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not inquire diligently into the truth of them. His answer was, I have is, that he loves darkness rather than compared Barruel and Robison tolight. And will you not then come gether, and, by comparing their tesout of Babylon, my people? Will timonies, feel certain that it is imyou go to the city of confusion, to possible that they can be false witlearn there to confound truth and
The charges of Bishop falsehood, right and wrong? Horsley and Bishop Pretyman, pub
But to proceed with the danger lished in 1800, relating to these of secret associations, a warning works, decidedly confirm them, and against them was sounded, in the might seem even to pour the last year 1798, by two unexceptionable vial upon the mystery of iniquity, witnesses; the Abbé Barruel and and to say to darkness, It is done, Professor Robison. The former but that we will decide for ourselves wrote to prove that these associations without examining duly questions were the cause of the French Revo- which can be properly settled only lution; and the latter, that they were by the closest examination of witthe cause of the corruption and
But if these witnesses, apostasy exhibited in Germany at Barruel and Robison, be true witthe sanie time, which rendered the nesses, what words can express the German empire unable to stand importance of the truths which they against the arms of the flood of law- tell us ! In these works we may lessness. When I was at the uni- contemplate the old serpent in all versity of Oxford, about the time of his operations to this hour, from the the death of the French king, I was rising of the day-star of Reformation. myself invited to join a club of this It was necessary to oppose light dangerous nature, and I met the by light; and for this purpose the persons who belonged to it. After Jesuits were established. At length having heard them harangue upon the revocation of the Edict of justice, equality, and liberty, I put Nantes, that last explosion of papal the following question to one of intolerance, either banished the them :- Is it just that a man should French Protestants, or compelled honour his father more than he them outwardly to conform to papal honours any indifferent person?- superstition. These latter, as VolThe answer was, Certainly not just taire notes in his History of Louis that he should honour his father XIV., propagated from father to son more than he honours other persons. a rancorous hatred of the Church of The Abbé Barruel alludes to this Rome, and of the Bourbons in parOxford club, which, thank God, was ticular. These persons ceased to soon discovered and suppressed. Abe Christians altogether, and by defriend of mine did attend their grees formed those dreadful associameetings, and informed me of what tions which turned the rivers of passed there. I have since been France into blood, poured the vial assured by an old Mason, a most upon her sun, and proclaimed to respectable clergyman, that in his Pius VI. on his throne, mene, tekel, youth, he heard in the lodges com- peres. The Jesuits, in the mean monly the phrases liberty and equa- time, being suppressed, joined the lity, before the French Revolution infidel associations, and introduced taught him the intention of the their secret organization into the words. Another friend, high in this system. society, told me that Professor Ro- “ The venomous reptile,” says bison might have written his book Barruel, “is often discovered by the without betraying the secret of Ma- stench of its poison : the beaten and sonry, which he had done.
blood-stained track leads to the disShortly after these works appear- covery of the cavern inhabited by ed, I asked the late Dean of Canter- brigands. Very few years suffice to bury, Dr. Andrews, what he thought extend these tenebrous and myste
rious conquests. But the thunderbolts can look more like Ezekiel's Gog of Heaven warn mankind of their army, as they are to be gathered todanger. Shrinking back, however, gether at Armageddon, and perish to its dark recesses, with unabating there under God's hand, to make ardour, it crawls from den to den. way for the public establishment and The Jacobins have seduced nations glory of the spiritual kingdom ? hy means of a subterraneous warfare Certain it is, the latter days, i. e. the of illusion, error, and darkness. Let days immediately preceding the dethe honest man oppose them with liverance of the church from all her wisdom, truth, and light.” (Vol. iv. avowed enemies, will be a time of pp. 3, 6, 560, 491.)
great tribulation, such, says the proThe sixth vial warns us of the phet, as never was since there was a speedy advent of the Lord Jesus nation. (Dan, xii. 1: "And at that Christ, and joins issue with the time shall Michael stand up, the charge given to Laodicea, to main- great Prince which standeih for tain evangelical righteousness, until the children of thy people ; and the end, to be pronounced in the there shall be a time of trouble, beginning of the last vial. Witness, such as never was since there was for the support and consolation of a nation, even to that time. And believers, what Rudd says, in his at that time thy people shall be Essay on the Millennium :
delivered, every one that shall be “ Hence upon pouring out of the found written in the book.") If sixth vial, and drying up of the the Papacy in the West will make river Euphrates, we are told that considerable efforts to preserve that three unclean spirits, like frogs, come life which remains in some of its out of the mouth of the dragon and branches, after the body of the beast out of the mouth of the beast, and is destroyed* ; I mean, if after a out of the mouth of the false prophet. Revolution in France, which (I take (Rev. xvi. 13: 'And I saw three for the body of the beast) the other unclean spirits like frogs come out kingdoms in the papal interest will of the mouth of the dragon, and out not give up without the hazard of a of the mouth of the beast, and out war, (though it must in the issue fal of the mouth of the false prophet.') heaviest on themselves,) no more, These, as has been observed, are we may be sure, will the Turk suffer satan's justruments in the Roman the land of Canaan to be taken from and Turkish empires, and the other him, and be quietly possessed by the heathen kingdoms in the world; and Jews; but, as is probable, in contheir work, (as appears by the follow- junction with the Romans, rally all ing verse, Rev. xvi. 14: • For they his forces, and employ all his cunare the spirits of devils working mi- ning, to bring the kings of the earth racles, which go forth unto the kings over to his side, to make one geneof the earth and of the whole world, ral attempt against the Christian to gather them to the battle of that powers. The conséquence of which great day of God Almighty,') is to is easy to be seen; namely, that the propagate heresies among the peo- church will herein be exposed to ple, and stir up the nations of the the outrageous attempts of these earth against the Jews immediate- lions and wolves. But then, after ly, but in them against the whole all, notwithstanding their natures church and interest of Christ. Now are thus fierce, and their efforts so how exactly do these agree with the violent, the judgment shall sit, the insects, creeping things, and the rest, kingdom or empire of the world be created upon the former part of the taken from them and given to the sixth day. View them together, and saints of the Most High.(Dan. vii. 26, see if they do not appear as a col. 27: • But the judgment shall sit, and lection of the most venomous, they shall take away his dominion, to bloody, voracious creatures. What
• Dawu. vii. II, 12.
consume and to destroy it unto God grant that we may all know the end. And the kingdom and the time of our visitation, and mark dominion, and the greatness of the the goodly fellowship of the prokingdom under the whole heaven, phets, which, one and all, proclaim shall be given to the people of the that the sixth vial on the Euphrates saints of the Most High, whose is the destruction of the Mohammekingdom is an everlasting kingdom, dan invaders, who, like Sennacherib, and all dominions shall serve and have overflowed the banks of the obey him.") This, I apprehend, river, and reached to the head. is pointed out to us by the creation What prophecy can be plainer, what of Adam in the latter part of the argument of interpreters more persixth day. For as he was made fect? may I not add, what indifferlurd of this lower world, and was ence to the warning more astonishto rule over all the creatures with ing ? which it was furnished; so he certainly therein was an eminent type of the Lord Jesus Christ, and that universal government he is to pos
Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. sess in the latter part of the sixth The exposure of error naturally period. Then these tigers and leads to the more easy reception of wolves shall be as entirely subject truth, and to establish the true into the Second Adam, as the literal terpretation of any doubtful passage brute beasts were to the first Adam of Scripture, it may in paradise. And as Adam, in his not merely to rest it on its own properson and rule over the creatures, per grounds, but to shew the fallacy was a type of Clirist, and his do- or incorrectness of other interpreta. minion over the world; so the wo- tions of the same passage, especially man who was made in, and taken if they are plausible, or have been from, Adam, was a type of the generally received. I therefore send, church, in her union with Christ, for insertion in your pages, the foland the derivation of life from him. lowing remarks on the two interpreFrom whence this instance of ana- tations of Gal. i. 7. cited in your logy is observable, namely,—That note on the objection made by me whereas God finished his work, and to the common version, which verdid all that was necessary to com- sion I maintained involves the plete the happiness of Adam, in the Apostle in a contradiction. (See latter part of the sixth day; so Christ, Christian Observer for November, in the close of the sixth period, will p. 652.)* finish his work in this world, by completing the number of his elect, * We of course offer no opinion of our and bringing the church to perfec- own upon the interpretation of the passage; tion. So that the bride being correspondents briedy to give from Poole, made ready, (Rev. xix. 7:
(who copies Beza and other annotators) "Let us be glad and rejoice, and the main part of the comment to which give honour to him, for the mar
D. M. P. alludes. Poole (or rather Beza) riage of the Lamb' is come, and says “ Quod non est aliud ; vx estis adno.
Ambrosius hoc non legit. Hieronymus his wife hath made herself ready,') vero duntaxat legit ó óx estiv, quod non nothing remains but solemnizing exsistit, sive quod nusquam est ; ut habet the marriage." - Rudd's Essay on etiam Syrus interpres...... Evangelium the Millennium, 1734, p. 388.
aliud per concessionem vocaverat versu
præcedenti; id nunc corrigit, et declarat Compare the following contem
quo sensu id dixerat ; scilicet non quod poraneous predictions :- Isaiah xi. esset aliud Evangelium Christi
, seu verum, 15, 16; xii.; Ezek. xxxviii. 19; sed adulteratum, &c. q. d. doctrina eorum xxxix. 7, 8; Daniel xi. 45; xii. 1; non est digna nomine Evangelii. Quic2 Esd. xiii. ; Luke xxi. 20; Zech. quid à meo diversum afferunt, non est
Evangelium, sed pseudo-Evangelium, maxii. 10, 11; and Rev. i. 7.
gistris pseudo-apostolis congruens. Quod
These interpretations differ not junctions et un without a grammaessentially from one another. Both tical government, and renders the endeavour to remove the difficulty passage unintelligible; and this obattending the clause " oux è otiv jection is, I think, quite conclusive allo, which is not another," by con- against any such conjectural correcsidering it as a sort of parenthetic tion of the text. This objection and abrupt exclamation of the may easily escape the notice of the Apostle, against the new Gospel English reader, because the English into which they had been seduced, particle but, by which et un are renas not being the Gospel, according dered, may be taken either in an to the first interpretation, or, accord- adversative or an exceptive sense, ing to the second, as a Gospel with- and in fact it appears to have an out existence, or a mere nullity, as adversative sense in the passage beif the words of the clause had run fore us, and is probably generally thus και ουκ εστι το ευαγγελιoν, or so taken. But the Greek particles supply ο ουκ εστιν.
El un are exclusively exceptive. Both demand an alteration of the 4thly, That the idea of retaining text by the omission of allo; and allo, but carrying it forward to the the former requires also the addition succeeding clause, though it may or repetition of ευαγγελιoν, for it seem to obviate the foregoing oblays the whole emphasis upon the jection, cannot, I think, be seriously word Gospel-" Another Gospel entertained by any sober-minded did I say ?” (to quote the words of scholar or critic; for it is not only those who adopt this interpretation harsh and unnatural, but transforms as already cited in your pages:) the Apostle's language into an un“ Alas! it deserves not the name; intelligible jargon: for how would for it is not the Gospel.”
the literal translation of his words Now on these interpretations I then stand ? Thus—“ I marvel would observe
that ye are so soon removed from Ist, That so far from vindicating him that called you into the grace the common version of the clause of Christ, unto another Gospel ; in question, from the objection which which is not ; another but there be I have made to it, they indirectly some that trouble you." What is admit the full force of it, by having to be made of this? recourse to such a mutilation and But, 5thly, If we vary the words transformation of the original text; of the clause so as to admit of either for they do not in any way clear up of the foregoing interpretations, the version as it now stands, but reading the passage thus, “I marpresent us with a new version, which vel that ye are so soon removed the text, it is plain, cannot admit, .... unto another Gospel ; which without such violence being com- is not the Gospel; (or, which has no mitted upon it.
existence ;) but there be some that 2dly, That for any such readings trouble you." Placed in this conof the text there is no authority. nexion the particle but has plainly The note intimates, indeed, that an adversative sense, and therefore the word αλλo is omitted in some is no translation of ει μη. manuscripts; but as I find no various On these grounds, it appears to readings noticed by Griesbach, I me that the interpretations cited conclude that no such manuscripts in the note are inadmissible. But exist, or at least none of any weight. I can surmise no rational ground of
3dly, That the omission of allo objection to the translation which I leaves the succeeding exceptive con- have ventured to offer to your readnort est aliud, nisi nomine tenus.” Dod- change of the text, and as it obvi
ers: it requires no mutilation or dridge says, “Is not in strict propriety another Gospel, nor worthy the name of ates every seeming contradiction in Gospel at all."
the sense, so it affords the most
close and correct rendering of the nisterial office ; which, though it Greek. On this latter point I ven- essentially belongs to the Apostles, tured, in my former communication, yet may, with a great deal of proto appeal to every respectable Greek priety, be applied to inferior officers scholar ; but this appeal, I presume, in the church of Christ : “ They in consideration for me, you omitted are ambassadors for Christ, and do in committing my paper to the beseech men in his stead that they press *. I now, however, hesitate would be reconciled to God.” And, not again to make this appeal ; and to persuade them to this, immediately in truth the translation I have given before the text, he displays the appears to me to be so obviously riches of that grace which was rethe true one, that it has been great vealed in the Gospel ; and gives a matter of surprise to me that it summary account of the method of should not have presented itself salvation by a Redeemer. to former critics ; and allow me, in says he, “ has made," or constituted, conclusion, to submit the passage “him," that is, Christ, his own most thus rendered, to the eye of your beloved Son, “a sin-offering for us : readers, divested of paraphrase, that though he knew no sin," though he they may more easily compare it never approved, nor loved, nor pracwith the above:—“I marvel that ye tised yet has God given him up are so soon removed from him that to the punishment of it, “ that we called you into the grace of Christ might be made the righteousness of unto another Gospel, which is no. God in him ;" that is, that we, upon thing else but that there are some his account, and with a regard to that trouble you, and would pervert what he has done and suffered, the Gospel of Christ.”
D. M. P. might be accepted by God as
righteous persons. Now, says the Apostle, when we have thus de
clared the method of Divine grace, FAMILY SERMONS.—No.CCXVIIT. it is our business, earnestly to en2 Cor. vi. 1. We beseech you, that treat you that ye would not reject
ye receive not the grace of God it. “ We, therefore, as workers in vain.
together with him, beseech you In the conclusion of the former Mr. Orton's attention; and this having chapter, St. Paul makes a very ho- been printed by subscription, an immediate nourable representation of the mi- second application to the public was
thought improper. Mr. Orton's health It was merely for brevity's sake that failing, the manuscript was left unpublishour respected correspondent's appeal was ed at his death, in 1783; and Mrs. Dodomitted; the publication of his paper itself dridge, into whose care it then fell, was being, we considered, a sufficient appeal. prevented, by illness and other circumSuch appeals are appended to almost every stances, from urging its publication. Siarticle of Biblical criticism that reaches us, milar causes have postponed its appearance and we therefore generally elide them as to the present time ; but none who value, saperfluous.
and what Christian does not highly value ? + The following sermon is abridged the works of Dr. Doddridge, will regret to from an original discourse by Dr. Dod- learn that these discourses have been at dridge, lately given to the world with va- length given to the world. It is out of rious others in 4 vols 8vo. Dr. Doddridge our power to review, in detail, a tithe of directed, in his will, that four volumes of the sermons which are published in this sermons, including some “ already tran- prolific age; and the sentiments and the scribed in long hand,” and others to be style of Dr. Doddridge are too well known selected by Mr. Orton, and written out to render this necessary on the present from the mass of his unpublished discourses occasion; but we have gladly availed ourin short hand, should be printed after his selves of the best recommendation we can decease, by subscription, for the benefit of give to the work, by presenting to our bis family. A selection was accordingly readers, as a specimen, one of the dismade and written out for press; but the courses, with no alteration except such publication of the posthumous part of his abridgment as was requisite to bring it Family Expositor appeared first to demand within our limits as a family sermon.