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stands open all day—and then he goes into her wishes by leaving it unanswered. I hope the quaint sitting-room.

she may be happy in her choice.' MICHAEL RADCLIFFE has passed a restless He sits down near the window, and takes “How hateful and unfriendly!” and then, night ; his dreams have been far from pleas- out the letter.

with strange inconsistency, she cries fitfully, ant. He goes out earlier than usual to see if The writing is quite distinct now, and his and sobs till the full wbite throat quivers and there are any English letters.

hand does not shake as he holds the letter. throbs with anguish. She kisses the letter He has not heard from Georgie for a fort- It begins

between her sobs, and then she twists it up, night, and he has written three times in the

and holds it in one of the candles till there interval.

“MY DEAR FRIEND: I have not written

is only a little bit of scorched and blackened “She said she should be away from home to you because I shrank from what I had to

paper. A tap at the door, and Mrs. Needjust now; no doubt that is the cause. I comsay, and yet it must be said. Ever since you

ham comes in with a jewel-case in ber hand. plained of her silence rather impatiently, perwent away I have been thinking seriously

“Look here, Georgie darling !-My dear haps, but still I ought to get a letter to

about our position, and it seems to me that I child, whatever can you be crying for?—Here day." ought to release you from your engagement

is another lovely present from Richard. Put No, there is not one. His blue eyes have to me, and my mother quite agrees with me.

it on, my dear; it is just the thing for you." got bright and cheery again with the fresh We are both young enough to form other

She opens the case, and shows a magnifimorning air, and with hope; they cloud over ties; why should we sacrifice each other to a

cent pearl necklace, with pendants of brillat once, and his heart sinks, but, after a few silly question of honor? You think you love

iants. minutes' thought with bent brows, he says : me now, but poverty, harassment, and debt,

Georgie turns away with a look of 'dis“But there's no use in being worried ; ” weaken any affection, and all three must fall

gust; then, by a strong effort, she forces a he puts his hands in his pockets and goes towto our lot if we keep to our engagement. I

smile, and tries on the necklace. ard the railway-works. “ What a blessing it hope you will be reasonable. You will easi

“ Beautiful !” cries her mother. “What is I have something to do!” ly find a much better wife than I should ever

exquisite taste Richard has !-Don't sit up, But when the day's work is done, and

have made you, who will have means to help dear," ber mother says; “you must look evening comes again, the doubts and worries you on in life instead of being a burden. You

well to-morrow, you know.-Good-night." come back-not timidly as they have hitherhave no idea how fretful and discontented I

Georgie locks the door when her mother to come, standing far off and whispering, but should be if I were poor and worried. I

leaves her. The necklace seems to gall her ; pressing round him with importunate, mocking suffer enough at home from seeing how much

she unclasps it and throws it on the bed, and faces, like some of those rustic stalls in the contrivance is necessary to keep up appear

then walks up and down with her hands old church half-way down the hill. He lights ances. Good-by. Do not try to persuade me

clasped bebind her. At first her face is his pipe and gets a book, but his eyes follow to change my mind. I have pot decided

wrung with a look of agony, but this fades the sombre wreaths instead of resting on the hastily. I only wish I had had courage

through many gradations to a sad smile. page; the faces are there again, more hideous

enough to end it all before you went away; it “I believe it is only my ignorance," she in the inoving, curling vapor than when they would have spared us both much worry. You

says, presently. “I believe marrying with were merely shaped out of the darkness. will, perhaps, be angry with me now, but you

every one is a mere question of habit. I Three days pass thus heavily, and there is will soon consider me

shall get used to thiş man. Most likely if no letter from Georgie Needham-no evening

“ Your true friend,

Micbael and I had married I should have visit from Carl Schimmel.


tired of him after a bit. Nothing in the “I will not go to him till he has heard

world frets me so much as want of money, at

He read the letter through twice; his face from England," the German thinks; "I am a

any rate, and I shall never know that want flushed deeply, and he breatbed hard and poor deceiver, and he suffers enough without

now, and Richard-it is so hard to call him quickly. Then he laid it down and covered any feeding of his doubts from without."

Richard !-is very kind, and when I get used up his face. But every morning Carl goes to the post

to him it won't be all so—” Here she throws

“O my God!” he cried out, “how she has house and ascertains that no letter from Eng

herself upon a chair, and puts her hands bedeceived me! I can never believe in a woman land has come for the English Herr.

fore her eyes, and tries only to think of her again." It is the fourth morning, and for the first

jewels and her dress. It seems as if she had time the two friends meet as Michael goes up

succeeded, for both jewels and dress are to the post-house.

GEORGIE NEEDA AM sits in her bedroom at faultless ; yet, when the girl lays her head on “Joy, my friend !”-the smiling fellow Lurbiton Lodge. When she sent her letter her pillow, she sobs as if her heart were shakes Michael by both hands—" there is a to Michael, she only told him half the truth breaking. letter from England; may good news be in -she left her mother to tell him in a subse. “It is all too hurried ”-the words come it!” and then the kind-hearted fellow goes quent letter that his place was already filled in broken gasps. “I ought to have had time away, singing softly to himself,

by Mr. Richard Wood,“ the richest man on to forget- If I only had known Mr. Wood Michael goes breathlessly to the post- the Stock Exchange,” and she judged rightly first !-0 mother, it is all your fault!” house and secures his treasure.

in thinking that Michael Radcliffe would get There is no one to see on the steep bit of this second letter before he had made up his Carl Schimmel did not go to see his friend road, and Michael kisses the letter. mind how to answer her own.

again that day. “I have been mistrustful and undesery- She looks pale and worn-there is none “If the news is good he wili seek me; if ing," he thinks. He hurries toward the of the glow of a bride - elect on her face. not, he had better digest it alone. Bad news house, but before he reaches it he opens the This is the night before the wedding, and to- and a pipe are the best companions," he letter with a bright glow of happiness in his kens of bridal finery are scattered about the thinks, stolidly, but he gives a deep sigh, too. face--not lately seen there; it falls as he

He goes down to the works next morning. reads the first words.

She opens a case on her dressing-table, The Herr Engineer was indisposed yesterday, Before he fully masters the contents there puts some diamond stars in her hair, and then he hears-did not come to the works all day. is a mist between him and the letter; the looks at herself.

The foreman comes to the Herr Schimmel, steep road seems to go round as if he were “I look like a ghost; I believe I first and asks if he is going to see the Herr Enclimbing instead of coming down the hill. worried myself with fear that he would write gineer. He stands still and puts up his hand to screen me a letter full of reproaches; and pow I am “I can go;" and Carl turns, half gladly, his eyes, and so he stands for several min- vexed because he only wrote to mamma- half unwillingly, to the quaint house at the utes ; then he crushes the letter, open as it is, such a horrid little note, too!”

foot of the hill. into his pocket, and goes down the road at a She takes a note out of her pocket :

Michael rises from his seat beside the quick pace.

“'I have received your letter. Will you stove. He is very pale, but there is no sign He shuts the low-browed entrance-door as be kind enough to tell your daughter that I of grief on his face. It seems to Carl that he passes into his house-a new idea, for it received hers yesterday? I believe I follow his friend is hard and stern for the first time..





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They talk on indifferent subjects for some “I feel faint with the heat”- she tries to Carl ; "she is really very bandsome; but, my time; but, when Carl gets up to go away, he smile-"no wonder I look white. I think it friend, thou hast had an escape, she is heartholds Michael's band, and gives a long, wist- would be cooler in the other room."

less and cold as a stone. She has her rich ful, questioning look.

She makes an effort to rise, but Mrs. husband, that is enough for her.” Such a bitter smile meets him for answer. Wood puts a fat hand on her arm and pushes “I am sure you are right," Michael said, “My fool's paradise is over," says the her down into her chair again.

simply. “I have had an escape, and I look Englishman. “ You were right, my friend- Quiet, my dear," she says, good-na- upon this evening as a great blessing, my except that there was no caprice or change turedly. “Quite natural you should feel a friend. Next time I fall in love, if I ever do she never loved me."

little flurried at seeing an old sooter, but once —which I think is very doubtful-I shall try over you'll never mind it again. Here he to be sure whether I am worshiping a real

comes, and there are those Thompson girls woman or a creation of my own. Work shall NEARLY a year and a balf since Georgie close behind him, and I do believe they're be my idol for the future." Needham sobbed herself to sleep.

coming to see how you'll manage. You Nevertheless Michael Radcliffe did fall in Looking at her now, you would fancy must smile, and shake bands, and be quite love again; married, and was very happy. tears rare visitors in those handsome, dark- / friendly, you know; you must, indeed."

And in this way the world is deceived and gray eyes and that exquisitely-tinted face. To Georgie's horror, Mrs. Wood begins to deceives itself. There is, perhaps, a look of weariness in the nod and beckon to some one in front of

KATHARINE S. MACQUOID. erelids which was not there a year ago, and them. there is a permanent baughtiness in the firm. She cannot look up. She feels in a sort THE LATEST ASPECTS OF 15-closed lips which used to be only an occa- of agonized dream, from wbich there is no

LONGEVITY. siopal expression-but she is a finer, much escape. A slight bustle rouses her; it is her bandsomer woman. She is dressed faultless. husband's loud, coarse voice as he comes up ly, although, in her mother-in-law's opinion, and stands beside her.

T is natural that the season of centennial

IT "Georgie puts on far too few ornaments She feels she must be very careful not to celebrations which has lately opened br half.” All in white, with diamonds in her give him any cause for jealousy. Richard should bring to light a good many alleged bright hair, and the splendid pearl necklace Wood is a doting husband, but, with all his cases of extreme old age. It adds so much to with its pendants resting on her beautiful lavish fondness, he is as jealous as Blue- the interest of commemorations of these notabosom, she looks like a pale empress beside beard himself. She knows that if he once ble historic events to have the survivors of her poppy-cheeked mother-in-law.

discovered she married him only for his mon- them among us that there is a great temptation Mrs. Wood chatters incessantly, and at ey her life would be more unhappy than it is, to exaggerate the length of years of persons some of the loud, personal remarks that es. for, with all her wealth, she is not happy. who lived near enough to the Revolutionary cape her, a deep flush comes on the younger She looks up and sees Michael Radcliffe period to be almost associated with its stirwoman's cheeks,

shaking hands with her mother-in-law. ring scenes. As a New York illustrated jour"I should say, Georgie my dear, that Sir “Ah, Mr. Radcliffe, how d'ye do ?" she nal of high respectability has lately (May 1st) Benjamin had a good chance of being in the

we did not know you were in Eng- given an account of a person who is modestly Bench before the year's out. I know all land."

called “the oldest man in the Union, in all about his affairs; they're quite shaky, and “I am only just arrived. I hope you are probability,” and whose age is said to be how he can afford to buy pictures and call well.” Michael speaks as coldly and easily about one hundred and fifteen years, there them crinkum-crankums, is more than I can as she does, and then he bows to Georgie and would seem to be a good chance of having tell." She lowers her voice a little. “He's passes on.

our various centennial celebrations dignified a regular beggar on horseback. Spend as It is over ; he is gone. Ah, how bandsome by the presence of individuals old enough to much as you please on eating, and drinking, he is! and will he never be more to her than remember, if not to have participated in, the and pleasuring, and dress, of course, and this again ! What is the meaning of the opening scenes of the drama of the American have your 'ouse liberally and totally fitteu, sharp agony that tears her heart till she feels Revolution. It would appear, therefore, somebat as to all these decorations, and pictures, ill and faint indeed? But not for long; her what singular that at the recent celebrations and gimcracks, lor, they're quite unneces- husband's voice rouses her.

at Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill, there sary. No sensible people would do it. Why, “Who the devil's that fellow, Georgie ? I were no contemporaries of the participants I bear he gives a thousand pounds and more wish you would introduce your friends to in those contests; for it is reasonable to for a picture."

suppose that, if any were alive, they would "I don't agree with you — look what “You see, my dear, it was me who spoke have been secured for those occasions. The and usement and pleasure people find in to him," says the good-natured mother-in-law. writer happened to ride in the procession at them."

“I told Georgie a girl should always be Concord behind a venerable soldier with a Georgie looked toward the well-dressed i friendly to an old sweetheart, for fear of what lofty and somewhat grotesque-looking plume groups chatting here and there about the people may say."

in his chapeau, who was by some people suppictures, and china, and innumerable ob- Mr. Richard Wood mutters something posed to be a relic of the Revolution, and jects of art or rare manufacture which store about women being confounded fools, and was accordingly pestered with inquiries about Sir Benjamin Lacy's rooms.

then he asks his wife if she is not ready to go the other “embattled farmers” of the period. ** I don't see it," said Mrs. Wood. “When home.

It turned out, however, that he was only on I go out I like a good dinner or a ball. If I “Home," Georgie says the word over to 1812 man, a survivor of what, though no want curiosities to look at I can get 'em for herself as she drives in her luxurious carriage longer known as “the last war,” is still a borbing at a museum or picture-gallery, and to the splendid house in Palace Gardens she good way removed from the struggle for inonly think how many good dinners, and fine inhabits-home with these two daily com- dependence. In fact, the oldest man whom I clothes, and jewels, are locked up in these panions of her life.

saw in the Concord pavilion only claimed to pictures and the rest.-Good gracious!” her “He never loved me," she says, bitterly; be ninety-four, but, as he did not exhibit any color deepened to purple as she laid her the tears flow down silently, and she dares not documentary evidence to that effect, and bis band on her daughter-in-law's —“I say, wipe them away, for her husband sits oppo. stout and bearty physique and ruddy comGeorgie, here's a friend of yours coming this

site. “He could not have been so self-pos. plexion were decidedly against it, it is no way; that young Radcliffe, you know.” She sessed and smiling bad he ever cared for wonder that, as a disciple of the skeptical looked sharply at her companion. " Good

Mr. Thoms, I mentally deducted ten or fifteen Dess, child, remember who you are, and Rich

years from this age. ard's wise, too. You've gone that white it's Carl Schimmel has come to England with It is interesting to recall the fact that when dreadful! Pinch your cheeks, do."

his friend, and they walk home together after Mr. Webster, fifty years ago, delivered his faBat Georgie, with a great effort, steadies the conversation.

mous oration at the laying of the corner-stone her swimming senses.

“ That was the lady, I suppose ? said of Bunker Hill Monument, about two hundred



veterans of the Revolution, of whom forty | his ideas of relationship, as well as of his lately occurred, reached the remarkable age were survivors of the battle, were present age.

of one hundred and eleven years; but, until with Lafayette, but even then, according to Some other recent cases of alleged ex- the evidence in her case has been presented Mr. Frothingham, their emaciated frames, treme longevity are worth noticing in con- and sifted, she cannot be allowed a place tottering limbs, and trembling voices, told of nection with the results of modern investiga- even on the small roll of centenarians, to the ravages which Time had made upon them. tion into the subject. Thus, a cable-dis. say nothing of a wholly exceptional position Eighteen years later, when the same great patch from Paris, April 30th, to the New as the oldest individual on record. It is in. orator and statesman, who had addressed York papers, announced the death of Baron teresting to learn that the venerable deceased them as “venerable men, you have come Jean Frédéric de Waldeck, at the age of one was little and lively, and of pure gypsy dedown to us from a former generation,” de. bundred and nine years. Having been born, scent, and that though her sight was not parlivered an oration on the completion of the according to this account, on March 16, 1766, ticularly good, she was able to knit twinemonument, only thirteen veterans of Concord, he was, if it is true, nine years old at the out- bags almost to the last; but tbese facts, if Lexington, and Bunker Hill, remained to bear break of our Revolutionary War. It is said they prove any thing, tend to take off somehim, and the lapse of forty-two years has left that he taught Marie Antoinette to play upon thing from the age of a person whose antenone of them among the living !

the harp, and instructed her in Italian during cedents and vitality near the close of an exBefore the "oldest man in the Union, in the first years of her sojourn in France. In- ceptionally long life favor the idea that sbe all probability," as Harper's Weekly calls its timate, as he told a newspaper correspondent, was much younger than sbe assumed to latest bero of longevity, can establish his with Robespierre, and having Camille Des- be. claim to the great age of one hundred and moulins for his dearest friend, a staff-officer The cases thus far referred to, of what fifteen, he must present more satisfactory evi- of Kléber in Egypt, and fighting under Na- have been aptly termed ultra-centenarians, dence in favor of it than has yet appeared. | poleon at Austerlitz, he had, according to his must be decided, in the absence of that posiIn fact, when the journal that champions own story, been a witness of all the leading tive, convincing evidence which none of them him with pen and pencil says that “reports political changes in France since the days of exhibit, on the strength of the latest results differ a little as to Mr. Griffin's precise age,” Louis XVI. That a participant in all these of scientific research, which fix the extreme we are prepared for the delightful discrepancy events should have only just died seems limit of human life at one hundred and five between the statement of his present wife, sufficiently strange, but the additional and years. It is obvious that the records of inwhom he married about twenty-five years ago, in many respects contradictory accounts of surance-offices afford no unimportant evi. that he is one hundred and three, and the bis adventures, which were telegraphed to dence of the extreme duration of existence “other evidences and testimony that make the London papers, make the case still among men and women, The position of him out to be about one hundred and fifteen." more curious. These stories represent him the insured as regards health and the chances What the other evidences and testimony are as an African explorer with Levaillant in of life, based not only upon the acceptance is not stated, and, in default of documentary 1785, and as subsequently having had varied of the risk by the companies, but upon the proof, it is, of course, too much to assume experiences in Egypt, Italy, Central and care and forethought and presumably comthat he has reached a period which no human South America, as a soldier, traveler, arche- fortable pecuniary condition of the applicant, being that ever lived is positively proved to ologist, and engineer. In view of these sen- illustrates a state of things very favorable to have attained, or even that he has rounded the sational and contradictory dispatches, it is longevity. And yet, among the thousands exceptional limit of a century of life. To be interesting to find Mr. Thoms, in the Lon- of persons who have been insured in Engsure, this old man is said to recall distinctly don Times of May 6th, disputing the claims land, there has been, according to the report the departure of his brothers for the army, of Count Waldeck, which had been vouched of the registrar-general, but a single case of to take part in the struggle for independence; for by the Paris correspondent of that jour- centenarianism—that of Jacob William Lunbut the memory of old people is proverbially nal. It appears that the icdesatigable in- | ing, who died in 1870, at the age of one huntreacherous as to what happened in their vestigator of centenarianism had often sought dred and three years. It is obvious that the early life, and nothing is more common than to secure from Count Waldeck proof of his age given by an applicant for insurance is for them to confound their remembrances of alleged extreme longevity, but without suc- not likely to be overstated, as this would be a noted occurrence with the public talk of it The impression produced by the old against his interest, but the ordinary claimlong afterward. Thus Henry Jenkins, the man man upon a friend of Mr. Thoms's, who called ant to centenarianism has an object in the whose name has come down to us as that of the upon the count for the purpose of testing his increased consideration likely to accrue to longest-lived individual in modern times, had age, was one of unreality and exaggeration. him, and, if he is one of the mendicant frahis story generally credited, and even admit- It appears that the contradictory statements ternity, this extreme longevity is a strong ted into the Transactions of the Royal Society in the obituary dispatches to the New York appeal to the sympathies of the charitable. of England, on the strength of bis statement and London papers as to the incidents of his Quaint old Thomas Fuller illustrated the prothat he remembered the battle of Flodden life had been exhibited in previous reports, verbial tendency of persons of advanced years Field, which was fought one hundred and a fact which unsettles confidence in any of to add to them when he said, “Many old fifty-two years before, when he was twelve them. That the old gentleman was largely men set the clock of their age forward when years old. As Jenkins's claims to this ex- indebted to his imagination for his age is past seventy.” As confirming the experience treme longevity have lately been shown by the opinion of Mr. Thoms, the conclusion of of the English insurance-offices in regard to Mr. Thoms, Professor Owen, and other inves- whose letter to the Times puts the case on centenarianism, that of the National - Debt tigators, to be unfounded, it is supposed that its true basis: “When I add that in return. Office, which records only two authenticated he may have heard the accounts of the battle | ing thanks to his friends for drinking his cases between 1790 and 1872, is important. so often that he finally thought he recollected health on his birthday in 1874, he concluded In this country, there have been a number it instead of them. In the same way the al- with this startling announcement - Mon of well-established instances of persons livleged ante-Revolutionary veteran of our own grand-père a vécu jusqu'à 162 ans; et je suis | ing beyond a century, but they are few, intime, if only ninety years of age instead of le 21me centenaire de ma famille' — your deed, as compared with those which rest on one hundred and fifteen, may, as he says, readers will probably share my feeling that insufficient evidence. Four graduates of Harhave bad brothers in the Revolutionary War, the one hundred and nine years of Count vard College have been centenarians, and if and long afterward have heard their stories Waldeck cannot be admitted as proved until we accept the statement in the report of the about its opening scenes, so that in time his evidence has beeu produced as exceptionally Health Department of New York City, for remembrance of their accounts of their de. strong, clear, and irrefragable, as the age 1873, ninety-one persons had, during the preparture for the battle-field would assume the claimed is exceptionally extreme.”

vious ten years, died there at or beyond a form of his recollection of seeing them as The same may be said of the claims of Eliza- hundred years of age. In these cases, as rethey went. The chances are, however, that, beth Leatherland, which Sir G. Duncan Gibb ported, however, the absence of any evidence instead of brothers, he had a father or an has recently brought to the attention of the of such extreme longevity, except that furuncle in that war, and memory is, supposing English medical journals. Sir George is said to nished by the assertion of the individual, the him to be an honest man, playing tricks with be confident that this person, whose death bas belief of bis friends or attending physician,


deprives them of the authenticity which indu- | credence is given to such cases is well illus- | Napoleon and Alexander which led to the bitable documentary proof alone can furnish. trated by the examples of the three typical Peace of Tilsit in 1807. The fact that most of these centenarians are representatives of extreme longevity in mod- Professor Owen has shown that the age Irish or colored widows throws great doubt ern times—the Countess of Desmond, Henry of the patriarchs, as given in the literal verupon the legitimacy of their claims, for in Jenkins, and Thomas Parr.

sion of the first chapter of Genesis, is incontheir position the means of verifying them The old countess's claim to one hundred sistent with physiological laws regulating the would naturally be inadequate. One of these and sixty-two or one hundred and sixty-three length of human life, which bears, as with persons, a woman of color, called Mary Ann years was based on Horace Walpole's mis- other animals, a certain proportion to the Bastine, who died ten years ago at the alleged taken identification of her with another mem- period of growth, and is inexorably limited age of one hundred and eighteen, which ber of the family, and the statement that she in a state of nature by the progressive hard. would make her twenty-eight years older had danced with Richard III., while perbaps ening of the tissues and the gradual dethan the republic, is said to have been born justifying Tom Moore's reference to her as struction of the teeth. A sound Biblical and passed all her life in New York. In her “that frisky old girl," was assumed by Wal. criticism is not opposed to these views, which case, at least, the registry of her birth or pole on mere oral tradition. As the Quarter. harmonize with the expressions of the Hebrew baptism, in connection with other facts of ly and Dublin Reviews and Mr. Thoms have Psalmist in regard to the longevity of man. record, would throw some light on the ques. completely annihilated the claims of the But, although human existence is seldom pro. tion of her age, but, in default of such evi. countess to extreme longevity, there is no longed to a century, the improvements effect. dence, the extreme longevity claimed for her need of dwelling upon them here. Henry ed by modern civilization bave so increased cannot be accepted.

Jenkins was also born before the days of its average term that there seems no reason In reference to the difficulty of authenti. parish - registers, and, being a professional why, in time, a hundred years, declared by cating the cases of alleged centenarianism beggar, his own story of his age, which is Flourens and Buffon to be the natural, may just mentioned among Irish and colored the mainstay of the long-current belief that not become the actual limit of life with the widows, the remarks of the English regis- he was one hundred and sixty-nine years old, majority of men and women. Dr. Gardner, traf-general seem appropriate. After men- is not credible. His alleged recollection of the author of a recent English work on lontioning the fact that two-thirds of the cente- Flodden Field, which was fought one hundred gevity, fixes the beginning of old age at sixtynarians returned by the census are women, and fifty-two years before, was, as we have five, and, as all pathologists agree that most he adds that “ several of them in England said, admitting his honesty, only a recollection persons who live to eighty, or ninety, or are natives of parishes in Ireland or Scotland of the public talk of it long afterward. That longer, die from preventable or curable diswhere no efficient system of registration ex- his integrity in such matters was not above re- eases, the advance of sanitary science and of ists ; few of them reside in the parishes where proach was shown by the reproof be got from general intelligence and comfort is likely to they were born and have been known from the judge for swearing to a circumstance that make the approximation to one hundred years Fouth ; many of the old people are paupers, occurred one hundred and twenty years before. of life more and more common. Whatever and probably illiterate-so that it would no Considerable stress has been laid upon the promotes the harmonious development of hudoubt be difficult to obtain the documentary testimony of " divers ancient witnesses ” that manity in its varied functions, both of body evidence which can alone be accepted as con- Jenkins was a very old man when they first and mind, is conducive to long life. It is in elusive proof of such extraordinary ages.” It knew him, but, as their own age at that time this way that matrimony is favorable to lonmay be remarked here that the statements of is not mentioned, his cannot be reason- gevity, whether we regard the former as the age in the reports of the English registrar. ably supposed to be wholly exceptional on cause, or, as Herbert Spencer, in his recent ingeneral, which are often quoted as decisive such evidence. It is highly probable that genious “ Study of Sociology,” maintains, as evidence of the claims of centenarians there- both Jenkins and Parr were centenarians, the effect of the latter, the instinct tend. in mentioned, do not pretend to be the results and possible that they had reached one hun- ing to marriage, and the ability to meet its of official verification, but are merely given, dred and two or one hundred and three years responsibilities, determining, in his view, like other particulars, from information of of age. The only reason for crediting Thom. whether life shall be long or short. Heredi. relatives or other persons, regarding the as Parr with one hundred and fifty-two years tary influences also strongly affect this quesdeath. From this it is easy to see that the of life is the statement of the eminent physi- tion, and Dr. Nathan Allen, a high authority, average of seventy-eight deaths of centenari- ologist who dissected him; but, as Harvey thinks it doubtful whether any individuals ans a year, from 1861 to 1871, in England, as merely reported what was stated by others, have reached a very great age without having deduced from the registry, is of no value in and made no personal investigation into the had immediate or remote ancestors who have settling the vexed question of longevity. matter, Professor Owen agrees with Mr. also been very long - lived. The inberited Whenever tbe department is able to investi. Thoms that there is no authentic evidence on tendency to longevity, he adds, is strongest gate any exceptional case of this kind, the scientifically - acceptable ground of Parr's where the family is large and all its members report is made in “ The Weekly Return,” and precise age.

reach a great age. Some striking illustrait is very seldom that the result bears out the As for the claims of the festive old ( tions of this are furnished by causes occurelaims of centenarianism. Even documentary soldier who has been dined and wined in ring in Massachusetts, the most notable being evidence, as Mr. Thoms shows in his interest. New York for several years past on the in his own family in the town of Barre, the ing treatise, cannot be relied upon until it has strength of his having been born in 1766, and average age of the ten children of Nehemiah been thoroughly sisted. Parish registers are who on this theory is now one hundred and Allen-four sons and six daughters-reaching often misleading in such matters, from the nine years old, a critical examination of his eighty-eight years, eight months, and twenty danger of confounding the supposed centena- claims by the light of the British Army List days, which the doctor considers unexampled rian with another person of the same name, shows that Lieutenant Lahrbusch (for he in the whole history of New England. Alespecially when belonging to the same family, never was a captain) is more likely, as Mr. though centenarianism is more it being not uncommon for parents to give one Thoms concludes, to be eighty-nine than one among the poor than the rich, yet this is not naine to successive children when one or more hundred and nive. Cashiered in 1818, when because of the condition of the former being have died young. As the persons present at he was, if born in 1766, fifty-two years of more favorable to longevity than that of the the baptism of an individual of such ad age, for what he afterward pleaded were latter, as the fact is the other way, but in Fanced age are usually all dead, there is need “youthful errors,” after nine instead of his

consequence of their greater numbers. Cu. of great care in examining the secondary and alleged twenty-nine years of service, a de. riously enough, however, neither Sir G. Cornecircumstantial evidence which is put forward duction of twenty years from his assumed wall Lewis nor Mr. Thoms has found any to establish his identity. That inscriptions | longevity may reasonably be made, even at well-authenticated instances of centenarian. on tombstones are often as untrustworthy in the risk of spoiling the fine stories about his ism in the British peerage. Still, Palmerston regard to the age as they proverbially are to serving with the Duke of York in the Low dying at eighty-one, Brougham at eighty. the characters of those who lie beneath them Countries in 1793, with Lord Cornwallis in nine, Campbell at eighty-three, St. Leonard bas been abundantly proved in many cases Ireland in 1798, with Nelson at Copenhagen at ninety-four, and Earl Russell still active in of alleged centenarianism. The way in which in 1801, and witnessing the interview between í mind at eighty-three, make a very good show


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ing for the lords, though democracy can verse of which was a three-column article, There are strange things in life. . They surpass them with Jobn Adams living till by Mr. Syphers, under the startling caption, pass mostly as coincidences. But the other. ninety, Jefferson till eighty - three, Josiah "Give the Devil his Due,” concluding with night, in an up-town residence, died a man Quincy dying at ninety-two, and Horace Bin- the following resolution in due and proper whose life had been passed in Wall Street, ney alive to-day at ninety-five. All these

in the business of a broker. At a few mincases prove also that intellectual activity of a “In consideration, then, of his great ser- utes past eleven o'clock, as the man's eyes high order is favorable to longevity, which in vices to our race, and for his many inven- were dimming with the last sight of earth, he general may be said to depend upon the tions and discoveries, I move that steps be asked an attendant to repeat the familiar healthy, equable development of the bodily immediately taken toward rearing for him a hymn commencingand mental powers. monument - - an alabaster shaft of fame

"Jesus, lover of my soul, ALEXANDER YOUNG. whose lofty height shall pierce the stormy

Let me to thy bosom fly." clouds and lift its towering head to heaven, Nothing very singular about this request THE STRANGEST THINGS bearing in golden capitals this inscription : from a man whose eyes were glazing. But,

at that exact hour and minute, a lady living IN LIFE.


squares away waked up from a dream, in

wbich she had seemed to be standing by the NE breathless afternoon in August,

death - bed of this man, and he had reHAVE RENDERED HIS NAME IMMORTAL." 1874, as I was lounging under an an

quested her to sing that hymn to him. By

I ran over the article amusedly, then cient maple that overhangs a river, and won

what strange agency the wish of the dying over the letter again, with its obviously sadering why the world could not come to an

man was transmitted to a sleeping acquainttirical intention, and its vague cant about end before my funds gave out, which were

ance, squares distant, and reflected as substance and element—two words very fa- | dream, is one of those problems that must just then running low, a letter was put into

miliar to those who have studied the literature my hands. It read as follows:

engage scientific attention one of these days, of spiritualism, and invested with a mystic when the mystery of life has yielded up so “MUNSTER, NEAR STREATOR, } significance by philosophizers as to the nature

many of its more material facts that interest ILLINOIS, August 25, 1874. of so-called spiritual phenomena. Finally, I

in that important direction has waned a lit“ BROTHER FAIRFIELD: I just now read put the missive in my pocket, and went on

tle. At present, occurrences of this type are your article in the Springfield Republican in with my day-dream, piecing together odds

regarded as startling coincidences, but not reference to spiritualism. You set out to

and ends of supernatural tales, until one of as inductive evidence of the existence of a hunt for one thing, and actually stumbled

the strange aphorisms of Novalis intruded upon another thing, of vastly more impor- | into my reveries. It was this, which most

region not yet explored by science-a region

of dreams and spectres and morbid imagintance than the thing for which you were hunt- readers of German literature will remember ings, in the main, but one that occasionally ing. Good! Accidents will happen in the

in the original : "The soul is the most acbest of families. You don't say whether

yields strange and inexplicable facts. tive of all poisons ; it is the most penetrating

My own correspondence furnishes a cuyou found a psychological basis for inspira- and diffusible of stimulants.” And this, by rious portfolio of such psychological data, tion or not, but I presume you did. I am an one of those singular sequences that could

some of them transcending the wildest creahonest investigator of spiritualism, and now only occur on a summer afternoon, under an

tions of the professional romancer. I wish to inquire if your unconscious-cerebra. ancient maple, with a river purling in one's

The wife of a well-known physician, resition and nervous-lesion theory will cover all ear, recalled the death of poor Pabodie, Wil

dent in one of the larger cities of Illinois, the ground and explain all spiritual phenom- liam J. Pabudie the poet, who is represented

sends me a curious transcript of the dreamena. I will give you a case that occurred in in Griswold's collection. He was the friend

experiences of her husband. I will permit my own house-not a phantom case, but a of Edgar A. Poe, and had, I fear, caught her to tell the story in her own way: real one. It was in the dead of winter, in a something of the mad spirit of his friend.

“ Throughout a large obstetrical practice, country-house, more than twenty-five miles He died by his own hand in November, 1870. covering a period of ten or twelve years, my from any city or hot-house where plants and * Unfortunately addicted to the opium-habit, husband has,” says she, “ been able belore flowers might be growing. A circle was and having a feeble will,” writes a medical leaving home to foretell with unerring cerheld one evening, and, among other phenome- gentleman to me, who attended him in his

tainty the sex of any infant he has been called na upon the table, fresh, dewy, and odoriferous last illness, " he was unable to overcome his

upon to usher into the world during a series flowers—a large bouquet of them-suddenly longing for the drug. I tried my best to aid of cases numbering bundreds. The birth of formed where an instant previous there had him, but failed, and so from being by nature

a boy is invariably preceded by the dream of been nothing. They were certainly not cowardly, and shrinking from the grim free- seeing a man shot; while that of a girl is not placed there by any visible hand, but a shin. booter, he finally took with a gentle smile the preceded by any particular dream. The phe. ing vapor at the same point preceded them cup of death, and died thanking the god of

nomenon has probably attended his whole for an instant. Now, where did they come healing who had cured him of the disease of

medical career, but at first it was naturally from ? The flowers remained on the table

life. On reflecting upon his case and many regarded as a mere coincidence, and it has for some days, until they withered away and others I have known,” continues his medical only fixed itself in his mind by constant repewere picked to pieces by me. The spirits adviser, in the same letter, “I discern the ab- tition. I recall an event that took place said they created them then and there from stract truth of the fancy of Novalis—Inocu.

fifteen years ago, before the dream had yet substance and element that they drew from

lation with death, also, will not be wanting impressed him with the force of a revelation. Nature. Did they lie, or were they only in some future universal therapia.'”

He dreamed one night of hearing the report phantom flowers incubated according to your Ah, the few souls that have this strange

of a gun and seeing a man fall, and, on exam. theory? Will you please answer ? If you sympathy with death and ghostliness, whom ination, he found two men dead on the grass. can solve this case, I have others still more

science styles of insane temperament, but He was awakened to visit a lady residing in difficult which I would like to bring to your who style themselves the sanest of the sane! the country, some miles distant. On the way consideration. If you have struck bottom or They are poets generally, with flashes about

thither he recounted to the messenger-tbe found the key that unlocks this great modern them of new senses—particularly, of an in- husband of his patient, by-the-wa!--the demystery, you have done well even if you were ward sense that never comes to saner and

tails of the dream from which he had just not hunting for it when you found it. Inclosed

more accurately-balanced organizations, and been awakened. The man remarked that he find the devil's due-bill, which I take the lib. which to them is

had a similar dream before he was called up erty of presenting.

“Like an Æolian harp that wakes

and sent for the doctor. The latter had “Yours for progress, No certain air, but overtakes

dreamed that he had gone out gunning and “ John SYPHERS." Far thought with music that it inakes,

shot a young deer, and that, on arriving at

As in the deepest trances men This was written on a large folio of paper

Forget the dream that happens then,

the spot where the animal had fallen, he rather more than a foot square, on the re

Until they fall in trance again."

found there were two of them. The lady be

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