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EXPLAINED AND DEFENDED,

1. A

SERIES OF SERMONS;

BY

TIMOTHY DWIGHT, S. T. D. LL. D.

LATE PRESIDENT OF YALE COLLEGE.

WITH A

MEMOIR

OF

THE LIFE OF THE AUTIIOR.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

NINTH EDITION.

VOL. IV.

NEW HAVEN:
PUBLISHED BY T. DWIGHT & SON,
AND SOLD BY LEAVITT, LORD, & CO.
180 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.

1836.

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CONTENTS OF THE FOURTH VOLUME.

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SERMON CXXXII. The Tenth Commandment. Ambition.-Rom. xii. 16.

SERMON CXXXIII. Man's Inability to obey the Law of God. Rom. viii. 7.

SERMON CXXXIV. Faith and Repentance necessary to restore us to Obe-

dience.-Acts xx. 20, 21.

SERMON CXXXV. The Means of Grace. The Ordinary Means of Grace.

Proofs that there are such Means.-1 Cor. iv. 15.

SERMON CXXXVI. The Ordinary Means of Grace. What they are; and

what is their Influence.-1 Cor. iv. 15.

SERMON CXXXVII. 'The Ordinary Means of Grace. Objections an-

swered.-1 Cor. iv. 15.

SERMON CXXXVIJI. The Ordinary Means of Grace. Hearing the Word

of God.- Luke viii. 18.

SERMON CXXXIX. The Ordinary Means of Grace. The Nature, Seasons,

and Obligations of Prayer.—1 Thess. v. 17.

SERMON CXL. The Ordinary Means of Grace. The Usefulness of Prayer

to Individuals.-1 Thess. v. 17.

SEPMON CXLI. The Ordinary Means of Grace. The Usefulness of Prayer

to Families.-Eph. vi. 10.

SERMON CXLII. The Ordinary Means of Grace. The Usefulness of Prayer

to Communities.-Psalm issiii. 28.

SERMON CXLIII. The Ordinary Means of Grace. The Objections to

Prayer considered.Job xxi. 15.

SERMON CXLIV. The Ordinary Means of Grace. Forms of Prayer.-

Mall. vi. 9-13.

SERMON CXLV. The Ordinary Means of Grace. Intercourse with Reli-

gious Men.-Pror. xiii. 20.

SERMON CXLVI. The Ordinary Means of Grace. Religious Meditation.-

Pror. iv. 26.

SERMON CXLVII. The Ordinary Means of Grace. The Duty of Educating

Children religiously. Objections. -- Prov. xxii. 6.

SERMON CXLVIII. The Ordinary Means of Grace. The Manner in which

Religious Education is to be conducted. Motives to this Duty.- Prov.

Ixii. 6.

SERMON CXLIX. The Extraordinary Means of Grace. The Character of

Members of the Church.-2 Cor. vi. 14.

SERMON CL. The Extraordinary Means of Grace. Officers of the Church.

Ministers of the Gospel. Who are Ministers.—1 Pel. v. 1–3.

SERMON CLI, The Extraordinary Means of Grace. Officers of the Church.

Ministers of the Gospel. Who are Ministers.—1 Pet. v. 143.

SERMON CLII. The Extraordinary Means of Grace. The End, Nature,

and Subjects of Preaching.–Mallh. xxviii. 19.

SERMON CLIII. The Extraordinary Means of Grace. The Manner of

Preaching.–Mallh. xxviii. 19.

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430

SERMON CLXVI. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Final

Judgment.—2 Pet. iii. 10.

442

SERMON CLXVII. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Punishment

of the Wicked. Its duration. Matth. xxv. 46.

466

SERMON CLXVIII, The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Punish-

ment of the Wicked. Its Nature -2 Pet. ii. 12.

466

SERMON CLXIX. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Rewards of

the Righteous. The New Creation.—2 Pet. iii. 13.

477

SERMON CLXX. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Happiness

of Heaven.-Rev. xxi. 1-3.

487

SERMON CLXXI. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Happiness

of Heaven.-Rev. xxi. 1-3.

500

SERMON CLXXII. Conclusion. General Remarks.-Prov. viii. 6. - 513

SERMON CLXXIII. Conclusion. General Remarks.—Prop. viii. 6.

523

Index.

- 537

SERMON CXXXII.

TENTH COMMANDMENT.-AMBITION.

Romans xii. 16.— Mind not high things.

THE subject of the preceding discourse, you may remember, was Acarice. In the present, I shall consider the other great exercise of a covetous spirit, viz. Ambition.

Ambition is an affection of the mind, ncarly related to Pride and Vanity. Vanity is the self-complacency, which we feel in the consciousness of being superior to others. Pride is the same selfcomplacency, united with a contempt for those, whom we consider as our inferiors. Ambition is the desire of obtaining, or increasing, this superiority. Vanity, usually makes men civil and complaisant. Pride, renders them rude, imperious, and overbearing. l'anity, chiefly subjects men to the imputation of weakness; and excites mingled emotions of pity and contempt. Pride, is often attended with a kind of repulsive dignity; is rather scea to be deserving of contempt, than rcalized as the object of it; sometimes awakens awe; and always creates hatred and loathing. Vain mea are always ambitious; proud men generally; but they sometimes appear satisfied with iheir present envied superiority to all arcund them. Ambitious men are frequently vain, and sooner or later are always proud. Vanity rests chiefly on personal attributes. Pride, in addition to these, fastens on every thing, which is supposed to create distinction.

This love of superiority is the most remarkable exercise of Cotelousness; and, united with the discontentment and envy, by which it is regularly accompanied, appears to constitute the principal corruption of the human mind. It is impossible, without wonder, to observe the modes, in which mankind exercise it; and the objects, in which it finds its gratification. They are of every kind; and are found every where. We are proud and vain of whatever, in our own view, raises us above others; whether a gift of nature, an attainmerit of our own, or a mere accident. Our pride and vanity are excited by the possession of personal beauly, strength, or agility ; by a lively imagination, clear judgment, and tenderness of fecling; by patrimonial wealth, and distinction of family; by the fact, that we live in the same neighbourhood, or even in the same country, with persons of eminence; that we know them; or even that we have seen them. No less commonly are we proud and vain of bodily feats, graceful motions, and

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