 12. Ab-
ing words, as ye know, nor a cloak of covet. ner came to David to Hebron, and twenty
ousness ; God is witness. 1 Th. ii. 5.

men with him. And David made Abner, and 52 See verses 44, 45. 48. and com.

the men that were with him, a feast. And 53 The God of Abraham.] See chap. xi. Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, 24. 29. 31. and com.; xvii. 7 ; xxii. 20. 24; and will gather all Israel unto my lord the xxiv. 3, 4. I am the God of thy father, the king, that they make a league with thee, and God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the that thou mayest reign over all that thine God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face, for heart desireth. 2 Sa. iii. 20, 21. he was afraid to look upon God. Ex. iii. 6. 55 Kissed his sons.] See verse 28. and com. And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus And Esau ran to meet“ him” (Jacob"), and saith the Lord God of Israel, Your fathers embraced him, and fell on his neck, and kissed dwelt on the other side of the flood in old him. Ge. xxxiii, 4. time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and Blessed them.] See chap. xxiv. 60. and the father of Nachor: and they served other com. And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed gods. Jos. xxiv. 2.

him. Ge. xxviii. 1. And the Lord put a Judge betwixt us.] And Sarai said unto word in Balaam's mouth, and said, Return unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have Balak, and thus thou shalt speak : How shall given my maid into thy bosom; and when she I curse whom God hath not cursed? or how saw that she had conceived, I was despised shall I defy whom the Lord hath not defied ? in her eyes : the Lord judge between me and And Balak said unto Balaam, What hast thou thee. Ge. xvi. 5.

done unto me? I took thee to curse mine Sware.) And Abram said to the king of enemies, and, behold, thou hast blessed them Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the altogether. Nu. xxiii. 5. 8. 11. Nevertheless, Lord, the most high God, the possessor of the Lord thy God would not hearken unto heaven and earth. Ge. xiv. 22. Now, there- Balaam; but the Lord thy God turned the fore, swear unto me (said Abimelech to Abra curse into a blessing unto thee, because the

and blessed them: and Laban departed, and returned unto his place.


1 AND Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. 2 And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God's host, and he 3 called the name of that place Mabanaim. And Jacob sent mes

Lord thy God loved thee. De. xxiii. 5. When the mountain was full of horses and chariots a man's ways please the Lord, he maketh of fire round about Elisha. 2 Ki. vi. 17. even his enemies to be at peace with him. The angel of the Lord encampeth round about Pr. xvi. 7.

them that fear him; and delivereth them. Ps. Returned unto his place.] See chap. xviii. xxxiv. 7. Bless ye the Lord, all ye his hosts; 33. and com. It came to pass, when Rachel ye ministers of his that do his pleasure. Ps. had born Joseph, that Jacob said unto Laban, ciii. 21. Praise ye “him” (the Lord"'), all Send me away, that I may go unto mine own his angels : praise ye him, all his hosts. Ps. place, and to my country.

Ge. xxx. 25. cxlviii. 2. Then said "he" (" the appearance And Balaam rose up, and went and returned of a man," who came again and touched Daniel), to his place. And Balak also went his way. Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee! Nu. xxiv. 25. For the Lord shall judge his And now will I return to fight with the prince people, and repent himself for his servants, of Persia. Da. x. 20. And suddenly there when he seeth that their power is gone, and was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly there is none shut up or left. De. xxxii. 36. host praising God, and saying, Glory to God Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee; in the highest; and on earth peace, good will the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain. toward men. Lu. ii. 13, 14. Ps. Ixxvi. 10. Now when the barbarians saw The name of that place.] And out of the the venomous beast hang on his hand, they tribe of Gad (was given), Ramoth in Gilead said among themselves, No doubt this man is with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped slayer: and Mahanaim. Jos. xxi. 38. But the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live. Abner, the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, And he (Paul) shook off the beast into the took Ish-bosheth, the son of Saul, and brought fire, and felt no harm. Ac. xxviii. 4, 5. him over to Mahanaim. And Abner, the son

of Ner, and the servants of Ish-bosheth, the CHAP. XXXII.-1 Angels of God.] For son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to he shall give his angels charge over thee, to Gibeon. 2 Sa. ii. 8. 12. Then David came keep thee in all thy ways. Ps. xci. 11. to Mahanaim: and Absalom passed over Jor“Who” (the Son of God) being made so dan, he and all the men of Israel with him. much better than the angels, as he hath by So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of inheritance obtained a more excellent name Gilead. And it came to pass, when David than they. When he (the Father) bringeth was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi, the son in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, of Nahash, &c. &c. brought beds, &c. for And let all the angels of God worship him. David. 2 Sa. xvii. 24. 26, 27. And behold, He. i. 4. 6. Whether Paul, or Apollos, or thou (said David to Solomon) hast with thee Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or Shimei, the son of Gera, a Benjamite of things present, or things to come; all are Bahurim, which cursed me with a grievous your's, and ye are Christ's, and Christ is curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim: God's. 1 Co. iii. 22. To the intent that now but he came down to meet me at Jordan, &c. unto the principalities and powers in heavenly 1 Ki. ii. 8. And Ahinadab, the son of Iddo, places might be known by the Church the had Mahanaim (as a possession). I Ki. iv. 14. manifold wisdom of God, according to the Mahanaim.] What will ye see in the Shueternal purpose which he purposed in Christ lamite? As it were the company of two arJesus our Lord (was Paul made a minister of mies. Ca. vi. 13. the Gospel). Ep. iii. 10, 11.

3 Sent messengers.] Behold, I will send 2 God's host.] And he (the man, Christ, my messenger, and he shall prepare the way who appeared to Joshua at Jericho, with a before me ; and the Lord whom ye seek shall sword in his hand) said, Nay, but as captain suddenly come to his temple, even the mesof the host of the Lord am I now come. And senger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts. worship, and said unto him, What saith my Mal. iii. I. And (Jesus) sent messengers lord unto his servant? Jos. v. 14. And the before his face: and they went and entered Lord opened the eyes of the young man into a village of the Samaritans, to make ready (Elisha's servant); and he saw: and, behold, for him. Lu. ix. 52. What king, going to

sengers before him to Esau his brother unto the land of Seir, the country of Edom. And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall 4 ye speak unto my lord Esau; Thy servant Jacob saith thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there until now: And I have 5 oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants: and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight. And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy 6 brother Esau, and also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred

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make war against another, sitteth not down Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself, when first, and consulteth whether he be able with thou art come into the hand of thy friend ; go, ten thousand men to meet him that cometh humble thyself, and make sure thy friend. against him with twenty thousand? Or else, Pr. vi. 3. A soft answer turneth away wrath. while the other is yet a great way off, he Pr. xv. I. Whosoever exalteth himself shall sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions be abased; and he that humbleth himself of peace. Lu. xiv. 31. 32.

shall be exalted. Lu. xiv. ll. After this Seir.] And the Horites in their Mount manner, in the old time, the holy women also, Seir (were smote by Chedorlaomer). Ge. xiv. who trusted in God, adorned themselves, being 6. Let my lord, I pray “thee” (said in subjection to their own husbands. Even as Jacob to Esau"), pass over before his servant : Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord. 1 and I will lead on softly, according as the Pe. iii. 6. cattle that goeth before me and the children Thy servant Jacob.] And "his" (" Ahab's ") be able to endure, until I come unto my lord servants (the Syrians") said unto him, unto Seir. Ge. xxxiii. 14. So Esau re Behold now, we have heard that the kings of turned that day on his way to Seir. Ge. the house of Israel are merciful kings. So xxxii. 16. And Esau took his wives, and they girded sackcloth on their loins, and put his sons, and his daughters, and all the per- ropes on their heads, and came to the king of sons of his house; and his cattle, and all his Israel, and said, Thy servant Ben-hadad saith, beasts, and all his substance, which he had I pray thee let me live, &c. 1 Ki. xx. 32. got in the land of Canaan ; and went into the If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, country from the face of his brother Jacob. leave not thy place, for yielding pacifieth great Ge. xxxvi. 6. I have given Mount Seir unto offences. Ec. x. 4. Esau for a possession. As he (the Lord) did 5 I have oxen, &c.] See chap. xxx. 43. to the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, and com.; xxxi. l. 16. and com.. Did I when he destroyed the Horims from before say, Bring unto me? Or give a reward for them (so did he destroy the Anakims). De. ii. me of your substance ? (said Job.) Job vi. 22. 5. 22. I gave unto Esau Mount Seir, to pos May find grace, &c.] What meanest thou sess it. Jos. xxiv. 4. See Ge. xxxvi. 8. and by all this drove which I met ? And “he

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(" Jacob ") said, These are to find grace in See chap. xxv. 30. and com.

the sight of my

“ lord” (“ Esau ). Ge. 4 My lord Esau.] And I have sent to tell xxxij. 8. And Esau said, Let me now leave my“ lord” (Esau "), that I may find grace with thee some of the folk that are with me. in thy sight. “It” (the cattle," &c.) is a And he (Jacob) said, What needeth it ? let present unto my lord Esau, &c. Ge. xxxii. me find grace in the sight of my lord. Ge. 5. 18. Unto thee (Cain) shall be his (Abel's) xxxiii. 15. And they (the Egyptians) said, desire, and thou shalt rule over him. Ge. iv. Thou hast saved our lives; let us find grace 7. See Ge. xxiii. 6. and com. He (Isaac) in the sight of my lord (Joseph), &c. Ge. smelled the smell of his (Jacob's) raiment, xlvii. 25. And Ruth the Moabitess said unto and blessed him: be lord over thy brethren, Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee. ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Be- find grace. Ruth ji. 2. And she (Hannah) hold, I have made him thy lord, and all his said (to Eli the priest), Let thine handmaid brethren have I given to him for servants, &c. find grace in thy sight. 1 Sa. 1. 18. And Ziba Ge. xxvii. 29. 37. And he (Esau) said, What (the servant of Mephibosheth), said, I humbly meanest thou by all this drove which I meet ? beseech thee that I may find grace in thy And he (Jacob) said, These are to find grace sight, my lord, O king (David). 2 Sa. xvi. 4. in the sight of my lord. Ge. xxxiii. 8. And 6 And four hundred men.] If Esau come Aaron said (unto Moses), Let not the anger of to the one company, and smite it (said Jacob), my lord wax hot, &c. Er. xxxii. 22. And then the other company which is left shall Saul knew David's voice, and said, Is this thy escape. Deliver me (o God), I pray thee, voice, my son David ? And David said, It is from the hand of my brother, from the my voice, my lord, O king. I Sa. xxvi. 17. hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will


7 men with him. Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed:

and he divided the people that was with him, and the flocks, and 8 herds, and the camels, into two bands; And said, If Esau come to

the one company, and smite it, then the other company which is 9 left shall escape. And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham,

come and smite me, and the mother with the live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persechildren. Ge. xxxii. 8. 11. By thy sword cution. 2 Ti. iii. 12. shalt thou (Esau) live, and shalt serve thy Distressed.] “I" (" Jacob") will make brother. Esau said in his heart, The days of “there (at " Bethel') an altar unto God, mourning for my father are at hand; then who answered me in the day of my distress, will I slay my brother Jacob. Ge. xxvii. 40, Ge. xxxv. 3. They (Israel) cried unto the 41. And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, Lord in their trouble, and he delivered them and, behold, Esau came, and with him four out of their distress. Ps. cvii. 6. hundred men. Ge. xxxiii. 1. The day of the And he divided the people.] A good man Lord is darkness, and not light. As if a man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or his affairs with discretion. Ps. cxii. 5. Diswent into the house, and leaned his hand cretion shall preserve thee, understanding on the wall, and a serpent bit him. Am. shall keep thee. Pr. ii. 11. For his God v. 19.

doth instruct him (the plowman) to discretion, 7 Greatly afraid.] And when Pharaoh drew and doth teach him. Is. xxviii. 26. Behold, I nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves. eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched Be ye, therefore, wise as serpents, and harniafter them; and they were sore afraid. Ex. less as doves. Mat. x. 16. xiv. 10. The sorrows of death compassed 8 If Esau come, &c.] And Jacob lifted up me, and the floods of ungodly men made me his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came, afraid. The sorrows of hell compassed me and with him four hundred men. And he diabout: the snares of death prevented me. Ps. vided the children unto Leah, and unto xviii. 4, 5. For I have heard the slander of Rachel, and unto the two handmaids. And many : fear was on every side : while they he passed over before them, and bowed himtook counsel together against me, they de- self to the ground seven times, until he came vised to take away my life. Ps. xxxi. 13. near to his brother. Ge. xxxiii. 1. 3. See My heart is sore pained within me; and the preced. com. terrors of death are fallen upon me. Ps. lv. 9 Jacob said.] And David was greatly 4. Fearfulness and trembling are come upon distressed : for the people spake of stoning me, and horror hath overwhelmed me. Ps. him, because the soul of all the people was lv. 5. “He” (the Lord") only is my rock grieved, every man for his sons and for his and my salvation ; he is my defence; I shall daughters; but David encouraged himself in not be greatly moved. Ps. Ixii. 2. I looked the Lord his God. 1 Sa. xxx. 6. and (Jeon my right hand, and beheld, but there was hoshaphat) said, O Lord God of our fathers, no man that would know me : refuge failed art not thou God in heaven? And rulest me; no man cared for my soul. Ps. cxlii. 4. not thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen! And he (Jesus) saith unto "them" ("his dis- and in thine hand is there not power and ciples), Why are ye fearful, 0 ye of little might, so that none is able to withstand thee! faith? Mat. viii. 26. In the world ye shall 2 Ch. xx. 6. O our God, wilt thou not judge have tribulation : but be of good cheer; I have them ? for we have no might against this overcome the world. John xvi. 33. We great company that cometh against us; neither must through much tribulation enter into the know we what to do : but our eyes are upon kingdom of God. Ac. xiv. 22. Blessed be thee. 2 Ch. xx. 12. For “ this cause ** God, who comforteth us in all our tribulation, ("the invasion of Judah by Sennacherib, king that we may be able to comfort them which of Assyria") Hezekiah the king, and the are in any trouble by the comfort wherewith prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, prayed and we ourselves are comforted of God. For we cried to heaven. 2 Ch. xxxii. 20. I sought would not, brethren, have you ignorant of the Lord and he heard me, and delivered me our trouble which came to us in Asia, that from all my fears. This poor man cried, and we were pressed out of measure, above the Lord, heard him, and saved him out of all strength, insomuch that we despaired even his troubles. Ps. xxxiv. 4. 6. Call upon me of life. 2 Co. i. 4. 8. We had the sen- in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and tence of death in ourselves, that we should thou shalt glorify me. Ps. I. 16. He shall call not trust in ourselves, but in God, who deli- upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with vered us from so great a death, and doth him in trouble ; I will deliver him, and honour deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet de- him. Ps. xci. 15. Be careful for nothing ; liver us. 2 Co. i. 10. Yea, and all that will but in every thing by prayer and supplication

and God of my father Isaac, the Lord which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee: I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of 10 all the truth, which thou hast shewed unto thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan ; and now I am become two bands.

with thanksgiving let your requests be made exceeding abundant with faith and love known unto God. And the peace of God, which is in Christ Jesus. This is a faithful which passeth all understanding, shall keep saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinPa. iv. 6, 7.

ners ; of whom I am chief. 1 Ti. i. 12, 13, 14, O God of my father Abraham.] See chap. 15. Be clothed with humility; for God rexvii. 7. and com. ; xxviii. 13. and com.; xxxi. sisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the 29. 42. 53. and com.

humble. I Pe. v. 5. If we say that we have Which saidst unto me.] See chap. xxxi. no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is 3. 13. and com.

not in us. we confess our sins, he is faith10 I am not worthy.] See chap. xviii. 27. ful and just to forgive us our sins, and to and com.

Then went king David in, and sat cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we before the Lord, and he said, Who am I, 0 say that we have not sinned, we make him Lord God ? and what is my house, that thou (God) a liar, and his word is not in us. 'I hast brought me hitherto ? 2 Sa. vii. 18. John i. 8, 9, 10. I have heard of thee by the hearing of the Mercies.] And “he" (" Abraham's serear, but now mine eye seeth thee; wherefore vant) said, Blessed be the Lord God of my I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes. master Abraham, who hath not left destitute Job xlii. 5, 6. O my soul, thou hast said unto my master of his mercy and his truth. Ge. the Lord, Thou art my Lord: my goodness xxiv. 27. “ Thou” (“God") hast made "him” extendeth not to thee. Ps. xvi. 2. Then (“ man") a little lower than the angels, and said “I” (* Isaiah "), Woe is me! for I am bast crowned him with glory and honour. Ps. undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, viii. 5. and I dwell in the midst of a people of un Truth.] See chap. xxiv. 27. preced. com. clean lips.

Is. vi. 5. I will mention the I will not leave thee (said the Lord to Jacob) lovingkindnesses of the Lord, and the praises until I have done that which I have spoken of the Lord, according to all that the Lord to thee of. Ge. xxviii. 15. He (the king) hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness shall abide before God for ever : 0 prepare toward the house of Israel, which he hath mercy and truth, which may preserve him. bestowed on them according to his mercies, Ps. Ixi. 7. Mercy and truth are met together; and according to the multitude of his loving- righteousness and peace have kissed each kindnesses. Is. lxiii. 7. And I set my face other. Ps. Ixxxv. 10. Thou wilt perform the unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, supplication, with fasting, and sackcloth, and which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from ashes. O Lord, to us belongeth confusion the days of old. Mi. vii. 20. of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to My staff.] And Jacob went out from Beerour fathers, because we have sinned against sheba, and went toward Haran ; and he lighted thee. To the Lord our God belong mercies and upon a certain place, and tarried there all forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against night, because the sun was set. And he took him. Da. ix. 3. 8. 9. Depart from me (said of the stones of that place, and put them for Peter to Jesus); for I am a sinful man, 0 his pillows, and lay down in that place to Lord. Lu. v. 8. So likewise (said Jesus), sleep. Ge. xxviii. 10, 11. Though thy beye, when ye shall have done all those things ginning (of him who is pure and upright) was which are commanded you, say, We are small, yet thy latter end should greatly inunprofitable servants : have done that

Job viii. 7. Thou hast also given me which was our duty to do. Lu. xvii. 10. I am the shield of thy salvation : and thy right hand become a fool in glorying: ye have compelled hath holden me up, and thy gentleness hath me : for I ought to have been commended of made me great. Ps. xviii. 35. you: for in nothing am I behind the very Two bands.] See verse 5. 7. And the man chiefest apostles, though I be nothing. 2 increased exceedingly, and had much cattle, Co. xii. ll. And “I” (Paul") thank and maidservants, and menservants, and caChrist Jesus our Lord, who hath enabled me, mels, and asses. Ge. xxx. 43. Thou shalt for that he counted me faithful, putting me remember the Lord thy God, for it is he that into the ministry; who was before a blas. giveth thee power to get wealth. De. viii. 18. phemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but Thy right hand hath holden me up; thy genI obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly tleness hath made me great. Ps. xviii. 35. in unbelief. And the grace of our Lord was They (whose strength is in God) go from



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