Identifying Threats and Threatening Identities: The Social Construction of Realism and Liberalism
Stanford University Press, 2006 - 267 עמודים
How does a state determine if another state is an important military or economic threat? The issue of threat perception drives a wide variety of behaviors, from allegiance formation and defense spending to trade relations and regime membership. While liberal theorists and realists both agree that threat perception is a cornerstone of international relations, there is widespread disagreement on the factors that contribute to our fear of other states. In particular, the field is deeply divided between those who believe material factors such as the balance of military power determine the perception of threat and those who believe ideational factors such as shared democratic value determine the perception of threat.
Using a variety of social scientific methods of investigation ranging from laboratory experiments and public opinion surveys to computer simulations and case studies, Rousseau challenges these conventional arguments and sheds new light on this debate. He presents a model of identity formation that can explain when ideas will (and will not) have a decisive impact on threat perception.
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Identities and Threats
Identities and Threats in Realism and Liberalism
The Constructivist Challenge
The Construction of Threat Model
Experimental Analyses of Identity Construction
A Simulation of the Diffusion
actors American analysis argues argument assessment assumption average shared identity balance of power baseline basic agents behavior borders buckpassing chapter China Chinese classical liberalism classical realism complex conflict Construction of Threat constructivist cooperation defense democracy democratic develop diffusion discussion domestic economic elite emergence empirical entrepreneurs example Figure foreign policy global hegemonic Hobbesian Hypothesis ideas identity dimensions identity play impact important increases indicates individuals influence interaction international politics international system Japan Japanese Kantian landscape leaders Lockean Lustick media concentration Moore neighborhood neoliberalism neorealism neorealist norms percent polarization population power transition theory predicts question realist regime relative gains repertoire response rise of China role Rousseau salience salience of relative scenario shift similar simulation social society southern neighbor Soviet Union structure subjects Survey sponsor Number Taiwan Threat Model threat perception tion trade trait values United variable view China Waltz Wendt Yomiuri Shimbun