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Returned, and gracious purpose thus renewed :
660 by what name, for thou above all these,
337. purpose, speech ; conversation ; the French “ propos."
350. these refers to beast.
351. stooped is here a participle.
356. presumed to speak.
6. What call'st thou solitude ? Is not the earth With various living creatures, and the air 370 Replenished, and all these at thy command To come and play before thee? know'st thou not Their language and their ways ? they also know, And reason not contemptibly ; with these Find pastime, and bear rule ; thy realm is large.' 375 So spake the universal Lord, and seemed So ordering. I, with leave of speech implored, And humble deprecation, thus replied:
66 Let not my words offend thee, heavenly Power, My Maker, be propitious while I speak.
380 Hast thou not made me here thy substitute, And these inferior far beneath me set ? Among unequals what society Can sort, what harmony or true delight ? Which must be mutual, in proportion due 335 Given and received ; but in disparity, The one intense, the other still remiss, Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove Tedious alike. Of fellowship I speak Such as I seek, fit to participate
390 All rational delight, wherein the brute Cannot be human consort : they rejoice Each with their kind, lion with lioness ; So fitly them in pairs thou hast combined ; Much less can bird with beast, or fish with fowl 595 So well converse, nor with the ox the ape; Worse then can man with beast, and least of all.'
- Whereto the Almighty answered, not displeased : • A nice and subtle happiness I see Thou to thyself proposest, in the choice
378. deprecation, entreaty f or strings of a musical instrument. pardon or forbearance.
The one being intense. 384. sort, consort; unite.
388. Cannot. The nominative 387. intense, strained, and is which, as in line 385. remiss, slack or loose, like the 396. Converse, associate.
400 Of thy associates, Adam, and wilt taste No pleasure, though in pleasure, solitary. What think'st thou then of me, and this my state ?
Seem I to thee sufficiently possessed 1 Of happiness, or not? who am alone
405 From all eternity, for none I know Second to me or like, equal much less. How have I then with whom to hold converse, Save with the creatures which I made, and those To me inferior, infinite descents
410 Beneath what other creatures are to thee?'
“He ceased; I lowly answered: To attain The height and depth of thy eternal ways All human thoughts come short, Supreme of things ! Thou in thyself art perfect, and in thee
415 Is no deficience found; not so is man, But in degree, the cause of his desire By conversation with his like to help Or solace his defects. No need that thou Shouldst propagate, already infinite, And through all numbers absolute though one; But man by number is to manifest His single imperfection, and beget Like of his like, his image multiplied, In unity defective, which requires
425 Collateral love and dearest amity.
413-415. "O the depth of the 421. through all numbers absoriches both of the wisdom and lute. This is a Latinism, meanknowledge of God! How un- ing absolutely perfect. There searchable are his judgments, seems to be here a play upon the and his ways past finding out!" words all numbers and one. Romans xi. 33.
423. single imperfection, im per417. in degree, in his degree ; fection while single. comparatively.--the cause, which 125. In unity defective, defiis the cause.
cient if but one. 418. Cond ersation. See lines 396, 408, 432.
Thou in thy secrecy although alone,
16. Thus far to try thee, Adam, I was pleased,
“He ended, or I heard no more ; for now My earthly by his heavenly overpowered, Which it had long stood under, strained to the height In that celestial colloquy sublime,
427. Secrecy. See I. 6.
435. Permissive, granted ; al429. so pleased, if thou art so lowed. pleased.
445. "And the Lord God said, these. See lines 369-375. It is not good that man should - erect, make upright
be alone." Genesis ii. 18. 433. From prone, from being 454. strained. See line 387. prone, with the head or face downwards.
As with an object that excels the sense
480 When, out of hope, behold her not far off, Such as I saw her in my dream, adorned With what all Earth or Heaven could bestow To make her amiable. On she came, Led by her heavenly Maker, though unseen, 485 And guided by his voice, nor uninformed Of nuptial sanctity and marriage rites :
461. fancy, my internal sight. 466. cordial, from the heart. Compare V. 100-111.
481. out of hope, beyond my 462. Abstract, drawn away ; out hope ; more than I hoped. of myself. - Saw, verb neuter. 484. amiable, lovely.
465-471. See Genesis ii. 21, 22.