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32 by force thy daughters from me. With whomsoever thou findest

thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern thou what

is thine with me, and take it to thee: for Jacob knew not that 83 Rachel had stolen them. And Laban went into Jacob's tent, and

into Leah's tent, and into the two maidservants' tent; but he

found them not. Then went he out of Leah's tent, and entered 34 into Rachel's tent. Now Rachel had taken the images, and put

them in the camel's furniture, and sat upon them. And Laban 35 searched all the tent, but found them not. And she said to her

father, Let it not displease my lord that I cannot rise up before

thee; for the custom of women is upon me. And he searched, 36 but found not the images. And Jacob was wroth, and chode with

sake. Ge. xx. 11. The fear of man bringeth And Isaac brought her (Rebekah) into his a snare, but whoso putteth his trust in the mother Sarah's tent, &c. Ge. xxiv. 28. 67. Lord shall be safe. Pr. xxix. 25.

34 Had taken.] See verse 17. 19. 32 With whomsoever, &c.] See verse 19. 30. 35 My lord.] See chap. xviii. 12, and com. With whomsoever of thy servants "it" (" Jo- Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy seph's cup") be found, both let him die, and days may be long upon the land which the we also will be my lord's bondsmen. And he Lord thy God giveth thee. Ex. xx. 12 Ye searched, and began at the eldest, and left at shall fear every man his mother and his father. the youngest : and the cup was found in Ben- Le. xix. 3. Children, obey your parents in the jamin's sack. Ge. xliv. 9. 12.

Lord: for this is right. Ep. vi. 1. (Be) in Before our brethren.] See verse 23. chap. subjection to your own husbands, even

as Sara xiii. 8. and com. I pray you, brethren (said obeyed Abraham, calling him lord. I Pe. ii. 6. Lot to the Sodomites), do not so wickedly. Rise up before thee.] Thou shalt rise up Ge. xix. 7. Behold, here I am (said Samuel before the hoary head, and honour the face of to all Israel): witness against me before the the old man, and fear thy God: I am the Lord. Lord, and before his anointed : whose ox have Le. xix. 32. Bath-sheba went unto king SoloI taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom mon, to speak unto him for Adonijah (who had have I defrauded ? whom have I oppressed ? exalted himself to be king). And the king or of whose hand have I received any bribe to rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto blind mind eyes therewith ? and I will restore her. 1 Ki. ii. 19. it you. And he (also) said unto them, The The custom of women, &c.] It ceased to be Lord is witness against you, and his anointed with Sara after the manner of women. Ge. is witness this day, that ye have not found xviii. 11. ought in my hand. 1 Sa. xii. 3. 5. Avoiding 36 And Jacob was wroth.] See chap. XII. 2. this, that no man should blame us (Christians) And the men (Jacob's sons) were grieved, and in this abundance which is ministered by us; they were very wroth, because "be" ("Skeproviding for honest things, not only in the chem") had wrought folly in Israel, in lying sight of the Lord, but also in the sight of men. with Jacob's daughter (Dinah), which thing 2 Co. viii. 20, 21. Did I make a gain of you ought not to be done. Ge. xxxiv. 7. Cursed by any of them whom I sent unto you? Again, be “their” (Simeon and Levi's") anger, for think ye that we excuse ourselves unto you? it was fierce; and their wrath, (against the we speak before God in Christ: but we do all Shechemites), for it was cruel. Ge. xlix. 7. things, dearly beloved, for your edifying. And Moses was very wroth, and said unto the 2 Co. xii. 17. 19.

Lord, Respect not thou “their” (Dathan and For Jacob knew not.] And the men of Israel Abiram's") offering: I have not taken one ass were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured from them, neither have I hurt one of them. the people, saying, Cursed be the man that Nu. xvi. 15. But Naaman was wroth, and eateth any food until evening, that I may be went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He avenged on mine enemies. But Jonathan (Elisha) will surely come out to me, and heard not when his father charged the people stand, and call upon the name of the Lord his with the oath. Then said Jonathan, My God, and strike his hand over the place, and father hath troubled the land : see, I pray recover the leper. 2 Ki. v. 11. And "the you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, man of God" (" Elisha") was wroth with him because I tasted a little of this honey. 1 Sa. (Joash), and said, Thou shouldest have smitten xiv. 24. 27. 29.

five or six times ; then hadst thou smitten 23 Leah's tent.] And the damsel (Rebekah) Syria till thou hadst consumed it: whereas ran and told them of her mother's house these now thou shalt smite Syria but thrice. 2 Ki. things (the visit of Abraham's servant, fc.). xiii. 19. The wicked fee when no man pur

Laban: and Jacob answered and said to Laban, What is my trespass ? what is my sin, that thou hast so hotly pursued after me? Whereas thou hast searched all my stuff, what hast thou 37 found of all thy household-stuff? set it here before my brethren and thy brethren, that they may judge betwixt us both. This 38 twenty years have I been with thee; thy ewes and thy she goats have not cast their young, and the rams of thy flock have I not eaten. That which was torn of beasts I brought not unto thee; 39

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sueth ; but the righteous are bold as a lion. blessed me for thy sake. And he (Jacob) Pr. xxviii. 1. Be ye angry, and sin not: let said unto him, It was little which thou hadst not the sun go down upon your wrath. Eph. before I came, and it is now increased unto a iv. 26. Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let multitude ; and the Lord hath blessed thee every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, since my coming. Ge. xxx. 27. 30. There slow to wrath : for the wrath of man worketh shall nothing cast their young, nor be barren, not the righteousness of God. Ja. i. xix. 20. in thy land : the number of thy days I will

37 Set it here before, &c.] See verse 32. And fulfil. Er. xxiii. 26. If thou shalt hearken they took" them” (the " spoils" which Achan unto the voice of the Lord thy God, blessed had taken) out of the midst of the tent, and shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit brought them unto Joshua, and unto all the of thy ground, and the fruit of thy cattle, the children of Israel, and laid them out before increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy the Lord. Jos. vii. 23. Behold, here I am sheep. De. xxviii. 2. 4. (said Samuel): witness against me before the The rams of thy flock, &c.] Son of man, Lord, and before his anointed: whose ox have prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, proI taken? or whose ass have I taken? or phesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the whom have I defrauded ? whom have I op- Lord God unto the shepherds; Woe be to pressed ? or of whose hand have I received the shepherds that do feed themselves ! any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith ? and should not the shepherds feed the flocks? Ye I will restore it. And they (all Israel) said, eat the fat, and ye clothe you with the wool, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, ye kill them that are fed: but ye feed not the neither hast thou taken ought of any man's flock. The diseased have ye not strengthened, hand. 1 Sa. xii. 3, 4. If he (thy brother), neither have ye healed that which was sick, will not hear thee (said Jesus to his disciples), neither have ye bound up that which was then take with thee one or two more, that in broken, neither have ye brought again that the mouth of two or three witnesses every which was driven away, neither have ye word may be established. Mat. xviii. 16. sought that which was lost ; but with force If then ye have judgments of things pertaining and with cruelty have ye ruled them. Ez. to this life, set them to judge who are least xxxiv. 2, 3, 4. esteemed in the church. I speak to your 39 Torn of beasts.] If a man deliver unto shame. Is it so, that there not a wise man his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or among you ? no, not one that shall be able to

any beast to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or judge between his brethren? 1 Co. vi. 4, 5. driven away, no man seeing it: then shall an Ye are witnesses, and God also, how holily oath of the Lord be between them both, that and justly and unblameably we behaved our he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's selves among you that believe. 1 The. ii. 10. goods. And ye shall be holy men unto me We trust we have a good conscience, in all (saith the Lord): neither shall ye eat any flesh things willing to live honestly. He. xiii. 18. that is torn of beasts in the field ; ye shall Abstain from fleshly lusts which war against cast it to the dogs. Ex. xxii. 10, 11. 31. the soul ; having your conversation honest That which dieth of itself, or is torn with among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak beasts, he shall not eat, to defile himself thereagainst you as evil doers, they may by your with. Le. xxii. 8. And David said unto good works, which they shall behold, glorify Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and God in the day of visitation. I Pe. ii. 12. there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb Sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, having out of the flock: and I went out after him, a good conscience; that, whereas they speak and smote him, and delivered it out of his evil of you, as of evil doers, they may be mouth. 1 Sa. xvii. 34, 35. He that is an ashamed that falsely accuse your good con- hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the versation in Christ. 1 Pe. iii. 16.

sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and 38 Thy ewes, &c.] And Laban said unto leaveth the sheep, and fleeth : and the wolf him (Jacob), I pray thee, if I have found catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. The favour in thine eyes, tarry: for I have hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and learned by experience that the Lord hath careth not for the sheep. John x. 12, 13.

I bare the loss of it; of my hand didst thou require it, whether 40 stolen by day, or stolen by night. Thus I was; in the day

the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep 41 departed from mine eyes. Thus have I been twenty years in thy

house; I served thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and six

years for thy cattle: and thou hast changed my wages ten times. 42 Except the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear

of Isaac, had been with me, surely thou hadst sent me away now empty. God hath seen mine affliction and the labour of my hands,


xv. 10.

I bare the loss of it.] If a man deliver unto lucre, but of a ready mind. And when the his neighbour an ox, or an ass, or a sheep, or chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a any beast to keep ; if it be torn in pieces, crown of glory that fadeth not away. I Pe. then let him bring it for witness, and he shall

v. 2. 4. not make good that which was torn. Ex. xxii. 41 Fourteen years, &c.] See verse 38. And 10. 13.

Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee Or stolen by night.] And there were in the seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter. same country shepherds abiding in the field, And he went in also unto Rachel (after having keeping watch over their flock by night. Lu. Leah substituted for her), and he loved also ii. 8.

Rachel more than Leah, and served with 40 In the day, &c.] And when they (his “him” (Laban") yet seven other years. daughters) came to Reuel their “father" Ge. xxix. 18. 30. So shall my righteousness (" priest of Midian), they said, An Egyp- answer for me (said Jacob) in time to come, tian (Moses) delivered us out of the hands of when it shall come for my hire before thy the shepherds, and also drew water enough face. Every one that is not speckled and for us, and watered the flock. And Moses spotted among the goats, and browu among was content to dwell with the man: and he gave the sheep, that shall be counted stolen with Moses Zipporah his daughter. And she bare And Jacob did separate the lambs, and him a son, and he called his name Gershom : set the faces of the flocks toward the ring. for he said, I have been a stranger in a straked, and all the brown in the flock of strange land. Ex. ii. 19. 21, 22. Now Moses Laban; and he put his own flocks by themkept the flock of Jethro his father-in-law (the selves, and put them not unto Laban's eattie. priest of Midian): and he led the flock to the Ge. xxx. 33. 40. I (said Paul) laboured more back side of the desert, and came to the abundantly than they all : yet not I, but the mountain of God, even to Horeb. Er. iii. 1. grace of God which was with me. 1 Co He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds: from following the Ten times.] See verse 7, and com. ewes great with young, he brought him to 42 Except the God of my father, &c.] See feed Jacob his people, and Israel his inherit verses 24. 29. If it had not been the Lord

Ps. Ixxviii. 70, 71. And for a wife he who was on our side, now may Israel say, (Jacob) kept sheep. Ho. xii. 12. And there then they had swallowed us up quick, when were in the same country shepherds abiding their wrath was kindled against us. Ps. in the field, keeping watch over their flock cxxiv. 1. 3. by night. Lu. ii. 8. Jesus saith to Simon The fear of Isaac.] And Jacob sware by Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? the fear of his father Isaac. Ge. xxxi. 53 He saith unto him, Yea, Lord ; thou knowest And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my said, Who? where is he that hath taken lambs. He saith unto him the second and a venison, and brought it me? Ge. xxvii. 33. third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou Vow, and pay unto the Lord your God: let me? Peter was grieved because he said unto all that be round about him bring presents him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he unto him that ought to be feared. He shall said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; cut off the spirit of princes : he is terrible to thou knowest that I love thee : Jesus saith the kings of the earth. Ps. lxxvi. II, 1: unto him, Feed my sheep. John xxi. 15, 16, Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself; and les 17. Remember them which have the rule him be your fear, and let him be your dread over you,

who have spoken unto you the Is. viii. 13. word of God: whose faith follow, considering God hath seen mine affliction.] I have seen the end of their conversation : Jesus Christ, (said the angel of God) all that Laban doech the same yesterday, to day, and for ever. unto thee. Ge. xxxi. 12. And the Lord Hle. xiii. 7. Feed the dock of God which is came down to see the city and the tower among you, taking the oversight thereof, not which the children of men builded. Ge. ni by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy 5. See chap. xvi. 11. 13; xxix. 32. and wa.


and rebuked thee yesternight. And Laban answered and said 43 unto Jacob, These daughters are my daughters, and these children are my children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all that thou seest is mine : and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born? Now therefore 44 come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee. And Jacob took a stone, and 45 set it up for a pillar. And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather 46 stones; and they took stones, and made an heap: and they did eat there upon the heap. And Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha : but 47



And David went out to meet “them" (the may be there for a witness against thee. children of Benjamin and Judah," who came De. xxxi. 26. Let us now prepare to build to his hold at Ziklag), and answered and said us an altar, not for burnt offering nor for unto them, If ye be come peaceably unto me sacrifice, but that it may be a witness between to help me, mine heart shall be knit unto (the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half you: but if ye be come to betray me to mine tribe of Manasseh"), and “you” (the heads enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine of the thousands of Israel"), and our generahands, the God of our fathers look thereon, tions after us ; that your children may not and rebuke it. I Ch. xii. 17. I will be glad say to our children in time to come, Ye have and rejoice in thy mercy, for thou hast con no part in the Lord. Jos. xxii. 27. So Joshua sidered my trouble, thou hast known my made a covenant with the people that day, soul in adversity. Ps. xxxi. 7. Yet Michael and set them a statute and an ordinance in the archangel, when contending with the devil Shechem. And Joshua said unto all the he disputed about the body of Moses, durst people, Behold, this stone shall be witness not bring against him a railing accusation; unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the but said, The Lord rebuke thee. Jude 9. Lord which he spake unto us: it shall be

44 Let us make a covenant.) See chap. xv. 18; therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny xxi. 22, 23. and com. And “thou ” (Da- your God. Jos. xxiv. 25. 27. vid ") shalt not only while yet I live shew 45 A stone, &c.] And Jacob rose up early me (Jonathan) the kindness of the Lord, that in the morning, and took the stone that he I die not: But also thou shalt not cut off thy had put for his pillows, and set it up for a kindness from my house for ever: no, not pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it. And when the Lord hath cut off the enemies of this stone which I have set for a pillar (said David every one from the face of the earth. Jacob) shall be God's house. Ge. xxviii. 18. 22. So Jonathan made a covenant with the house 46 Brethren.] See verses 23. 32. 37. 54. of David, saying, Let the Lord even require Gather stones.] And Joshua said unto it at the hand of David's enemies. And “them" (" the twelve men,whom he had Jonathan caused David to swear again, be- prepared of the children of Israel, out of every cause he loved him: for he loved him as he tribe a man), Pass over (Jordan) before the loved his own soul. 1 Sa. xx. 14, 15, 16, 17. ark of the Lord your God, into the midst of

Witness between me and thee.] And Laban Jordan, and take you up, every man of you, said, This heap is a witness between me and a stone upon his shoulder, according unto the thee this day : this heap be witness, and this number of the tribes of the children of Israel. pillar be witness, that I will not pass over this Jos. iv. 5. And Joshua set up twelve stones heap to thee, &c. Ge. xxxi. 48. 52. And he in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the (Abraham) said to (Abimelech), For these feet of the priests which bare the ark of the seven ewe lambs shalt thou take of my hand, covenant stood; and they are there unto this that they may be a witness unto me, that I day. And those twelve stones which they have digged this well. Ge. xxi. 30. and com. took out of Jordan did Joshua pitch in GilNow, therefore, write ye this song for you, gal; that all the people of the earth might and teach it the children of Israel : put it know the hand of the Lord, that it is mighty: in their mouths, that this song may be a wit- that ye might fear the Lord your God for ness for me against the children of Israel.

Jos. iv. 9. 20. 24. And they raised And it shall come to pass, when many evils over him (Achan, who had trespassed, and was and troubles are befallen them, that this song stoned) a great heap of stones unto this day. shall testify against them as a witness ; for it Jos. vii. 26. And they took Absalom, and shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of cast him into a great pit in the wood, and laid their seed (saith the Lord of Israel). De. a very great heap of stones upon him. 2 Sa. xxxi. 19. 21. Take this book of the law, xviii. 17. time to cast away stones, and a and put it in the side of the ark of time to gather stones together. Ec. iii. 5. the covenant of the Lord your God, that it An heap.] See Jos. iv. 5. preced. com.



48 Jacob called it Galeed. And Laban said, This heap is a witness

between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it 49 called Galeed; And Mizpah ; for he said, The Lord watch between 50 me and thee, when we are absent one from another. If thou shalt

afflict my daughters, or if thou shalt take other wives beside my

daughters, no man is with us; see, God is witness betwixt me and 51 thee. And Laban said to Jacob, Behold this heap, and behold

unto us.

And an angel of the Lord came up from is by the brink of the river of Amnon, and from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to the city that is by the river, even unto Gilead, go up out of Egypt, and have brought you there was not one city too strong for "us" unto the land which I sware unto your fa- (“Israel); the Lord our God delivered all thers; and I said, I will never break my

De. ii. 36. And unto the Reucovenant with you. Ju. ii. 1. But he him- benites, and unto the Gadites, I gave from self (Ehud) turned again from the quarries Gilead even unto the river Arnon. De iii

. that were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret 16. With “whom” (“ the nine tribes, and errand unto thee, king (Eglon, king of the half tribe of Manasseh") the Reubenites Moab). Ju. iii. 19. Then all the children and the Gadites have received their inheritof Israel went out, and the congregation was ance, which Moses gave them, beyond Jordan gathered together as one man, from Dan even eastward; from Aroer, that is upon the bank to Beer-sheba, with the land of Gilead, unto of the river Arnon, and the city that is in the Lord in Mizpeh. Ju. xx. 1. and throughout. the midst of the river, and all the plain of And he (Samuel) went from year to year in Medeba unto Dibon. Jos. xiii. 8. 9. circuit, to Beth-el, Gilgal, and Mizpeh; and 49 Mizpah.] The children of Israel assemjudged Israel in all those places. 1 Sa. vii. bled themselves together, and encamped in 16. And thou shalt go down before me to Mizpeh. Ju. x. 17. And Jephthah uttered all Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down unto his words before the Lord in Mizpeh. Then thee, to offer burnt-offerings, and to sacrifice the Spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah, sacrifices of peace-offerings. And Samuel and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and called the people together unto the Lord to passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from MisMizpeh. 1 Sam. x. 8. 17. But if you will peh of Gilead he passed over unto the children not obey the voice of the Lord, but rebel of Ammon. Ju. xi. 11. 29.

And Samuel against the commandment of the Lord, then said, Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will shall the hand of the Lord be against you, as pray for you unto the Lord. Sa. vii. 5. it was against your fathers. i Sa. xii. 15. Then king Asa made a proclamation throughAnd some of the Hebrews went over Jordan out all Judah (none was exempted); and they to the land of Gad and Gilead : as for Saul, he took away the stones of Ramah, and the timwas yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed ber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; him trembling. 1 Sa. xiii. 7. And Samuel and king Asa built with them Geba of Benhewed Agag in pieces before the Lord in jamin, and Mizpah. 1 Ki. xv. 22. Hearket, Gilgal. Sa. xv. 33. And Judah came to ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, 0 house Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the of the king; for judgment is toward you, king over Jordan. Then the king (David) because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on a net spread upon Tabor. Ho. v. 1. with him: and all the people of Judah con 50 Afflict my daughters.] Neither shalt ducted the king, and also half the people of thou take a wife to her sister, to vex her, to Israel. 2 Sa. xix. 15. 40. And it came to uncover her nakedness, besides the other in pass, when the Lord would take up Elijah her life time. Le. xviii. 18. For this cause into heaven by a whirlwind, that Elijah went shall a man leave father and mother, and shall with Elisha from Gilgal. 2 Ki. ii. 1.

cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be 47 Galeed.] Wherefore, seeing we also one flesh. Wherefore they are no more twain, are compassed about with so great a cloud of but one flesh: what therefore God hath joined witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and together, let not man put asunder. Mat. El the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let 5, 6. us run with patience the race that is set before God is witness.] And the elders of Gilead He. xii. 1.

said unto Jephthah, The Lord be witness be48 This heap.] And Joshua said unto all tween us, if we do not so according to thy the people, Behold, this stone shall be a wit- words. Ju. xi. 10. And he (Samuel) said ness unto us, for it hath heard all the words unto “them" (all Israel"), The Lord is of the Lord, which he spake unto us: it shall witness against you, and his anointed is witbe therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny ness this day, that ye have not found ought your God. Jos. xxiv. 27.

in my hand. And they answered, He is Galeed.] See verse 23. From Aroer, which witness. 1 Sa. xii. 5. Because they har


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