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An original Letter to the Hon. Wtn Lenthall, Esq; 109

nfj Of an Original Letter from Mr Hen- letter, but is now within a dayes jour"

Ryv Parker, at Hamburgh, dated ny to Hollande, carryng a moiVincensed

f Feb 23, 164.8-9, to the Hon. Wm minde againlt us then had formerly in

'Lenthall, Esq; Speaker of tbe House regard of the greate yearly pension

of Commons. Jbewing in ivbat manner. which hee has lott (as they report here)

tbe Death of Charles I. iuai taken a- by the death of our king. 'Tis sayd broad at that lime. A also that his instructions from his new

Master are molt hostile, tor ex"'"» asperating the prince and the slates, and 'T'HAT which I formerly wrote to you all the enemies of England, and doing * about a designe againlt England/ all possible acts of enniity to our nati(wherein there are many confederates, on 5 and no man doubts but that new and the Stuedi/b forces ready for dis-, K. is in the conlederacye to accombanding here are to bee the mayne ac- _ modate ships, &c. Sir Jo. Cockrayn is tors) growes now ev'ry day more and gone for HAlnr.de with Utrfetdt, but in more apparent. For the pacification his passage here terrified our deputy here is now unquestioned by all, not and Minister, for that the Prince only becaure the ratifications on all was not here prayd for as king of Enfides are past by the principals, and lo- glande, and that the parliament, whom lemly delivered by the plenipotetiarys hee calld the king's murdrers, were at but also beecause diverse other things all mentioned in our prayers. Hee are observed and done in order to a C himselfe is litle v.-,lude by us, but direall consumation. For the French bri- verse of our comp though they will not gade under Tarrein is inarcht away in- disowne the par liainentof Englande (beto France; the Papists in Aujbmg, after ing not confident otherwise in the asmuch contest, have resigned the church- sections of this lenate) apprehend some es to the Protestants upon the Emper- inifcheite likly to be preparing for or's inforcemem-, and the monyes in them, and stand in gteat need of some many places are gathered for disband- -. publick countenance irom our nation. ing ot the armies, &c. No lehj than How probable and important these 1000 of the Smutdijfb souldiers have win- things may bee, you may perhaps bettered here in Holftein, and the stifft of terguesse from other abler intelligences, Breme, and they themselfs now begin but in the mean time I had rather be openly to threaten Englande this (urn- officious in the excesse then in the demer; so a meant officer at a court of sect, and therefore stmll never cease to guard told an Engiijb traveller the o- advertise you of such passages here as I tlicr day, merely because he declared E conceave may be wortii jour know. himselfe to bee Engiijb. Here is one' ledge : Howloever this, I cannot but Ouchart also, a Scotch lieutenant colonel agayne insinuate that the world could in Sttdt, that told one of our chjefe scarce send you more dangerous enemerebants this weeke, that hee was naies than the Swedes are like to bee. now ashamed to owne the name of Scot, I could wish such swords rather purbecausethe king was solde by the Scots, chart for you then against you, if possior of Englijb, because by them the king p blej but we must refer all to God's was murdered, but England should be watchful providence, which has never sure to feele him and his regiment next yet beene withheld from us j sol rest summer. The king's death is strange- Your mo/I observant an,i obliged to holy taken here by all forts of people; nour you Hen. Parker. we can scarce walk secure in the streetes,

'tis scarce credible how bitterly the Considerations upon the Policy of Entails

vulgar and the better sort of people doe in Great Bi itain by John Dalryisiule, resent it, though few of them holde G Esq; (Seep. 100)

him lesse than a tyrant. This makes rpHE reader cannot doubt the abi

tht Swedes armye the more geedy to | lity of the author of the history

ingage against us, and the Germans the 0[ Feudal property to diffuse *he quel

more halty to transport them from tion he has here considered, and to

hence, and the emperor (though some which he was led by a scheme to apply

tliinke hee intends not to hold his a- for a statute to let the entails of Scot

rreement) yet seemes the more zea- /a»rf die out on the demise of theposlously at present adhælive to it, that H sessors and heirs now existing,

the Sivedes may bee the sooner dischar. His intention is to (hew that the

?d hence, and diverted into Englande. destruction of entails is, in the piehe Danish embassador Utefeldt, is like- sent situation of Britain not expedient, ly to bee arrived in Englande before this But with his usual accuracy, he ob

/"/"._. ,-„?„„ H/Tiar-n *m&,\ serve*

Considerations upon the Policy of Entails.


serves that an entail, and the restraint put upon hein under it, by the person who creates the entail, though generally confounded, are very different things, and not essentially connected. An entail, to endure while the heirs under it endure, is no more than a private family settlement, by which the maker of the entail provides, that a certain income shall issue out of his estate for the support of the heirs whom he appoints to succeed him, however remote in time they may arise, and as it is erroneous to confound this with any restraint laid on the heirs, so it is also erroneous to suppose that the entail itself is a perpetuity, for it ends as soon as the heirs under it are at an end, &, in the person of the last heir, the estate returns to be subject to the fame regulations of law, which take place with respect to Other estates.

. These restraints put upon the tenant in tail, which by taking the estate he is bound to obey, may be reasonable or unreasonable; such as are unreasonable should certainly be prohibited by law, and by such prohibition many ot the evils complained of, with respect to entails, and supposed to be of tneir essence may he obviated, as when the tenant in tail is restrained from giving a jointure to his wife, or from granting leases, restraints hurtful alike both to private and to publick intetest.

The pernicious restraints in the entails es Scotlandzre many, but it would be as absurd to make that a reason to destroy entails, as it would be to make a scratch or a chilblain a reason for cutting off a finger.

A proposal, however, was lately made to the body of lawyers in Scotland, to apply to parliament to amend their law of entails, and they named a committee to draw up a bill, not however suggesting what alterations should be made, only directing, that-if the bill to be drawn mould be for destroying entails, care should be taken to frame it so as not to hurt the interests of heirs, either in the direct or colateral line, existing at the time of pasting the bill into a law.

This committee prepared a bil), the general plan of which was, that the present entails should cease with the lives of the possessors and heirs existing at the time of the act, and that for the future no entail should be made to bind any others than the persens existing at the tim-e of making the entail.

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This bill has been approved, butrt.: revolutions in the laws of land pi ■> perty are always attended with impoi*\ tant consequences, they should neve;\ be made but with the most mature' consideration, and " upon this occa'« lion, fays Mr Dahymplt, I think it "both my right and my duty to give

"" my sentiments to the ptiblick."

But in pursuance of the distinction made at setting out, he has not only shewn that the destruction of entails in Britain is not now elegible, but he has pointed out what are the improper conditions in entails, which, instead

Jj of destroying the entail itself, ought to be discharged by law.

The reader will find this production thework of a master, it abounds with curious and useful knowledge delivered with a strength and perspicuity not often found in writings oi this kind,

_ nor indeed in any other.


Sequel to the Extrafisfrom the Revisal of
Shakespeare'* Text. (Seep. 6j.J

Macbeth. As}. I. Scene 11.

Old Editions.

D fortune on his damned quarrf
Shew'd like the rebel's whore.

Modern Editions.
And fortune on his damned quarrt! smiling.

Revisal. The old reading is right; quarry is a term in falconry, signifying the game £ of the hawk after (lit- has seized, and while she is feeding on it; metaphorically it signifies havock of any kind r It is used again in this fense in this very play s

To relate the manner ,

Were on the quarry of these muidct'd deer
To add the death os you.

* And in Coriolanui,

I'd make a quarry
With thousands of these quartered flaves,

at high
As I could pitch my lance.

Ibid. Old Edition.
At cannons overcharg'd with double cracks,
G Revisal.

Right; with double charges j a raetonomy of the effect for the cause. Scene VI. Old Editions. Macbeth to the king, after receiving particular marks of favour,

u The service and the loyalty I owe

In doing it, pays itself. Wmr highnesi' Dirt
Is to receive our duties; and our duties
Are to jour throne ft state, children & femntjj


'Account es the Revisal of Shakespiar'* Text. M t

Which do but what they 0>»uU, by dans t- it an old word still used in many parts

. , ***!."""«, . . of England for a simple, which Is very

&r/i toward your lore and honour. ,;k^ t„ ^ m/de ^ byWj^

Warburtob. This passage,therefore, the correction

Ticfd toward your lore and honour. . of which has given the critics so much

Hammer. trouble, probably want* no correction.

Shaped toward your love aod honour. [Thi* work, being chiefly an hvpn

7«*w/»a in his Observation, on Macbeth, ^jsTM0" t*e^"tici.sms °f.,.thef re'

Wkich do hot what they IhooM i, doiog „^LB,^°P <*Gloucefler, will afford

neiUrr r w—« "»• neither so moch entertainment nor in

Save toward! your lore and honour. ftruction as if it had been written on a

p more genera] plan. And without the

S«~« towwS.y^rtoV. and honour. B "J-tf"*1*TM °f "ai'/*«7 il c"?

„ . . ,. _ """■»• not be lead without perpetual vexati

But perhaps this passage may be set on and disappointment: for the readright by applying an observation of er is not referred to the passage bv the

Mr Upton* to it, which he himself has act and scene of the play in which it

°rrf,PP tr" *. . or L «. r occurs, but by the volume and page

Upton observes that Shakespeare fit- of the bisliop's edition.] cjuently makeswp/ofad|ectivesj par

ticularJy /»/«/*, to make fase and se-C ADVENTURE

■cure, as in Anthony and Cleopatra. Of a young English Q?Tr«- a/*w£ tht A

A C T L benakee Semagts.

j**t. My more MwMtr, TNURING the last war in America, a

And that which most with youJbmUJtfi \J Band of Savages having surpri

f. T.uOMTk itA acd defeated a party of the En

Might not the verse in question then rj ally killed on the spot had very little

have been thus originally written: chance of getting away from enemies

Which do but what thej should, by doing et'ry "bo were much more quick of toot

thing than they, and who, pursuing them

Tc/a/i your love aod honour. with unrelenting fury, used those

its. to secure to ourselves the love whom they Overtook with a bafb.ii it y

and honour which you now (hew us: almost without example,even in those

to make your present favour and good E countries,

opinion permanent. "" A young English officer, pressed by

•Probably as the word safe, in this two Savages who were making at him

sense, was not common even in Shake- w'tn uplifted hatchets, had not the

Jpearti time, it might need explanati- '*** n0De °f escaping death, and

on, and somebody might have written thought of nothing now but to fell his

in the margin as a gloss, to ward; ''^e a* dear as he could. Just then,, i avarJ being then commonly used in „ aB °'d Savage, armed with a bow,'

the fame fense in which Shake/peart drew n£ar nlm» 'n ac* to pierce him

here ufctsase. It is easy to conceive withr an arrow j but after taking aim,

how the ;two words to ward in the -at .°'m> all on a sudden he drop lr»'

margin might creep into the text as point, and runs to throw himself be

one, towards, and how the word to tween the young Englishman and the

might be removed to admit them. two Barbarians, who were going to

Othello. ACT V. Scene I. nma""a"e him. These drew back out r r„ ,■ „■.„ ■ M of respect to the motions of the old

logo of Rodngo. Old Edition. man, who. with signs of peace, took

I have rubb d ck» youngs almost to the the officer by the hand, after remov

AnJ he grow, angry. inS his apprehensions by friendly ges

'tures, and carried him home with

«. Common Reading. j,jm to his hut. There he treated

IvenH>bdt»!tyoungfM/. him with great humanity and gentle

Vpttn supposes it sliould ,be quail. ness, less like his slave than his com

TOreAaWtnatitstiould beinot, a small u panion. He taught him the Aberatee

bud common in Lancashire. "language, and the coarse arts in use a

Others read onab. inong those people. They lived very

The author ot the Revisal is satisfied well satisfied with each other. One

wjth none of these, but offer* no new only point of the old man's dep m

conjechire. ment could not but give the young

$*alf however, the original reading, fietrfome uneasiness; he would'

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