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Berwick, Arundel, Biddeford and Scarborough, are all considerable towns.
Climate.] The heat in summer is intense, and the cold in winter equally extreme. All fresh water lakes, ponds and rivers are usually pailable on ice, from Christmas, until the middle of March. The longest day is fifteen hours and fixteen minutes, and the shortest eight hours and fortyfour minutes. The climate is very healthful. Many of the inhabitants live ninety years.
Face of the country', Soil, and Produce. The face of the country, inregard to evenness or roughness, is funilar to the rest of the New-England itates. About Casco-Bay, it is level and fandy, and the soil thin and poor. Throughout this country, there is a greater proportion of dead swamps than in any other part of New-England. The tract lying between Panianaquady and Penobscot rivers, is white pine land, of a Itrong moist foil, with some mixture of oaks, white äh, birch, and other trees, and the interior parts are interspersed with beech ridges. The sea-coast is gencrally barren. In many towns the land is good for grazing. Wells and Scarborough have large tracts of falt marih. The inland parts of Main are fertile, but newly and thinly settled. The low swamps are useless.
The grain raised here is principally Indian corn-little or no wheatsome rye, barley, oats, and peas. The inhabitants raise excellent potatoes, in large quantities, which are frequently used inttead of bread. Their butter has the preference to any in New-England, owing to the goodness of the grass, which is very sweet and juicy. Apples, pears, plums, peaches, and cherries grow here very well. Plenty of cyder, and some perry is made in the southern and western parts of Main. The perry is made from choak pears, and is an agreeable liquor, having something of the harshness of claret wine, joined with the sweetness of metheglin.
Timber.] On the high lands are oak in some places, but not plenty, maple, beech, and white birch. The white birch in this part of the country, is unlike that which grows in other parts. It is a large fightly tree, fit for many uses. Its bark, which is composed of a great number of thicknesses, is, when separated, smoother and softer than any paper. The clay-lands produce fir." The timber of this tree is unfit for use, but it yields the balsam which is so much admired. This balsam is contained in finall protuberances, like blisters, under the smooth bark of the tree. The fir-tree is an ever-green, resembling the spruce, but very tapering, and not very large or tali.
Trade, Manufactures, &c.] From the first settlement of Main until the year 1774 or 1775, the inhabitants generally followed the lumber trade to the neglect of agriculture. This afforded an immediate profit. Large quantities of corn and other grain were annually imported from Bolton and other places, without which it was supposed the inhabitants could not bare fubfifted. But the late war, by rendering these resources precarious, put the inhabitants upon their true interelt, i.e. the cultivation of their lands, which, at a little distance from the sea, are well adapted for raising grain. The inhabitants now raise a sullicient quantity for their own consumption ; thongh too many are still more fond of the axe than of the