תמונות בעמוד

expended in erecting the necessary buildings. Malta is the book-manufactory for the whole The residue of the expenditures for buildings, mission, as well as a central point of intercourse together with the cost of books and apparatus, | and onion. The library collected at this station the board and clothing of the students, the pay of is already valuable, both in the materials and the teachers, and the salary of the principal, has helps for translations. There are three printingbeen provided for from the Treasury of the presses, two of which are in constant use. There Board

are founts of type for printing in English, Italian, The study of English, and of various branches Greek, Greco-Turkish, Armenian, Armenos of science principally in that language, occupies Turkish, and Arabic. The printing, however, about two-thirds of the time of the students, and has been chiefly in the Italian, modern Greek, Tamul literature the remainder. The published and Armeno-Turkish languages, the last being journals of the Principal shew in what manner the Turkish language written in the Armenian these studies are affecting the system of Tamul characier. The press has ever been perfectly superstition.

secure in Malta, and has operated without any Boarding Schools. The one at Tillipally | embarrassment from the government, though the contained 51 boys at the close of 1830. The one publications have been subject to a mild and at Oodooville contained 37 girls, of whom seven iolerant censorship. were members of the church. It is a singular No regular and full report of the publications fact, stated by Sir Richard Outley to be peculiar at the Malta press since the year 1899, has been to the district of Jaffna which contains the mis. received. Among the works subsequently sion stations, that the landed property is princi- || printed are known to be the following: víz, one pally vested in the females.

of 48 pages, called the Child's Assistant; a small Free-Schools. The number of free-schools arithmetic; a simple grammar of the modern connected with the five stations is 89, containing | Greek; Pinnock’s catechism of Greek history, 2,732 boys, and 635 girls; or 3,367 in the whole. with remarks, containing about 150 pages; and a

PREACHING, etc. Each of the five missional reading book of about the same size, made up of ries has a congregation of natives on the Sab- interesting and useful selections. The lives of batlı varying in numbers from two to five hun-JosephAbraham, Moses, Samuel, Esther, and dred-composed chiefly of the children and Daniel, had also been printed, or were in the youth belonging to the schools. The native

pares, he preachers, though received with less respect and wrote, in making selections of the most imattention than the missionaries themselves, are portant events and narratives recorded in the useful helpers in the publication of the gospel in Old Testament, for the use of the schools in the high-ways and villages.

Greece. In these works he has the valuable asThe Mission Church contains 148 native mem

sistance of Mr. Nicholas Petrokokino, who was bers in regular standing.

educated by the Board in this country; and there The mission has been repeatedly blessed with can be scarcely a doubt but they will be popular effusions of the Holy Spirit. Previous to the and useful among the people for whom they are year 1824, thirty-four natives had been received designed. into the mission church. During the first three But the most important work executed at the months of that year, the mission was visited with Malta press, during the last year, was the transvery special divine influence, and 41 natives were

lation of the New Testament in the Armenoadded to the church. Another time of refreshing Turkish language. The printing of this was was experienced near the close of the same year; commenced on the 8th of January 1830, and the and there were hopeful conversions in the suc- last sheet was corrected in the press before the ceeding years. A third revival of religion was expiration of January 1831. This translation was experienced near the close of the year 1830. as prepared by Mr. Goodell from one made by himthe first fruits of which 34 natives were added sell, with the aid of the Armenian bishop Carato the church in the April following.

bet, from the original Greek, and another made All the buildings at the station of Manepy, at Constantinople, from the Armenian version, with the principal part of Mr. Woodward's ef- under the superintendence of Mr. Leeves, agent fects, were consumed by fire March 30, 1831. of the British and Foreign Bible Society; and

was carried through the press by Mr. Goodell, China.

at the expense of that noble institution.

The whole amount of printing performed at Elijah C. Bridgman and David Abeel, Missiona- Malta since July 1822, cannot be less than ries.

12,000,000 of pages. Mr. Bridgman's time is devoted chiefly to the

GREECE. acquisition of the language. Mr. Abeel bas entered the service of the Board, and gone to ex: Jonas King, Missionary, and Mrs. King. plore the state of religion among the degenerated Dutch churches in that part of the world, and Mr. King has removed from Tenos to Athens. also the facilities for missionary effort in the While at Tenos he supported and superintended kingdom of Siam.-A printing press has been a school of 60 or 70 females, and distributed sent out for the use of the China inission.

many copies of the New Testament. In this

school he freely expounded the scriptures. Mediterranean.

Athens is the place, which Mr. King has been

desirous, ever since he entered Greece, of making The several branches of this mission are in the centre of his operations. But in the autumn Malta, Greece, Syria, Constantinople, and to the

of last year, there being a prospect of its speedy Jews of Turkey.

evacuation, Mr. King visited that celebrated

spot, and made arrangements for his future resiMALTA.

dence. In April of the present year, he made a Daniel Temple and Eli Smith, Missionaries: Ho

second visit to Athens and opened a Lancasteman Hallock, Printer; Mrs. Temple and Mrs. Hal

rian school for both sexes, at the head of which lock.

he placed Niketoplos, formerly master of the


34 225

Orphan school at Ægina, and author of an epi- || method of obeying this command, which the tome of the gospels printed at Malta. On the providence of God has placed within their 30th of May, this school contained 176 scholars power; and his merciful guidance they would of both sexes. The Committee bave sent Mr. || acknowledge with heartfelt gratitude. The ComKing 500 slates and a proportionate number of mittee are now ready to provide Mr. King with pencils, and he will be amply furnished with an associate, and to authorise the establishment school-books from the press ai Malla. He ex: of schools, where they will not interfere with pected to have opportunity to supply many small those instituted by the government. schools in Attica, Thebes, and other parts of continental Greece, with books, and thinks it will

SYRIA. soon be desirable to establish a college in the renowned seat of ancient learning, where he is now Isaac Bird and George B. Whiting, Missionaries, residing:

and their wives. The school at Syra, under the superintendence of Doct. Korck, Church missionary, in the com

Messrs. B. and W. resumed the mission in mencement and partial support of which the || Syria in May 1830, and were received by many Board has been concerned," have been of great of the natives with the usual friendly salutations. service to the cause of education in Greece, || Among those who received them gladly, were a especially in the islands called the Cyclades. few young men, over whom the missionaries had Syra is one of these islands, opposite Tenos. | rejoiced in former years as the fruits of their laThe schools are three in number.

bors, and who appeared to have remained steadScholars.

fast in the faith, and to have honored the gospel

by their lives. The adherents of the Romish The Lancasterian Boys' school, containing

church began immediately to oppose, as in forThe Boys' Scientific school, containing The Girls' Lancasterian school, containing

mer years.

Mr. Whiting is employed in learning the AraIn all,

534 bic language. Mr. Bird 'is occupied in scattering

the seeds of divine knowledge, which fall, like The three schools have grown out of the one

those of the sower in the parable, upon every deestablished in January 1828, by Mr. Brewer, at scription of soil. Among all classes of the peothe expense of the Board. When Mr. Brewer ple, there is a distressing apathy on the subject was about returning to this country, he gave that of education, as that does not enter at all into the school into the hands of Dr. Korck. In the sum- ecclesiastical or civil policy of the country. mer of 1829, there were 330 scholars of both There is but little demand for the Arabic copies sexes. The house for the school was erected by of the word of God, though from twelve to twenty the government and people, and the salary of persons meet the missionaries every Sabbath for the Greek master, since the expiration of the first the purpose of reading a few chapters in the New three months, has been paid by the Greeks. In | Testament, which is accompanied by brief ex1829, another school-house was reared by the pository and practical remarks. Many are beGreeks, with some foreign aid, having two apart

lieved io be dissatisfied with the religion taught ments;-one for the accommodation of females, in their churches, and it is generally conceded, the other for a scientific school for boys. A

that there is no such thing as vital godliness found great increase of pupils was the consequence of in the country. Indeed a great amount of prethis division. The teacher of the female school, paratory labor is yet to be performed, before the a Greek young woman, has derived her wages foundations of the spiritual temple can be laid, from the Treasury of the Board; and all the and the walls begin to rise. three schools were under the free, personal superintendence of Doct. Korck and his associate

Mr. Hildner, until the close of the last year.
They have since experienced considerable em-

William Goodell and H. G. O. Dwight, Afissionabarrassment in their relations to these schools, Il ries, and their wives. from circumstances growing out of the policy of the government. It should be stated, however, Mr. Goodell was instructed to leave Malta as that the connection, which these schools have soon as he bad carried his Armeno-Turkish verhad with the government, were the result of sion of the New Testament through the press, necessity, not of choice and design.

and take up his residence at Constantinople, The Committee have never had any thought where he would be more favorably situated for of embarrassing their operations in Greece, by exerting an influence upon the Armenians, and any sort of connection with the Greek govern- determining the value of his translation. This ment. They were long doubtful, indeed, what was in accordance with a plan of operations conmeasures were expedient. The inquiries ad- certed at Malta, in the year 1829. Accordingly dressed to the President of Greece in the spring he embarked for Constantinople, with his family, of 1829, were merely for the purpose of gaining on the 21st of May, in the Banian, captain Smith, information, and they elicited some facts, which which was to touch at Smyrna. He arrived at deterred the Committee from a class of expendi- | Smyrna on the 29th of May, and at Constantinotures, that would have been in accordance with ple on the 9th of the following month. Before the popular feeling then pervading our communi- | leaving Malta, Mr. Goodell had commenced a ty, but might bave proved a fruitful source of translation of the Hebrew scriptures into the disappointment and regret. The Committee re- Armeno-Turkish; and the prosecution of this imgolved to direct almost their whole efforts, for a portant work will continue to occupy a portion of time, so far as Greece was concerned, to the his time. production of books for elementary instruction, Mr. Dwight, after completing his arduous exand to the introduction of these into the schools ploring tour through Armenia and the neighbor. of that country. This they believe to be within ing countries, in company with Mr. Smith, protheir commission to publish the gospel to every ceeded to Malta; but is expected to become as-creature, and the most direct and effectual | sociated, for the present, with Mr. Goodell.

Exploring Tour in Armenia.

may be distributed with greater judgment, and

far less danger of loss. In short, our operations This occupied the year previous to May 25, for the spiritual benefit of the degenerate churches 1831, and extended from Constantinople, through of the East, may be conducted with a most imTocat, Erzeroom, Kars, Tiflis, Shousha, Erivan, portant knowledge of the work we have to do, of Etchmiazin, Tebreez, and from thence through the obstacles to be encountered, and of the peBayazid to Trebizonde on the Black Sea, and culiar reasons for anticipating ultimate success. thence by water to Constantinople.

Messrs. Smith and Dwight, always courageous and enterprising, prosecuted their object without Sandwich Eslands. rashness, until they appear to have ascertained satisfactorily what is practicable and expedient,

1. ISLAND OF OAHU. and what is not, for American Christians to altempt for the religious improvement of the Ar

HONOLULU:-Hiram Bingham and Ephraim W. menians in the Russian and Turkish dominions, Clark, Missionaries; Gerrit P. Judd, Physician; and also with respect to considerable bodies of Levi Chamberlain, Superintendent of Socular ConNestorians on the south. The larger portion of

cerns, and Inspector of Schools; Slepben Shepard, the results is yet to be submitted, with the facts

Printer, with their wives, and Miss Mary Ward. by which they are sustained, which will probably be done personally by Mr. Smith, during a visit

2. ISLAND OF HAWAII. be is about making to his native land. But enough is known already to prove the expediency

KAILUA:-Asa Thurston and Artemas Bishop,

Missionaries, and their wives. of the enterprise, and to justify all the costs, la

WATAKEA:-Joseph Goodrich, Missionary, and bors, and risks it has occasioned.

Mrs. Goodrich.

WAIMEA:- Samuel Ruggles, Missionary, and JEWS IN TURKEY.

Mrs. Ruggles.

KAAVALOA:-Now vacant. William Gottlieb Echauffler, Missionary.

3. ISLAND OF MAUI. Mr. Schauffler has gone to Paris, where he will spend three or four months in completing his LAHAINA:-William Richards, Lorrin Andrews, preparatory studies, and then proceed to Turkey. 1, and Jonathan 8. Green, Missionaries, with their His central position is expected to be Constanti

wives, and Miss Maria C. Ogden. nople. He is supported by the Ladies Jews Society of Boston and Vicinity.

WAIMEA:—Samuel Whitney and Peter J. Gulick,

Missionaries, and their wives.
General View.

A third reinforcement sailed from New BedThe missionaries of the Board have traversed a

ford in the ship New England, captain Parker, vast extent of country around the Mediterranean.

on the 28th of December 1830, consisting of We may trace their routes from Tripoli to Tunis -from Alexandria to Thebes in Upper Egypt, Dwight Baldwin, Reuben Tinker, and Shelden from Cairo through the desert to Gaza-through Dibble, Missionaries; Andrew Johnstone, Superinalmost every district of Palestine—from Beyroot tendent of Secular Concerns; and their wives. in Syria across the mountains of Lebanon to Damascus—thence to Aleppo and Antioch- On the 26th of November 1831, a fourth reinthence down the shore to Beyroot-from the an- forcement sailed from the same place, in the ship cient Tarsus through the southern provinces of Averick, captain Swain, consisting of nineteen Asia Minor to Smyrna-from thence through the persons. central district of the same country to Cæsarea

- from Smyrna through the country round about John S. Emerson, David P. Lyman, Ephraim which embraced the Seven Churches-from

Spaulding, William P. Alexander, Richard ArmSmyrna to the Bosphorus-from Constantinople

strong, Cochran Forbes, Harvey R. Hitchcock, and

Lorenzo Lyons, Missionaries; Doct. Alonzo Chapin, through the northern provinces of Asia Minor to Erzeroom in Armenia—thence to Tiflis among

Physician; and their wives; and Edmund H.

Rogers, Printer. the mountains of Caucassus—thence through the Dorther parts of Persia—thence through the in- Some of the missionaries in both of these reinhospitable region of the Koords, and through Ar- forcements were destined to form a new mission menia, to Trebizonde on the Black Sea. We

in the Washington Islands. may trace their route, also, in Europe, to five of Schools.—There are about 900 schools in the the seven Ionian Islands, throughout the Pelo- Sandwich Islands, instructed by as many native ponnesus, in Attica, and to many islands in the teachers. The number of readers and learners Ægean.

on the islands is estimated at 50,000. The readWe now know, to a great extent, the physical, ers are not all now members of the schools. A intellectual, moral, and religious condition of view of the schools is given in the following those countries. We know what kind of moral table. power is most needed and most likely to succeed. We know what places are most accessible Islands. Schools. Readers, Scholars. and most promising. We know, far better than Oahu,


6,635 we did six years ago, how to economize and di- Maui,


10.738 rect our labors. But little more exploring, at the Molokai,


1,485 Lanai,


506 expense of long and hazardous journies, now re


14 mains to be done in that part of the world. The

about 90

2,500 About 5,500 missionaries may now locate and concentrate Hawaii,

about 300 about 9,000 at least 20,000 their influence. The press may operate with greater certainty in its various languages. Books


20,989 44,895




The missionaries feel the importance of raising their residence; and when there is preaching, the qualifications of the schoolinasters. Schools these chiefs regularly and seriously altend, and have been instituted for them in various places, il their example is followed by great numbers of under the immediate instruction of the missiona- their subjects.-Churches are gathered, as with ries, their wives, or the single females connected us, wherever there are pastors to take the care with the mission. Here are taught reading, of them, and accessions are made to them, from writing, and arithmetic. Soon geography will be time to time, of such as we may reasonably hope added, and the first principles of astronomy; and, will be saved.-In one small district, which, but in process of time, other fields of science will

a few years since, rung through all the length and be opened upon the astonished minds of the breadth of it with the cries of savage drunkenislanders.

ness, a thousand people have associated on the Printing. The mission press at the Sandwich principle of entire abstinence from the use of inIslands commenced its operations on the first toxicating liquors.--Moreover, in that same disMonday in January 1822. From that time, whentrict and in two others, with a united population the language was just beginning to assume a of perhaps 40,000, where the morals were as dewritten form, until March 20, 1830, scarcely ten graded, a few years ago, as anywhere on earth, years after the mission was commenced, 22 dis- a fourth part of the inhabitants have formed them tinct books had been printed in the native lan-selves into societies for the better understanding guage, averaging 37 small pages, and amounting and keeping of God's holy law, and require unto 387,000 copies, and 10,287,800 pages. This impeachable morals as a condition of memberprinting was executed at Honolulu, where there ship in their several fraternities. are two presses. But besides this, 3,315,000 All these are believed to be facts. And they pages in the Hawaiian language have been are traceable wholly to the blessing of God on printed in the United States, (viz. a large edition the establishment of a Christian mission on those of the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and John,) | islands, a little more than eleven years ago. which swells the whole amount of printing in this A moment's reflection, however, sufficient to time, for the use of the islanders, to 13,632,800 | show, that after all the work of evangelizing and pages. Reckoning the 22 distinct works in a civilizing those islands is but just commenced. continuous series, the number of pages in the The nation is yet in its infancy. It is just begin. series is 832. Of these, 40 are elementary, and ning to understand the advantages of the social the rest are portions of scripture, or else strictly state. The elements of individual improvement, evangelical and most important matter, the best and domestic happiness, and national order and adapted to the condition and wants of the people prosperity, have been introduced, and the conthat could be selected under existing circum- irast between the forner and present condition stances,

and character of the nation, as such, is great in Perhaps never, since the invention of printing, almost every respect. Yet very few have done was a printing press employed so extensively as more than merely to cross the threshold of that has been ai the Sandwich Islands, with so knowledge. Three-fourths of those, who are little expense, and so great a certainty that every capable of learning to read, have yet to acquire page of its productions would be read with atten

the art.

A collection of all the books in the lantion and profit.

guage would not contain as much matter, as Improvement of the People in Knowledge, There is in one volume of the Missionary Herald. Morals, Religion, etc. Nothing more will be Salvation through the Lamb that was slain, is attempted, than to present the more remarkable brought within the reach of thousands, and many facts.

have fled and are fleeing to lay hold on the hope The language of the islands has been reduced set before them; but how few are their helps, to writing, and in a form so precise, that five compared with those which we have, and with vowels and seven consonants, or twelve letters what they ought to possess. The regular preachin the whole, represent all the sounds which have ling of the gospel is enjoyed by not more than yet been discovered in the native tongue. And one-fourth of the inhabitants. The rest see only as each of these letters has a fixed and certain a few rays of heavenly light. sound, the art of reading, spelling, and writing the language, is made far easier than it is with North American Xndians. us.--About one-third part of the people in the islands have been brought into schools, and one The Board have missions among the Cherohalf of these have been taught to read. Many kees, Chickasaws, Choctavs, Arkansas Cheroare able to write, and some are versed in the kees, Osares, Stockbridge Indians near Green elementary principles of arithmetic.—Nine hun-Bay, at Mackinaw, among the Ojibeways southdred of the natives are employed as schoolmas

west of Lake Superior, the Indians in Ohio, and ters. The historical parts of the New Testa- Indians in the State of New York. ment, and selections from the Old, and summaries of Christian doctrines and duties, have been

CHEROKEES. printed in the native language, and placed in the hands of some thousands of the natives. The Begun in 1816: eight stations, five missionaries, government of the islands has adopted the moral eight male and twenty female assistants, and one law of God, with a huowledge of its purport, as

native preacher. the basis of its own future administration; and the

BRAINERD. John C. Elsworth, Teacher and Su

perintendent of Secular Concerns; Jobn Vail, Far. Christian religion is professedly the religion of

mer; Ainsworth E. Blount, Farmer and Mechanic; the nation. Indeed most of the chief rulers are

Henry Parker, Miller; with their wives: Miss Demembers of the visible church of Christ.—Special light Sargent, T'oncher. laws have been enacted, and are enforced, CARMEL. Daniel Butrick, Missionary; Isaac against murder, theft, licentiousness, retailing ar

Proctar, Teacher and Catechist; with their wives, dent spirits, Sabbath breaking, and gambling.-

CREERPATH. William Potter, Missionary: Mrs.

Potter: Miss Erminia Nash, Teacher. The Christian law of marriage is the law of the

11IGHTOWER. John Thompson, Missionary; Mrs. land.—Commodious houses for public worshin

Thompson: Miss Catherine Fuller, Teacher. have been erected by the principal chiefs, with WILLSTOWN.

William Chamberlin, Missionery: the cheerful aid of the people, in the places of il Sylvester Ellis, Farmer; with their wives: Mra. Hoyt, Widow of Rev. Ard Hoyt; John Huss, Native creased from 33 to 58. This edition is also nearly Preacher.

exhausted. Of the gospel of Matthew 1,000 HAWEI, Elizur Butler, Physician and Catechist; Mrs. Buller; Miss Nancy Thompson and Miss Flora

copies have been printed, and a second edition Post, Assislants and Teachers.

is needed, and is ready for the press. Three CANDY'S CREEK. William Holland, Teacker and thousand copies of a tract of twelve pages, conCatechist; Mrs. Holland.

sisting principally of historical extracts from the New ECHOTA. Sainuel Austin Worcester, Mis. Old and New Testaments, has been printed, and senary; Mrs. Worcester: Miss Sophia Sawyer, another of a similar character and the same size Assistant.

is ready for the press. These have been prepar

ed by Mr. Worcester and Mr. Boudinot, and Preaching, Churches, &c. Public religious have been extensively circulated in all parts of meetings are held at each of the stations on the

the nation. Societies have been formed by the Sabbath, and occasionally during the week; and

Cherokees themselves to purchase them for graMr. Butrick and Mr. Chamberlin have itinerated

tuitous distribution. and preached extensively in the Cherokee vil

State of the people. The mission among the lages. Unusual seriousness has prevailed at Cherokees has now been established more than Brainerd, Carmel, Creekpath, and Haweis; and it is hoped that twenty or twenty-five have been

fourteen years; during which period the progress

of improvement, which had then been considerarenewed by the Spirit of God, some of whom

ble, has been steady, and considering all the cirwere distinguished opposers. A number of the inquirers were formerly members of the mission

cumstances, rapid. The mass of the people, in

their dress, houses, furniture, agricultural impleschools. A new meeting house has been erected at Haweis, and another at Willstown, the labor stock, providing for their families, and in their

ments, manner of cultivating the soil, raising and expense of which were almost entirely borne

estimate of the value of an education, will not by the Indians.

suffer greatly by comparison with the whites in There are now eight churches at the several

the surrounding settlements. In their present stations occupied by this mission, embracing in the whole, last December, 219 members; of whom condition and character they certainly much 167 were Cherokees, and the remainder were of

more nearly resemble man in his civilized state, African descent, or white persons residing in the

than they do the savages which they were thirty nation. During the past year three were added

years ago. The mass of the people have extera to the Church at Carmel, and one that had been

nally embraced the Christian religion. They cut off has been restored, three have been added

have a regular system of civil government, at Haweis, and two or three other persons pro

founded on liberal principles and administered pounded; and six have been added ai Creekpath.

with a good degree of decorum and energy. InThe church at this last place has been more sig: temperance, the bane of the Indian as well as the


has been checked. The laws of the nally blessed with the influences of divine grace,

nalion rigorously exclude intoxicating liquors than during any previous year. Education. The school at Brainerd has not

from all public assemblies, and otherwise restrict

its introduction and use. Numerous associations yet been resumed since the burning of the buildings in 1829; though the preparations for

for the promotion of temperance have been or. ing it again are nearly completed. This mis- / ganized, and joined by large numbers. Some sion had under its care, on the first of June last;formed, and others have been arrested in their

notoriously intemperate persons have been rewhen they were interrupted by the enforcemeni

fatal course. of the law of Georgia excluding while residents, seven schools containing about 150 pupils; about

During the last year the Cherokees have been 80 of wbom were boarded in the mission families.

greatly agitated by their political troubles. Their By an estimate made early last winter, it ap

government has been hindered in its operations, peared that there were more than 200 Cherokees,

their laws counteracted by the extension of the excluding females, and all of the other sex who jurisdiction of the state of Georgia over their could barely read and write, who had obtained territory, many of their citizens have been ima an English education sufficient for the transaction prisoned, and iheir nation has been threatened of ordinary business; of whom more than 130 had

with banishment from their country. The misbeen instructed wholly within the nation, and

sionaries of the Board have been forbidden to about 44 had received their education chiefly

reside among them by the laws of Georgia, four

of them have been arrested for not removing, abroad. Most of those who were educated in the nation were instructed in the schools support- been, for the same cause, tried and sentenced to

and two, Mr. Worcester and Dr. Butler, have ed by the Board. Including those who have emigrated to the Arkansas, or have deceased: 1 years, where they are now confined. All the

the Georgia penitentiary for the term of four the whole number of males and females, who

members of the mission families have been comhave received an English education adequate to the transaction of the ordinary business of life, is

pelled to leave Carmel and Hightower for the probably not less than 300; besides nearly as

present. many more, most of whom can read and write in

CHICKASAWS. English. Others have been in various ways and degrees benefited by their connection with the Pegun in 1821: three stations, two missionaries, mission schools. An increasing desire among

one licensed preacher, and two male and five the people to have their children educated is

female assistants. very apparent.

ToxsHiiH. Thomas C. Stuart, Missionary; and

Mrs. Stuart. A Cherokee Sunday School Union has been MARTYN. James Holmes, Licensed Preacher; organized, embracing six schools, eight teachers, Mrs. Holmes; Mr. Mosby, and Miss Emeline H. and 113 scholars.

Richmond, Teachers. Printing and Distribution of Tracts. During

CANEY CREEK. Hugh Wilson, Missionary: Mrs. the year a second edition of the Cherokee Hymn

Wilson: Mr. Knight, Teacher; Miss Prudence Wilbook has been called for and 1400 copies have been printed; making, with the first edition, Preoching and churches. There has been 2,200 copies. The number of hymns was in- 11 preaching at the stations on the Sabbath, and


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