תמונות בעמוד
PDF
ePub

INDEX

Abbots, deposition of, 43, 121; rules with William Rufus, 91-108; in

respecting, 121; duties of, 266, 267 Rome and Apulia, 108, 109; at
Abelard, 320

council of Bari, 109, IIO; at
Acre, siege of, 201, 202

council in Rome, III; returns to
Adela, Countess of Blois, 126, 144 England, 115; his first dispute with
Adeliza of Louvain, second wife of Henry I., 116; marries Henry to
Henry I., 139

Matilda, 117; makes peace between
Adrian IV., pope (Nicholas Brake- Henry and Robert of Normandy,
spear, 151, 321

118 ; strife of, with Henry I. about
Ælfheah, St., or Alphege, 62, 63 lay investiture, 119-128 ; his last
Ælfwig, abbot of the New Minster, days, 129-131 ; his writings, 313-
Winchester, 7

315
Æthelric, bp. of Selsey, 17, 34

Anselm, abbot of St. Saba, 134, 135
Æthelsige, abbot of Ramsey, 16 Appeals to Rome, 69, 226, 283, 291
Æthelwine, bp. of Durham, II, 15 Archbishoprics, mode of electing to,
Æthelwold, bp. of Winchester, 248 284
Agnellus of Pisa conducts Franciscans Archdeacons, character of, 292;
into England, 305, 325

duties of, 299
Ailred, abbot of Rivaulx, his descrip- Architecture, growth of, 2; styles of,
tion of the founder, 258

327-330
Albans, St., abbey of, 22, 25, 44; a Arnulph, bp. of Lisieux, 177
seat of learning, 318

Augustine, St., abbey of, at Canterbury,
Alberic, a papal legate, 146

46; resistance of, to Lanfranc, 47
Alexander II., pope, 4, 25, 52

Augustinians or “black canons,' I,
Alexander III., pope, 161, 174

143 ; houses of, in England, 265
Alexander IV., pope, releases Henry Avranches, school of Lanfranc at, 22

III. from his oath, 244
Alexander, bp. of Lincoln, 147; seized Baldwin, king of Jerusalem, 129

by King Stephen, 148 ; a patron of Baldwin, abp. of Canterbury, 192;
learned men, 319

crowns Richard I., 198; goes with
Amesbury, nuns of, expelled, 186 crusaders to Palestine, 201; dies
Amiens, the
Mise of," 244

there, 202 ; his strife with the monks
Anselm, St., 2, 3, 27; visits Lanfranc, of Christchurch, Canterbury, 288-

62, 63, 84, 85; early life of, 81-85; 290
first meeting of, with William Rufus, Balliol, John de, his college at Oxford,
86; nominated to See of Canterbury, 324
88, 89; consecrated, 92 ; strife of, Bari, council of, 109, 115

of, 249

Bartholomew, bp. of Exeter 161 Cantilupe, Walter de, bp. of Wor-
Basset, Fulk, bp. of London, 244 cester, 237, 244, 245
Bath made a bishop's see, 51, 72 Carlisle, see of, founded, 143
Battle Abbey, church of, consecrated, Carthusians, the, 1; their houses in

94 ; account of its foundation, 251, England, 266
252 ; its privileges, 253

Cathedrals, two classes of, 286 ; re-
Bayham, Premonstratensian abbey of, venues of, 287 ; relation of bishops
265

to, ib.
Beaulieu, Cistercian abbey of, 263

Celestine II., pope, 151
Bec, abbey of, 23-26, 82, 123, 127 Celibacy of clergy, attempts to en-
Becket. See Thomas

force, 296-298
Benedict, St., 196; rule of, 315 Chancellor, the, of Oxford University,
Benedictines, the reform of, 1; rule 324

of, not strictly kept before Norman Chapelries, 295
conquest, 248; Lanfranc's reform Chaplains, royal, character of, 276

Chapters, cathedral, 287
Berengar of Tours, his teaching on Charles the Great, 3, 21

the Eucharist, 312; opposed by Charter, the great, granted, 218;
Lanfranc, 313

annulled by papal Bull, 219; con-
Berkshire, clergy of, resist demands firmed, 221; aid of the Church in
of papal legate, 236

obtaining, 331
Bernard, bp. of St. David's, 139 Chester, Earl of, opposes papal tax,
Bernard, St., 151, 153, 256, 257, 258,

226
259, 260, 298

Chester, made a bishop's see, 50
Bishops, character of Norman, in Chichester made a bishop's see, 50

England, 274; three types of, 276; Christchurch, Canterbury, monks of,
influence of, 282

their strife with archbishops, 288-
Bishoprics, modes of electing to, 283 ; 291

papal interference with, 283, 284 ; Chrodegang, bp. of Metz, his rule for
difference between the mediæval secular canons, 10, 36, 248
and modern idea of, 284

Cirencester, abbey of, 143
Black Canons, 265. See Augustinians Cistercians, the, 1; mulcted by King
Blundel, John, elected abp. of Canter- John, 213; foundation of the

bury, rejected by the pope, 228 Order, 255; rules of, ib. ; settle-
Bologna, study of law at, 292; uni- ments of, in England, 257-263
versity of, 315, 322

Clairvaux, abbey of, founded, 256
Boniface of Savoy, abp. of Canter- Clarendon, council of, 167 ; constitu-
bury, 234, 244

tions of, 167-169, 174, 185
Bouvines, King John defeated in Clergy, character of the English, 27,
battle at, 217

28; rules concerning, 121, 141,
Brakespeare, Nicholas. See Adrian IV.

142; the parochial, 293; from what
Brand, abbot of Peterborough, 7 classes drawn, 295; learning and
Byland, abbey of, transferred from conduct of, 298, 301 ; duties of,
order of Savigny to Citeaux, 262

299

Clerks, trial of criminous, 165
Calixtus II., pope, 136, 138, 140 Cluniacs, the, taxed by King John,
Cambridge, university of, 324

212 ; their rule, 250 ; their houses
Canon Law, study of, 50, 292, 322 in England, 253-255 ; weak points
Canons, regular and secular, 265 in their system, 255
Canterbury, rivalry between see of, Cluny, abbey of, 21, 250, 253, 254,

and York (see York, cathedral of); 255
cathedral rebuilt, 33; architecture Conches, William of, 320
of cathedral, 329

Confession, rules concerning, 300

« הקודםהמשך »