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RHETORIC;

COMPRISING AN ANALYSIS OF

THE LAWS OF MORAL EVIDENCE

AND OF PERSUASION.

WITH

RULES FOR ARGUMENTATIVE COMPOSITION

AND ELOCUTION.

BY RICHARD WHATELY, D.D.,

ARCHBISHOP OF DUBLIN

THUCYDIDEL

NEW YORK:

• HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS

329 & 331 PEARL STREET,

FRANKLIN SQUARE.

HARVARD UNIVERSITY LIBRARY

PREFACE.

A BRIEF outline of the principal part of the following work was sketched out several years ago for the private use of some young friends; and from that MS. chiefly, the Article «Rhetoric,” in the Encyclopædia Metropo. litana was afterwards drawn up. I was induced to believe that it might be more useful if published in a se. parate form; and I have accordingly, with the assistance of some friends, revised the treatise, and made a few additions and other alterations which suggested themselves; besides dividing it in a manner more convenient for reference.

The title of “Rhetoric,” I have thought it best on the whole to retain, being that by which the Article in the Encyclopædia is designated; as I should be unwilling to lay myself open to the suspicion of wishing to pass oif as new, on the strength of a new name, what had been already before the public. But the title is in some respects open to objection. Besides that it is rather the more commonly employed in reference to public speaking alone, it is also apt to suggest to many minds an associated idea of empty declamation, or of dishonest artifice.

The subject indeed stands perhaps but a few degrees above Logic in popular estimation; the one being gen. erally regarded by the vulgar as the art of bewildering the learned by frivolous subtleties; the other, that of deluding the multitude by specious falsehood. And if a treatise on composition be itself more favourably re.

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