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accession to the throne, he returned from his exile, but refused to be restored to his bishopric, and passed the remainder of his time in a private manner.

He died May 20, 1567, in a good old age, viz. at the age

of eighty-one, at London, and lies buried in the church of St Bartholomew by the Exchange, attended to his grave by vast crouds of people. He was a celebrated preacher, justly admired, and very

much followed. He was Author of several TRACTS. He wrote, 1. - The Christen Rule, or State of all the Worlde from the highest to the lowest : and how every Man Shulde lyve to please God in his callynge. 2. The Christen State of Matrymonye, wherein Husbandes and Wyfes maye lerne to keepe House together with Loue. The original of holy Wedloke ; when, where, how, and of whom it was instituted and ordeyned; what it is; how it oughte to proccade; what be the occasions, frute, and commodities thereof: contrarywyse how shamefull and horrible a thing Whoredome and Aduputry [Adultery] is; how one ought also to chose hym a mete and convenient Spouse to keep and increace the mutual Loue, Trouth and Dewtye of Wedloke ; and how maried Folkes shulde bring up theyer Chyldren in the Feare of God. 3. A Christen Exhortation to customable Swearers. What a ryghte and lawfull Othe is; whan, and before whome it oughte to be. 4. The Maner of sayenge Grace, or gyvyng Thankes to God, after the Doctrine of Holy Scrypture. 5. The old Fayth : an evident Probacion out of the Holy Scrypture, that the Christen Fayth (which is the ryghte, true, olde, and undoubted Fayth) hath endured sens the beginnyng of the Worlde. Herein hast thou also a short summe of the whole Byble, and a Probacion, that al vertuous Men have pleased God, and wer saved through the Christen Fayth. *These pieces are printed together in a small duodecimo, and a black letter, in the year 1547. 6. A faythfull and true Prognostication upon the year M.CCCC.xlix. and parpetualy after to the Worldes Ende, gathered out of the Prophecies and Scryptures of God, by the Experience and Practice of hys Workes, very comfortable for all Christen Hertes; divided into Seven Chapters. 7. A spirituall Almanacke, wherein every Christen Man and Woman may see what they oughte daylye to do, or leaue undone. Not after the Doctrine of the Papistes, not after the Lernynge of Ptolomy, or other Heythen Astronomers, but out of the very true and wholsome Doctryne of God our Almyghty heavenly Fa

ther,

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ther, shewed unto us in his holy Worde by his Prophets, Apostels, but specyally by his dere Sonne Jesus Christ : and is to be kept not only this newe Yeare, but contynualy unto the Daye of the Lorde's coming agayne. These two were printed in a thin duodecimo, and a black letter, at London, by Richard Kele, dwellynge at the longe Shoppe in the Poultry under Saynt Myldred's church, cum privelegio ad imprimendum solum. Bale ascribes some other pieces to our author; particularly, a Confutation of John Standish, a Tract on the Lord's Supper, a Concordance to the New Testament, a Christian Catechism, and some Translations from Bullinger, Luther, Osiander, Johannes Campensis and Erasmus.

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JOHN JE W EL,

BISHOP OF SALISBURY.

THIS great man was born on the twenty-fourth of

May, in the year of our Lord, 1522, at Buden, in the parish of Berinber, in the county of Devon; and, though a younger brother, inherited his father's name. His mother's name was Bellamy; and he had so great an esteem for it and her, that he engraved it on his signet, and had it always imprinted on his heart; a lasting testimony both of her virtue and of her kindness to him.

His father was a gentleman descended rather of an ancient and good, than very rich family. It is observed, that his ancestors had enjoyed that estate for almost two hundred years before the birth of this great man. And yet such was the number of his children, that it is no wonder if this, when young, wanted the assistance of good men for the promoting of his studies ; for it is said his father left ten children between sons and daughters behind him.

This John Jewel proving a lad of pregnant parts, and of a sweet and industrious nature and temper, was from his youth dedicated to learning; and with great care cultivated by his parents and masters, which he took so well, that at the entrance of the thirteenth year of his age,

about the feast of St James, he was admitted in Merton-college

in Oxford, under one Mr Peter Burrey, a man neither of any great learning, nor much addicted to the Reformation, which then (in the reign of Henry VIII.) went on but slowly, and with much irregularity in its motions. But we are, however, obliged to his first tutor for this, that he committed Mr Jewel to Mr John Parkhurst, a fellow of the same college, and afterwards first minister of Cleave, and then Bishop of Norwich, who was a man both of more learning and of a better faith ; and prudently instilled, together with his other learning, those excellent principles into this young gentleman, which afterwards made him the darling and wonder of his age.

During his continuance in this college, a plague happening in Oxford, he removed to a place cailed Croxham, where being lodged in a low room, and studying hard in the night, he got a lameness by a cold which attended him to his grave; having spent almost four years in this college, the nineteenth of August, A. D. 1539, the one and thirtieth of Henry VIII. in the seventeenth year of his age, he was, by the procurement of one Mr Slater, and Mr Burrey and Mr Parkhurst, his two tutors, removed into Corpus Christi-college in the same university, where, I suppose, he met with something of an encouragement; but it is much more certain he met with envy from his equals, who often suppressed his ingenious exercises, and read others that were more like their own.

The twentieth day of October in the following year, he took his first degree of bachelor of arts, with a great and general applause; when he prosecuted his studies with more vigour than before, beginning them at four in the morning, and continued them till ten at night, so that he seemed to need somebody to put him in mind of eating.

Being now attained to a great reputation for learning, he began to instruct others, and, among the rest, Anthony Parkhurst was committed to his care by Mr John Parkhurst his tutor, which was a great argument of his uncommon worth and industry.

Being thus employed, he was chosen reader of humanity and rhetoric, of his own college, and he managed this place seven years with great applause and honour. His example taught more than any precepts could; for he was a great admirer of Horace and Cicero, and read all Erasmus's works, and imitated them too, for it was his custom to write something every day; and it was his common saying, that men“ acquired more learning by a 35 frequent exercising their pens, than by reading many

66 books."

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