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ye spake unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son. And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his 30 brother : and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there. And he washed his face, and went out, 31

she (Rachel) was in hard labour, that the mid 30 His bowels did yearn.] Then spake wife said unto her, Fear not; thou shalt have the woman whose the living child was unto this son also. And it came to pass, as her the king (for her bowels yearned upon her soul was in departing (for she died) that she son), and she said, O my lord, give her the called his name Ben-oni : but his father called living child, and in no wise slay it (said one him Benjamin. Ge. xxxv. 17, 18.

of the harlots, in Solomon's judgment between Of whom ye spake unto me.] See verse 27. them). I Ki. iii. 26. Is Ephraim my dear and com.

son ? is he a pleasant child ? for since I God be gracious unto thee.] It was not you spake against him, I do earnestly remember (said Joseph to his brethren) that sent me him still ; therefore my bowels are troubled hither, but God. Ge. xlv. 8. And Joshua for him. I will surely have mercy upon him, said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, saith the Lord. Je. xxxi. 20. How shall I glory to the Lord God of Israel, and make give thee up, Ephraim ? how shall I deliver confession unto him, and tell me now what thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Adthou hast done ; hide it not from me. Jos. mah ? how shall I set thee as Zeboim ? mine vii. 19. My sons (said Hezekiah to the Le- heart is turned within me, my repentings are vites), be not now negligent, for the Lord hath kindled together. Ho. xi. 8. For God is my chosen you to stand before him, to serve him, record how greatly I long after you all in the and that ye should minister unto him, and bowels of Jesus Christ. Phi. i. 8. If there be burn incense. 2 Ch. xxix. 11. Behold, how any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, good and how pleasant it is for brethren to if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and dwell together in unity! it is like the pre- mercies, fulfil ye my joy. Phi. ii. 1, 2. Put on cious ointment upon the head, that ran down therefore as the elect of God, holy and beloved, upon the beard, even Aaron's beard : that went bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of down to the skirts of his garments. Ps. mind, meekness, long-suffering, forbearing one exxxiii. 1, 2. And, behold, they brought to another, and forgiving one another: if any man him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed; have a quarrel against any, even as Christ forand Jesus seeing their faith said unto the gave you, so also do ye. Col. iii. 12, 13. But sick of the palsy, Son, be of good cheer ; thy whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his sins be forgiven thee. And, behold, a woman, brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels which was diseased with an issue of blood of compassion from him, how dwelleth the twelve years, came behind him, and touched love of God in him? 1 John iii. 17. the hem of his garment. But Jesus turned Wept there.] And he (Joseph) turned himhim about, and when he saw her, he said, self about from them (his brethren), and wept. Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath Ge. xlii. 24. When Jesus saw her (Mary, made thee whole. Mat. ix. 2. 20. 22. And the sister of Lazarus) weeping, and the Jews the disciples were astonished at his (Jesus') also weeping which came with her, he groaned words (respecting the rich man entering hea- in spirit, and was troubled, and said, Where ven): but Jesus answereth again, and saith have ye laid him? They say unto him, Come unto them, Children, how hard is it for them and see. Jesus wept. Then said the Jews, that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom Behold how he loved him. And some of them of God! Mar. X. 24. Unto Timothy, my said, Could not this man, which opened the own son in the faith : Grace, mercy, and peace, eyes of the blind, have caused that even this from God our Father and Jesus Christ our man should not have died ? Jesus therefore, Lord. 1 Ti. i. 2. Let brotherly love con- again groaning in himself, cometh to the tinue. He. xiii. l.

grave,'&c. John 11. 33–38. Ye know from My son.) The Lord make his face to shine the first day that I came into Asia after what upon thee, and be gracious unto thee (said manner“I” (Paul”) have been with you at Moses in the name of the Lord). Nu. vi. 25. all seasons; serving the Lord with all humility He hath made his wonderful works to be re- of mind, and with many tears and temptamembered: the Lord is gracious, and full of tions which befell me, by the lying in wait of compassion. Ps. cxi. 4. Unto the upright the Jews. Watch, and remember that by the there ariseth light in the darkness: he is space of three years I ceased not to warn gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous. every one night and day with tears. Ps. cxii. 4. And now, I pray you, beseech they all wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck, God that he will be gracious unto us. This and kissed him, sorrowing most of all for hath been by your means. Will he regard the words which he spake, That they should your persons ? saith the Lord of hosts. Mal. see his face no more. Ac. xx. 19. 31. 37.

I thank God, whom I serve from my fore


32 and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread. And they set on

for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves : because the Egyp

tians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an 33 abomination unto the Egyptians. And they sat before him, the

first-born according to his birthright, and the youngest according 34 to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another. And he

took and sent messes unto them from before him : but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of their's. And they drank, and were merry with him.


1 And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the

fathers with pure conscience, that without (the children of Israel") he (Joseph) gare ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my each man changes of raiment; but to Benprayers night and day, greatly desiring to see jamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may and five changes of raiment. Ge. xlv. + be filled with joy. 2 Ti. i. 3, 4.

To Peninnah his wife he (Elkanah) gave, and 31 Refrained himself.] Then (when Judah to all her sons and daughters, portions (whee said, How shall I go up to my father, and the the time was that he offered): but unto Hanlad be not with me?) Joseph could not refrain nah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved himself before all them that stood by him. Hannah. 1 Sa. i. 4, 5. And Samuel took Saul Ge. xlv. I. I have long time holden my peace: and his servant, and brought them into the I have been still, and refrained myself (saith parlour, and made them sit in the chiefest the Lord, forbearing to manifest himself, and place among them that were bidden, which check idolatry). Is. xlii. 14. Thus saith the were about thirty persons. And Samuel said Lord ; Refrain thy voice from weeping, and unto the cook, Bring the portion which I gave thine eyes from tears; for thy work (Israel) thee, of which I said unto thee, Set it by thee. shall be rewarded. Je. xxxi. 16. He that And the cook took up the shoulder, and that will love life and see good days, let him refrain which was upon it, and set it before Saul his tongue from evil, and his lips that they And Samuel said, Behold that which is left! speak no guile. 1 Pe. iji. 10.

set it before thee, and eat; for unto this time 32 Eat bread.] See verse 16. Then (upon hath it been kept for thee since I said, I have making a covenant with Laban) Jacob offered invited the people. 1 Sa. ix. 22, 23, 24. sacrifice upon the mount, and called his Were merry with him.] Give strong drink brethren to eat bread. Ge. xxxi. 54.

unto him that is ready to perish, and wine For that is an abomination, &c.] Thy ser- unto those that be of heavy hearts. Pr. IX. vants' trade hath been about cattle from our 6. Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and youth even until now, both we, and also our drink thy wine with a merry heart. Es ir. fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of 7. A feast is made for laughter, and wine Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination maketh merry; but money answereth all unto the Egyptians. Ge. xlvi. 34. And things. Ec. x. 19. I have drunk my wine Moses said (when ordered by Pharaoh to sa- with my milk (saith the Church): eat, o crifice to his God in the land), It is not meet friends ; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O be so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination loved. Can. v. 1. They (the wicked soko of the Egyptians to the Lord our God : lo, devour the righteous) sacrifice unto their net, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the and burn incense unto their drag, because by Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not them their portion is fat, and their mest stone us? Er. viii. 26.

plenteous. Hab. i. 16. The Son of man 33 Sat before him.] And he (Joseph's came eating and drinking, and they say, steward) searched, and began at the eldest, Behold a man gluttonous, and a wine-bibber. and left at the youngest; and the cup was Mat. xi. 19. Every man at the beginning found in Benjamin's sack. Ge. xliv. 12. (saith the ruler of the marriage feast) doth

34 Messes.) And David said to Uriah, set forth good wine ; and when men bare Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. well drunk, then that which is worse: but ther. And Uriah departed out of the king's house, hast kept the good wine until now. John i Je and there followed him a mess of meat from the king. 2 Sa. xi. 8.

CHAP. XLIV.-1 The steward of his house) Was five times so much.) To all of them" And Abraham said unto his eldest servant of

men's sacks with food, ás much as they can carry, and put every man's money in his sack's mouth.' And put my cup, the silver 2 cup, in the sack's mouth of the youngest, and his corn money. And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken. As 3 soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses. And when they were gone out of the city, and not 4 yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good? Is not this it in which my 5 lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth ? ye have done evil in so doing. And he overtook them, and he spake unto them 6

his house, that ruled over all that he had, to do thee good at thy latter end. De. viii. 2. Put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh 16. Thou shalt not hearken unto the words (to swear that he would not take a wife for of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams Isaac of the daughters of the Canaanites). Ge. (who would entice to idolatry): for the Lord xxiv. 2. And when Joseph saw Benjamin your God proveth you, to know whether ye with “ them" (" his brethren"), he said to the love the Lord your God with all your heart, ruler of his house, Bring these men home, and and with all your soul. De. xiii. 3. Behold, slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine I send you forth as sheep in the midst of with me at noon. And they came near to the wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents and steward of Joseph's house, and they com- harmless as doves. Mat. x. 16. I speak not muned with him at the door of the house. by commandment, but by occasion of the forGe. xliii. 16. 19. and com.

wardness of others; and to prove the sincerity Fill the men's sacks.] Then (after taking of your love. 2 Co. viii. 8. Simeon and binding him) Joseph commanded 4 Up, follow after, &c.] Now rise up, said to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore I (Moses), and get you over the brook Zered. every man's money into his sack, and to give And we went over the brook Zered.

De. them provision for the way. Ge. xlii. 25. ii. 13. And it came to pass, when they had eaten up Wherefore have ye rewarded evil, &c.] And the corn which they had brought out of he (Saul) said to David, Thou art more Egypt, their father said unto them, Go again, righteous than I; for thou hast rewarded me buy us a little food. Ge. xliii. 2. Behold, good (in sparing Saul's life), whereas I have the Lord of hosts doth take away from Jeru- rewarded thee evil. 1 Sa. xxiv. 17. Behold, salem and from Judah the stay and the staff, I say (said Jehoshaphat), how they (the Mothe whole stay of bread, and the whole stay abites and Ammonites) reward us, to come to of water. Is. iij. 1.

cast us out of thy possession, which thou (the 2 My cup] Hereby shall ye be proved: Lord) hast given us to inherit. 2 Chr. xx. 11. By the life of Pharaoh, ye shall not go forth They rewarded me evil for good, to the dehence, except your youngest brother come spoiling of my soul. Ps. xxxv. 12. And they hither. Send one of you (said Joseph), have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall for my love. Ps. cix. 5. Whoso rewardeth be kept in prison, that your words may be evil for good, evil shall not depart from his proved, whether there be any truth in you; or house. Pr. xvii. 13. Jesus answered “them" else, by the life of Pharaoh, surely ye are ("the Jews”), Many good works have i spies. But bring your youngest brother unto shewed you of my father; for which of those me, so shall your words be verified, and ye works do ye stone me ? John x. 32. shall not die. Ge. xlii. 15, 16. 20. And 5 Divineth.] And Joseph said unto them they set on (bread) for him by himself, and (his brethren), Wot ye not that such a man as for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians I can certainly divine ? Ge. xliv. 15. And which did eat with him by themselves : be- Laban said unto him (Jacob), I have learned cause the Egyptians might not eat bread with by experience that the Lord' hath blessed me the Hebrews, for that is an abomination unto for thy sake. Ge. xxx. 27. Ye shall not use the Egyptians. Ge. xliii. 32. And thou enchantment, nor observe times. Le. xix. 26. shalt remember all the way which the Lord Now the men (who were sent by Benhadad thy God led thee these forty years in the king of Syria to Ahab king of Israel, begging wilderness, to humble thee and to prove thee, his life) did diligently observe whether any to know what was in thine heart, whether thing would come from him (king Ahab), and thou wouldest keep his commandments, or no. did hastily catch it: and they said, Thy broWho fed thee in the wilderness with manna, ther, Benhadad. Then he said, Go ye, bring which thy fathers knew not, that he might him. So he made a covenant with him. humble thee, and that he might prove thee; 1 Ki. xx. 33, 34: Why is thy spirit so sad ? VOL. 1.


7 these same words. And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my

lord these words ? God forbid that thy servants should do ac8 cording to this thing: Behold, the money, which we found in

our sacks' mouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land of

Canaan: how then should we steal out of thy lord's house silver or 9 gold? With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let 10 him die, and we also will be my lord's bondmen. And he said,

(said Jezebel to Ahab.) And he said unto thou shalt be king over Syria. 2 Ki. viii. 13. her, Because I spake unto Naboth the Jez. A good name is rather to be chosen than great reelite, and said unto him, Give me thy vine- riches, and loving favour rather than silver. yard for money; or else, if it please thee, I Pr. xxii. 1. A good name is better than prewill give thee another vineyard for it: and he cious ointment; and the day of death than answered, I will not give thee my vineyard. the day of one's birth. Ec. vii. 1. Pray for 1 Ki. xxi. 6.

us; for we trust we have a good conscience, 7 Wherefore saith my lord.] See Ge. xxxiv. in all things willing to live honestly. 25. 30, 31; xxxv. 22; xxxvii. 18–32; and xiii. 18. xxxviii. 16, 17, 18. The Lord God of hosts, 8 The money, which we found, &c.] See Ge. the Lord God of gods, he knoweth (said the xlii. 21. 27. 35. and xliii. 12. 21, 22. children of Reuben, and of Gad, and Manasseh, How then should we steal, &c.] See verse 7, to the heads of the thousands of Israel), and and com. Thou shalt not steal. Ex. xx. 15. Israel he shall know; if it be in rebellion, or if Neither shalt thou steal. De. v. 19. Jesus in transgression against the Lord, (save us not said, Thou shalt not steal. Mat. xix. 18 He this day,) that we have built us an altar to that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. For turn from following the Lord, or if to offer this, Thou shalt not commit adultery; Thou thereon burnt-offering or meat-offering, or if shalt not kill ; Thou shalt not steal. Ro. xii. to offer peace-offerings thereon, let the Lord 8, 9. Whosoever shall keep the whole law, himself require it; and if we have not rather and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all: done it for fear of this thing, saying, In time for he that said, Do not commit adultery, said to come your children might speak unto our also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no children, saying, What have ye to do with adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a the Lord God of Israel? For the Lord hath transgressor of the law. Ja. ii. 10, 11. made Jordan a border between us and you, 9 Both let him die.] With whomsoever ye children of Reuben and children of Gad; thou findest thy gods (said Jacob to Laban), ye have no part in the Lord : so shall your let him not live. Ge. xxxi. 32. If my land children make our children cease from fearing cry against me, or that the furrows likewise the Lord. Therefore we said, Let us now thereof complain; if I have eaten the fruits prepare to build us an altar, not for burnt- thereof without money, or have caused the offering, nor for sacrifice : but that it may be owners thereof to lose their life: let thistles a witness between us and you, that we might grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of do the service of the Lord before him with barley. Job xxxi. 38, 39, 40. O Lord, my our burnt-offerings, and with our sacrifices, God, if I have done this, if there be iniquity and with our peace-offerings ; that your chil- in my hands, if I have rewarded evil unto him dren may not say to our children, Ye have no that was at peace with me (yea, I have delipart in the Lord. Therefore said we, that it vered him that without cause is mine enemy); shall be, when they should so say to us or to let the enemy persecute my soul, and take our generations in time to come, that we may it ; yea, let him tread down my life upon the say again, Behold the pattern of the altar of earth, and lay mine honour in the dust. Pa the Lord, which our fathers made, not for vii. 3, 4, 5. If I be an offender (said Pas! burnt-offerings, for meat-offerings, nor for sa- before Festus), or have committed any thing crifices; but it is a witness between us and worthy of death, I refuse not to die : but it you. God forbid that we should rebel against there be none of these things whereof these the Lord. Jos. xxii. 22—29. Joab answered accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them and said (to the wise woman at Abel, who I appeal unto Cæsar. Ac. xxv. II. accused him of seeking to destroy a city, and a And we also will be my lord's bondna mother in Israel), Far be it, far be it from me, And the men were afraid, because they were that I should swallow up, or destroy; the brought into Joseph's house: and they said matter is not so. 2 Sa. xx. 20, 21. And Because of the money that was returned in Hazael said (when he saw Elisha weeping, and our sacks at the first time are we brought is: heard him foretelling of his own future atro- that he may seek occasion against us, and fall cities), But what! is thy servant a dog that upon us, and take us for bondmen, and og he should do this great thing? And Elisha asses. Ge. xliii. 18. answered, The Lord hath shewed me that

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Now also let it be according unto your words : he with whom it is
found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless. Then they 11
speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened
every man his sack. And he searched, and began at the eldest, 12
and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's
sack. Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, 13
and returned to the city. And Judah and his brethren came to 14
Joseph's house; for he was yet there : and they fell before him on
the ground. And Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that 15


10 He with whom it is found.) The man came even to pass on the third day, that in whose hand the cup is found, he shall behold, a man came out of the camp, with be my servant; I pray thee (said Jacob to his clothes rent, and earth upon his head : Joseph) let thy servant abide instead of the and so it was when he came to David, that he lad a bondman to my lord ; and let the lad go fell to the earth, and did obeisance. Then with his brethren. Ge. xliv. 17. 33. If the (when he avowed that he had slain Saul) David sun be risen upon him (the thief), there shall took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and be blood shed for him ; for he should make full likewise all the men that were with him. 2 Sa. restitution : if he have nothing, then he shall i. 2. 11. And Tamar (whom Amnon had humbe sold for his theft. Er. xxii. 3. And when bled) put ashes on her head, and rent her "he" (the "king" in the parable) had begun garment of divers colours that was on her, to reckon, one (debtor) was brought unto him and laid her hand on her head, and went on which owed him ten thousand talents; but crying. 2 Sa. xiii. 19. forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord com 14 He was yet there.] And when Joseph manded him to be sold, and his wife and saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler children, and all that he had, and payment to of his house, Bring these men home, and slay, be made. Mat. xviii. 24, 25.

and make ready: for these men shall dine 12 Began at the eldest, &c.] And they sat with me at noon. And they (his brethren) made before him (Joseph) the firstborn (of Israel) ready the present (which they had brought according to his birthright; and the youngest from their father) against Joseph came at noon: according to his youth. Ge. xliii. 33.

for they heard that they should eat bread And the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.] there. Ge. xliii. 16. 25. See verses 26–32. And Jacob their father Fell before him on the ground.] Behold said unto them (his sons), Me have ye be- (said Joseph, telling his dream to his brethren), reaved of my children : Joseph is not, and we were binding sheaves in the field, and lo, Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and away: all these things are against me. And behold, your sheaves stood round about, and Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay made obeisance to my sheaf: and his bremy two sons if I bring him not to thee: de- thren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign liver him into my hand and I will bring him over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion to thee again. And he said, My son shall over us? And they hated him yet the more not go down wi you: for his brother is dead, for his dreams, and for his words. And he and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by dreamed yet another dream, and told it his the way in the which ye go, then shall ye brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the dream more ; and behold, the sun, and the grave. Ge. xlii. 36, 37, 38. God Almighty moon, and the eleven stars made obeisance to give you mercy before the man, that he may me. Ge. xxxvii. 7,8,9. And his brethren also send away your other brother and Benjamin: went and fell down before his (Joseph's) face : if I be bereaved of my children I am bereaved. and they said, Behold, we be thy servants. Ge. xliii. 14.

Ge. I. 18. God also hath highly exalted him, 13 Rent their clothes.] And Reuben re and given him a name above every name ; turned unto the pit (into which Joseph had been that at the name of Jesus every knee should thrown); and behold, Joseph was not in the bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, pit: and he rent his clothes. And Jacob rent and things under the earth : and that every his clothes (when Joseph's coat of many colours tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is was brought to him), and put sackcloth upon Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Phil. ii. his loins, and mourned for his son many days. 9, 10, 11. Ge. xxxvii. 29. 34. And Joshua the son of 15 What deed is this, &c.] See verses 4, 5. Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which and com. And the Lord God said unto the were of them that searched the land (of Ca woman, What is this that thou hast done? naan), rent their clothes (at the murmuring of and the woman said, The serpent beguiled the children of Israel). Nu. xiv. 6. And it me, and I did eat. Ge. iii. 13. What hast

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