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Ephron the son of Zohar, That he may give me the cave of Maca- 9 pelah, which he hath, which is in the end of his field; for as much money as it is worth he shall give it me, for a possession of a burying-place amongst you. And Ephron dwelt among the chil- 10 dren of Heth: and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the audience of the children of Heth, even of all that went in at the gate of his city, saying, Nay, my lord, hear me: the field give I 11 thee, and the cave that is therein, I give it thee; in the presence of the sons of my people give 1 it thee: bury thy dead. And 12
saying, That he was worthy for whom he city: and Joseph also went up from Galilee, should do this. Lu. vii. 3, 4. For such an out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, unto High Priest became us, who is holy, harmless, the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made (because he was of the house and lineage of higher than the heavens. He. vii. 26. If David), to be taxed with Mary, his espoused any man sin, we have an advocate with the wife, being great with child. Lu. ii. 3, 4. Father, Jesus Christ the righteous, and he is 11 My lord, hear me, &c.] See verse 6, the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours and com. And Araunab looked, and saw the only, but for the sins of the whole world. king and his servants coming on toward him; In. ii. 1, 2.
and Araunah went out, and bowed himself 9 As much money, &c.] Provide things before the “ king” (“ David”) on his face honest in the sight of all men. Ro. xii. 17. upon the ground. And Araunah said, WhereOwe no man any thing. Ro. xii. 8.
fore is my lord the king come to his servant ! 10 Au that went in, &c.] See verse 18. and David said, to buy the thrashing-floor of And Hamor and Shechem his son came unto thee, to build an altar unto the Lord. And the gate of their city, and communed with the the king said unto Araunah, I will surely buy men of their city. And unto Hamor and unto it of thee at a price, neither will I offer burntShechem hearkened all that went out of the offerings unto the Lord my God of that which gate of his city. Ge. xxxiv. 20. 24. Then doth cost me nothing. 2 Sa. xxiv. 20, 21. 24. went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down Then David said to Ornan, Grant me the place there ; and behold, the kinsman of whom of this thrashing-floor, that I may build an Boaz spake came by, unto whom he said, altar therein unto the Lord, that the plague Ho! such a one, turn aside, sit down here: may be stayed from the people (sent for his and he turned aside, and sat down. And he numbering Israel). And Ornan said unto Datook ten men of the elders of the city, and vid, Take it to thee ; and let my lord the king said, Sit ye down here ; and they sat down. do that which is good in his eyes. Lo, I give And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that thee the oxen also for burnt-offerings, and the is come again out of the country of Moab, thrashing instruments for wood, and the wheat selleth a parcel of land, which was our bro- for the meat-offering: I give it all. And king ther Elimelech's. And I thought to advertise David said to Ornan, Nay, but I will verily thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, buy it for the full price ; for I will not take and before the elders of my people. If thou that which is thine for the Lord, nor offer wilt redeem it, redeem it; but if thou wilt burnt-offerings without cost. 1 Ch. xxi. 22, not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know; 23, 24. The liberal deviseth liberal things, for there is none to 'redeem it besides thee, and by liberal things shall he stand. Is. and I am after thee. And he said, I will Xxxii. 8. redeem it. Ru. iv. 1-4. When I went In the presence of the sons of my people.] See out to the gate, through the city, when I pre
Whoso killeth any person, the pared my seat in the street, the young men murderer shall be put to death, by the mouth saw me, and hid themselves, and the aged of witnesses; but one witness shall not testify arose and stood up. Job xxix. 7. In that day against any person to cause him to die. Nu. (when Ephraim shall be trodden down) shall xxxv. 30. At the mouth of two witnesses, or the Lord of hosts be for a spirit of judgment three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of to him that sitteth in judgment, and for death be put to death. De. xvii. 6.
One strength to them that turn the battle to the witness shall not rise up against a man, for gate. Is. xxviii. 6.
any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that His city.] And he (Abraham's servant) he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the city of Nahor. Ge. xxiv. 10. And he (Jesus) matter be established. De. xix. 15. See entered into a ship, and passed over, and Ru. iv. 1-4. preced. com. And Boaz said came into his own city. Mat. ix. 1. And unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye all went to be taxed, every one into his own are witnesses this day that I have bought all
Abraham bowed down himself before the people of the land. 13 And he spake unto Ephron in the audience of the people of the
land, saying, But if thou wilt give it, I pray thee, hear me: I will
give thee money for the field; take it of me, and I will bury my 14 dead there. And Ephron answered Abraham, saying unto him, 15 My lord, hearken unto me: the land is worth four hundred shekels
of silver; what is that betwixt me and thee? bury therefore thy 16 dead. And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham
weighed to Ephron the silver, which he had named in the au
dience of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, current 17 money with the merchant. And the field of Ephron, which was
in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, and the cave which was therein, and all the trees that were in the field, that
that was Elimelech's, &c. And all the people 16 Weighed to Ephron, &c.] And it came that were in the gate, and the elders, said, to pass, when we came to the inn, that we We are witnesses. Ru. iv. 9. 11. Behold (Joseph's brethren) opened our sacks, and, Hanameel, the son of Shallum, thine (Jere- behold, every man's money was in the mouth miah's) uncle, shall come unto thee, saying, of his sack, our money in full weight. Ge. Buy thee my field, that is in Anathoth, for the xliii. 21. And (Ezra) weighed unto them" right of redemption is thine to buy it. And ("the chief of the priests") the silver, and the I gave the evidence of the purchase unto gold, and the vessels, even the offering of the Baruch, the son of Neriah, the son of Ma- house of our God. So took the priests and aseiah, in the sight of Hanameel, mine uncle's the Levites the weight of the silver, and the son, and in the presence of the witnesses that gold, and the vessels, to bring them to Jerusubscribed the book of the purchase, before salem, unto the house of our God. Ezra viii. all the Jews that sat in the court of the prison. 25. 30. “It” (“wisdom") cannot be gotten Je. xxxii. 7. 12. But his citizens hated him for gold, neither shall silver be weighed for (the nobleman who left money with his servants, the price thereof. Job xxviii. 15. And I in the parable), and sent a message after him, bought the field of Hanameel, my uncle's son, saying, We will not have this man to reign that was in Anathoth, and weighed him the Lu. xix. 14.
money, even seventeen shekels of silver. Je. 12 Bowed down.] See verse 7. and chap. xxxii. 9. So they weighed for “my” (“ the xviii. 2. with com. also chap. xix. 1.
Messiah's") price thirty pieces of silver. Ze. 13 I will give thee money.] See chap. xiv. xi. 12. Whatsover ye would that men should 22, 23. and com. And the king said unto do to you, do ye even so to them ; for this is Araunah, Nay, but I will surely buy "it" the law and the prophets. Mat. vii. 12. Owe (“his thrashing-floor") of thee at a price. no man any thing. Ro. xiii. 8. Whatsoever 2 Sa. xxiv. 24. Remember the words of the things are honest, &c. think on these things Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to Phi. iv. 8. (This is the will of God) that no give than to receive. Ac. xx. 35. Owe no man go beyond, and defraud his brother in any man any thing, but to love one another. Ro. matter. 1 Th. iv. 6. xiii. 8. Let your moderation be known unto Four hundred shekels.]
See verse 15. all men. Finally, brethren, whatsoever things This they shall give every one that passeth are true, whatsoever things are honest, what- among them that are numbered, half a sbekel
, soever things are just, whatsoever things are after the shekel of the sanctuary (a shekel is pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever twenty gerahs); an half shekel shall be the things are of good report; if there be any vir- offering unto the Lord. Ex. xxx. 13. Ste tue, if there be any praise, think on these verse 15. and com. things. Phi. iv. 5. 8. Walk in wisdom to 17 The field of Ephron.] And the field, ward them that are without, redeeming the and the cave that is therein, were made sure time. Col. iv. 5. Let your conversation be unto Abraham, &c. Ge. xxiii. 20. And his without covetousness. He. xiii. 5.
sons, Isaac and Ishmael, buried “bim" 15 Shekels.] The rich shall not give more, (“ Abraham") in the cave of Machpelah, in the and the poor shall not give less, than half a field of Ephron, the son of Zohar, the Hittite, shekel, when they give an offering unto the which is before Mamre. Ge. xxv. 9. (Bury Lord, to make an atonement for your souls. me) in the cave that is in the field of MachEx. xxx. 15. And the shekel shall be twenty pelah (said Jacob to his sons), which is before gerahs ; twenty shekels, five and twenty she- Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abrakels, fifteen shekels, shall be your maneh. ham bought with the field of Ephron, the Ez. xlv. 12.
Hittite, for a possession of a burying-place
were in all the borders round about, were made sure Unto Abraham 18 for a possession in the presence of the children of Heth, before all that went in at the gate of his city. And after this, Abraham 19 buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre: the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan. And the field, 20 and the cave that is therein, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession of a burying-place by the sons of Heth.
The purchase of the field, and of the cave that sons Jacob and Esau buried him. Ge. XXXV. is therein, was from the children of Heth. Ge. 27. 29. But “I” (“ Jacob") will lie with my xlix. 30. 32. His (Jacob's) sons carried him fathers, and “thou” (“ Joseph") shalt carry into the land of Canaan, and buried him in me out of Egypt, and bury me in their burythe cave of the field of Machpelah, which ing-place. Ge. xlvii. 30. And he charged Abraham bought with the field, for a posses "them” (“his sons"), I am to be gathered sion of a burying-place, of Ephron, the Hittite, unto my people : bury me with my fathers, in before Mamre. Ge. I. 13. And (Jacob and the cave that is in the field of Ephron the our fathers) were carried over into Sychem, Hittite: there they buried Abraham and Sarah and laid in the sepulchre that Abraham had his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebought for a sum of money, of the sons of bekah his wife ; and there I buried Leah Emmor, the father of Sychem. Ac. vii. 16. (said Jacob). Ge. xlix. 29. 31. His sons
Made sure.] See verse 20. Now this was carried him into the land of Canaan, and the manner in former time in Israel, concern buried “him” (“ Jacob”) in the cave of the ing redeeming, and concerning changing, for field of Machpelah. And Joseph took an to confirin all things. A man plucked off his oath of the children of Israel, saying, God shoe, and gave it to his neighbour : and this will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up was a testimony in Israel. Moreover (said my bones from hence. Ge. I. 13. 25. For I Boaz) Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, know that thou (God) wilt bring me to death, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up and to the house appointed for all living, the name of the dead upon his inheritance, Job xxx. 23. If a man beget an hundred that the name of the dead be not cut off, from children, and live many years, and his soul among his brethren, and from the gate of his be not filled with good, and also that he have place : ye are witnesses this day. Ru. iv. 7. no burial; I say that an untimely birth is 10. A good man sheweth favour and lendeth. better than he. Ec. vi. 3. Man goeth to his Ps. cxii. 5. See Je. xxxii. 6. 8. 12. at verse long home. Ec. xii. 5. 11. and com. Be ye therefore wise as serpents, 20 Were made sure.] See com. verse 17. and harmless as doves. Mat. x. 16. See And the king (David) said unto Araunah, then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, Nay, but I will surely buy "it" (“his thrashbut as wise. Ep. v. 15. Walk in wisdom ing-floor") at a price. 2 Sa. xxiv. 24. And toward them that are without. Col. iv. 5. I (Jeremiah) subscribed the evidence, and
18 All that went in, &c.] And Hamor and sealed it, and took witnesses, and weighed Shechem his son came unto the gate of their him (Hanameel, my uncle's son), the money in city, and communed with the men of their the balances : so I took the evidence of the city. Ge. xxxiv. 20. Then went Boaz up purchase, both that which was sealed accordto the gate, and sat him down there; and be. ing to the law and custom, and that which hold, the kinsman, of whom Boaz spake, came was open. Je. xxxii. 10, 11. by; unto whom he said, Ho! such a one! turn For a possession.] See com. on buried Sarah, aside, sit down here. Ru. iv. 1. See Je. xxxii. verse 19. There they buried Abraham, &c. 12. at verse 11.
The purchase of the field, and of the cave 19 Buried Sarah, &c.] In the sweat of that is therein, was from the children of Heth. thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou return Ge. xlix. 32. My “father” (“Jacob") made unto the ground, for out of it wast thou me swear, saying, Lo, I die: in my grave which taken; for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, thou return.
Ge. iii. 19. and com. And his there shalt thou bury me: now therefore let sons Isaac and Ishmael buried “him” (“ Abra- "me" ("Joseph") go up, I pray
thee"! ham") in the cave of Machpelah ; there was (“ Pharaoh”), and bury my father, and I will Abraham buried, and Sarah his wife. Ge. come again, Ge. 1. 5. And Manasseh slept xxv. 9, 10. And Jacob came unto Isaac his with his fathers, and was buried in the garden father unto Mamre. And Isaac gave up the of his own house, in the garden of Uzza. ghost and died, and was gathered unto his 2 Ki. xxi. 18.. people, being old and full of days, and his
1 And Abraham was old, and well stricken in age : and the Lord 2 had blessed Abraham in all things. And Abraham said unto his
eldest servant of his house, that ruled over all that he had, Put, I pray 3 thee, thy hand under my thigh: And I will make thee swear by
CHAP. XXIV.—1 Was old, &c.] See com. I pray thee, in Egypt Ge. xlvii. 29. And on “old and well stricken.” Ge. xviii. 11. And all the princes and the mighty men, and all the Abraham was an hundred years old when sons likewise of king David, submitted themhis son Isaac was born unto him. Ge. xxi. 5. selves unto Solomon the king. I Ch. xxix. And Isaac was forty years old when he took 24. We have given the hand to the EgypRebekah to wife. Ge. xxv. 20. Now king tians, and to the Assyrians, to be satisfied David was old and striken in years, and they with bread. La. v. 6. covered him with clothes, but he got no heat. 3 Swear, &c.] See chap. xiv. 22. and com. 1 Ki. i. 1.
xxi. 23. And they rose up betimes in the Blessed Abraham.] See com. chap. xii. 2. morning, and sware one to another (Abimeand chap. xiii. 2. The arms of his hands lech and Isaac). Ge. xxvi. 31. And he (Jacob) were made strong even by the God of thy said, Swear unto me: and he (Joseph) sware father, who shall help thee (said Jacob to unto him. Ge. xlvii. 31. And Joseph took Joseph), and by the Almighty, who shall bless an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God thee with blessings of heaven above, blessings will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the my bones from hence. Ge. 1. 25. Thou shalt breasts and the womb. Ge. xlix. 25. Wealth not take the name of the Lord thy God in and riches shall be in his house (who feareth vain. Ex. xx. 7. If a man deliver unto his the Lord), and his righteousness endureth for neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any ever. Ps. cxii. 3. Look unto Abraham your beast to keep, and it die, or be hurt, or driven father, and unto Sarah that bare you; for ( away, no man seeing it, there shall an oath of (the Lord) called him alone, and blessed him, the Lord be between them both, that he hath and increased him. Is. li. 2. So then they not put his hand unto his neighbour's gonds. which be of faith are blessed with faithful Ex. xxii. 10, 11. Make no mention of the Abraham. Ga. iii. 9. Blessed be the God name of other gods, neither let it be heard and father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath out of thy mouth. Ex. xxiii. 13. And ye blessed us with all spiritual blessings in shall not swear by my name falsely, neither heavenly places in Christ. Ep. i. 3.
shalt thou profane the name of thy God. Le. 2 Eldest servant.] See com. chap. xv. 2. xix. 12. Then the priest shall charge the Let the elders that rule well be counted
woman (accused of adultery), with an oath of worthy of double honour. 1 Ti. v. 17. cursing, and the priest shall say unto the
Ruled over all.] And the servant (of Abra- woman, The Lord make thee a curse and an ham) took ten camels of the camels of his oath among the people (if thou be defiled). master and departed, for all the goods of his Nu. v. 21. To " him" (* God"') shalt thou master were in his hand. Ge. xxiv. 10. And cleave, and swear by his name. Joseph found grace in his (Potiphar's) sight; And I (Nehemiah) contended with them (the and he made him overseer over his house, and Jews that had married wives of Ashdod, og all that he had he put into his hand, and he left Ammor, and of Moab), and cursed them, and all that he had in Joseph's hand. Ge. xxxix. smote certain of them, and plucked off their 4. 6. My master (said Joseph) wotteth not hair, and made them swear by God, saying what is with me in the house; there is none Ye shall not give your daughters to their sons, greater in his house than I. Ge. xxxix. 8, 9. nor take their daughters unto your sons, or And he (Joseph) commanded the steward of for yourselves. Ne. xiii. 25. i have sworn his house, saying, Fill " the men's” (“his bre- by myself
, the word is gone out of my mouthi thren's”) sacks with food, as much as they in righteousness, and shall not return, That can carry, and put every man's money in his unto me every knee shall bow, and every sack's mouth. Ge. xliv. 1.
tongue shall swear. Is. xlv. 23. Hear ye Put, I pray thee, thy hand, &c.] And the this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abra- name of Israel, and are come forth out of the ham his master, and sware to him concerning waters of Judah, which swear by the name of that matter. Ge. xxiv. 9. And“ he" (" Israel'j the Lord, but not in truth nor in righteous called his son (Joseph), and said to him, jí ness. Is. xlviii. 1. He that sweareth in the now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I earth shall swear by the God of truth. I. pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and lxv. 16. Thus saith the Lord, If" they," (" szint deal kindly and truly with me ; bury me not, evil neighbours") will diligently learn the ways
De. x. 20.
the Lord, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that thou shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell: But thou shalt go unto my country, and to 4 my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac. And the servant 5 said unto him, Peradventure the woman will not be willing to follow me unt this land : must I needs bring thy son again unto the land from whence thou camest? And Abraham said unto him, 6 Beware thou that thou bring not my son thither again. The Lord 7 God of heaven, which took me from my father's house, and from
of my people, to swear by my name, The Lord and Haran, &c. Ge. xi. 25, 26. Now the liveth (as they taught my people to swear Lord had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy by Baal), then shall they be built up in the country and from thy kindred; unto thy seed midst of my people. Je. xii. 16. I will cut will I give this land (Canaan). Ge. xii. 1. 7. off the remnant of Baal from this place, and it was told Abraham, saying, Behold Milcah, them that worship the host of heaven from the she hath also born children unto thy brother house-tops, and them that worship, and that Nahor: and Bethuel begat Rebekah; and his swear by the Lord, and that swear by Mal- concubine, whose name was Reumah, she bare cham. Zep. i. 4, 5.
also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash, and The God of heaven.] See chap. xiv. 22. Maachah. Ge. xxii. 20. 24. and com. on " the Most High God." And He 5 Peradventure the woman, &c.] And they zekiah prayed before the Lord, and said, 0 (her mother and brother) called Rebekah, and Lord God of Israel, which dwellest between said unto her, Wilt thou go with this man ? the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou and she said, I will go. Ge. xxiv. 58. Ye alone; thou hast made heaven and earth. shall no more give the people straw to make 2 Ki. xix. 15. Huram (king of Tyre) said brick as heretofore (said Pharaoh): let them moreover, Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, (the Israelites) go and gather straw for themthat made heaven and earth. 2 Ch. ii. 12. selves. Ex. v. 7. For if thou (Pharaoh) reThou, even thou art Lord alone : thou hast fuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still made heaven, and the heaven of heavens, (said Moses), behold, the hand of the Lord is with all their host, the earth, and all things upon thy cattle, &c. Ex. ix. 2. Every prudent that are therein, and thou preservest them all. man dealeth with knowledge, but a fool layeth Ne. ix. 6. Ye (who fear the Lord) are blessed open his folly. Pr. xiii. 16. Be not rash of the Lord which made heaven and earth. with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be Ps, cxv. 15. The gods that have not made hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is the heavens and the earth, even they shall in heaven, and thou upon earth ; therefore let perish from the earth, and from under these thy words be few. Ec. v. 2. heavens. Jeix. 11.
6 Beware that thou bring not, &c.] Stand That thou shalt not take a wife, &c.] See fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ chap. vi. 2. 4. and com. And Esau was forty has made us free, and be not entangled again years old when he took to wife Judith, the with the yoke of bondage. Ga. v. l. But daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath, we are not of them who draw back unto perthe daughter of Elon the Hittite ; which were a dition, but of them that believe to the saving grief of mind unto Isaac and to Rebekah. Ge of the soul. He. x. 39. By faith “he" xxvi. 34, 35. And Isaac called Jacob, and (“Abraham") sojourned in the land of promise, blessed him, and charged him, and said unto as in a strange country. (Ancient believers) him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters confessed that they were strangers and pilof Canaan : Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the grims on the earth. He. xi. 9. 13.
But now house of Bethuel thy mother's father, and take they (the believers of old) desire a better thee a wife from thence of the daughters of country, that is an heavenly. He. xi. 16. Laban thy mother's brother. And Esau seeing For if, after they have escaped the pollutions that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac of the world, through the knowledge of the his father, took unto the wives which he had, Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael, &c. Ge. entangled therein and overcome, the latter xxviii. 1, 2. 8. Come out from among them, end is worse with them than the beginning: and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch but it is happened unto them according to the not the unclean thing, and I will receive you. true proverb, The dog is turned to his own 2 Co. vi. 17.
vomit again, and the sow that was washed to 4 To my kindred.] And Nahor lived after her wallowing in the mire. 2 Pe. ii. 20. 22. he begat Terah an hundred and nineteen years, 7 Lord God of heaven.] The Lord God of and begat sons and daughters ; and Terah heaven hath given me (said Cyrus) all the lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, kingdoms of the earth. Ezra i. 2. And in