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EXPLAINED AND DEFENDED,
SERIES OF SERMONS;
TIMOTHY DWIGHT, S. T. D. LL. D.
LATE PRESIDENT OF YALE COLLEGE.
THE LIFE OF THE AUTIIOR.
IN FOUR VOLUMES.
CONTENTS OF THE FOURTH VOLUME.
SERMON CXXXV. The Means of Grace. The Ordinary Means of Grace.
Proofs that there are such Means.-1 Cor. iv. 15.
SERMON CLXVI. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Final
Judgment.—2 Pet. iii. 10.
SERMON CLXVII. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Punishment
of the Wicked. Its duration. Matth. xxv. 46.
SERMON CLXVIII, The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Punish-
ment of the Wicked. Its Nature -2 Pet. ii. 12.
SERMON CLXIX. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Rewards of
the Righteous. The New Creation.—2 Pet. iii. 13.
SERMON CLXX. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Happiness
of Heaven.-Rev. xxi. 1-3.
SERMON CLXXI. The Remoter Consequences of Death. The Happiness
of Heaven.-Rev. xxi. 1-3.
SERMON CLXXII. Conclusion. General Remarks.-Prov. viii. 6. - 513
SERMON CLXXIII. Conclusion. General Remarks.—Prop. viii. 6.
Romans xii. 16.— Mind not high things.
THE subject of the preceding discourse, you may remember, was Acarice. In the present, I shall consider the other great exercise of a covetous spirit, viz. Ambition.
Ambition is an affection of the mind, ncarly related to Pride and Vanity. Vanity is the self-complacency, which we feel in the consciousness of being superior to others. Pride is the same selfcomplacency, united with a contempt for those, whom we consider as our inferiors. Ambition is the desire of obtaining, or increasing, this superiority. Vanity, usually makes men civil and complaisant. Pride, renders them rude, imperious, and overbearing. l'anity, chiefly subjects men to the imputation of weakness; and excites mingled emotions of pity and contempt. Pride, is often attended with a kind of repulsive dignity; is rather scea to be deserving of contempt, than rcalized as the object of it; sometimes awakens awe; and always creates hatred and loathing. Vain mea are always ambitious; proud men generally; but they sometimes appear satisfied with iheir present envied superiority to all arcund them. Ambitious men are frequently vain, and sooner or later are always proud. Vanity rests chiefly on personal attributes. Pride, in addition to these, fastens on every thing, which is supposed to create distinction.
This love of superiority is the most remarkable exercise of Cotelousness; and, united with the discontentment and envy, by which it is regularly accompanied, appears to constitute the principal corruption of the human mind. It is impossible, without wonder, to observe the modes, in which mankind exercise it; and the objects, in which it finds its gratification. They are of every kind; and are found every where. We are proud and vain of whatever, in our own view, raises us above others; whether a gift of nature, an attainmerit of our own, or a mere accident. Our pride and vanity are excited by the possession of personal beauly, strength, or agility ; by a lively imagination, clear judgment, and tenderness of fecling; by patrimonial wealth, and distinction of family; by the fact, that we live in the same neighbourhood, or even in the same country, with persons of eminence; that we know them; or even that we have seen them. No less commonly are we proud and vain of bodily feats, graceful motions, and