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Roman empires thus perished, and thus have fallen the successive states, time after time, that rose upon their ruins. Survey the history of Britain--a nation favoured above every other—and you shall find the very same lessons unfolded as in the history of the Jews; and any one who will attentively peruse it will find, that as piety and virtue prevailed, so did liberty and prosperity—and the reverse; and that times of national irreligion and wickedness have always been times of national disaster and disgrace. Instead of ransacking volumes for proofs, I would recommend to your perusal a summary in a little work entitled “Britain's Remembrancer, which was first published immediately after the Rebellion in 1745, was widely circulated, and read even from the pulpits of various denominations. And, I may remark, that we find the same thoughts in the eminent divines of the seventeenth century ;-Tillotson, Barrow, Beveridge, and others, though want of space prevents a more specific reference to the facts and proofs.

IV. I shall now pass from this part of the subject to remark, that the Jews, as a nation, were solemnly bound to take the word of God for their rule and standard.

God is a God of truth as well as of holiness. The Lord Jesus Christ is "the Truth”--the Holy Spirit is called the “Spirit of Truth.” Truth is one of the great attributes of the Almighty on which his everlasting throne is founded, and on which his dominion rests. It is the expression of his mind and will, and all error and falsehood, of which God can in no sense be the author, are contrary to his mind and will, subject to his displeasure, and those who receive it are responsible to him who is the God of truth, as well as just and right to award to every one the fruit of his devices. That man as an individual is responsible for receiving or rejecting the truth of God, I endeavoured to prove at length in the course of last year, and if the principle laid down in this present lecture be just; that God deals with nations on the same moral grounds as with individuals, then it follows that a nation is responsible for the reception and treatment that it gives to truth, as much as the reception and treatment it gives to the Divine commands. A world of liars would be as ungovernable, as destructive of God's government, as a world of thieves and a world of atheists more destructive than either, inasmuch as nations could not exist where atheism reigned.* All this applies to the truth which God has revealed, and which involves not only doctrinal truth, but practical duty-each necessarily involved in the other.

If these principles hold true in the individual, they hold equally true in the nation; and if nations as we have shown, were bound by the laws of God, they are equally bound to maintain, defend, and support, and spread that truth on which alone morality can be based—from which alone the righteousness which exalteth a nation must spring, and from which are derived such mighty and incalculable benefits to the social state; and without which there can neither be public virtue, justice, mercy, benevolence nor liberty.

Does the history of the Jews then furnish any light on this topic?

We think it does, and that in great abundance. We find it, for instance, declared, that it was one of the distinguishing privileges of that nation, that unto them were committed the oracles of God, the high trust of being the depositaries, and under God the conservators, traditors, and propagators of the will of Heaven-of those springs of eternal truth, whose channels were to water the earth, and to cause it to spring forth and bud, and yield all manner of fruits for the healing of the nations. It is one of the gloriqus characters of restored Jerusalem:-“ And Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the Lord of hosts, the holy mountain.-Be

* So much was this experienced in the madness of the atheistic revolution of France, that the monster, Robespierre, was forced to declare, that “if there was no God, it would be necessary to invent one."

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hold I will save my people from the East country, and from the West country; and I will bring them and they shall dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in truth and righteousness.” Zech. viii. 3. 7, 8.

. After enumerating the prosperity and blessing of such a state of things, this exhortation is given to the nation; verse 19. “Therefore, love the truth and peace.” Again, “Hear the word of the Lord, ye children of Israel, for the Lord hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land.” “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee that thou shalt be no priest to me. Seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children.” Hos. iv. 146.

You cannot read the Psalms without seeing every where the praise of God's truth; and it is said, Psalm xcvi. 63, “He shall judge the people with his truth.Prov. xx. 28, “ Mercy and truth preserve the king.". “In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah: We have a strong city; salvation will God appoint for walls and bulwarks; open ye the gates that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter in.” It is one of the fatal signs which the prophets denounce as portending desolation to their country and nation, that they neglected, despised, or cast down the truth. Thus, Isaiah lix. 2, “But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you that he will not hear;" and in the black catalogue of crimes, we read—“none calleth for justice, nor any pleadeth for truth.' And again, versę 12—15, “For our transgressions are multiplied before thee, and our sins testify against us: for our transgressions are with us; and as for our iniquities, we know them; in transgressing and lying against the Lord, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood. And judgment is turned away backward, and

justice standeth afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter. Yea, truth faileth; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey: and the Lord saw it, and it displeased him that there was no judgment." In Jer. vii. the people are accused of despising God's people; and at verse 28, we read, “ But thou shalt say unto them, this is a nation that obeyeth not the voice of the Lord their God, nor receiveth correction: truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth;" ix. 1-3, “ Oh that my head were waters, and mine eyes a fountain of tears, that I might weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my people! Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men, that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they be all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men. And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies; but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth: for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the Lord.” Verse 9, “ Shall I not visit them for these things? saith the Lord: shall not my soul be avenged on such a nation as this?” The severest judgments are denounced against the prophets who prophesied falsely. In Jeremiah, we have this remarkable promise: v. 1, “Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be any that executeth judgment, and seeketh the truth, and I will pardon it.” — What an encouragement to the friends of the truth of God! how cheeringly does it echo to the church or nation in which are the righteous that keep the truth—“Destroy it not, for a blessing is in it.”

Does any one ask in this connection, what is truth? Our Saviour, though he did not answer Pilate's sceptical, jesting, and cavilling question; yet most satisfactorily resolves it in these words:" Sanctify them through thy truth-thy word is truth.And besides these more general declarations which we have now quoted to show the importance and obligation of truth nationally, we find the word of God sanctioned as the standard of national duty, and the rule of morals to the public authorities.

I have not time to institute a variety of general reasonings, or to specify the explanations and limitations with which the doctrine is to be understood that the word—the truth, of God—the Bible, is the standard of public, as well as private morality; and that, consequently, the nation must maintain, defend, and diffuse the truth of God. I can only enumerate, in general terms, a few of the proofs or facts in the Jewish history, by which it is proved.

As God governs the universe-all departments of the natural world, by fixed unerring laws, it is reasonable to infer that in the revelation of his will to men, he would not leave them destitute of all light in their most important social relations. Accordingly, in point of fact, we find that the Scriptures do lay down, with great clearness, the great principles of national morality, and that not merely in abstract precepts or maxims, but in numerous examples; and if so, the nations that despise them are rebels against God, “ the King and Governor among the nations;" and the people and rulers that will not be guided in all their actings thereby, must incur his indignation; and he can never want the means of vindicating his insulted majesty. Thus therefore, he spake to his ancient people, 1 Sam. xii. 14, 15, “ If ye will fear the Lord, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the commandment of the Lord; then shall both ye, and also the king that reigneth over you, continue following the Lord your God; but if ye will not obey the voice of the Lord, but rebel against the commandment of the Lord; then shall the hand of the Lord be against you, as it was against your fathers.” We have already seen, from the iv. of Deut., that the Israelites as a nation were commanded to receive, and highly prtvileged above all nations in possessing, the revealed will of God; and from the xxviii. chap. of the same book--that as they obeyed or disobeyed it, were they promised or threatened, and actually experienced the great blessing or

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