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A
NEW AND GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL
DICTIONARY;

CONTAINING

AN HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL ACCOUNT

OF THE
LIVES and WRITINGS

* Of The
Most Eminent Persons

IN EVERY NATION;
PARTICULARLY THE BRITISH AND IRISH;
From the Earliest Accounts of Time to the present Period.

WHEREIN
Their remarkable Actions:and: SUFFERINGS,
Their Virtues, Parts, and Learning,

ARE ACCURATELY DISPLayed.
With a CATALOGUE of their ITERARY PRODUCTIONS.

A NEW EDITION, IN FIFTEEN VOLUMES.

GREATLY ENLARGED AND IMPROVED.

VOL. VIII.

LONDON:
Printed for G. G. and J. ROBINSON, J. JOHNSON, J. NICHOLS, J. SEWILL,
H. L. GARDNER, F. and C. RIVINGTON, W. OTRIDGE and Son,
G. Nicol, E. NEWBERY, HOOKHAM and CARPENTIR,
R. FAULDER, W. CHAPMAN and Son, J. DEIGHTON,
D. WALKER, J. ANDERSON, T. PAYNE, J. LOWNDES,
P. MACQUEEN, J. WALKER, T. EGERTON, T.
CADELL, jun. and W.DAVIES, R. EDWARDS,
VERNOR and Hood, J. NUNN, MURRAY
and HIGHLEY, T. N. LONGMAN, LEY

and HURST, and J. WHITE.

1798.

THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS

1915

NEW AND GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY.

Teb,

D EATH (BENJAMIN), a lawyer of emninence, and town. Il clerk of Exeter, was a celebrated scholar and an author. He wrote, 1. “ An Essay towards a demonstrative Proof of the Divine Existence, Unity-and:Attributes to which is premised, a short Defence of įke: Argument commonly called,'à priori, 1740." This pamphlet was dedicated to Dr. Oliver of Bath, and is to be ranked amongst the ableft defences of Dr. Clarke's, or rather Mr. Howe's, hypothelisz, for it appears to be taken from Howe's ! Living Temple:"* 2" The Case of the

County of Devon with respect to the Consequences of the new * Excise Duty on Cyder and Perry. Published by the direction of the Committee appointed at a General Meeting of that County to superintend the Application for the Repeal of that Duty, 1763,” 4to. To this representation of the Circuma stances peculiar to Devonshire, the repeal of the act is greatly to be ascribed. The piece indeed was considered as fo wella timed a service to the public, that Mr. Heath received some honourable notice on account of it at a general meeting of the county. 3. “ Notæ sive Lectiones ad Tragicorum Græcorum veterum, Æschyli, &c. 1752,” 4to; a work which places the author's learning and critical skill in a very conspicuous light: a principal object of which was to restore the metre of the Grecian tragic poets. It is highly valued iby all found critics of our own and foreign countries. The same folidity of judgeå ment apparent in the preceding, distinguished the author's last production ; 4.“ A Revisal of Shakspeare's Text, wherein the alterations introduced into it by the more modern editors and critics are particularly considered, 1765," 8vo. It appears from the list of Oxford graduates, that Mr. Benjamin Heath was created D.C.L. by diploma, March 31, 1762. The brother of VOL, VIII,

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this author, Mr. Thomas Heath, an alderman of Exefer, pub. .. lished “ An Essay towards a new Version of Job,” &c. in 1755.

HEBENSTRÉIT (JOHN ERNEST), a celebrated physician and philologer of Leipsic, was born at Neuenhoff in the diocese of Neustadt, in the year 1902. In 1719, he went to the univerfity of Jena, but, not finding a subsistence there, removed to Leipsic. He passed the greater part of his life in the latter university, and finally died there in 1756. Besides his academical and physiological tracts, he published, in 1739, 1. “ Carinen de usu partium," or Physiologia metrica, in 8vo. 2. “ De homine sano et ægroto Carmen, listens Physiologiam, Pathologiam, Hygienen, Therapiam, materiam medicain, cum præfa. tione de antiqua medicina.” Leiplic, 1753, 8vo. 3. « Oratio de Antiquitatibus Romanis per Africam refertis," 1733, 4to. 4. “ Museum Richterianum," &c. Leipf. 1743. And, 5. A posthumous work, entitled, “ Palæologia therapiæ,” Halæ, 8vo, 1779. This author had also an elder brother, John Christian Hebenstreit, who was a celebrated divine, and profoundly versed in the Hebrew language. Ernesti has published an eulogium of cach, in his Opuscula Oratoria.

HECHT (CHRISTIAN); a parive.of: Hall, and minister of Effen in East Friezelarid, died in::1748;: 21 the age of 52. His principal works are, Inc." Comipeptatio philogico-critico-exegerica," &c. 2. “ Antigüitas:Hardogum inter Judæos in Polonia,' &c. Besides.thele, he wrote several finaller works in German. He had a brother: Godfrey Hecht, who was the au. thor of several very learned differtations:

HECQUET (Philip), a French physician of singular merit and skill, but a strong partizan of the use of warm water and of bleeding; for which reason he was ridiculed by Le Sage in his Gil Blas, under the name of Dr. Sangrado. He was born at Abbeville, in 1661, and practised first in that city, then at Portroyal, and lastly, at Paris. He was not properly fan grado, for he took the degrec of doctor in 1697 ; and in 1698 had more business than he could attend. Though attached to the most finple mode of life, he was obliged to keep his carriage, in. which he ftudied with as much attention as in his clofet. In 1912, he was appointed dean of the faculty of medicine, and superintended the publication of a sort of dispensary, callod, "The New Code of Pharmacy,” which was published some time afterwards. Hecquet was no less zealous in religious matters than studious in his own profeflion, and is said never to have prescribed in doubtful cases, without having a previous recourse to prayer. He lived in the most abitemious manner, and in 1727 retired to a convent of Carmelites in Paris, where he continued accessible only to the poor, to whom he was a friend, a comforter, and a father. He died in 1737, at the age of 76.

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