תמונות בעמוד

ped (m) like rams : and the little

Psalm cxv. (p) hills like young sheep.

5. What aileth thee, Othou Not unto us, O Lord, not unto sea (n), that thou fleddest : and us, but unto thy Name give the thou Jordan, that thou wast dri- praise : for thy loving mercy, and ven back?

for thy truth's sake.

2. Wherefore shall the heathen ped (m) like rams : and ye little say : “ Where (9) is now their ħills, like young sheep?

“ God ?” 7. Tremble, thou earth, at the 3. As for our God, he is in presence of the Lord : at the

heaven : he hath (r) done whatpresence of the God of Jacob; soever pleased him.

8. Who turned (c) the hard 4. Their idols (s) are silver rock into a standing water : and and gold : even the work of men's the flint stone into a springing well. hands.

(m) v. 4. 6. “ Skipped," or " trembled;" see Hebr. and Sept. oxipino ay.

(n) v. 5. “ Thou sea, &c.” This appeal to inanimate substances, as if they had intelligence, is highly poetic; and so is the

passage in verse 3. which considers the sea as seeing God's presence. Indeed the question may be asked as to this as well as many other Psalms, “ where amongst “ the ancient heathen poets do we meet “ with any hymn or ode of more animation, “ or of superior classic elegance ?" (0) v. 8. “Turned, &c.” In the wilderness: the Israelites were clamorous for want of water, and God commanded Moses, “ thou s shalt strike the rock," (in Horeb,) " and " there shall come water out of it, that “ the people may drink :" Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel ; and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also. See Exod. xvii. 1 to 6. and Numb. xx. 1 to ll.

The Spectator has thus versified this Psalm (No. 461.), but the prose translation has the advantage in spirit and animation.

« Not Sinai on her base could stand,
« Conscious of sovereign power at hand.
" What power could make the deep divide ?
“ Make Jordan backward roll bis tide ?
“ Why did ye leap, ye little hills?
“ And whence the fright that Sinai feels ?
“ Let every mountain, every flood
“ Retire, and know the approaching God.
“ The king of Israel, see him here!
Tremble thou earth, adore and fear.
“ He thunders, and all nature mourns;
“ The rock to standing pools he turns;
“ Flints spring with fountains at his word,
“ And fires and seas confess their Lord."

or &

the Israel

(p) Upon the transcendent power of him who is in heaven and made heaven and earth, and the impotence of idols. It was probably either a triumphal song after some success over the heathen, confident application to God upon some attack they made.

(9) v. 2. “ Where, &c." This was (probably) a common insult from the heathen when any calamities fell

upon ites. (See note on Ps. Ixxix. 9.)

(r) v. 3. “ He hath done, &c." or "he “ doeth whatsoever pleaseth him."

(s) v. 4. “ Their idols, &c." A similar ridicule of the heathen idols occurs, Ps. cxxxv, 15. and the folly of idol worship is finely derided in Is. xliv. 13 to 19. It is well satirized by Horace,

“ Olim truncus eram ficulnus, inutile lignum,
“ Cum faber, incertus scamnum, faceretne

“ Priapum.
“ Maluit esse Deum."
See also Is. xliv. 13. - xlvi. l.

“ When Israel, freed from Pharoah's hand,
“ Left the proud tyrant and his land,
“ The tribes with cheerful homage own
" Their king, and Judah was his throne.
“ Across the deep their journey lay;
“ The deep divides to make them way:
“ The streams of Jordan saw, and fled
" With backward current to their head.

Lib. i. Sat. 8.

" The mountains shook like frighted sheep,
" Like lambs the little hillocks leap ;

5. They have mouths, and you more and more : you and speak not : eyes have they, and your children. see not.

15. Ye are the blessed of the 6. They have ears, and hear not: Lord (r): who made heaven and noses have they, and smell not. earth.

7. They have hands, and handle 16. All the whole heavens are not; feet have they, and walk the Lord's : the earth (y) hath not : neither speak they through He given to the children of men. their throat.

17. The dead () praise not 8. They that make them, are thee, O Lord : neither all they like (t) unto them: and so are that go down into silence. all such as put their trust in them. 18. But we will praise the

9. (u) But thou house of Israel, Lord : from this time forth for trust thou in the Lord : he is their evermore. Praise the Lord. succour and defence. 10. Ye house of Aaron, put your

MORNING PRAYER. trust in the Lord : he is their helper and defender.

Psalm cxvi. (a) 11. Ye that fear the Lord, put I am well pleased : that the Lord your trust in the Lord : he is hath heard the voice of my their helper and defender.

prayer; 12. The Lord hath been mind- 2. That he hath inclined his ful of us, and he shall bless us : ear unto me: therefore will I call even he shall bless the house of upon him as long as I live. Israel, he shall bless the house 3. The snares of death comof Aaron.

passed me round about : and 13. He shall bless them that the pains (6) of hell gat hold fear the Lord : both small and upon me. great.

4. I shall find (c) trouble and 14. The Lord shall increase heaviness ; and I will (c) call


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(t) v. 8. “ Like, &c." i. e. “ having with thankfulness and praise to him that "eyes, and yet not seeing; having senses, gives them. So Hezekiah, when God had " but not using them.”

promised to lengthen his life, says, (Isaiah (u) v. 9, 10, 11. The former part of xxxviii. 18, 19.) “ the grave cannot praise each of these verses was probably sung “ thee, death cannot celebrate thee; the by one set of singers, the latter by ano- living, the living, he shall praise thee, ther; this will account for the word I do this day." See also Ps. vi, 5. “their” instead of “your.”

Xxx. 10. (1) v. 15. “ The Lord, &c." i. e. " that (a) A thanksgiving for deliverance, “ Lord who had power to make heaven with a resolution to make some public "and earth,” contrasted with idols, who acknowledgment of it in the house of could do nothing

the Lord. It is one of the Psalms (y) v. 16. “The earth, &c." i. e.“ it appointed to be read at the churching is his gift alone that the earth is

of women. " used and enjoyed by the children of (6) v. 3. “ The pains of hell," i.e. “such “men."

as foreboded death." (z) v. 17. “ The dead, &c." It is whilst (c) v. 4. “ Shall find,” and “ will call;" we live, whilst we are in the enjoyment of or (B. T.) “ found,” and “ called," which God's blessings here that we ought to turn seems right. So Sept.


upon the Name of the Lord : “O unto the Lord : for all the bene

Lord, I beseech thee, deliver fits that he hath done unto me? “ my soul.”

12. I will receive the cup (i) of 5. Gracious (d) is the Lord, salvation: and call upon the Name and righteous : yea, our God is of the Lord. merciful.

13. I will pay my vows now 6. The Lord preserveth the in the presence (k) of all his simple : I was in misery, and he people : right dear (l) in the helped me.

sight of the Lord is the death of 7. Turn again then unto thy his saints. rest, O my soul : for the Lord 14. Behold, O Lord, how that hath rewarded thee.

I am thy servant : I am thy ser. 8. And why ? thou hast de- vant, and the son of thine handlivered my soul from death : minemaid, thou hast broken my bonds eyes from tears, and

feet in sunder.

15. I will offer to thee the 9. I will walk (e) before the sacrifice of thanksgiving : and Lord : in the land of the living. will call upon the Name of the

10. I believed, and therefore Lord. will I (8) speak; but I was sore 16. I will pay my vows unto troubled : I said in my haste, the Lord, in the sight of all his “ All men are liars." (h)

people : in the courts of the 11. What reward shall I give Lord's house, even in the midst

from falling.

An ac

(d) v. 5. “ Gracious, &c.

private domestic thanksgiving. In the knowledgment that God attended to his institution of the Lord's Supper, we have prayer.

also a

cup of deliverance," of which (e) v. 9. “ Will walk, &c." i. e. either, St. Paul says, “ the cup of blessing which “ I will walk before him, in his ways, as long we bless, is it not the communion of the “ as I live, in return for his goodness ; “ blood of Christ ?" or, “ I shall still be permitted to live." (k) v. 13. “ The presence, &c." To See Psalm lvi. 12, 13.

make a public acknowledgment. So in (g) v. 10. “ 1 will,” or “ did I.” Sept. Psalm xxxv. 18. David promises, if God εκαλήσα. .

will give him deliverance, that he will give (h) “ Liars," i. e. (perhaps) “deceit- him thanks in the great congregation. See “ful, not to be depended upon.” This note on Ps. xxxv. 18. Psalm was perhaps written after some (1) “Dear," i. e.“ precious, valuable; calamity in which the writer's friends had “ he will not easily suffer them to perish." abandoned him. Another translation of So Psalm lxxii. 14. “ be shall deliver this verse is, “ I believed that I should be " their soul from falsehood and wrong, “ lost, for I was sore troubled; I said in “ and dear shall their blood be in “ my fear, all my life is gone." See Ken- “ his sight.” So 1 Sam. xxvi. 21. when nicott and Street.

David spared to kill Saul in the cave, Saal (i) v. 12. “ The cup, &c." i. e. said unto him, “ I will no more do the “ cup the Israelites used when they came « harm, because my soul was precious in “ to offer sacrifice, and return thanks for “ thine eyes this day." And 2 Kings i. 15. “ deliverance:" it was called “the cup of when Abaziah's messenger deprecated “ deliverance.” The drink offering (Numb. | Elijah's calling down fire from heaven to xxviii. 7.) was perhaps poured out of it. destroy him and the fifty men who accomDr. Hammond says, they used one cup of panied him, he said, “ O man of God, deliverance publicly in the temple, by “I pray thee let my life and the life of way of public acknowledgment, and “ these fifty thy servants, be precious in another in their own families, by way of “ thy sight."

" the

of thee, O Jerusalem. Praise the 3. Let the house of Aaron (r) Lord.

now confess : that his

that his mercy Psalm cxvii. (m)

endureth for ever. O PRAISE the Lord, all

4. Yeą, let them now that fear heaye

the Lord confess: that his mercy then (n): praise him, all ye

endureth for ever. nations. 2. For his merciful kindness is

5. I called upon the Lord in ever more and (0) more towards trouble : and the Lord heard me

at large. us: and the truth (p) of the Lord endureth for ever. Praise

6. The Lord is on my side: I the Lord.

will not fear what man doeth (s)

unto me. Psalm cxviii. (9)

7. The Lord taketh my part O GIVE thanks unto the Lord, with them that help me: 'therefor he is gracious : because his fore shall I see my desire upon mercy endureth for ever.

mine enemies. 2. Let Israel now confess, that

8. (t) It is better to trust in he is gracious : and that his mercy the Lord : than to put any confiendureth for ever.

dence in man.

(m) An invitation to all nations to come all families of the earth be blessed," in to the worship of the true God, because and Gen. xxii. 18. “ In thy seed shall all of the blessings he confers upon his nations of the earth be blessed.” The servants, and the fidelity with which he same promise was repeated to Isaac, Gen. keeps his promises. It is not improbable xxvi. 4. and to Jacob, Gen. xxviii. 14. so that this Psalm was written either just that though the Messiah was to be of the after the return from the Babylonish cap- seed of Abraham, &c. the benefit of his tivity, when the prophecies of Jeremiah, coming was to extend to all mankind ; that the captivity should last seventy and the meaning of this short Psalm may years and no more, were just accom- be, Let all nations come in to the praise plished, (see note on Psalm cii. 13.) or and worship of God, for from what he has when the building of the last temple, in done for us, and the completion of some fulfilment of the prophecy of Haggai (see of his promises to us, we are assured his ante, 121.), was finished. The completion great promise, to send him in whom all the of these prophecies would naturally draw nalions of the earth shall be blessed, will their attention to those which referred come to pass. to the Messiah. Bishop Patrick considers (9) A spirited triumphal hymn, used the Psalm prophetical, looking forward to probably upon some solemn procession to the joy the coming of the Messiah would the tabernacle, in which the ark of God produce, and the general extent of the was kept. David is supposed to have blessings he would confer.

been the author, and it is considered by (n) v. 1. “ Ye heathen." In Rom. xv. many writers, Jewish and Christian, as 11. where St. Paul is shewing that the referring prophetically to the Messiah : Gentiles also were to be admitted to the the 22d verse is applied to our Saviour, benefits of Christ's coming, and to form both by Christ himself, and by St. Peter. part of the true worshippers of God, he It is one of the proper Psalms for cites amongst other passages this verse, Easter Day. " As it is written, Praise the Lord, ye (r) v. 3. “ The house of Aaron," i. e.

Gentiles, and laud him all ye people." “ the priests and Levites.” (o) v. 2. “ More and more," i.e. “ in- (s) v. 6. “ Doeth," or

can do." "creasing."

(t) v. 8, 9. So Psalm cxlvi. 2. “ O, put (p) “ The truth, &c.” The first pro- “ not your trust in princes, nor in any mises (next to the general one, imme- “ child of man, for there is no help diately after the fall, Gen. iii. 15.) were “ in them." to Abraham, Gen. xii. 3. “ In thee shall

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9. It is better to trust in the Lord

Lord bringeth mighty things to Lord : than to put any confidence pass. in princes.

16. The right hand of the Lord 10. All nations compassed me hath the pre-eminence : the right round about: but in the Name of hand of the Lord bringeth mighty the Lord will I (u) destroy them. things to pass.

11. They kept me in on every 17. I shall not die, but live: side; they kept me in, I say, on and declare the works of the every side: but in the Name of Lord. the Lord will I (u) destroy them. 18. The Lord hath chastened

12. They came about me like and corrected me: but he hath bees, and are extinct even as the not given me over unto death. fire among (x) the thorns : for 19. Open me the gates (x) of in the Name of the Lord I will (u) righteousness that I may go destroy them.

into them, and give thanks unto 12. Thou hast (y) thrust sore at the Lord. me, that I might fall : but the 20. (a) This is the gate of the Lord was my help.

Lord : the righteous (6) shall 14. The Lord is my strength enter into it. and my song : and is become my 21. (c) I will thank thee, for salvation.

thou hast heard me : and art 15. The voice of joy and health become

become my salvation. is in the dwellings of the righ- 22. The same stone (d) which teous : the right hand of the the builders refused : is be


(u) v. 10, 11, 12.“Will I," rather“ did I.” He is speaking of what was past, not of what would happen.

(3) v. 12. “ Among the thorns,” or “of " thorns." “ 'The fire of thorns" was one that burnt up suddenly and furiously, but was soon exhausted. See note on Psalm Iviii. 8.

(y) v. 13. “ Thou hast thrust,” rather “ they thrust,” or (Jerome) “ I was sore " thrust at."

(z) v. 19. “ The gates, &c.” i. e. “ of “ the tabernacle, where the ark was kept." So Ps. xxiv. 7. when the ark was carried up to the tabernacle, the acclamation was, “ Lift up your heads, O ye gates, “ and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors, “and the King of Glory shall come in.' It was when they reached the gate of the tabernacle, therefore, that this part of the Psalm was sung.

(a) v. 20. This was probably the keeper's answer.

(6) “ The righteous :" none else. According to 2 Chron. xxiii. 19. when Jehoiada restored the worship of God, " he set the porters at the gates of the “ house of the Lord,” (as though that had

been the old practice,) “ that none which was unclean

in any thing should enter in." (c) v. 21. This probably was sung upon their entering the tabernacle.

(d) v. 22. “Stone, &c." i. e. figuratively, “ he who had met with so much oppo“sition and scorn.” When our Saviour intimated by the parable of the husbandman, that the Jews would put him to death, and that other nations would embrace his religion, he applies this passage to his own case : “ Did ye never read in the Scriptures, the stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? Matt. xxi. 42.“ Mark xii. 10.—Luke xx. 17.” So when St. Peter was questioned, by what power or by what name he had healed the impotent man, and he answered it was by the name of Jesus Christ, he added, (applying this passage to our Saviour,) « This is the á stone which was set at nought of you “ builders, which is become the head of " the corner; neither is there salvation in “ any other: for there is none other name " under heaven given among men, where: " by we must be saved. Acts iv. 11, 19." See also 1 Pet. ii. 7. The Messiah is

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