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Upon the Maidenhead of our affairs.

Wor. But yet I would your father had been here ;
? The quality and hair of our attempt
Brooks no division; it will be thought
By some, that know not why he is away,
That wisdom, loyalty, and meer dislike
Of our proceedings, kept the Earl from hence;
And think, how such an apprehension
May turn the tide of fearful faction,
And breed a kind of question in our cause;
For well you know, we of th’offending side
Must keep aloof from strict arbitrement;
And stop all fight-holes, every loop, from whence
The eye of reason may pry in upon us.
This absence of your father draws a curtain,
That shews the ignorant a kind of fear
Before not dreamt upon.

Hot. You strain too far ;
I rather of his absence make this use,

7 The quality and hair of our written by Shakespeare.

attempt.] The hair seems The offering fide may fignify to be the complexion, the charac- that party, which, acting in opter. The metaphor appears harsh position to the law, strengthens to us, but, perhaps, was fami- itself only by offers; encreases its liar in our authour's time. numbers only by promises. The

8 We of th'offending fide.] All King can raise an army, and conthe later editions have this read- tinue it by threats of punishing, but all the older copies ment; but those, whom no man which I have seen, from the first is under any obligation to obey, quarto to the edition of Rowe, can gather forces only by offers read, we of the off'ring fide. of advantage : and it is truly reOf this reading the sense is ob- marked, that they, whose influe fcure, and therefore the change has ence arises from offers, must keep been made; but since neither of- danger out of fight. fering nor offending are words The offering fide may mean likely to be mistaken, I cannot fimply the affailant, in oppofibut suspect that offering is right, tion to the defendant, and it is especially as it is read in the first co- likewise true of him that offers py of 1599,which is more correctly war, or makes an invasion, that printed than any single edition, his cause ought to be kept clear that I have yet seen, of a play from all objections.

It lends a lustre, and more great opinion,
A larger Dare to our great enterprise,
Than if the Earl were here; for men must think,
If we without his help can make a head,
To push againit the Kingdom; with his help,
We thall o'erturn it toplie turvy down.
-Yet all goes well, yet all our joints are whole.

Dowg. As heart can think; there is not such a word Spoke of in Scotland, as this term of fear.

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Enter Sir Richard Vernon.
Hot. My cousin Vernon, welcome, by my soul!

Ver. Pray God, my news be worth a welcome, lord.
The Earl of Westmørland, sev’n thousand strong,
Is marching hither, with Prince John of Lancajter.

Hot. No harm ; what more?

Ver. And further, I have learnd,
The King himself in person hath set forth,
Or bitherwards intended fpeedily,
With strong and mighty preparation.

Ilot. He shall be welcome too : where is his fon?
The nimble-footed mad-cap Prince of Wales,
And his comrades, that daft the world aside
And bid it pass?
Per, 9 All furnisht, all in arms,


9 Al furn[ht, all in arms,

Defides, what is the meaning A plum'd like Ejiridzes, that of Eitrid es, that boired with the wth the wind

wind like Engles; for the relaBiitid lk? Eaz!" ] To bait tive that, in the usual construcauitis the mind app'ars to me an

tion, must relate to Estrid, eso, improper exprchon. To lar Sir Ilomas Honmer reads, is in the style of fa conry, to All pirmd The Efirdzes, and beat the witz, from the French with the wind bittre, that is, to flatter in pre Baiving like Eagles. paration for fight.

By which he has escaped part of


All plum'd like Estridges, that with the wind
Baited like Eagles, having lately bath'd :
Glittering in golden coats like images,
As full of spirit as the month of May,
And gorgeous as the Sun at Midsummer ;
Wanton as youthful goats, wild as young

bulls. 'I saw young Harry, with his beaver on, · His cuisses on his thighs, gallantly arm’d, Rise from the ground like feather'd Mercury ; And vaulted with such ease into his seat, As if an Angel dropt down from the clouds, To turn and wind a fiery Pegasus, And witch the world with noble horsemanship. Hot. No more, no more; worse than the Sun in

This praise doth nourish agues ; let them come.


the difficulty, but has yet left im- Vern:n says he farv young Harry.) propriety fufficient to make his But when upon action, it was let reading questionable.

down to cover and fecure the I read,

face. Hence in the second part All furnished, all in arms, of Henry IV. it is said, All plum'd like Eftridges that I beir armed flavis in charge, wing the cuind

their beavers down. Baited like Eagles.

WARBUR This gives a strong image. They

There is no need of all this were not only plum'd like E- note, for beaver may be a hel. ftridges, but their plumes flut- met; or the prince, trying his tered like those of an Estridge armour, might wear his beaver on the wing mounting against down. the wind. A more lively repre

· His cuiffes on bis thigh,-) fentation of young men ardent Cuisjes, French, armour for the for enterprize perhaps no writer thighs.

Pope. has ever given.

The reason why his cries are · I saw young Harry, with his so particularly mentioned, I con

beaver on. ] We thould ceive to be, that his horsemanread, beater up. It is an in- ship is here praised, and the cuispropriety to say on : For the bea- ses are that part of armour which ver is only the visiere of the Hel- most hinders a horseman's actimet, which, let down, covers vity. the face. When the soldier was And witch the world-] For not upon alion he wore it up, so bewitch, charm. РОРЕ. that his face might be seen, (hence



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They come like Sacrifices in their trim,
And to the fire-ey'd maid of smoaky war,
All hot, and bleeding, will we offer them.
The mailed Mars shall on his altar fit
Up to the ears in blood. I am on fire,
To hear this rich reprisal is so nigh,
And yet not ours, Come, let me take my horse,
Who is to bear me, like a thunder bolt,
Against the bosom of the Prince of Wales.
4 Harry to Harry shall, hot horse to horse
Meet, and ne'er part, 'till One drop down a coarse.
Oh, that Glendower were come!

Ver. There is more news :
I learn’d in Worccter, as I rode along,
He cannot draw his Pow'r this fourteen days.

Dowg. That's the worst tidings that I hear of yet.
Wor. Ay, by my faith, that bears a frosty found.
Hot. What may the King's whole Battle reach unto?
Ver. To thirty thousand.

Hot. Forty let it be;
My father and Glendower being both away,
The Pow'r of us may serve so great a day.
Come, let us take a muster speedily ;
Dooms-day is near ; die all, die merrily.

Dowg. Talk not of dying, I am out of fear
Of death, or death's hand, for this one half year.


4 Harry to Harry hall, hot mer, who, juftly remarking the borse to borse,

impertinence of the negative, Meet, and ne'er part.] This reads, reading I have restored from the Harry 10 Harry fhall, and horse first edition. The second edition to bars, in 1622, reads,

Meet, and ne'er part. Harry to Harry Mall, not borse But the unexampled expreffion to borse,

of meeting to, for meeting with Meet, and ne'er fart.

or simply meeting, is yet left. . which has been followed by all The ancient reading is surely the criticks except Sir Tho. Har- right.


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Changes to a publick Road, near Coventry.

Enter Falstaff and Bardolph. Fal. Ardolph, get thee before to Coventry; fill me

a bottle of sack. Our soldiers shall march through ; we'll to Sutton-cold-field to night.

Bard. Will you give me mony, captain ?
Fal. Lay out, lay out.
Bard. This bottle makes an angel.

Fal. And if it do, take it for thy labour ; and if it make twenty, take them all, I'll answer the coynage. Bid my lieutenant * Peto meet me at the town's end. Bard. I will, captain ; farewel.

[Exit. Fal. If I be not asham'd of my soldiers, I am a fowc'd gurnet. I have mis-us’d the King's Press damnably; I have got, in exchange of an hundred and fifty soldiers, three hundred and odd pounds. I press me none but good housholders, yeomens fons; enquire me out contracted batchelors, such as had been alk'd twice on the banns; such a commodity of warm Naves, as had as lieve hear the devil, as a drum ; such as fear the report of a culverin, worse than a struck fowl, or a hurt wild duck. I press me none but such

Lieutenant Peto.] This paf- position to all the copies, a truck fage proves that Peto did not go Deer, which is indeed a proper with the prince.

expression, but not likely to have s Sow'd gurnet.] I believe a been corrupted. Shakespeare, perfou.ced gurnet is a pickled anchovy. haps, wrote a struck förel, which, Much of Falstaf's humour con- being negligently read by a man fits in comparing himself to some. not skilled in hunter's language, what little.

was easily changed to ftruck 6 Wirje than a struck-fowl, or fowl. Sorel is used in Love's laa hurt wild duck.] The repeti- bour left for a young deer, and tion of the same image disposed the terms of the chase were, in Sir Tho. Hanmer, and after hiin our authour's time, familiar to Ds. Warburton, to read, in op- the ears of every gentleman.


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