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Real-Encyclopedia for the Protestant Theology and Church. Edited

by Prof. Di Herzog, with the assistance of Prof. Dr Gieseler, Prof. Dr Hagenbach, Dr Höfling, Member of Chief Consistorial Court, and others. Stuttgart. No. I. (A–Abraras.) (Real-Encyclopädie für Protestantische Theologie u. Kirche. Unter

Mitwirkg. V. Prof. Dr. Giseler, &c. Hrsg, v. Prof. Dr Herzog.

1 hft. (A—Abraras). Lex.-8. Stuttgart.) Rudelbach, Dr A. G. Historico-Critical Introduction to the Augs

burg Confession ; with an Original Investigation into the binding

power of Symbols, and our duty with regard to them. 8vo. Dresden. (Rudelbach, Dr A. G., Historisch-Critisch Einbitung in die Augsbur

gische Confession. Nebst erneuerter Untersuchung, der Verbindlich.

keit der Symbole u. der Verpflichtung auf dieselben. Gr. 8. Dresden.) Sack, Dr C. H., upon the Catechetical and Homiletic Treatment of the

Doctrine of the Holy Trinity. Two papers. 8vo. Hamburg. (Sack, Dr Karl Heinr, über die Katechetische u. Homiletische Behand

lung der Lehre v. der Göttlichen Dreieinigkeit Zwei Abhandlungen.

Gr. 8. Hamburg.) (Noack, Ludw., die Theologie als Religionsphilosophie in ihrem wissen

schaftl. Organismus dargestellt. Gr. 8. Lübeck.) Theology represented as the Philosophy of Religion in its Scientific Or.

ganism By L. Noack. 8vo, Lübeck. (Tholuck (Consist.-R. Prof. Dr) A., die Mystik Vortrag gehalt. in Halle am 3. Jan. 1853. 16mo. Hall.

Predigten üb. die Haupsticke d. Christlichen Glaubens u. Lebens. 5. Bd. 2. Amfl. A. u. d. T.: Predigten üb. die Leidensgeschichte, üb. Christl. Tugenden am Todtenjeste &c., im akadem. Gottesdienste der Universität Halle-Wittenberg gehalten. 2. Aufl

. gr. 8. Halle.) Tholuck, Dr A., Mystik, a Discourse, fc.

Sermons upon the chief points of Christian Faith and Life, Sc.

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III. -CHURCH HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES. History of the Christian Festivals; a development of their origin and

significance. By J. G. Müller. 8vo, pp. 10+. Champions of the Faith in the Christian Church of the first Six Cen

turies. By J. Gassman. 8vo. pp. 165. Songs, Ecclesiastical and Religious, from the Twelfth to the Fifteenth century, partly translations of Latin hymns (with the Latin text),

partly original pieces from the MSS. of the Royal Library at Vienna, for the first time published. By J. Kehrein. 8vo, pp. 400. History of the Christian Church Poetry and Church Music, especially

of the German Evangelical Church. By E. E. Koch. Part I., vol. I. The Poets and Singers. Second edition, corrected and en.

larged throughout. Stuttgart. 8vo. 1852. (Koch, Stadtpr. Ed. Emil. Geschichte d. Kirchenlieds u. Kirchen

gesangs der Christlichen, insbesondere der deutschen evangel. Kirche. 1. Haupttheil : Die Dichter u. Sünger. 2 Bd. 2 Verb. i. durchrus verm. Aufl

Stuttgart. 1852.) Hessian Church" Reformation Order of Philip the Magnanimous.

Published from MS. sources, translated and prefaced with relation to the present. By K. A. Crener. 8vo, pp. cclxxxvi. and 123. The Jesuits. History of the Founding, Progress, &c., of the Society of Jesus. By G. Julius. Continued and completed by E. T. Jäkel

. No. 26. 16mo. Vol. II., pp. 821–884. The Truth and Biblical Purity of the Evangelical Church. By Dr

G. Friederich. Frankfort on the Maine. 1852.

gr. 8.

(Die Wahrheit u. biblische Lauterkeit der evangelischen Kirche. Dr

G. Friederich. Zur Würdigung der Jesuiten-Mission in der Gegenwart Dargestellt in e. Reihe Christl. Vorträge aus der jüngsten Zeit.

gr. 8. Frankfurt a. M. 1852.) The Epochs of Indian Church History, by Dr W. Hoffmann. A dis

course delivered before the Evangelical Association for Church Pu

poses, on 31st Jan. 1853. 8vo. Berlin. (Die Epochen der Kirchengeschichte Indiens. Dr W. Hoffman. Ein.

Vortrag auf Veranstaltg d. evangel. Vereins f. Kirchl. Zwecke am

31st Jan. 1853 gehalten, gr. 8. Berlin.) Jesuits and Jesuitries; Real Events and Historical Facts. 8vo. Ber

lin. (Jesuiten u. Jesuitereien ; Wirkliche Begebenheiten u Geschichtl. That

sachen nebst Gründen der Erfahrung, 8. Berlin.) Kurtz, Prof. Dr J. H., Manual of Sacred History. A Guide to the

Understanding of the Divine Plan of Salvation, according to its Historical Development. Sixth corrected and enlarged edition. 8vo. Königsberg.

Doctrines of the Christian Religion, according to the system of the Evangelical Church. Fifth edition, corrected, 8. Mitan.

Manual of Universal Church History. Third edition, to be enlarged into two volumes. Vol. I., Part I. [Criticism, with a portrait of Hyppolytus.] 8vo. (Kurtz, Prof. Dr J. Heinr., Lehrbuch der Heiligen Geschichte. Ein

Wegweiser zum Verständniss d. göttl. Heilsplannes nach seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung. 6 verb, u. verm Aufl., gr. 8. Königsberg.

Christliche Religionslehre. Nach dem Lerbezriff der Evangel. Kirche. 5. verb. Aufl. 8, Mitan. Handbuch der allgemeinen Kirchengeschichte. Prof. Dr Joh. Heinr. Kurtz. 3. neu ausgearb. Aufl. I., Boh. I. Abth.

Mitan.)

IV. MISCELLANEOUS. The Chronology of the Babylonians and Assyrians. By J. V. Gum

pach. With Excursus and a table of time. 8vo, pp. 170. On the Structure of the Tombs and Temples of the Ancient Egyptians.

By G. Erbkam. Nos. 7 and 8. 8vo, pp. 46.
Evangelical Year-Book for 1850; containing contributions by Arndt,

Becker, Fournier, &c. Edited by Prof. Dr Ferd. Piper. Issue for first year. Second corrected edit. 8vo. Berlin, (Jahrbuch, Evangelisches, f. 1850. Mit Beiträgen v. Arndt, Becker,

Fournier, &c. Hrsg. v. Prof. Dr Fred. Piper, 1 Jahrg. 2 verb. Aufl 8. Berlin.)

Müller. Prof. Dr Jul., Lutheri et Calvini Sententiae de sacra coena

inter se comparatae. Gr. 4. Halis. Bunsen, Dr C. C. J. Hippolytus u. seine zeit. Anfänge u. Aussichten d. Christenthums u. der Menschheit. 1. Bd.: Die Kritik. gr. 8. Leipzig. 1852.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN

EVANGELICAL REVIEW.

SEPTEMBER 1853.

ART. I.- Lectures on Systematic Theology, embracing Lectures

on Moral Government, together uith Atonement, Moral and Physical Depravity, Philosophical Theories, and Evidences of Regeneration. By Rev. CHARLES J. FINNEY, Professor of Theology in the Oberlin Collegiate Institute. Oberlin : James M. Fitch. Boston: Crocker and Brewster, New York: Saxton & Miles. 1846. Pp. 587.

This is in more senses than one a remarkable book. It is, to a degree very unusual, an original work; it is the product of the author's own mind. The principles which he holds have indeed been held by others, and the conclusions at which he arrives had been reached before ; but still it is abundantly evident that all the principles here advanced are adopted by the writer, not on authority, but on conviction, and that the conclusions presented have all been wrought out by himself and for himself. The work is therefore in a high degree logical. It is as hard to read as Euclid. Nothing can be omitted ; nothing passed over slightly. The unhappy reader, once committed to a perusal, is obliged to go on, sentence by sentence, through the long concatenation. There is not one restingplace; not one lapse into amplification or declamation, from beginning to the close. It is like one of those spiral staircases that lead to the top of some high tower, without a landing from the base to the summit; which if a man has once ascended, he resolves never to do the like again. The author begins with certain postulates, or what he calls first truths of reason, and these he traces out with singular clearness and strength to their legitimate conclusions. We do not see that there is a break or a defective link in the whole chain. If you grant his principles, you have already granted his conclusions.

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NO. VI.

Such a work must of course be reckless. Having committed himself to the guidance of the discursive understanding, which he sometimes calls the intelligence, and sometimes the reason, and to which he alone acknowledges any real allegiance, he pursues his remorseless course, regardless of any protest from other sources. The Scriptures are throughout recognised as a mere subordinate authority. They are allowed to come in and bear confirmatory testimony, but their place is altogether secondary. Even God himself is subordinate to “the intelligence;" His will can impose no obligation ; it only discloses what is obligatory in its own nature and by the law of reason. There can be no positive laws, for nothing binds the conscience but the moral law, nothing is obligatory but what tends to the highest good, and as a means to that end, which must be chosen not out of regard for God, not for the sake of the moral excellence implied in it, but for its own sake, as what alone has any intrinsic value. All virtue consists " in obedience to the moral law as revealed in the reason. (P. 301.)

Benevolence (i. e. virtue) is yielding the will up unreservedly to the demands of the intelligence.”—(P. 275.) Moral law “is the soul's idea or conception of that state of heart or life which is exactly suited to its nature and relations. It cannot be too distinctly understood, that moral law is nothing more or less than the law of nature; that is, it is the rule imposed on us, not by the arbitrary will of any being, but by our own intelligence.”—(P. 6.) It is obligatory also upon every moral agent, entirely independent of the will of God. “Their nature

· and relations being given and their intelligence being developed, moral law must be obligatory upon them, and it lies not in the option of any being to make it otherwise. To pursue a course of conduct suited to their nature and relations is necessarily and self-evidently obligatory, the willing or nilling of any being to the contrary notwithstanding.”—(P. 5.) As man's allegi. ance is to the universe, to being in general, and the rule of his obedience his own intelligence, God is reduced to the same category. He is “under moral law;" he is bound to seek the highest good of being ; and as the highest well-being of the universe demands moral government, and as God is best qualified, “it is his duty to govern."--(P. 19.) “His conscience

— must demand it.”—(P. 20.) Our obligation, however, to obey him rests neither on our dependence, nor in his infinite superiority, but simply on "the intrinsic value of the interests to be secured by government, and conditionated upon the fact, that government is the necessary means or condition of securing that end." (P. 24.) God's right is therefore limited by its foundation, "by the fact, that thus far, and no further, government is necessary to the highest good of the universe. No

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