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only one I serve, and it does not bring me My wife and myself have always been in sixty pounds a-year, which is all I have used to live in a very plain style, in order to support a wife and family! Till this to be able to pay our way; but for the year I had five children dependent on me. above reason, we have bills to pay, which I have now three. Two of my childreu it is quite out of our power to do at prehave been lately settled in the world, and sent, unless we are assisted.” in consequence 1 involved myself a little.



opposed to all change, and bringing FRANCE. Some of the more odious and forward all the exploded arguments in oppressive enactments of the bill for the favour of the trade. The speech of regulation of the press, have been modi- the duc de Broglie, in reply to these fied or rejected by the chamber of peers; reasoners, is a splendid specimen of but the government still cling to all they parliamentary eloquence, scarcely, if at can carry of this absurd project of law, all, inferior to any of the most distinand, as a specimen of the illiberality of guished speeches which our own annals their measures, have gone to the length furnish on that subject. We may hereof dismissing from their academical after recur to it. situations some of the most distinguish- PORTUGAL.-Wetrust that all cause for ed of their literary countrymen, who serious alarm from the late insurrectionhave expressed an opinion against their ary movements of the anti-constitutionscheme.

alists is at an end, the invading insurSomething has at length been done gents having been routed and put to by France, to fulfil her solemn, but fight. Still, the country is far from hitherto neglected, engagements on the being in a tranquil state; and the consubject of the Slave Trade. A law is in duct of Spain continues to be of a very its progress, and appears likely to pass

dubious and unsatisfactory character. through the two chambers, by which every person cooperating or partici

DOMESTIC. pating in the Slave Trade, whether as The consideration of the important owners of ships, or supercargoes, or question on the corn laws has been underwriters, or 'captains, or officers, postponed, in consequence of the illshall be subjected to banishment, and to ness of Mr. Canning, to the first of a fine, applying conjointly to all these March; on which day that gentleman, parties, equal to the value of the ship or, if he is not sufficiently restored to and cargo. The captains and officers health, some other member of the go are to be incapable of serving in any vernment, will bring before the House of capacity in the naval or commercial Commons the plan which ministers have marine of France. All others of the agreed upon respecting this vital part crew concerned in the trade, shall be of our domestic policy. Lord Liverpool punished with from three to five months' had pledged himself to open the subject imprisonment; which shall be reduced to on the same day in the House of Lords; fifteen days, if they voluntarily reveal but we deeply lament to state, that his what they know on reaching a port, lordship has been visited with a severe either to the magistrate in a French paralytic seizure, and is not likely again port, or to the French Consul in foreign to resume the cares of his anxious and ports. The ship is to be seized and laborious office as prime minister, from confiscated. And all this is to be ex- which indeed he is stated to have been clusive of any inflictions which any of for some time desirous of retiring. We the parties may incur for crimes com- trust however, from the

last accounts, that mitted on board the ship, such as kill- his life is not immediately in danger. ing the slaves, or drowning them, &c. His absence from the House of Lords

This without doubt a vast advance will be severely felt in the discussions in French legislation on this subject; on the corn laws; as his lordship had and yet forced labour would have seemed applied his mind with great diligence to a far more appropriate punishment than the question, and his weight and inbanishment, for the miscreant slave-trader. fluence in the House are greatly needed, The law was long and earnestly discussed to procure it an impartial and enlightin the chamber of peers; many being ened consideration, the prepossessions,

and supposed interests of a large majo- be felt in the comforts of our population rity of its members being in favour of a from one extremity of the empire to anocorn monopoly. Lord Liverpool has ther. And how much more powerful not yet officially resigned; but, in the would the operation of such a palliative probable occurrence of that event, spe- be if we were admitted to a free interculation has been active in discussing course with China, the largest associated the several claims of various statesmen population in the world! Remove the to be his successor. Into these specula- fetters on our trade, and you give instant tions we shall not at present enter; but and full employment to our population it is highly important that no statesman at home, while you mitigate the sufferings should be appointed to this high post of our unhappy fellow-subjects, the Negro who is not fully prepared, with whatever slaves abroad; and you also give yourselves partial odium he may be assailed, cor- time to devise means for a more thorough dially to follow up the wise and liberal investigation and a more effectual recourse of policy which the government of pression, if not extinction, of the dreadful the country has for some time been en- evil of pauperism, which no mere palliadeavouring to pursue,

tives can effectually reach. If we confine Several other highly important ques- ourselves to mere palliatives, and espetions are about to be discussed in Par- cially to so enormously expensive and liament, particularly that of Catholic inefficient a palliative as emigration, emancipation, which is likely to give whatever proportion of our redundant birth to warm debates in both houses.- labourers we may expatriate, we shall Government have procured the re-ap- find the same unobviated causes producpointment of a committee on emigration. ing the same and worse effects, until the No doubt can exist that the distress of evil becomes too strong for remedy of any the labouring classes in this country is kind. a subject which loudly calls for the deli- Among other measures about to be berative wisdom of parliament; for the brought before Parliament, is a motion evil is of a kind which our present in- by Mr. Buxton respecting the burning stitutions must progressively aggravate. of widows in India. We have so freMr. Horton, in bringing forward his mo- quently urged this afflicting topic upon tion to renew the committee on this sub- the consideration of our readers, that we ject, mentioned the case of a parish in shall not dwell upon it at present. We Sussex, in which the poors’ rates nearly perceive with pleasure, that it is beginequal the rental of the land; and this ing to attract the humane attention of expense is for the support of persons able the public. A motion respecting it is and willing to work, but for whom no before the Court of Proprietors of the employment can be found, and whose East India Company. The county of only resource therefore is emigration, Bedford some time since petitioned which may be effected with less expensé Parliament on the subject; and the city than maintaining them at home. As a of York has recently done the same; and palliative we do not deny that emigration other petitions, we understand, are in may be of some use, especially to the preparation. persons who emigrate, and ultimately, by The hardship and injustice of the immeans of the colonies thus planted and pressment of seamen have again been peopled, to the country at large; but it incidentally noticed in Parliament, and is a most inordinately expensive measure, though with no immediate good result, and its effect in alleviating distress at yet it is evident that the cause of huhome, unless the whole principle of our manity gains ground by every fresh dispoor-law system is changed, will be al- cussion. We may say the same respectmost nothing. How much more effective, ing corporal punishments in the army as a palliative, while it would be attended and navy, and several other questions. with no expense, but with immediate Our last Number announced, that and immeasurable advantages, would it “ death has gone up into our palaces ;" be to throw open, to the expansive power and we have just alluded to the illness of of our capital, and to the energy of our two of our most influential statesmen : merchants and manufacturers, the im- we have to add the death of two prelates, mense market of British India, contain- Dr. Legge, the bishop of Oxford, and ing 100 millions of customers, and which Dr. Pelham of Lincoln, the latter in is now sacrificed for the sake of 1800 consequence of a cold contracted at the sugar-planters in the West Indies ! Duke of York's funeral. Dr. Lloyd, the Every loom in the kingdom would then, Regius professor of divinity, is to be the in no long time, be set actively to work; new bishop of Oxford, and Dr. Kaye of wages would rise, and the effect would Bristol is to be translated to Lincoln, The remaining appointment is not yet must, at his advanced age, expect very filled up. The bishopric of Calcutta shortly to be summoned, to render an also continues vacant. The appoint- account of his actions; and with this ment of bishops to the other presidencies solemn prospect before him," he would of India, a measure to the importance not be the man to hazard the principles of which we have already more than of these children." once adverted, is understood to be still Our readers will recollect, that at the under the consideration of the Govern- close of the last session it was agreed ment and the Court of Directors of the that ministers should send out to the difEast India Company.

ferent legislatures of the West Indies, The Court of Chancery has lately been the propositions framed in the shape of engrossed with the disgusting details of bills, which it was their desire, and that a protracted suit brought by the Hon. of Parliament, should be introduced into Mr. Wellesley against the Duke of the slave codes of the colonies. The Beaufort, to recover possession of his present month's Anti-slavery Reporter, children. We allude to it only for the No. 21, gives a view of what the colonies sake of recording the result, which in- have done in consequence of this formal volves a principle of great moment, as it recommendation; and it seems to amount concerns the moral welfare of the public. to very little, indeed to nothing effectual. The Lord Chancellor, after an elaborate We may expect, therefore, that ministers statement of the case, which occupied will now be prepared to submit some several hours, pronounced judgment, measure to Parliament, for controuling that Mr. Wellesley being proved to be the contumacy of those knots of slavemaintaining “a gross and iniquitous con- holders called legislatures, who take it nexion" with a Mrs. Bligh, his lordship upon them to resist the united desire of could not allow him to have the care of the king, the parliament, and the counhis daughter (and he would not separate try at large, to reform their slave-code, the brothers from the sister), “ so long and to adopt measures for extinguishing as he held the slightest intercourse with slavery itself. - The Anti-Slavery Rethat abandoned woman. His lordship porter is published by Hatchard, and added, with much feeling, that he had costs only a penny or twopence, accorda duty to perform, not only to his coun- ing as it extends to half a sheet or a try but to God, before whose tribunal he sheet.


C. L.; J. O. Z.; W. L. B. T. ; J. H. ; M. C. P.; W. S.; and Diaconus, are

under consideration. We do not wonder that EUPHEMIA is “puzzled” by such questions as she mentions ;

and we fear she would be puzzled still more if we attempted to answer them. We

recommend her to turn her attention to more simple and practical inquiries. B. W. is desirous to add to his paper, in the present Number, that he considers Dr.

Bellamy of New England's “Dialogues upon the Nature of Love to God, Faith in Christ, and Assurance of a Title to eternal Life,” in reference to Marshal on Sanctification and Hervey's “Theron and Aspasio," as containing the best exposition in the language of the Scripture doctrine on the points in question. We would add to his recommendation the late Mr. Scott's excellent “ Treatise on Growth in Grace,"

which is probably more easily accessible to most of our readers. From inquiries which we have made, we believe that W. H. M.'s construction of the

Mortmain Act is incorrect; and that bequests of stock may be given by will to

charitable societies, if not directed to be laid out in land. D. R. is very reasonably at a loss to know why R. P. B. in our last Number (p. 26,

col. 2. last two lines) attributes a maxim of Solomon to St. Paul. We do not receive papers on the plan S. G. proposes. We have forwarded J. E.'s letter to the secretary of the Society to which he refers, and are happy in learning that the occasional statements in our pages, respecting that charity, have induced the benevolent lady he mentions to notice it among ber

legacies. We have no objection to X. Y. C. K.'s quoting the “ short passages” he alludes to.



No. 303.)

MARCH, 1827. [No.3. Vol. XXVII.


For the Christian Observer. The books of Moses called Genesis, ANCIENT AND MODERN WALDEN

Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deu

teronomy; Joshua ; Judges ; Ruth; SIAN CONFESSIONS.

1 Samuel ; 2 Samuel ; 1 Kings ; CONSIDERABLE attention has 2 Kings ; 1 Chronicles; 2 Chroni

of late been attracted towards cles; Ezra; Nehemiah; Esther; the various Confessions of the Pro. Job ; Psalms; The Proverbs of Sotestant Churches of Europe. These lomon;Ecclesiastes, or the Preacher; venerable documents have been The Song of Solomon; The Proclosely catechised, as to their tes- phecy of Isaiah, Jeremiah ; The timony respecting various subjects Lamentations of Jeremiah ; Ezekiel ; which divide the members of the Daniel ; Hosea ; Joel; Amos; ObaReformed religious communities of diah; Jonas ; Micah; Nahum ; HaChristendom, whether it be the five bakkuk ; Zephaniah; Haggai; Zacelebrated doctrinal points, or ques- chariah ; Malachi.--Here follow the tions of church discipline, or the books Apocryphal, which are not books included by them in the received of the Hebrews; but we sacred canon. But among these for read them (as saith St. Jerome, in mularies the most ancient of them his Prologue to the Proverbs) for the all, and that which has formed the instruction of the people, not to conground-work of several, if not all, firm the authority of the doctrine of of the others, and which in a par- the church; namely, Esdras; Tobit; ticular manner has been made use Judith ; Wisdom; Ecclesiasticus ; of by the compilers of the Thirty- Baruch, with the Epistle of Jerenine Articles of the Church of miah; Esther, from the tenth chapter England, namely, the original Wal- to the end ; The Song of the three densian Confession of faith, dated Children in the Furnace ; The Hisin the year 1120, has been sin- tory of Susanna ; The History of gularly neglected. The document the Dragon; 1 Maccabees; 2 Macis not long, and deserves transcrip- cabees.--Here follow the books of tion. It is as follows :

the New Testament: The Gospel “ Article 1.-We believe and according to St. Matthew, Mark, firmly hold all that which is con- Luke, John ; The Acts of the tained in the twelve articles of the Apostles ; The Epistle of St. Paul symbol, which is called the Apo- to the Romans ; 1 Corinthians ; stles' Creed, accounting for heresy 2 Corinthians ; Galatians ; Ephewhatsoever is disagreeing, and not sians; Philippians ; Colossians ; consonant to the said twelve ar- 1 Thessalonians ; 2 Thessalonians ; ticles.

1 Timothy; 2 Timothy; Titus ; “ Article 11.-We do believe that Philemon; The Epistle to the Hethere is one God, Father, Son, and brews; The Epistle of St. James; Holy Spirit.

The First Epistle of St. Peter ; The « Article 111.-We acknowledge Second Epistle of St. Peter; The for the holy canonical Scriptures, First Epistle of St. John ; The the books of the Holy Bible, namely, Second Epistle of St. John; The CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 303.


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Third Epistle of St. John; The “ Article X.- Item, we have alEpistle of St. Jude; The Revelation ways accounted as an unspeakable of St. John.

abomination before God, all those inArticle 1v.-The books above- ventions of men, namely, the feasts said teach this, that there is one and the vigils of saints, the water God, almighty, all-wise, and all. which they call holy; as likewise good, who has made all things by lo abstain from flesh upon certain his goodness; for he formed Adam days, and the like; but especially in his own image and likeness, but their masses. that by the envy of the devil, and 6 Article xi.-We esteem for an the disobedience of the said Adam, abomination and as antichristian, sin has entered into the world, and all those human inventions which that we are sinners in Adam and are a trouble or prejudice to the by Adam.

liberty of the spirit. " Article 1.—That Christ was « Article xi1.-We do believe promised to our fathers who re- that the sacraments are signs of ceived the law, that so knowing by the holy thing, or visible forms of the law their sin, unrighteousness, the invisible grace, accounting it and insufficiency, they might desire good that the faithful sometimes the coming of Christ, to satisfy for use the said signs or visible forms, their sins, and accomplish the law if it may be done. However, we by himself.

believe and hold, that the above" Article VI.-That Christ was said faithful may be saved without born in the time appointed by God receiving the signs aforesaid, in case the Father. That is to say, in the they have no place nor any means time when all iniquity abounded, to use them. and pot for the cause of good works; “ Article xill.We acknowledge for all were sinners: but that he no other sacrament but Baptism might shew us grace and mercy, as and the Lord's Supper. being faithful.

“ Article XIV-We ought to. “ Article VII.-That Christ is honour the secular powers by subour life, truth, peace, and righte- mission, ready obedience, and payousness; also our pastor, advocate, ing of tributes." sacrifice, and priest, who died for the Since the date of this simple and salvation of all those that believe, venerable exposition of faith, the and is risen for our justification.

evangelical churches of the Pied« Article vill.-In like manner,

montese Valleys have issued other we firmly hold, that there is no documents, in reply to the accusaother mediator and advocate with tions of their enemies, and for the God the Father, save only Jesus edification of their own members. Christ. And as for the Virgin The chief of these is the Confession Mary, that she was holy, humble, of 1655; a translation of which, from and full of grace ; and in like man- a manuscript at Cambridge, may be ner do we believe concerning all found in Mr. Gilly's “ Excursion.” the other saints, namely, that, being This Confession consists of thirtyin heaven, they wait for the resur- three articles; to which is added a rection of their bodies at the day of peroration, in which the compilers judgment.

remark, that “ Article ix.Item, we believe “For a more ample declaration of that, after this life, there are only our faith, we do here reiterate the two places; the one for the saved, same protestation which we caused and the other for the damned; the to be printed in 1603 ; that is to say, which two places we call paradise that we do agree in sound doctrine and hell, absolutely denying that with all the Reformed Churches of purgatory invented by antichrist, France, Great Britain, the Low and forged contrary to the truth. Countries, Germany, Switzerland,

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