The Shaping of South African Society, 1652–1840.
History is a powerful aid to the understanding of the present, and those who are concerned with the escalating crisis in South Africa will find this an invaluable source book.
This is the story of the evolution of a society in which race became the dominant characteristic, the primary determinant of status, wealth, and power. Cultural chauvinism of the first European colonists – primarily the Dutch – merged with economic and demographic developments to create a society in which whites relegated all blacks – free blacks, Africans, imported slaves – to a systematic pattern of subordination and oppression that foreshadowed the apartheid of the twentieth century. From the beginning of the nineteenth century the new empire-builders, the British, reinforced the racial order. In the next century and a half the industrialized South Africa would become firmly integrated into the world economy.
Published originally in South Africa in 1979 and updated and expanded now, a decade later, this book by twelve South African, British, Canadian, Dutch, and American scholars is the most comprehensive history of the early years of that troubled nation. The authors put South Africa in the comparative context of other colonial systems. Their social, political, and economic history is rich with empirical data and rests on a solid base of archival research. The story they tell is a complex drama of a racial structure that has resisted hostile impulses from without and rebellion from within.
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Afrikaner agricultural arable authority baptised Bastaards Batavian became Berends Bethelsdorp British burghers Bushmen Cape Colony Cape society Cape Town cattle cent chiefdoms chiefs Christian colonists colour commando Company slaves Company’s Council of Policy culture district Drakenstein Dutch early East Eastern Frontier economic eighteenth century established European expansion farmers force free blacks freeburghers frontier zone Giliomee Governor Graaff-Reinet Griqua Griquatown groups Heren XVII History Hottentots important increase Journal Kaap Khoikhoi Khoisan Kora labour land landdrost Legassick livestock loan farms London manumission manumitted masters Maynier Mentzel miscegenation mission missionaries nineteenth century officials opgaaf Orange owners pastoral period Philippolis political population production racial raiding regions Riebeeck River rixdollars Ross servants settlement settlers sheep slave trade slavery social Sotho-Tswana South Africa Southern Africa southwestern Cape Stel Stellenbosch Stockenstrom Swellendam Tlhaping Transorangia Travels trekboers Uitenhage Waterboer Western Cape wine women Xhosa Zuurveld