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and found wanting ; estimates of character majesty may ring half true in Philip's decla- colors, and glittering in movement. There is change; much of the romance that was cur- mation of the names of his dominions. It is a great glaring sun, and the piazza is but little rent in Shakespeare's time has been proved pleasant to think that the play only continues shaded by the tall cypresses which grow there, to be of a mythological quality. The fact an old and noble work, the dramatic exposi- yet the people do not seem to mind. The womremains that Sbakespeare's science of life tion of that history which is to us what the en, it is true, have covered their heads with and sense of character, his instinct, and his tales of Thebes and Argos were to the trage- their yellow and crimson kerchiefs, but the insight, enabled him to present Richard II., dians of Hellas. Mr. Tennyson has certainly men seem strangely careless of the sun's Heary IV., and the rest, as people so living followed the advice of Aristotle, and altered might. All along the way down which the and so natural that they will always be, to the nothing; while he has made many things procession is to pass many-colored trappings popular mind, what Shakespeare made them. clear in the poem that takes up again the task are hung along the hedges-scarlet and green With his power almost of divination, he cre- of Shakespeare. There is much hope for the and blue stuffs of the peasants perhaps, or else ated them so like what the most critical re- stage in the production of a play by the poet things belonging to the church, and used for search proves them to have been that he and who bas touched England more universally many a long year on similar occasions. They learned history teach the same lesson, and he, and more intimately than any singer of our make a rare and gaudy effect; and down the of course, far more persuasively and effectu- generation.

steps of the church and across its piazza the ally.

women have spread white sheeting, spun and Mr. Tennyson's new play, like the histori- Our readers will recall a recent extract woven by their own hands-for the girls work cal plays of Shakespeare, brings the life of our from a charming paper on

“Peasant-Life in hard at this coarser kind of linen weaving in ancestors before the eyes of the spectator. It takes up the chronicle where Shakespeare left North Italy.” The subjoined from the same

our Apennine valleys, and in the most indus

trious cottages the loom is scarcely silent all it broken, it passes from Henry VIII. into the article gives a highly-graphic description of day. Flowers, too-sweet and scattered petchaos to which Henry led the English people. a church-festival among the people of the Ap- als of golden bloom of vetch and cistus-aro It was a chaos of opinions, of doubts, and ennines :

strewed over the white carpeting, while files fears, and of desires, a time in which no man

of children hem the way to scatter more blosknew what faith was safest to hold, what au- It is Sunday, and the great festa of San soms again when the procession shall pass. thority could claim respect, whether king or Giovanni Baptista. The church and the pi-The bells begin to tinkle anew; and now a pope had to speak the last word about religion, azza since break of day have been well stocked fair company of white-veiled damsels issue when none could well call his lands his own, with men and women in holiday costume, and forth. They bear lighted tapers in their hands, or his soul his own; when England was in the bells ring and jangle as of old. Since four and around their gayly-adorned figures the danger of becoming a geographical expression o'clock the two priests have been hard at work pezzotto (or muslin veil of the country) is cununder the power of Spain, when wild visiona- at the altar, taking it by turns, with the mass- ningly draped. One girl in the front and it ries were crying that all things should be in es. The air of the chancel, and even of the is the tall and strong-limbed Bianca, ever the comion, and all authorities swept away, when nave, is by this time faint and heavy with in- first to assert herself-carries the great silverbigotry and the new learning were in their cense. The organ peals out quiet snatches of mounted cross. Bebind, and in due order, fiercest struggle. This tumultuous time is the waltz and opera tuues. The congregation follow more girls, then the older women, and background of Mr. Tennyson's tragedy. In changes rapidly, for each service the church after the women the men,.among whom many his play the murmurs of the street come to us, is more or less crowded, and when the hour wondrous and time-honored figures, crosses, and the babble of the market-place; we can for the preaching draws nigh, a new influx and banners, are also borne aloft above the faintly see the beginnings of a defined faith, pours in from the piazza and from the roads heads of the people. In their midst are the the faith, namely, in England and in freedom and hamlets around. The people, who have priests, who move along, chanting slowly, of judgment, lit in the hearts of the people | been hushed and devout during the first part beneath a fringed and gilded canopy. And by a spark from the pile of Cranmer. The of the high mass, now begin to shift and shuf- the people sing, and the bells chime, and the great personages that cross the stage-Mary, fle in their seats, and there is a great whisper- children scream when the pop-guns are fired drawn as only a great poet, who can pardon all ing, and a sound even of suppressed laughter, off. So the procession comes to an end, and because he understands all, could draw her; while the priest ascends the little steps of the soon after the day comes to an end, too-only Philip, the sensual and heartless ; Pole, the marble pulpit. Men lounge about the build- before the night is quite there, the youths and renegade of learning; Lord Howard, the lib- ing, standing in groups around the door, maidens must meet upon the green that they eral Catholic (if the anachronism is permissi-crouching on the steps of the organ-loft, or may dance awhile to the sound of the fiddles, ble) of that date-have their own web of fate even of the chancel, close packed, and careless and then the festa is fairly over in truth. It to weave and tangle. It is something to in their attitudes, but absorbed and intent, has been a long day, and the people are almost teach, through the stage, that the best hated as no more genteel congregation would have weary with the unwonted pleasure-making. of English women was after all a woman, with been, when once the preacher's voice has had courage, love, maternal hope in her nature. time to assert its power. The sermon is in

AFTER reading the subjoined, the reader, It is much to bring within the knowledge and the dialect of the valleys-short, concise, and

if he is also an author, will have good reason before the eyes of Englishmen that she had pithy; matter-of-fact and plain spoken too, claims to pity as well as scorn ; that her fate with none of the trimmings and sentimental- to hope that critics are as liable to render was most miser?ble, even if hardly tragical. ities of religion, yet breathing of courtesy and wrong judgments to-day as they were two Voce of the criticism through which Mr. Ten-neighborly care for the people's interest. How

hundred years ago : Dyson's play bas had to run the gantlet but silent they sit, and how teachable these men admits that he has caught the spirit and the and women are, who without upon the piazza, It must not be supposed that any special reconfused color of the years whose history he or in their cottages, are apt to treat their pas- gard for the poet's intentions saved “Othello" deals with. But it may be doubted whether tor but as one of themselves, to fall or to stand from molestation at the hands of the playhis chief characters are so involved in tragical according to his pluck and his cunning in the wrights. “A Short View of Tragedy, its Origirelations of love and jealousy, hope and fear, wisdom of the world! Even that kindly and nal Excellence and Corruption, with some Reas these upseen actors, the people of England, terrible Caterina, beneath whose iron rod he flections on Shakespeare and other Practitionwho are blindly and bravely working out their is wont to pass his days, sits now beneath his ers for the Stage," written by one Mr. Rymer, destiny behind the scenes. It is from a word pulpit as though willing to hearken to the ad- servant to their majesties, and published in or two dropped here and there, from the voice vice of her own slave. So with masses and 1693, clearly exhibits the extremely contemptuof the Anabaptist preacher, from the grum- sermon passes the morning of the great day, ous feeling entertained for the poet at that bling of Pole at men and women who crowd and in the afternoon is the procession. The date. Mr. Rymer was enamored of classical into the fires, "for what? no dogma," that we peasants trudge home in their various direc- example, and found great satisfaction in the learn how the fires were becoming a beacon in tions across the parish to eat their holiday severity of form lately adopted by the dramathe darkness of these days, how England was dinners, and by three o'clock the little piazza tists of France; notably in regard to their adBolving her problem by silent resistance to all is again thronged with loiterers waiting for dition of a chorus to their tragedies, deeming foreign force in politics and religion. This vespers. Little booths and tables stand about, that a very hopeful sign. Naturally he found blind movement toward light, a movement felt whereon are sweets and filberts displayed for much to condemn in Shakespeare; and he did to underlie the action of the play, raises sale; rosaries and gay-colored clay figures of not hesitate to express his opinion. He held "Queen Mary" high in the ranks of the saints ; crosses and amulets to be worn around that Shakespeare had altered the story from drama. It is easy to guess some of the op- the neck; rings of the Virgin or the patron the original of Giraldi Cinthio in several parportunities it gives to the players, how much saint. Groups of people stand around laugh- | ticulars, aud always for the worse. The moral might be made of the queen, as her life“. ing, boys and girls, men and children; it is a he derides, as simply a warning to wives to rows and darkens down," and what kingly | gay and changing crowd, bright with sunny take better care of their linen; and to hus


He pro

bands, that before their jealousy be tragical, the judgment and obscure the perception of by the consequences of a certain course of acthe proof's may be mathematical.

the relative importance of things. The man tion without incurring the responsibility of it. ceeds: “Shakespeare in this play calls them who is governed by them may be a guide to And, short of this, scruples constantly etand the super - subtle Venetians. Yet examine himself, but he is no guide for others; his in the way of an honest perception of right by throughout this tragedy, there is nothing in conscience and his reason are not on suffi- stopping at the letter. A mind given to smail the noble Desdemona that is not below any ciently good terms. And it may be observed scruples has the judgment in leading-strings, country chambermaid with us. And the ac- that nobody can be scrupulous all round; a and often misses the flash of truth amid the count he gives of their noblemen and senate pet scruple often makes a clean sweep of col- minute questions which occupy it. Perhaps can only be calculated for the latitude of Go- lateral obligations. The scrupulous temper is the most common form of hypocrisy is this tham. The character of that state is to employ liable to large and eccentric omissions where self-deception. strangers in their wars. But shall a poet thence the conscience is off its guard. People canfancy that they will set a negro to be their not act as members of a family or a community

SWINBURNE opens his papers, entitled general, or trust a Moor to defend them against whose notions of private duty cover all their “The Three Stages of Shakespeare," with the Turk? With us a blackamoor might rise view and engross their attention. We live in

the subjoined fine passage : to be a trumpeter; but Shakespeare would not this world in many capacities, all imposing have him less than a lieutenant-general. With moral duties, of which common-sense has to The first of living poets has drawn a paralus a Moor might marry some little drab or adjust the claims where they seem conflicting ; lel of elaborate eloquence between Shakesmall-coal wench ; Shakespeare would provide but common-sense, even candid and unselfish speare and the sea; and the likeness holds him the daughter and heir of some great lord common-sense, is despised and abhorred by good in many points of less significance than or privy counselor. . . So much ado, so the mind possessed by a scruple, or regulating those which have been set down by the masmuch stress, so much passion and repetition itself by a code of scruples. The duties that ter - hand. For two hundred years at least about a handkerchief! Why was not this cannot be reconciled, or will not fit in, are set have students of every kind put forth in every called the 'Tragedy of the Handkerchief?'" be aside-overlooked as not of obligation. We sort of boat on a longer or a shorter voyage demands. There is much more criticism to know of a clergyman who had a scruple against of research across the waters of that unsounded the same effect. The catastrophe he finds to reading any of the words in italics which oc- sea. From the paltriest fishing-craft to such be " nothing but blood and butchery, de- curred in the Lessons for the Day. He sim- majestic gallays as were steered by Coleridge scribed in the style of the last speeches and i ply passed them over as not dictated by inspi- and by Goethe, each division of the fleet has confessions of the persons executed at Ty- ration. It was indifferent to him that he made done or has essayed its turn of work; some burn.” He concludes: “There is in this play nonsense of the Word of God, which it was busied in dredging along shore, some taking some burlesque, some humor, and ramble of his office to set forth; he saw one side of his surveys of this or that gulf or headland, some comic wit, some show and some mimicry to duty so very plainly that he saw nothing else, putting forth through shine and shadow into divert the spectators; but the tragical part is and we need not say was utterly unpersuad- the darkness of the great deep. Nor does it plainly none other than a brutal farce without able. Nor veed scruples be of this absurd seem as if there would sooner be an end to salt or savor."

type to show an equal want of grasp of the men's labor on this than on the other sea.

leading idea. It would appear that the capa- But here a difference is perceptible. The maThe Saturday Review has something fresh city for a large general view is never found in terial ocean has been so far mastered by the to say about scruples:

conjunction with this microscopic activity of wisdom and the heroism of man that we may

conscience. All scruples are conscientious, look for a time to come when the mystery There are some things of which we sbould and carry with them a sort of religious obliga- shall be manifest of its farthest north and have neither too much nor too little, and tion. But it depends on the character how south, and men resolve the secret of the utteramong these are scruples. Unscrupulous is a deep this goes. Many people scruple to play most parts of the sea; the poles, also, may find term of just reproach; the unscrupulous man | a rubber who will plunge into reckless specu- their Columbus. But the limits of that other is dangerous in whatever capacity we have to lation without a twinge. It was a conscien- ocean, the laws of its tides, the motive of its deal with him, but the man of scruples is not tious scruple which induced Pepys, on receiv- forces, the mystery of its unity, and the setherefore desirable as such. He may be eligi- | ing a letter and discerning money in it, to cret of its change, no seafarer of us all may ble and deserving, but we should like him empty the letter before he read it, “ that I ever think thoroughly to know. No windbetter without his scruples, for nothing is a might say I saw no money in the paper;" and gauge will help us to the science of its storms, graver barrier in social matters than obtrusive this is only a type of the action of a great no lead-line sound for us the depth of its discruples which we do not share. Scruples are many scrupulous persons who desire to profit vipe and terrible serenity. essentially private things; when two people agree together in an objection or an opinion, we view it in another light, and probably call

Notices. it something else. Scruples represent private judgment exercising itself in small matters ; that is, they appear small to common-sense or

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APPLETONS JOURNAL is published weekly, price 10 cents per number, or $4.00 cy and does not call it stealing. The scrupu

per annum, in advance (postage prepaid by the publishers). The design of the publishers and editors is to furnish

a periodical of a high class, one which shall embrace a wide scope of topics, and afford the reader, in addition lous person goes pinless at the cost of being a

to an abundance of entertaining popular literature, a thorough survey of the progress of thought, the advance of less competent and efficient meinber of the

the arts, and the doings in all branches of intellectual effort. Travel, adventure, exploration, natural history, social body politic, but is not the less confident and themes, the arts, fiction, literary reviews, current topics, will each have large place in its plan. The Journal is satisfied. The scruples which fairly bear the also issued in MONTHLY Parts; subscription price, $4.50 per annum, with postage prepaid. D. APPLETON & character of scrupulosity are those which warp Co., Publishers, New York.


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THAT the Roman emperor, Titus, re- cessities of existence. The policies justified time of the northeastern monsoons all vessels

proached himself for, figuratively, by two centuries since, but changed by the making the Asiatic voyage are obliged to when he said he had lost a day, the inhabi. growth of the world, have remained intact, pass close to these favored islands. They tants of the Philippine Islands underwent lit. the monuments of a sterile conservatism. A would seem to have been designed by Fate

government which has looked on its depen. to become a leading factor in the Oriental
dencies as mere feeders of the central power commerce of the world.
-pasture-fields for the support and aggran- But the relations of trade are delicate and
dizement of an indolent aristocracy-and a sensitive, and the restrictions of Spanish big-
Church which has remained rooted in all the otry and intolerance have so far proved an
untimely traditions of the past, have com- iron cramp beyond which there is no pass-
bined to blight the prosperity of some of the ing. The colonial policy of Madrid has sown
most fertile islands in the world. If vicinity hatred and dissension between the different
to the United States has saved Cuba from races and classes, under the idea that their
some of such attendant evils, no such good- union would imperil the sway of the mother-
fortune has alleviated the lot of the Philip- country; and that important element, the
pine Islands, located in the East Pacific, only planter class, is almost entirely wanting.
a few days' sail from China and Japan. Pride, batred, place-bunting, and caste ba-

In the nineteenth century, when com- tred, are the order of the day. The crown merce is the most important pivot on which and its favorites, until recently, have perthe interests of the world swing, the trade- sistently thought of nothing but extracting tactics of a nation or community speak more every thing possible fro the colony, and in to the point than all other problems that can pursuit of this policy aimed as far as possible be questioned. No tropical colony is so fa- to exclude foreigners, especially the entervorably situated to serve as the principal en- prising English and French merchants, who trepot of commerce, now growing into such have been attracted by the unrivaled natural large dimensions, between Asia and the west- facilities of Manila. The most absurd disern coast of America, as the Philippines, and tinctions were made in favor of Spanish bot. it is only in minor matters that the Dutch toms as against all others, and a powerful efand English Indies ought to compete with fort even made to prevent the inhabitants them for the favors of the Australian mar- of the Philippines from importing articles ket. The position of Manila is extremely from China and India direct.

favorable to the development of a world-wide Without further alluding to the details erally on New-Year's day, 1844. When Ma- | trade; its bay is one of the noblest in the of the destructive policy by which Philip II. gellan, in his first circumnavigation of the world, being one hundred and twenty nauti- extended his influence down to the present world, discovered the Pbilippines, his pursuit cal miles in circumference, and washing the century, it suffices to say that it is only since of the sun in his apparent daily flight around | shores of five different provinces. At the 1869 that any radical change for the better the world made a difference of time amounting to sixteen hours. When he arrived again at the longitude of his departure his log-book showed he was a day behind the time of the port. The error remained uncorrected in the Philippine Islands till about thirty years since, when, by a royal decree, it was resolved to skip New Year's day altogether, and make the almanac right again.

This incident has a typical sig. nificance as bearing on Spain and Spanish colonies. These have for a long time been behind the rest of civilization, lost in a sluggish acquiescence with the immediate ne




* Travels in the Philippines. By F. Jagor. London: Chapman & Hall.


has been inaugurated. The commerce of

Many of the prettiest “Indians" are of the the Philippines then ceased to be a relic of

fair European type, and thereby easily dismediæval barbarism by the establishment of

tinguished from their sisters of the outlying à liberal tariff and wiser port - regulations,

provinces. The religious festivals in and though the islands have as yet only com

about Manila are well worth attendance on menced to arouse from the slumber of centu.

account of the beauty of the Tagal and halfries.

caste women who make their appearance in The city proper of Manila is a hot, sun

the evening, and promenade the streets, which baked place of two hundred and fifty thou

are illuminated and profusely decked with sand people; full of monasteries, convents,

flowers and bright colors. The spectacle is barracks, and government buildings. Its in.

a charming one to the stranger just arrived. habitants make up a picturesque assortment

The Indian women are very beautifully of Spaniards, creoles, Tagals (natives), and

formed, with luxuriant black hair, and large, Chinese. Though it shares with Goa the

dark eyes. The upper garment is of home. honor of being the oldest city in the East In.

spun but costly material, of transparent fine. dies, it is extremely provincial in appearance,

ness and snow-white purity. From the waist and has a sombre, sullen aspect from the

down is worn drapery of brightly - striped character of its structures, for safety, not

cloth (saya), which falls in broad folds, and beauty of architecture, was the aim of the

is lightly compressed as far as the knee with founders. A handsome old stone bridge, of

a shawl closely drawn around the figure; so ten arches, crosses the Pasig, on whose banks

that the rich, variegated folds of the saya the city is built, and more recently a costly

burst out beneath like the blossoms of the suspension - bridge has been added to the

pomegranate. This swathing allows the young means of inter-communication. Foreigners


girls to take only short steps, and the dovereside on the northern bank of the river, in

like timidity of gait, in conjunction with their Binondo, the headquarters of the wholesale be noticed every few rods, and in the dry sea- downcast eyes, lends an aspect of great mod. and retail commerce, or in the pleasant sub- son the canals and ditches of the suburbs esty, though often belied in practice. On the urban villages, which blend into a consider- are so many stagnant drains, exhaling poi- tiny, naked feet are worn embroidered slipable whole.

sonous vapors that breed fever and pesti-pers, so small that the toes often protrude There is but little social spirit, however, lence for the unacclimatized resident.

for want of room. among the foreign residents, such as makes This is no inviting picture, yet Manila The poorer women go about clothed in a the mercantile colonies in other East Indian life has a bright and picturesque side, which saya and a shirt so extremely short that it ports so pleasant. With the arrogant and interests the eye of the stranger. In the frequently does not reach the first fold of the envious Spaniards there is hardly any inter- beauty of the women, who lend animation to former. In the more eastern islands growncourse, for the latter look on the strangers the streets, Manila surpasses all other towns up girls and women wear, with the exception as interlopers, and regard their gains as so of the Indian Archipelago. Not a few French of an amulet, nothing but these two garmany robberies committed on themselves. travelers have depicted these in glowing ments, which, when newly washed, are quite The very houses, though spacious, reflect the words. Alexandre Dumas wrote a charming transparent. spirit of jealousy, distrust, and envy, which description of Manila street-life in the very A hat, trousers, and shirt, worn outside, corrupts the people of thie whole city. They amusing “Aventures d'un Gentilhomme Bre- made of coarse cloth, compose the dress of are gloomy, ugly, and badly ventilated. In- ton," the materials of which were furnished

the men of the poorer classes, while the stead of light and airy jalousies, they are fitted by a French planter, M. de la Gironière, him- wealthy use an expensive homespun material, with heavy sash - windows, which admit the self the author of a very entertaining book woven from the fibres of the pineapple or light through their oyster-shell panes scarce- on life in the Philippines. De la Gironière, banana, and ornamented with silk stripes. ly two inches square. These dwellings are, who married a beautiful and wealthy Spanish The bat is a round piece of home-made plaitfor the most part, made of planks, bamboos, half-caste lady, however, saw life generally ing, often adorned with valuable silver ornaand palm-leaves, supported on isolated beams couleur de rose, and paints with a warm, rich ments, and used both as an umbrella and sunor props, and the space beneath is used for coloring, very different from the keen, pro- shade. The Manila dandies bring out the inwarerooms or servants' offices.

Such con

saic method of observing characteristic of berent ludicrousness of the European cosstitute the mass of the houses, though some our present author, Mr. Jagor, though the lat. tume by illustrating its travesty. The Tagal of the foreign residents have elegant and ter indulges in a qualified admiration of the “gwell” of the Philippines adorns his naked commodious dwellings, and such have they | noticeable comeliness of the Tagal women. feet with patent-leather shoes, wears tightbeen since the

fitting trousers days of the ad.

of glaringly conventurous Magel

trasted colors, a lan.

starched and The exterior

plaited shirt, and, forms of the life

with a light cane of Manila reflect

twirling in his finits dullness, stag

gers, sails along nation, and mo

in full-blown comnotony. The slug.

placency, a most gisl Pasig slips

laughable caricaalong, covered

ture of his French with green scum,

or English congetypical of the peo

ner, who strolls ple that vegetate

through the Bouon its low banks.

levard des ItaFloating on its

liens, or Rotten waters dead cats

Row, “the glass and dogs,

of fashion and the rounded by mud,

mould of form." like eggs in a dish of spinach, may HOUSE ON THE PASIG.

half-caste women

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Many of the

are married to Europeans, and adopt the full consideration with his fellows breeds fight. I which experience has inspired the native in dress of the latter class. As a rule, these ing-cocks, and many of them are rarely seen his dealings with the Spanish and foreign are prudent and thrifty, faithful wives, good out-of-doors without pugnacious pets under residents, our traveler mentions that the Ta. mothers, and clever business-women, but in their arms, ready at any time to give or re- gal hackmen always demanded the fare beconversation awkward and tedious.

ceive a challenge. The question of pedigree fore permitting him to ride, in spite of the This can hardly be ascribed to lack of is watched with as keen an interest as in the fact that he was known to be the guest of education, for many of the Spanish ladies, racing steeds of Ascot or Newmarket. Of. one of the most wealthy and respected merwho know nothing but the breviary, are tentimes fifty dollars or more are paid for chants of the city. Most of the Spanish officharming talkers, full of tact and grace of single birds of choice breed, and a celebrated cials in the Philippines are adventurers whose manner. The cause lies in the equivocal po- victor of many battles commands almost any standing at home compelled them to seek the sition of the half-castes, haughtily repelled price the envied owner chooses to exact. A colonies as a sort of social Botany Bay. Too by their white sisters, while they themselves Tagal cock-fight is a curious and suggestive lazy to acquaint themselves with the language disown their mother's kin. They are entirely sight, repulsive though it be to the European or the customs of the natives, they yet arrolacking in the ease and social management eye.

gate an idle superiority, which by no means characteristic of the women of Spain in every The ring around the cock-pit is crowded imposes on the shrewd-witted Tagals, who relation of life.

with natives, perspiring at every pore, ejacu. are generally acquainted with the Spanish While the immediate environs of Manila lating thanksgivings to the saints, or curses, tongue, while their masters are ignorant of can boast many beautiful spots, they are not as the case may be, and with the ugliest pas. that spoken by the Indians. A secret feeling the resort of the local rank and fashion, the sions imprinted on their faces. Each bird is of contempt hidden under the mask of deferobject of whose promenade is the display of armed with a sharp, curved, steel spur, capa- ence is thus engendered, and the natives althe toilet, not the enjoyment of Nature. All ble of inflicting the most serious wounds. ways remain an enigma to their indiscreet mas. the wealthier people are driven every even- At the slightest sign of flinching the recreant ters, which their conceit prevents them from ing during the hot season along the beach cock is plucked alive, and torn to pieces by deciphering. The respect of the natives for promenade, where the band of a native regi- . the enraged spectators. Incredibly large Europeans is thus diminished by the characment plays capital music. All the Spaniards sums are bet on the results oftentimes, and ter of the extravagant, indolent, and improvare in uniform or black frock.coats. One. the Tagal does not hesitate to impoverish ident Spaniards. Yet on the whole the races moment the air is musical with the gay buzz of conversation and laughter. Suddenly the convent-bells ring out the signal for vesper service. Instantly every soul yields to the magic call, no less potent than the solemn cry of the muezzin, which subdues the soul of the Mussulman: carriages, horsemen, pedestrians, all stand motionless. The men take off their hats, and everybody seems absorbed in earnest prayer. Another moment, and the careless chatter again swells on the erening air. Whatever taint of formalism and hypocrisy may lie at the heart of the custom, it has a certain pathos and beauty, which strongly affect the stranger, and sweep him irresistibly into doing the like. Among the places of public interest, there was once a magnificent botanical garden at Manila, in which there was a vast deal of local pride. But it has not flourished under Spanish au

FISHERMEN'S HUTS. spicies, and it has now gone to rack and ruin, a mere inclosure overgrown with giant weeds.

himself and his family to back his favorite of the Philippines rest lightly under the SpanThe amusements in the capital of the fighting-bird. The demoralizing effect on a ish yoke, which in these islands was never Philippines are limited in number and not people addicted to idleness and dissipation cemented by any such cruel and barbarous over-choice as to quality. Plays both in can be easily imagined, as it makes them un. policy as cursed the early history of Spanish Spanish and the Tagal tongue are often done able to resist the temptation of procuring America. The Tagals have adopted the reat the theatres, but these are for the most money without working for it. The malignligion, manners, and customs of their rulers, part ineffably stupid, and would send any passion leads frequently to theft, embezzle. Į and there has been a permanent and fruitful European or American auditor infallibly to ment, and highway robbery, and most of the amalgamation between them—a result largesleep-even could he understand the inani. land and sen pirates who infest the country ly owing, perhaps, to the celibacy of the ties of the dialogue, and unravel the thread are ruined gamesters, who seek thereby to re- | priesthood, the tenets of whose faitb, preof the plot. Even the Chinese plays, enacted pair their broken fortunes.

scribing the law of universal love, as Mr. Jafor the benefit of the almond-eyed residents, In such a land, of course, the higher gor slyly intimates, may have been widely ilwho make up a very considerable portion of fruits of civilization are not to be looked for.lustrated in practice. the population, are preferable: as the latter Marila furnishes but few readable books, Distinctly-marked national customs, such are at least unique and entertuining for a lit- and such a thing as a club is vnknown, as may be found in most isolated portions of tle while from their oddity, and the absorbed though the foreign colonies in the Chinese the world, in spite of the force of civilizing interest with which the placid Celestials and Japanese cities are abundantly supplied agencies, have here entirely disappeared. watch the nightly development of the inter. with these adjuncts of enjoyment. The fee-There seems to be an utter lack of original. minable loves of the heroes and heroines. ble newspapers are rarely enlivened with any ity in the Tagal mind. The natives quickly In fact, the pompous and showy religious fes- excitement, and the fortnightly news from adopted all the rites and forms of the new tivals are the principal events which enliven Hong-Kong, at the time of Mr. Jagor's visit, religion, copied the personal externals of the the dull monotony of existence. The natives, was so industriously sisted by priestly cen- conquering race, and learned to despise their it may be added, have an unfailing resource sors that little remained except the chronicles own manners as heathenish and uncouth. in cock-fighting, to which they are devoted of the Spanish and French courts to feed the The result is ludicrous, and not unworthy of with a passionate eagerness. barren columns.

philosophical comment. They sing AndaluNearly every Tagal who would have any As an illustration of the distrust with sian ditties and dance Spanish dances, but

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