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ut divinitatis providentia, quæ ipsum ad tanti regimen ordinavit imperii, sibi largiri dignetur justitiam, pietatem, et prudentiam. Justitiam circa subjectos, pietatem circa Deum, et prudentiam circa regni gubernationem, quatenus nullo favore mollitus, nullis inimicitiis commotus, nulla concupiscentia illectus, nullaque alia passione constrictus, in semitis harum virtutum inoffenso pede valeat pertransire.

Et quia oportet principem antedictum de hiis et aliis observantiis, quæ ad dictam spectant coronationem, plenius informari, abbas Westm. qui pro tempore fuerit, in hiis et consimilibus principis erit eruditor, ad ipsum vero hoc officium solummodo spectat. Et si dictus abbas de medio fuerit sublatus, et alius in abbatem ejusdem loci nondum fuerit confirmatus, qui dictum officium rite non poterit adimplere, aut dictus abbas aliunde fuerit impeditus quominus illud officium valeat exequi, tunc eligatur unus ex assensu prioris et conventus dicti monasterii, qui per omnia sit idoneus, dictum principem in hujusmodi observantiis informare, secundum modum et consuetudinem ab antiquissimis temporibus hactenus usitatum.“

Die vero præfinito, quo novus rex consecrandus est, summo mane conveniant prælati et nobiles in palatio regio apud Westm. tractaturi de novi regis consecra

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4 The Abbot of Westmynster and to clense theire conscience beshall en forme the kynge. Also fore the hooly anoynting." Lansit is to wit that the Abbot of down MS. 285. Westmynster, which is for the “ The abbote of Westm. ought tyme, two dayes othir before the alwey to be nere the kyng for his coronacyon

shall enform them of informacion in such thyngs as dyuers observaunces that they concerneth the solempnitee of the shall doo and kepe in their coro- Coronacion.” Deryse for Hen. nacion, and warne them to shryue VIII.

tione, et electione, et de legibus et consuetudinibus regni confirmandis, firmiter statuendis.

Hiis sub universorum concordia peractis, provideatur quod in aula regia majori sedes eminens sit, pannis sericis et inauratis decenter ornata, super quem dictus rex regnaturus cum omni mansuetudine et reverentia elevetur, ipso tamen prius ut moris est balneato et induto mundissimis vestibus, et caligis tantummodo calciato."

Hoc modis omnibus observato, quod sicut in principe per actualem lotionem et vestimentorum decorem corpus nitescit, sic per veram et præviam confessionem ac compunctionis dolorem anima ipsa splendescat.

Hiis debite peractis, ordinetur in ecclesia per archiepiscopos, episcopos, abbatem, et conventum Westm. processio in capis sericis, cum textibus, et thuribulis, et aliis

quæ processioni conveniunt; et sic induti processio

5 Hence we learn the proper

Vol. 2. p. 115. But the meaning meaning of the term “ barefooted” both of Grafton and of the rubric in the old chronicles, when applied in the text is, that the king was to this royal procession; which not to wear sandals, or soles, but has been much mistaken by vari. buskins only. Prynne, in his ous writers. Thus, for example, Signal Loyalty, has printed a in a modern popular, and rather “ Forma coronationis regum et superficial book, Knight's London, reginarum Angliæ," said to have we are told of Richard the Third's been extracted from the Liber Recoronation, that “ perhaps the galis, but whether by himself or most striking feature of the event, not, does not appear: it certainly is Richard's exhibition of humility, differs from it. However, one sen- he actually walked barefoot tence explains the meaning of into the Abbey." Vol. 4. p. 91. “ barefoot.” “ Item dicto die No authority is given for this state- princeps coronandus—tantumment, but it is to be traced to modo caligis sine sotularibus calGrafton : who

says,

“ from thence cietur.” p. 242. the king and the queene goyng vpon raye cloth barefooted, etc.o See above: p. 4, note 1.

naliter occurrant in palatio antedicto. Etenim regni prælatis et conventui Westm. solum pertinet regi futuro cum processionis solempnitate occurrere, et ipsum in ecclesiam prædictam psallendo antecedere, ea decantantes quæ in receptione regum debent decantari. Et faciet dominus . N. de Bellocampo Bedefordiæ, qui ab antiquo eleemosynariæ regiæ habet officium, pannum virgulatum, sive burellum, prosterni sub pedibus regis incedentis a palatio usque pulpitum antedictum infra ecclesiam Westm., ut prætactum est, præparatum.

Quod quidem pulpitum una cum gradibus, ex utraque parte ejusdem existentibus, tapetiso per regios ministros ad hoc præparatis sterni debet per totum.

7 In the letter of archbishop Hall] to the pulpytt in Westm. Cranmer, mentioned above in the chirche arrayed vnder foote with dissertation, giving an account of raye cloth by the king's grete the coronation of Anne Boleyn, Awmoner of England, to be had is the following: « In the morn

of the king's greate Warderobe." ynge ther assymbled withe me at Devyse for Hen. VIII. Westminster Churche the bysshop

9 The Lansdown M$.285, conof Yorke, etc. the abbote of West- tains “ The maner and forme of minstre with X or xij moo ab- the kyngis and quenes coronacion bottes, whiche all revestred our- in Englonde.” I shall have occaselfs in our pontificalibus, and, soo sion to cite this again, and shall furnysshed, with our crosses and refer to it, as before, by its number crossiers, procedid oute of th' in the catalogue. Upon the pulabbey in a procession vnto West- pite” it directs : minstre Hall, where we receyved “ Also in Westmynster chirche the Queene, etc." Archeologia, must be ordeynde a pulpit with vol. 18. p. 80.

grees on euery side. And that 8 See above, note 70, p. 53. I must be faire araide with clothes may here add the following. “The of silke, of golde, and aboute on prynce shall follow the procession the grounde both.

the grounde both. The Kynges into the chirche. And he shall Trone. Also in that pulpit shall go vpon newe ray cloth laide vnder be a Roiall trone. And a Roiall his fete.” Lansdown MS. 285. see in the which the kyng shall

“ The way from thense [the sit. And it shall also bee roially

In circuitu vero summitatis pulpiti dependentur panni serici et inaurati. Thronus vero in quo rex ipse residere debet, de quo prætactum est, palliis sericis ac pretiosissimis predicti regis camerarios o per totum erit coopertus, quissinis etiam per nominatos camerarios in præfato throno repositis.

Pars autem panni illius virgulati, sive burelli, quæ per dictum eleemosynarium, ut præfatum est, sub pedibus regis incedentis extenditur, infra ecclesiam cedet semper in usus sacristæ loci, et reliqua pars tota quæ est extra ecclesiam distribuetur pauperibus per manus eleemosynarii supradicti.

Regem igitur coronandum, dictis prælatis ac monachis præcedentibus, episcopus Dunelm. videlicet et Bathon. ex antiqua consuetudine, si præsentes affuerint, dictum regem hinc inde sustentabunt. Cancellarius vero, si fuerít episcopus," tum calice lapideo

10 "

araide with quysshyns, and clothes

« And than he was leyde upon of gold and silke.”

the high scaffolde ; and that was The “Devyse" for K. Henry couered all with red say, betwen VIII. states : “ The pulpit is to the high autere and the quere." be couered with rede worsted. In MS. Cotton. Nero. C. ix. fol. the middes wherin must be two 172. sieges royall” (for himself and

per dicti regis camerarios." queen Katherine] “ with cloth of golde and quysshyns of the same.

Abbot Litlington's missal. Save it is to wite, that the king's 11 The order respecting this, in siege shall be made a good deal the “ Devyse" for Henry VIII., higher than the quenes, whiche furnishes a curious specimen of shall be on the lyfte hande of the confusion of language.“ Next kyngis, and lower than it.” before the king the bishop chaun

A very ancient, if not contem- celer of England, then being Wilporary, English account of the liam Warham bishop of Cantercoronation of Henry VI. also bury, yf he be a bishop, shall bere speaks of the pulpit to be covered the chales. And in case he be in the same way, with red cloth. noo bisshop, some other bisshop

sancti Edwardi, qui est de regalibus, pontificalibus indutus regem immediate est præcessurus. Quem cum patena thesaurarius, si episcopus fuerit, vel abbas, modo consimili pro more antecedat, pontificaliter indutus, dictamque patenam honorifice eodem modo tenebit, quo patena a subdiacono inter secreta missæ ante altare in altum teneri solet.13 Si vero contigerit dictos cancellarium et thesaurarium episcopos non esse, alii per regem assignentur episcopi, qui modo prædicto pontificaliter induti, cum dictis calice et patena regem in dicta processione, modo prædicto, antecedant. Et modo conformi assignentur duo alii episcopi, qui regem

to be appoynted to bere the pa- “ The abbot of Westm. shall tente."

mynister to hym the wyne of a This would indeed be puzzling, stone Chalys of the Regalies." if we had not the exposition of our Lansdown MS. 285. text; which is borne out by the following:

13 I must refer the reader to my The beryng of seynt Ed- work on the “ Ancient Liturgy,” wardis chalis. Also the Caun- p. 59, Note 73 (2nd edit.) From celler of Englond, yf he be a the reference in the text above, it bisshop, in his pontificall aray, shall would seem that, at least in the bere before the kyng in his pro- church of Westminster, the cuscession the seide Chalys, for a tom of the subdeacon to receive grete rialtee and solempnitee. and hold the paten, was then ob

The beryng of the Paten. served in England. Also the Tresourer of Englonde, Among the ornaments and furyif he bee a bisshop, in the pon- niture given by Abbot Godfrey to tificall aray, shall bere the patene

his church at Peterborough, A. D. before the kyng in procession, and 1316, were,

magno altari quinhee shall goo before the Chaun- que

velamina de albo serico cum celler.” Lansdown MS. 285. aurifrigio ornata, pro patenario

12 “ The grete solempne chales in principalibus festis patenam deof seynt Edward, the which chales portandam.” Walter de Whytleby seynte Edwardis dayes was seye: Cænobii Burgensis Hist. preyesed xxxM'. marc.” Account (Edit. Sparkes. Lond. 1723. p. of coron. of Hen. VI.

169.)

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