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Alii ad officium presbyterii, diaconii, vel subdiaconii, quidam vero ad cæteros ecclesiasticos gradus. Proinde admonemus et postulamus, tam vos clericos quam cæterum populum, ut pro nobis et pro illis, puro corde et sincera mente apud divinam clementiam intercedere dignemini, quatenus nos dignos faciat pro illis exaudiri: et eos unumquemque in suo ordine eligere, et consecrare per manus nostras dignetur. Siquis autem habet aliquid contra hos viros, pro Deo et propter Deum, cum fiducia exeat et dicat, verumtamen memor sit communionis suæ.8

nes.

8 Deinde pontifex et qui ab vocantur a psalmis canendis: ipsi eo consecrandi sunt prosternan

enim canunt ut excitent ad comtur super pavimentum : et sic punctionem mentes audientium. agatur litania ; et inter cætera Tunc episcopus postquam dicatur:

ab eis requisierit, sub testimonio “ Ut fratres istos, ad sacrum ecclesiæ, si talem ordinem subire, ordinem electos, in vera religione et in eo Deo humiliter servire conservare digneris: te rogamus, voluerint, tradat eis claves ecaudi nos.

clesiæ : scilicet potestatem clarHis ita expletis, exeant om- dendi et aperiendi ostia ecclesie. Deinde postquam episco

Ita dicens : pus finierit primam orationem “ Sic agite, etc.Pontif. Winmissæ, finita quoque prima lec- ton. With these, and the suctione et gradali, iterum introdu- ceeding exhortations, which will cantur qui ordinandi sunt osti

be cited in the notes, compare, arii, vocati ex nomine. Et tunc S. Isidore Hisp. Originum. Lib. fiat sermo ab episcopo ad eos, vij. hoc modo:

The reader has already seen, “ Ostiarius fieri dignatus est note 1, that the Bangor MS. has Christus, quando conclusitet no general exhortation, &c., for aperuit archam Noe: vel cum all who were to be ordained to portas inferni aperuit, et electos whatever order, but commences suos inde abstulit, reprobos autem at once with the “ostiarii.” reliquit. Unde modo ostiarii di- In the Exeter pontifical, the cuntur, eo quod præsint ostiis notice “ Auxiliante,” is followed ecclesiæ, ut sciant recipere fideles, by, “Tunc fiat sermo, si est dicenet infideles respuere. Psalmistæ dus. Sermone dicto fiat proVOL. III.

M

Tunc dicat archidiaconus :
Accedant qui ordinandi sunt ostiarii.

Tunc accedant immediate antequam lectio legatur, vel gradale, ad consecrandum.

Episcopus sedens cum mitra eos instruendo dicat, sine nota :

Ostiarium oportet o percutere cymbalum, aperire ecclesiam, et sacrarium, et librum tenere ei qui prædicat.

Et cum ordinantur, surgens tradat eis episcopus claves ecclesiæ, et ipsi eas ambabus manibus recipiant, et dicat eis plane episcopus, stando et sine nota. Et si sint multi, stent in circuitu, et episcopus circueat eos, sæpius idem repetendo.

hibitio, ne aliquis recipiat or. dis episcopis, vel clericis, prius dines nisi examinatus et admissus ab ordinatoribus suis decreta per examinatores legitime depu- conciliorum auribus eorum incultatos : etc. Quibus præmissis, centur, ne se aliquid contra staexeant omnes ordinandi, quibus tuta concilii fecisse asserant.' egressis dicat archidiaconus : Concil. edit. Mansi. Tom. 3. col.

“ Accedant qui ordinandi sunt 880. And again, a few years ostiarii.

after, in the famous 4th Council Tunc accedant. etc."

of Carthage, which forms a basis 9 Besides the larger and more upon which succeeding Ordinals general admonitions which were have been framed, the ixth canon addressed according to the judg- has especial reference to this point, ment of the bishop, to each order as concerned the “ostiarii," the of the candidates, previously to lowest order ordained by a bishop: the commencement of the service “ Ostiarius cum ordinatur, postitself, it has always been the prac- quam ab archidiacono instructus tice from the earliest ages, of fuerit, qualiter in domo Dei dewhich any rituals remain, to ad- beat conversari, ad suggestionem monish also in some set form archidiaconi, tradat ei episcopus before the actual conferring of claves ecclesiæ de altario, dicens : each Order. Thus it was the Sic age, quasi redditurus Deo subject of the 3rd canon of the rationem pro his rebus, quæ his 3rd council of Carthage. A.D. clavibus recluduntur.” Ibid. Col. 390: “ Item placuit, ut ordinan- 951.

Sic agite, quasi reddituri Deo rationem pro iis rebus, o quæ istis clavibus recluduntur.

Tunc ducat eos 11 archidiaconus ad ostium ecclesia,

12

10 66

rebus, quæ ecclesiæ extant. A MS. pontifical, cited vobis commissæ clavibus inclu- by Martene, (de Ant. Ecc. rit. duntur." Pontif. Winton. Tom. 2. p. 18.) directed the bi

11 Deinde archidiaconus du- shop not to deliver the keys to cat eos ad ostium ecclesiæ: et the candidates, but only to shew faciat eos claudere et aperire. them to them. I need scarcely Postquam iterum ante domnum perhaps remind the reader, that præsulem fuerint introducti, di- these keys were not the keys cat episcopus hanc orationem : which were afterwards to be used, Deum Patrem, etc.Pontif. in the particular churches, to Winton.

which the ostiarii were to be orEt archidiaconus ducat eos dained, but any keys: and of any ad ostium ecclesiæ, quod clau- material: provided only, say the dant et aperiant, et revertentes canonists, that in shape and form stent ante gradus sicut prius. they were keys, apt and able to Cum autem redierint, episcopus

open some lock. stans juxta cornu altaris, versus The modern Roman pontifical austrum, extendens manum supra

has introduced another ceremony ordinandos, dicat orationem : in this place, one which is allowed Deum Patrem, etc.Pontif. to be modern, and for which no Eron.

authority can be found in the 12 This ceremony was of later earlier rituals. “ Tradit etiam introduction than the delivery of eis funem campanarum, faciens the keys: although of such an- eos campanas pulsare." It was, tiquity that it was introduced doubtless, the duty of the ostiarii into the ordinal of the Western to ring the bells of the church, Church, before the conversion of but not in the earliest ages : for the Saxons by S. Augustine. then it was part of the office of Hence there is no pontifical ex- the priest: as Amalarius

says: tant, of English use, in which it “Ne despiciat presbyter hoc opus does not

Neither the agere, ut in isto sit imitator filioCarthaginian Council, just cited, rum Aaron.” De ecc. off. Lib. nor the Gelasian sacramentary, 3. Cap. 1. And in Charlemagmentions it: but it is found in ne's Capitular is an express orthe Gregorian sacramentary, and der; “ Ut sacerdotes signa tanin some very ancient MSS., still gant horis canonicis.” Lib. vj.

occur.

et tradat eis ostium præfero ostiario, quibus reversis, dicat episcopus cum nota, stando, præfationem ad eos conversus, hoc modo.

Deum Patrem omnipotentem, fratres carissimi, suppliciter deprecemur, ut hos famulos suos benedicere dignetur, quos in officium ostiariorum eligere dignatus est, ut sit eis fidelissima cura diebus ac noctibus ad distinctionem horarum certarum, ad invocandum nomen Domini nostri Jesu Christi.

Oremus.
Diaconus. Flectamus genua. Levate.
Oratio.

Domine sancte, Pater omnipotens, æterne Deus, benedicere dignare hos famulos tuos in officio ostiariorum, ut inter janitores ecclesiæ tuæ pareant obsequio : et inter electos tuos partem tuæ mereantur habere mercedis. Per Dominum.13

Omnes lectiones cum suis titulis legantur.
Lectio Isaiæ prophetæ.

Cap. 168. But long before the “ Accedant qui ordinand.—, reformation, this duty, as I have

Accipite et estote said, had devolved upon the os- verbi, etc." tiarii; and there is a very plain The Exeter pontifical does not reference to it in the Preface include the particulars of the prowhich almost immediately follows per mass: it proceeds therefore, in the text. Probably the cere- “ Tunc sedeat episcopus, et mony of giving them the bells, legatur lectio prima, cum gra(if I may so call it) was added in duali, quibus dictis sequitur, the revised Roman pontifical, in Oremus. Et dicitur secunda order to supply what appeared to oratio, qua dicta dicat archibe an omission.

diaconus: Recedant qui ordinati 13 - Tunc exeant omnes sunt ostiarii: accedant qui orditiarij.Rubr. Pontif. Winton. nandi sunt lectores. Tunc epis

The Bangor MS. is both de- copus sedens dicit eis : Lectorem faced and mutilated : no more can

oportet. etc." be read here, than,

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In diebus illis : Clamabunt ad Dominum a facie tribulantis : et mittet eis salvatorem et propugnatorem qui liberet eos. Et cognoscetur Dominus ab Ægypto: et cognoscent Ægyptii Dominum in die illa. Et colent eum in hostiis et muneribus, et vota vovebunt Domino, et solvent. Et percutiet Dominus Ægyptum plaga : et sanabit eam. Et revertentur ad Dominum et placabitur eis et sanabit eos : Dominus Deus noster.

Gr. A summo cælo egressio ejus; et occursus ejus usque ad summum ejus.

V. Cæli enarrant gloriam Dei, et opera manuum ejus annunciat firmamentum.

Oratio.

Concede quæsumus omnipotens Deus, ut qui sub peccati jugo ex vetusta servitute deprimimur, ex peccatis unigeniti Filii tui nova nativitate liberemur. Qui tecum

Dicta oratione, statim dicat archidiaconus :
Accedant qui ordinandi sunt lectores.

Tunc immediate accedant antequam lectio legatur, et episcopus sedendo sine nota eis dicat :

Lectorem oportet legere quæ prædicat, et lectiones

14 Post hæc, finita secunda autem exordium a veteri testaoratione, et secunda lectione cum mento. Legitur vero ita : Stetit gradali, vocentur ex nomine qui Esdras scriba super gradum ligordinandi sunt lectores. Tunc neum quem fecerat ad loquenexponat eis episcopus officium dum; et universum eminebat poordinis sui, quod sunt suscepturi: pulum. Stat super gradum lig

Lectoribus in ecclesia verba neum, unde infimos supereminet, sacræ legis et prophetarum le- qui dominicam passionem imigendi datur potestas. Horum tando, cæteros morum probitate talis debet esse vita, ut quod ore transcendit. Et quicunque aliannunciant, bonis operibus com- quem bonis moribus instruit, lecpleant. Et in his quæ prædicant, toris officio fungitur. Hoc vero cæteros superemineant. Habent Dominus noster functus est offi.

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