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46. Kung-liang Zfl, styled Tsze-chang E 3% [al. fi], i ¥- E), a native of Ch‘in, follows the preceding in the temples. The ‘Sacrificial Canon’ says :—‘ Tsze-chang was a man of worth and bravery. When Confucius was surrounded and stopped in P‘u, Tsze-chang fought- so desperately, that the people of Pd were afraid, and let the Master go, on his swearing that he would not proceed to Wei.’

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having his tablet the 1 7th, east.

48. Ch'in Zan, styled K‘ai {I}, i $8), a native of Ts‘Ai. He is not given in the list of the ‘ Narratives of the School,’ and on this account his tablet was put out of the temples in the ninth year of Chia-tsing. It was restored, however, in the second year of Yung-chang, A.D. I 724, and is the 3 3rd, east, in the outer court.

49. Kung-hsia Shau, styled Shang [and Tsze-shang] E [111. $1, 3%? fl? [and -¥- a native of Lu, whose tablet is next to that of No. 44.

50. Hsi Yung-tien [or simply Tien], styled Tsze-hsi [aL Tsze

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of L0, whose tablet is next to that of No. 53.

56. Ch'in Shang, styled Tsze-p'ei [al. P‘ei-tsze and Pu-tsze] (i 1%, 1?? ¥ 33 [al. E and 7; a native of Lfi, or, according to Chang Hs'uan, of Ch'fl. He was forty years younger than Confucius. One authority, however, says he was only four years younger, and that his father and Confucius’s father were both celebrated for their strength. His tablet is the I 2th, east.

57. Shin Tang, styled Chan 33353 In the ‘Narratives of the School’ there is a Shin Chi, styled Tsze-chau 5%, i —? The name is given by others as T‘ang and and

Tsfi with the designation Tsze-tsfi These are probably the same person mentioned in the Analects as Shin Ch'ang

(I13 Prior to the Ming dynasty they were sacrificed to as two, but in A.D. I 530, the name Tang was expunged from the sacrificial list, and only that of Ch‘ang left. His tablet is the 31st, east.

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69. Yo KO [111. Hsin], styled Tsze-shang % [aL ¥ g), a native of Lt). His tablet is the 25th, east.

70. Lien Chieh, styled Yung and Tsze-yung [al. Tsze-ts'ao] (fl $111!, ’4?“ E: and -¥‘ I? [al. ¥ a native of Wei, or of Ch'i. His tablet is next to that of No. 68.

71. Shfi-chung Hui [al. K‘wai], styled Tsze-ch‘i g [al. Pg], 14? ¥ Q1), a native of Li), or, according to Chang Hsiian, of Tsin. He was younger than Confucius by fifty-four years. It is said that he and another youth, called K'ung Hsiian ilifi), attended by turns with their pencils, and acted as amanuenses to the sage, and when Mang Wfi-po expressed a doubt of their competency, Confucius declared his satisfaction with them. He follows Lien Chieh in the temples.

72. Yen Ho, styled Zan 16f, a native of Lt). The present copies of the ‘ Narratives of the School’ do not contain this name, and in A. D. 1588 Zan was displaced from his place in the temples. His tablet, however, has been restored during the present dynasty. It is the 3 3rd, west.

73. Ti Héi, styled Che [al. Tsze-ché and Ché-chih] 4%, #3“ ‘5 [al. ¥ E and 7g a native of Wei, or of Lfl. His tablet is the 26th, east.

74. Kwei [al. Pang] Sun, styled Tsze-lien [al. Tsze-yin] [al. ill] £, $ -¥ iii-k [aL -¥' a native of L0. His tablet is the 27th, west.

~ 75. K'ung Chung, styled Tsze-mieh ,5}, i ¥ This was the son, it is said, of Confucius’s elder brother, the cripple Mang-p‘i. His tablet is next to that of N o. 7 3. His sacrificial title is ‘The ancient Worthy, the philosopher Mieh.’

76. Kung-hsi Yii-zfl [01. Yu], styled Tsze-shang E Q #11 [aL E], 14}? -¥- 1;), a native of LG. His place is the 26th, west.

77. Kung-hsi Tien, styled Tsze-shang E fit [or i -¥- 1: [al. -¥ fin), a native of Lu. His tablet is the 28th, east.

78. Ch‘in Chang [al. Lao], styled Tsze-k'éi FE [al. $], $ ¥ 5%), a native of Wei. His tablet is the 29th, west.

79. Ch‘an K‘ang, styled Tsze-k‘ang [aZ. Tsze-ch‘in] TC, i ¥ E [al. -¥‘ a native of Ch‘an. See notes on Ana. I. x.

80. Hsien Tan [al. Tan-ftl and Fang], styled Tsze-hsiang E [011. E 32 and g], i ¥ g), a native of L0. Some suppose that this is the same as No. 5 3. The advisers of the present dynasty in such matters, however, have considered them to be different, and in 1724, a tablet was assigned to Hsien Tan, the 34th, west.

The three preceding names are given in the ‘ Narratives of the School.’

The research of scholars has added about twenty others.

81. Lin Fang, styled Tsze-ch‘ifi fl, 14? -¥ EB), a native of Lu. The only thing known of him is from the Ana. III. iv. His tablet was displaced under the Ming, but has been restored by the present dynasty. It is the first, west.

82. Chii Yuan, styled Po-yii if, i 2E), 'an officer of

Wei, and, as appears from the Analects and Mencius, an intimate friend of Confucius. Still his tablet has shared the same changes as that of Lin Fang. It is now the first, east.

83 and 84. Shih) Ch‘ang and Shan T'ang See No. 57.

85. M11 P‘i E), mentioned by Mencius, VII. Pt. II. xxxvii. 4. His entrance into the temple has been under the present dynasty.

His tablet is the 34th, east.

86. Tso Ch‘iO-ming or Tso-ch‘itl Ming E has the 32nd place, east. His title was fixed in A. 1). I 530 to be—‘ The Ancient Scholar,’ but in 1642 it was raised to that of ‘Ancient Worthy.’ To him we owe the most distinguished of the annotated editions of the Ch'un Ch'itl. But whether he really was a disciple of Confucius, and in personal communication with him, is much debated.

The above are the only names and surnames of those Of the disciples who now share in the sacrifices to the sage. Those who wish to exhaust the subject, mention in addition, on the authority

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Hsi (see p. 63), and Chung-sun Shwo 17% 53%), also a son of Mang Hsi, supposed by many to be the same with N o. 17 ; Z11 Pei,

(E mentioned in the Analects, XVII. xx, and in the Li Chi,
XVIII. Sect. II. ii. 22 ; Kung-wang Chih-ch‘ifi H 2 and
Hen Tien mentioned in the Li Chi, XLIII. 7; Pin-man
Chia mentioned in the Li Chi, XVII. iii. 16; K'ung
Hsiian Ifi) and H01 Shtl-lan 7E1 fi), on the authority of
the ‘Narratives of the School ;’ Ch‘ang Chi i), mentioned by
Chwang-tsze; Chti Yii fi), mentioned by Yen-tsze
Lien Yi'l (fi ifi) and Lil Chun $2), on the authority of if {1%
E i ; and finally Tsze-ffi Ho 151‘), the Tsze-ffi Ching-p0
(55‘ m of the Analects, XIV. xxxviii.

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