« הקודםהמשך »
and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words : then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father : for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it. lvi. 2. Bleffed is the man that doeth this, and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the fabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing any evil. Mark ii. 28. The Son of man is Lord also of the fabbath. See alio Luke vi. 5. Luke xiii. 10. He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the fabbath. Acts xiii. 42-44. When the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the gentiles befought that these words might be preached unto them the next sabbath-day:
-And the next sabbatb-day, came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God. xvi. 13. On the sabbath we went out of the city by a river-fide, where prayer was wont to be made ; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither. xviii. 4. He reafoned in the synagogue every fabbath, and persuaded the Jews and Greeks. Rev. i. 10. I was in the spirit on the Lord's day. Acts xx. 7. On the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them. John xx. 19. Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut, where the difciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, came Jefus, and stood in the midst, &c. 1 Cor. xvi. 2. Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath profpered him.
3. Against goliping. I Tim. v. 13. Withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers allo, and busy-bodies, speaking things which they ought not. I Theff. iv. Il. Study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we com
4. Against speaking evil. Tit. iii. 1, 2. Put them in mind to speak evil of no man.
5. Against buying or selling goods which have not paid the legal duty. Matt. xxii. 21. Then faith he (Jesus) unto them, Render, therefore, unto Cæfar the things which are Cæsar's. See also Mark xii. 17. Luke xx. 25. and Rom. xiii. 6, 7.
6. Against bribery in elections. Ifai. xxxiii. 15, 16. He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that fsaketbis bands from holding of bribes, &c. he shall dwell on high; his place of defence shall be the munition of rocks.
7. Against contracting debts without being able to pay them. Rom. xiii. 8. Owe no man any thing, but to love one another. Lev. xix. 13. Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour. i 'Theff. iv. 3--6. This is the will of God,--that no man go beyond and
defraud his brother in any matter; because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you, and teftified.
Of the Instruction of Children.
HAT fhall we do for the rising genera
tion? Answ. 1. Let him who is zealous for God and the fouls of men begin now.
2. Where there are ten children whose parents are in society, meet them an hour once a week; but were: this is impracticable, meet them once in two weeks.
3. Procure our instructions for them, and let all who can, read and commit them to memory.
4. Explain and impress them upon their hearts.
fee 6. Pray earneitly for them: And diligently instruct and exhort all parents at their own houfes.
7. Let the elders, deacons, and preachers, take a, list of the names of the children ; and if any of them be truly awakened, let them be admited into fociety.
8. Preach expressly on education : “ But I have no gift for this.” Pray earnestly for the gift, and use every other means to attain it.
any at home.
N O T E S.
The proper education of children is of exceeding great mos inent to the welfare of mankind. About one half of the human race are under the age of fixteen, and may be considered, the infants excepted, as capable of instruction. The welfare of the states and countries in which they live, and, what is infinitely more, the falvation of their souls, do, under the grace and providence of God, depend in a considerable degree upon their education. But, alas ! the great difficulty lies in finding men and women of genuine piety as instructors. Let us, however, endeavour to fupply these spiritual defects. Let us follow the directions of this section, and we shall meet many on the day of judgment, who will acknowledge before the Great Judge, and an allembled uni
verse, that their first desires after Christ and salvation were received in their younger years by cur instrumentality. In to vis we may, without difficulty, meet the children weekly, and in the plantations advise and pray with them every time we visit their houses : Nay, in the country, if we give notice that at such a time we shall spend an hour or two in such a house with those children who shall attend, many of the neighbours will efteem it a privilege to send their children to us at the time appointed. But we must exercise much patience, as well as zeal, for the fuca cessful accomplishment of this work. And if we can with love and delight condescend to their ignorance and childishness, and yet endeavour continually to raise up their little minds to the once dying but now exalted Saviour, we shall be made a blessing to thousands of them.
But let us labour among the poor in this respect, as well as among the competent. O if our people in the cities, towns, and villages were but sufficiently sensible of the magnitude of this duty, and its acceptableness to God—If they would establish fabbath-schools, wherever practicable, for the benefit of the children of the poor, and facrifice a few public ordinances every Lord's-day to this charitable and useful exercise, God would be to them instead of all the means they lose; yea, they would find, to their present comfort and the increase of their eternal glory, the truth and sweetness of those words, “Mercy is better than sacrifice,” Matt. ix, 13. and xii. 7. and Hof. vi. 6. But there is so much of the cross in all this ! O when shall we be the true followers of a crucified Saviour!
The following scriptures enforce the present duty : Gen. xviii. 19. I [Jehovah) know him (Abraham) that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord. Deut. vi. 6, 7. These words, which I com. mand thee this day, shall be in thine heart. And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou fittest in thine house, and when thou walkcft by the way, and when thou lieft down, and when thou risest up. Prov. xxii. 6. Train up a child in the way he should go; and when he is old he will not depart from it. Mark x. 14. Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not.
2 Tim. iii. 15. From a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto falvation, which is in Christ Jesus.
N. B. We particularly recommend our scripture-catechism for the use of children.
Of employing our Time profitably, when we
are not travelling, or engaged in public Ex
ercises. Quf. 1. WHA
HAT general method of employing
our time would you advise us to? Answ. We advise you, 1. As often as possible to rise at four.
2. From four to five in the morning, and from five to fix in the evening, to meditate, pray, and read the feriptures with notes, and the closely practical parts of what Mr. Wesley has published. 3. From fix in the morning till twelve (allowing an hour for break, fait) read, with much prayer, some of our best religious tracts.
Queft. 2. Why is it that the people under our care are not better?
Answ. Other reasons may concur; but the chief is, because we are not more knowing and more holy.
Quest 3. But why are we not more knowing ?
Anjw. Because we are idle. We forget our first rule, “ Be diligent. Never be unemployed. Never be trillingly employed: neither spend any more time at any place than is strictly necessary." We fear there is altogether a fault in this matter, and that few of us are clear.
Which of us spends as many hours a day in God's work, as he did formerly in man's work? We talk, talk-or read what comes next to hand. We muit, abiolutely, muft, cure this evil, or betray the cause of God. But how? 1. Read the most useful books, and that regularly and constantly. 2. Steadily fpend all the morning in this employment, or at least five hours in four and twenty.
si But I have no taste for reading."! Contract a taste for it by use, or return to your
former employment. " But I have no books." Be diligent to spread the books, and you will have the use of them.
We have already enlarged so much on the public and private duties of ministers, that on the limited plan and laconic mode we have adopted in these annotations, it may not be necessary to say much more on this subject. We would just recommend to our ministers and preachers, agreeably to the directions given in this section, much reading and study. We have various ranks of men to deal with, and as far as possible should be prepared for them all; that as scribes instructed unto the kingdom of heaven, we may, like unto a man that is an householder, bring forth out of our treasures things new and old. See Matt. xiii. 52. A taite for reading profitable books is an inestimable gift. It adds to the comfort of life far beyond what many conceive, and qualifies us, if properly directed, for very extenfive usefulness in the church of God. It takes off all the miserable listlessness of a sluggish. life; and gives to the mind a strength and activity it could not otherwise acquire. But to obtain and preserve this taste for, this delight in, profitable reading, we must daily resist the natural tendency of man to indolence and idleness. And when we confider the astonishing activity of the enemies of revealed truth, to disseminate their pernicious doctrines, we must allow that it be-, hoves every minister of Jesus Christ, not only to be able to “ give an answer to every man that afketh him a reason of the hope that is in him, with meekness and fear,” (1 Pet. iii. 15.) but to answer and filence the most subtle arguments of the professed enemies of our adorable Lord. “Till I come,” says St. Paul, “ GIVE ATTENDANCE TO READING,” I Tim. iv. 13. Heb. vi. 11, 12. We desire--that ye be not slothful. See also Ephes. v. 16. Col. iv. 5. 2 Tim. ii. 15. and iv. 13.
Of the Necessity of Union among ourselves.
ET us be deeply sensible (from what we have
known) of the evil of a division in principle, ipirit, or practice, and the dreadful consequences to ourfelves and others. If we are united, what can stand before us? If we divide, we shall destroy ourselves, the work of God, and the souls of our pe ple.
Quest. What can be done in order to a closer union with each other?