Confucian Political Ethics
For much of the twentieth century, Confucianism was condemned by Westerners and East Asians alike as antithetical to modernity. Internationally renowned philosophers, historians, and social scientists argue otherwise in Confucian Political Ethics. They show how classical Confucian theory--with its emphasis on family ties, self-improvement, education, and the social good--is highly relevant to the most pressing dilemmas confronting us today.
Drawing upon in-depth, cross-cultural dialogues, the contributors delve into the relationship of Confucian political ethics to contemporary social issues, exploring Confucian perspectives on civil society, government, territorial boundaries and boundaries of the human body and body politic, and ethical pluralism. They examine how Confucianism, often dismissed as backwardly patriarchal, can in fact find common ground with a range of contemporary feminist values and need not hinder gender equality. And they show how Confucian theories about war and peace were formulated in a context not so different from today's international system, and how they can help us achieve a more peaceful global community. This thought-provoking volume affirms the enduring relevance of Confucian moral and political thinking, and will stimulate important debate among policymakers, researchers, and students of politics, philosophy, applied ethics, and East Asian studies.
The contributors are Daniel A. Bell, Joseph Chan, Sin Yee Chan, Chenyang Li, Richard Madsen, Ni Lexiong, Peter Nosco, Michael Nylan, Henry Rosemont, Jr., and Lee H. Yearley.
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4 The idea that Confucius bars war and violence from the moral and ideal society of “ benevolence ” has its foundation in the moral principle of “ the benevolent love others . ” Although he respects and admires Zhou rites to the fullest ...
Even small states can be governed by relatively benign rulers that display benevolence : 28 > Mencius said , “ A hegemon uses force under the pretext of violence . Such a one has no need of the rule of a major state .
To enrich a ruler who is neither attracted to the Way nor inclined towards benevolence is to enrich a Qie [ an evil king ) . Some promise to negotiate advantageous treaties for their ruler so that he will be successful in war .