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leges than for nearly forty years past. She has spread her wings over every land, and carried the news of salvation into every language on the known world. Her reapers have followed the sowers of seed, and there is handsfull of corn in the tops of all the mountains, but the harvest is short. The church has had rest as long as she has ever had since Christ left her and ascended to his father. The dragon begins to show his anger; the trumpet begins to sound to the onset; the armies of the beast begin to muster for the battle, they are furbishing their swords for the slaughter; the kings of the earth are combining against the freedom of their subjects; the great men and nobles are riveting closer the chains of their vassals ; tyrants are braiding in firmer knots their scorpion whips for their slaves; expediency has taken the room of moral law, and 'anarchy has crowded order from his seat; mobs have taken the place of judges, and law is popular will; the liberty of the press is but the nod of demagogues; and the freedom of speech is called fanaticism. Division seems to be the order of the day, and our valuable institutions are tottering to their base. Be warned then, O my friends, to seek safety under the banner of the Gospel before the armies are filled up. “And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ,” “The spirit of prophecy.”

LECTURE XIV.

Rev. xvi. 17. "And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, it is done."

This text is the account we have in the word of God of the last plague that will ever visit our world, or the inhabitants who hereafter will be permitted to dwell thereon. That is evident because it is the seventh of the last seven. For John says, Rev. xv. 1, " And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last. plagues: for in them is filled up the wrath of God.” And the wrath of God is filled up, that is, the cup of God's wrath of which he will make all nations drink, and he will give unto Babylon " the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath."

Then it cannot be uninteresting to those who wish or who may desire to learn, where and when the last plagues have been poured out and how many yet remains for us to experience. These seven last plagues have had their shadows in the plagues which God sent on slave-holding Egypt, when he delivered his people, the Jews, from their Egyptian bondage, the least of which plagues destroyed Pharaoh and his host, just in the moment when Israel were shouting deliverance on the banks of the Red Sea. So, likewise, in the seven last plagues, they are poured out upon spiritual Egypt, slave-holding Babylon, who has enslaved the people of God for centuries, and has trafficked in the bodies and souls of men. She, like Egypt, has appointed task masters over the church, and has endeavored to strangle her children in the birth. She has commanded the kings and rulers of the earth to destroy the children of the church, as did the Egyptians the Hebrew midwives; but the church has found favor in the eyes of some of the kings and princes of the earth, and the earth has helped the woman, and her children are not all dead. And their

cry has gone up to the Lord of Sabaoth, and he has come down in these seven last plagues to deliver his people from the hand of the spoiler, and from the power of the beast, the anti-christian abomination; and when this last vial is poured into the air, all the doctrines of men and devils, and all the theories of men and the wisdom of this world will be confounded and brought to nought. The Lord will overwhelm with the red and firey wrath of his last judgment the kings of the earth, the beast or Catholic church of abomination, the false prophet and all his followers, the great men of the earth, mighty men and captains, tyrants, slave-holders, rich and poor, bond and free, all who havé worshiped the beast or his image, will, like the host of Pharaoh, be destroyed in the general conflagration of the world, and the saints will shout deliverance in the New Jerusalem state. I shall, therefore,

I. Give the history of the seven last plagues, or the seven vials of wrath.

II. Show what may be understood by “ It is done.

I. Then we are to give the history of the seven vials or last plagues, and for this purpose we must give a comment on the sixteenth chapter of Revelations. Verse 1,“ And I heard a great voice out of the temple, saying, to the seven angels, go your ways and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth." This verse shows us that these plagues are poured upon the earth at the command of him who sits in the temple of God. Verse 2," And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshiped his image." This first vial was poured upon the earth, meaning ihe kingdom of the beast or the Roman government. A noisome, a grievous sore, indicates the dissolution of the body afflicted,

and that the constitution is laboring under some inward disease or affected by contagion from without. It is therefore a fit emblem to represent the exposure of the corruptions of the church of Rome, and breaking out of those loathsome diseases of internal abominations which had been hid for ages from the world by the cunning craftiness of this papal beast. The men spoken of in this passage are those who worship the beast, and who are the professed followers of this corrupt society, and all who live under the influence and control of the idolatrous city of nations, and who traffic in her indulgencies and abominable

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practices. This vial then began to be poured out when the Protestants first published to the world the corruptions and abominable practices of the church of Rome, when the world began to see the noisome and grievous sores that covered the men who pretended to preach or proclaim the doctrine, laws or commands of this beast. And of course this plague was sent on the Romish church about the year A. D. 1529, under the preaching of Luther, Calvin and others who opposed and exposed the corruptions of the church of Rome.

Verse 3, " And the second angel poured out his vial upthe sea,

and it became as the blood of a dead man; and every living soul died in the sea.” The sea, in prophetic language, is the centre of some great nation, or society of men, as in a restless and turbulent state ; and the things living in the sea are the persons living under the power or control of this nation or society. Living soul denotes those persons who have been born of the spirit and are in possession of that living faith in God, and love for all men. As the blood of a dead man: There is something very striking in this figure, not an ordinary figure of blood, which denotes war and mortal controversy, but cold, congealed blood; the blood of a dead man denoting a massacre in cool blood, without any resistance on the part of those murdered. This vial was then poured out in France, the principal kingdom in the Roman ten horns, in the year A. D. 1572, at the massacre of the Hugunots on St. Bartholomews eve, when 50,000 were slain in one night, and the streets run blood, as Sully tells us, in some places ancle deep in the city of Paris. This massacre was in cold blood, for the same historian tells us, that the king stood in his balcony and shot down his naked and defenceless subjects, as they were fleeing through the streets. This happened in France the stoutest of the papal horns, the chief instrument in establishing, building up and supporting that cruel, murderous power of papacy.

Verse 4,” And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters, and they became blood.” By “rivers and fountains of waters," I understand the nations and states who live around the centre or sea as it was called in the preceding vial. By “ blood” I understand destructive war. " And I heard the angel of the waters say thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus. For they have

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