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Electio et consecratio atque Coro

natio novi Regis.

VOL. III.

B

Drdo Rovum Begem in Regno

Constituendi.

ONSTITUTO hujusmodi actionis die, sum

mo mane dominus metropolitanus, et cateri præsules,' cum clero in ecclesia congregen

tur, ut grer Christi, quid populo suo Christus inspiraverit, cum mentis devotione præstolantes.

In curia Regis comites, proceres, cives, nobilesque cuncti conveniant, ad disponendum sagaciterque tractandum, tam de principis novi electione quam de legum atque consuetudinum regni confirmatione.

| The order of the Coronation “Incipit consecratio regis. Conof K. Ethelred, A. D. 978, pre- secrandum regem de conventu seserved in the British Museum, niorum duo episcopi per manus Cotton MS. Claudius, A. iij., has producant ad ecclesiam, et chorus the following short rubric at the decantet antiphonam : ' Firmetur' commencement.

etc." "Incipit consecratio regis, quem The order for Edwd. II. (Bodl. de conventu seniorum per manus

MS. Rawl. C. 425.) has a longer producant duo episcopi ad eccle- rubric, viz. “Ordo novum regem siam, et clerus hanc decantet an

in regno constituendi. tiphonam duobus episcopis præ- “ Die quo consecrandus est nocinentibus. Firmetur.' etc." vus rex, summo mane conveniant

In the same volume is contain- prælati et nobiles in palatio regali ed the order of the coronation of apud Westmonasterium, tractaturi K. Henry I. This begins with de novi consecratione principis, et the following rubric, and with it de legibus et consuetudinibus regni agree another MS. in the same confirmandis, et firmiter statuencollection, Tiberius, B. viij. ; the dis: ita quod provideatur aliquis Winchester pontifical ; an imper- locus in dicto palatio, super quem fect Sarum MS, in the Bodleian, hæres regis regnaturus, cum omni Rawl. C. 450 ; and a MS. pontifi- mansuetudine et reverentia, elevecal, also imperfect, in Trinity Col- tur, ipso tamen prius, ut moris est, lege, Dublin. MS. B. 3. 6. balneato, et induto mundissimis

Quibus consentientibus, et id idem in omnibus consona voce acclamantibus, cum omni mansuetudine ac reveren

vestibus, et caligis tantummodo ronation, or at other

very

solemn calciato. His peractis, ordinetur processions. Or possibly, it was in ecclesia per archiepiscopos, the copy of the Gospels, upon episcopos, abbatem, et conventum which the coronation-oath was to Westmonasterii, et alios, proces

be taken. I have made some resio in cappis sericis, cum textis,

marks upon this, in the preliminary et thuribulis, et aliis quæ proces- dissertation : and I would also resioni conveniunt. Et sic induti fer the reader to the dissertation processionaliter regi futuro occur- on Service Books, Vol. I. p. lij., rant in palatio antedicto, et sie and to the extract from Giraldus, ipsum processive in ecclesiam du- in' the “Supplement" to p. lvij. cant, ipsoque introducto atque in ? The custom of assembling the pulpito in sede sibi apta collocato, archbishops and bishops of the hæc antiphona ab omnibus decan- realm is as ancient as the office tetur: Firmetur.' etc.

itself of a Coronation: it has been With this agrees the Exeter always held to be necessary not pontifical: except in its title; which only that the new sovereign should is somewhat singular. Coro- be crowned by the Primate, or a natio regis secundum consuetu- Bishop appointed by him, but also dinem ecclesice Westmonasterio with as large an attendance of the ensis.

clergy, more especially of the And an imperfect English pon- highest degree, as could be obtifical in the British Museum, tained.

Peter Damian proves Harleian MS. 561, begins with that this was not confined to Enga still more particular reference land only: he says, in a passage to the Westminster muniments. of his lxix th Sermon, cited by Ca“ Hic est ordo secundum quem talani: “ Cum enim tantæ nobilirex debet coronari, pariter et tatis sanguis vel genere, vel noinungi, secundum cronicas et re- bilitate consecratur in regem, registra in abbathia Westmonas- ligio cum nobilitate totius regni terii inventa."

viribus convocatur. Astat hinc I have no doubt that the “tex- primatum, metropolitanorum, et tus” spoken of above, was some episcoporum gloriosa societas : ilsplendid copy of the Four Gos- linc ducum, comitum, castellanopels, or of the selected Gospels, rum, non spernenda nobilitas. which was specially preserved at Procedit medius homo

super Westminster to be used either on homines regnaturus constitutus this great occasion only of a co- agmine personali."

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tia, ut mos regni erigit, eraltent illum, eoque exaltato et in sede principi apta locato, in ecclesia metropolitano et cætero clero cum summa tranquillitate sedenti, per quatuor nobiliores comites nuncietur, faciantque iidem legati coram clero post electionis repræsentationem, ex parte populi cum supplicatione petitionem, ut sicut ab omni populo electus est, ita et in ecclesia a clero benigne suscipiatur, et in regem consecretur. Quorum legatione patienter audita, metropolitanus quatuor quos elegerit præsules, totidemque abbates, dirigat ad populum, inquirens quæ a quatuor nunciis audivit, si populus testari voluerit. Et illis regressis, si concors fuerit priorum nunciorum vox sequentium, tunc demum, metropolitano inchoante, clerus Deo gratias et laudes referat.

Morque missi duo præsules a metropolitano cum parte cleri, cum cereis et crucibus, introducant in ecclesiam consecrandum regem electum, cum vocis emissione, hanc concinentes antiphonam:

Firmetur manus tua, et exaltetur dextera tua; justitia et judicium præparatio sedis tuæ, misericordia et veritas præcedent faciem tuam."

recipiatur,” in the Evesham voce coram Deo, omnique popontifical. Lansd. MS. 451.

pulo, dicit: 4 The order for K. Ethelred, “Hæc tria populo Christiano, et after the antiphon, and “Gloria mihi subdito in Christi promitto Patri," thus continues :

nomine. In primis ut ecclesia “ Perveniens rex ad ecclesiam, Dei, et omnis populus Christianus prosternat se coram altare, et veram pacem nostro arbitrio in hymnizetur, Te Deum laudamus, omni tempore servet. Aliud, ut Te Dominum confitemur. Quo rapacitates et omnes iniquitates finitenus hymnizato, rex eriga- omnibus gradibus interdicam. Tertur de solo, et ab episcopis et a tium, ut in omnibus judiciis æquiplebe electus, hæc tria se serva- tatem et misericordiam præcipiturum jura promittat, et clara am, ut mihi et vobis indulgeat

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