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tom. V Or.
SERM. in Navish toil, and in his old age was in reflection upon his XL.
life moved to say, that the days of his pilgrimage had been Gen. xlvii. few und evil. Joseph was maligned and persecuted by his
brethren, sold away for a slave, Nandered for a most Σίδηρον δι
heinous crime, thrust into a grievous prison, where his feet nosving uxa were hurt with fetters, and his soul came into iron. Moses
was forced to fly away for his life, to become a vagabond Cato, Re in a foreign place, to feed sheep for his livelihood ; to gulus, Phocion, &c. spend afterward the best of his life in contesting with an Magnum obstinately perverse prince, and in leading a mistrustful, nifi mala refractory, mutinous people, for forty years' time, through invenit.
a vast and wild defert. Job, what a stupendous heap of milVid. Chryf. chiefs did together fall and lie heavy upon him? (Thou 27. p. 168. writest bitter things against me, he might well say.) David, et tom.vi. how often was he plunged in saddest extremity, and re
duced to the hardest shifts; being hunted like a partridge in the wilderness by an envious master, forced to counterfeit madness for his security among barbarous infidels; disposfessed of his kingdom, and persecuted by his own most favoured fon; deserted by his servants, reproached and scorned by his subjects y? Elias was driven long to sculk for his life, and to shift for his livelihood in the wilderness. Jeremy was treated as an impostor and a traitor, and cast into a miry dungeon; finding matter from his sufferings
for his doleful lamentations, and having thence occasion Lam. ii. 1. to exclaim, I am the man that have seen affliction by the Aets vii. 52. rod of his wrath, &c. Which of the Prophets were not 1 Cor. iv. persecuted and misused ? as St. Stephen asked. The Apo
Atles were pinched with all kinds of want, barassed with all forts of toil, exposed to all manner of hazards, persecuted with all variety of contumelies and pains that can be
imagined : above all, our Lord himself beyond expression Chrys. tom. was a man of sorrow, and acquainted with grief, surpassing Ifa. lii. 3. all men in suffering as he did excel them in dignity and
Or. 10. p. 107. Job xiii. 27. i Sam. xxvi. 20.
Υ Νυν και πάλαι έξ και γεγόνασιν άνθρωποι άπαντες οι τω Θεώ φίλοι τω συγνώ και επιμόχθω και μυρίων γήμoντι δεινών εκληρώθησαν βίω. Chry/. in Mart. Bgypt. 1, ν.
'Εν τους πειρασμούς ήνθεν οι δίκαιοι, τους αγίες άπαντας έτως ήγαγεν ο Θεός διά 97.14ws. Chryf. in 2 Cor. Or. 27.
in virtue; extreme poverty, having not so much as where SERM. to lay his head, was his portion; to undergo continual
XL. labour and travel, without any mixture of carnal ease or Matt. viii. pleasure, was his state; in return for the highest good-willo.
'Εκ γαρ των and choicest benefits, to receive most cruel hatred and up grievous injuries, to be loaded with the bitterest re- ruv kogparproaches, the fouleft Nanders, the forest pains which most wopintos spiteful malice could invent, or fiercest rage infie, this way to sto was his lot : Am.I poor ? so, may one say, was he to ex- daxóras oítremity; Am I fighted of the world ? so was he notori- süpsiy maqal oully; Am I disappointed and crossed in my designs ? so tür ou bienwas he continually, all his most painful endeavours having Spass we ndı. fmall effect; Am I deserted or betrayed of friends? so was nous vous, he by those who were most intimate, and most obliged ägav tieto him ; Am I reviled, Nandered, misused? Was' not be
á vicepois. so beyond all comparison most outrageously?
Theod. Ep. Have all these, and many more, of whom the world was Heb. xi. 38. not worthy, undergone all sorts of inconvenience, being defiitute, afflicted, tormented ; and shall we then disdain, or be sorry to be found in such company? Having such a Heb. xii. 3. cloud of martyrs, let us run with patience the race that is set before us. Is it not an honour, should it not be a comfort to us, that we do, in condition, resemble them? If God hath thus dealt with those, who of all men have been dearest to him, shall we take it ill at his hands, that he, in any manner, dealeth so with us? Can we pretend, can we hope, can we even wish to be used better, than God's firstborn, and our Lord himself hath been? If we do, are we not monstrously fond and arrogant ? especially confidering, that it is not only an ordinary fortune, but the peculiar character of God's chosen, and children, to be often crossed, checked, and corrected; even Pagans have observed it, and avowed there is great reason for it; God, Sen. de Profaith Seneca, hath a fatherly mind toward good men ; and vid. c. 2. strongly loveth them—therefore after the manner of severe parents, he educateth them hardly, &c. The Apostle doth in express terms assure us thereof; for, whom, faith he, Heb. 2.. 6 the Lord loveth, he chasteneth, and scourgeth every fon whom he receiveth. If ye endure chastening, God dealeth užthe
Phil, iii. 10.
SERM. you as with fons--but if ye be without chastisement,
God) are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not fons.
of God's true children ; would we be divested of his special Ecclus. ii. 1. Τέκνον, ει
regard and good-will? if not, why do we not gladly Espooiezen embrace, and willingly sustain adversity, which is by himo, ito ja self declared so peculiar a badge of his children, fo conroy two tu- ftant a mark of his favour? if all good men do, as the Tupacpór
. A pofle afferteth, partake thereof; shall we, by displeafure
at it, shew that we desire to be assuredly none of that
party, that we affect to be discarded from that holy and John xvi. happy fociety? Verily, verily, I say unto you, that ye frall
weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice. It is pecu
liarly the lot of Christians, as such, in conformity to their Rom. viii. afficted Saviour; they are herein predestinated to be con1 Theff. iii. formable to his image; to this they are appointed. (Let no
man, faith St. Paul, be moved by these afflictions, for ye
know, that we are appointed thereunto :) to this they are 1 Pet. ii. 20, called, (if when ye do well, faith St. Peter, and suffer for
it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God; for even
hereunto were ye called, this is propounded to them as a 2 Tim. iii. condition to be undertaken and undergone by them as
such; they are by profession crucigeri, bearers of the cross;
(*if any one will come after me, let him deny himself, and μα θλίψιν ins. take up his cross and follow me; every one that will live
godly in Christ Jesus, must suffer persecution :) by this are guftiarum they admitted into the state of Christians; (by many afflicperpeffus sum qui
tions we must enter into the kingdom of heaven ;) this doth cruci nilito. qualify them for enjoying the glorious rewards, which fel. Ep. 99 their religion propoundeth; (we are coheirs with Chrift; Ads xiv.22 so that, if we suffer together, we shall also together be gloNaz. Ep. rified with him ; if we endure, we shall also reign with 2012. ad. him z:) and shall we then pretend to be Christians, shall 2 Tim.ii.12. (Phil. iii. 10.)
z It is a privilege of Chriftians, in favour bestowed on them; wir izapisn. Phil. i. 29.
Our glory. Eph. iii. 13.
• Matt. xvi. 24. X. 38.
12. John xvi. 33.
Quotam partem an
we claim any benefit from thence, if we are unwilling to SERM. submit to the law, to attend the call, to comply with the
XL. terms thereof? Will we enjoy its privileges, can we hope for its rewards, if we will not contentedly undergo what it requireth ? Shall we arrive to the end it propoundeth, without going in the way it prescribeth, the way which our Lord himself doth lead us in, and himself hath trod before us?
In fine, seeing adversity is, as hath been declared, a thing so natural to all men, so common to most men, so incident to great men, so proper to good men, so peculiar to Christians, we have great reason to observe the Apostle's advice, Beloved, wonder not concerning the fiery 1 Pet. iv.12. trial, which is to try you, as if some strange thing happened to you; we should not wonder at it as a strange or uncouth thing, that we are engaged in any trouble or inconvenience here; we are consequently not to be affeated with it as a thing very grievous.
Phil, iv. II.
I have learned in whatsoever fate I am, &c. SerM. MOREOVER, considering the nature of this duty itself, XLI. may be a great inducement and aid to the practice of it.
1. It is itself a sovereign remedy for all poverty and all
sufferance; removing them, or allaying all the mischief "Esidi piyas Tegirmoso they can do us. It is well and truly said by St. Auftin,
Interest non qualia, sed qualis quis patiatur; It is no matter μετά αυταρ
what, but how disposed a man suffereth : the chief mischief Civ. Dei, i. any adversity can do us is to render us discontent; in that
consisteth all the sting and all the venom thereof; which thereby being avoided, adversity can signify nothing prejudicial or noxious to us; all distraction, all distemper, all disturbance from it is by the antidote of contentedness prevented or corrected. He that hath his defires moderated to a temper suitable with his condition, that hath his pasfions composed and settled agreeably to his circumstances, what can make any grievous impression on him, or render him anywise miserable? he that taketh himself to have enough, what doth he need? he that is well pleased to be as he is, how can he be better? what can the largest wealth, or highest prosperity in the world, yield more or better than fatisfaction of mind? he that hath this most efsential ingredient of felicity, is he not thence in effect most