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Quarles lived and died a zealous adherent of the Our new-born light
Established Church. The last words which he spake Attains to full-aged noon!
were in Latin, and to this effect: “O dulcis Salvator And this how soon to gray hair'd night: We spring, we bud, we blossom, and we blast,
mundi, sint tua ultima verba in cruce mea ultima Ere we can count our days, our days they flee so fast." verba in luce : ‘In manus tuas, Domine, commendo
spiritum meum.' Et quæ ore meo fari non possint, In Fuller's "Abel Redivivus," a very rare book, ab animo et corde sint a te accepta.” are the following lines on Ridley, most probably
Garsden, 1839. written by Quarles. They are marked by a certain sternness, which Quarles' vigorous unbending mind impressed on all his productions.
GOD'S REASONS FOR PERMITTING
IDOLATRY TO REMAIN. "Read in the progress of this blessed story Rome's cursed cruelty and Ridley's glory;
God could, with the same ease, have enabled the Ronie's siren song, but Ridley's careless ear
Israelites to put out those heathen nations at once, as Was deaf: they charmed, but Ridley would not hear. by litile and little; but it was not for their good that it Rome sung preferment, but brave Ridley's tongue
should be so. God saw the pride of their hearts, and Condemned that false preferment which Rome sung. that they would be apt to arrogate to themselves the Rome whispered wealth; but Ridley (whose great gain
merit of their success, and the honour of an entire conWas godliness) he wav'd it with disdain.
quest. He therefore thought it best to permit some Rome threatened durance; but great Ridley's mind
of his enemies to survive, and to be as thorns in their Was too, too strong for threats or chains to bind.
sides; so that the continued sense of their danger Rome thundered death; but Ridley's dauntless eye
might keep up as constant a sense of their dependence Stared in Death's face, and scorn'd Death standing by :
on his help and protection. Moreover, the land which In spite of Rome, for England's faith he stood,
God had promised them being too large to be suffiAnd in the fames he sealed it with his blood."
ciently peopled by them at first, it was necessary, as The following list comprises all the poetical works God himself observes, that the old inhabitants should of Quarles with which I am acquainted : probably
not be consumed at once, lest the beasts of the field the list might be extended by one more deeply read
should increase upon them : that the peopling of the in the tomes of bygone ages.
whole country would, therefore, be a work of time, and • The Scripture His
cost them much pains and industry to improve. After tories of Samson, Job, Esther, and Jonahı ;" “ The the same manner doth God deal with his people under School of the Heart;" “ Emblems;" “ Sion's Elegies;" the new law; he gives them not power to subdue all " Eleven Pious Meditations ;” “Hieroglyphics of the
their spiritual enemies at once; and for this very reaLife of Man ;" “Quintessence of Meditation ; " " Al
son--because pride, which is one of the most danger
ous of all those enemies, is usually an effect of the phabet of Elegies ;” “Solomon's Recantation," a para
very victory we gain over our other vices. Hence it phrase on Ecclesiastes; and the “Shepherd's Oracles.” often comes to pass, that as the children of Israel were
The poetry of Quarles may be compared to an old- not suffered to put out some of those nations who lived fashioned garden, in which the trees are carved into among them, although they had utterly consumed unnatural distortions and unimaginable monsters. As
others; so likewise it is with many faithful and sincere
Christians : after their conquest over the main body of it was once the fashion thus to interfere with nature
sin, some remainders of it, some petty vices, are still in the management of her offspring, so, when our poet left in them, which, though they daily lament, and wrote, verse was esteemed in the same degree as it strive against, they are not able to get the better of it. exhibited the traces of painful and elaborate art. Un- And this, as St. Gregory observes, is permitted by our fortunately Quarles, Herbert, and Cowley, fell into the heavenly Father, that the daily conflict with these enecurrent of public opinion, instead of directing its lity and mortification. Besides, the edifice of virtue
mies of our souls may keep us in a daily state of humistream into a more excellent channel. Had the former
goes on but slowly in the soul, and there is no arriving kept in remembrance his own advice, and elevated at that state of perfection, to which God hath called us, the standard of his own discerning judgment above without passing through the several stages which lead the caprice of public opinion, his works, instead of thereto. It is the nature of all things here below to meeting with neglect, ridicule, and contempt, would
grow only by little and little, and to come to perfection
but by slow degrees, by exercise and much labour. have received that attention which, after all, they well And as it is thus in the works of art and nature, so is deserve and will richly repay.
it also in those of grace. The material world is an But it was reserved for the immortal Milton to emblem and image of what passes in the spiritual. unite sublimity of thought with a corresponding sub
The same God works in all, and alike in all. Let these limity of diction. Soaring aloft on the wings of ima
reflections teach us patience, both towards ourselves
and others, and not to be discouraged at the small gination, he calmly sails through the regions of upper
progress of virtue in our own souls, nor be too much air, and, as he tells of the mysteries of redemption, offended with the slow improvements of our neighinspiration breathes through his words.
bours, nor children of our friends. If we yield not up Strongly contrasted with his calm sublimity are the
ourselves as slaves to our lusts, but continue to mainfettered rhymes of a Quarles or Cowley. Occasionally sincere, though frail endeavours to the end ; we are
tain the fight; if we still resist, still persevere, with an original idea will burst these bonds, and sometimes
assured a time will come when the Lord our God shall ferling will clothe itself in the garment of simplicity. | deliver these enemies unto us, and that he will destroy His prayers and meditations, as indeed all his prose them, even all of them, with a mighty destruction, works, are equally eminent for piety and eloquence. until they be utterly destroyed ; that he will deliver
their kinys into our hands, and none shall be able to *** Clothe not thy language either with obscurity or affecta- stand before us : i. e. both the greater and lesser cortion; in the one thou discoverest too much darkness, in the ruptions and vices shall be totally destroyed. But this other too much lightness. He that speaks from the understanding to the understanding, is the best interpreter."
• From Wogan.
will be only at the hour of death, in our last conflict. no patient endurance of his pain, no tear of penitence Then, and not till then, shall our blessed Lord “de- or sigh that breathes towards heaven, is forgotten liver Israel (all that are of Israel) from all their sins." before God. Nay, he is assured, that if God approves, Amen! So be it.
angels and ministering spirits rejoice in witnessing how his “light afflictions, which are but for a moment, work for him a far more exceeding and eternal weight
of glory." Such is the only solitude which the man The Cabinet.
of faith and prayer can know. Such are the scenes On SOLITUDE.— There is in the human mind a
which open to his view in the loneliness of his closet; natural dread of solitude. Nor is this to be wondered
such the stars and constellations which appear, when at; for solitude has no existence in the truth of things.
the light of this world is withdrawn and its sun gone It is a dark illusion of the mind ; a spectre, which
down.- Rev. H. Woodward. haunts the soul while dead in trespasses and sins; but THE ESSENTIAL AND CO-EQUAL DEITY OF CHRIST which flies at the approach of light, and vanishes at THE ONLY GROUND OF TIIE Believer's Hope. the dawn of an eternal day. I repeat it, there is no Whatever is ascribed to the Father and to the Spirit, such thing in real existence, as that solitude which the is ascribed to the Son respecting his divine essence ; carnal mind pictures to itself, when sensible objects and whatever names are peculiar to Jesus in the and visible witnesses are withdrawn. In theory all Scriptures, they are peculiar to him from some or must admit this, who believe in the being and ubiquity other of his offices as man and mediator. If it were of God. But there is, to the mind awakened to the otherwise, by what a flimsy prop would the faith of life of faith, a practical and realising impression of the God's people be supported ? If Jesus was but a mere same great truth, which opens in the soul a sense of creature, he could merit but for himself; he could not happiness unfelt before. “ Ye are come,” says the atone for others. All his virtues, in that case, were apostle, “unto Mount Zion, and unto the city of the they ever so many or ever so great, could avail but living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innu- for his own justification; they would be due from him merable company of angels, to the general assembly to the Author of his being, who bestowed upon him a and Church of the first-born, which are written in capacity of exerting them. Not the highest angel in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the heaven, not a created potentate in the ethereal manspirits of just men made perfect, and to Jesus tlie sions, has a tittle more of goodness and obedience than Mediator of the new covenant." Such is the brilliant he ought to have ; consequently he has none to spare and august assembly into which the believer is, as it to them wlio need. If a sinner applied to them (as were, introduced, when he passes from darkness unto the deluded papists do to the saints), they would send light, and enters into the kingdom of heaven. He then him away, in the language of the wise virgins, saying, becomes a member of a society, whose union neither “ Not so; lest there be not enough for us and for time nor place can sever. That separation from human you: but go ye rather to them that sell (to those who intercourse, which once was felt as solitude, in all its have aught to dispose of, for we have not), and buy gloom, is now sought and welcomed, as the season of for yourselves.” And, if there were no absurdity or communion with the inhabitants of brighter scenes blasphemy in the opinion of an inferior, dependent and happier worlds. The man who has been thus God, alas, what comfort can any distressed soul derive enfranchised as a citizen of heaven exults in the from him! He sees that his sins are so many and so thought, that henceforth he will never be alone, and great; that his nature is so radically evil and deceitful ; that the weariness of solitude is gone for ever. He has that the world has so many temptations, calculated discovered a secret which can cast a light upon the with the utmost sagacity and suitableness to ensnare darkest hour, and fill with animation and felt import- him; and that, beyond all this (which alone would ance, those seasons when existence presses, with its suffice to sink him into perdition), he has to wrestle deadliest weight, upon the children of this world. He against (spiritual) principalities, “ against powers, who is conscious of no witness but his fellow-men, and against the rulers of the darkness of this world, and who feels that he has no part to act but in the eyes of against spiritual wickedness in high places." The the world, has lost all cheering motive to right conduct, “whole armour of God" is requisite for his defence ; when cut off by circumstances from human converse. the whole power of God is necessary for his perseverIn sleepless nights, and days of languor upon his couch, ance and victory. But, if the Son of God be inferior he has no employment but to count the hours, no to the Father, where is the line of inferiority to be companions but restlessness and pains. All worth drawn? Who can fix a point between that which is living for, to him, hath fled. A burden to himself, infinite and uncircumscribed, and that which is suborand still left to himself, when, “in the night, he dinate and derived ? From whence are the ideas to communes with his own heart, and searches out his arise of this comparison, and how can the principle be spirit," what can he find there, but the mournful settled? And if the Son must be inferior to the conviction, that he is “clean forgotten, as a dead man Father, it would be right to determine (and it might out of mind," that he is “ become like a broken be determined with much greater ease) how many devessel ?" How different is the experience of that man grees he is superior to an angel? But how are Deity who knows that he is a “fellow-citizen with the saints, and subordination compatible, unless upon the plan and of the household of God!" Though cast into the of heathenism and idolatry? The inferiority of Goddeepest shade of what the world calls solitude, he is head has certainly no foundation in the sacred volumes. never less alone than when alone. He is cheered by These, conjointly, attribute the essential glories of the the consciousness that God is “ about his path, and Father to the personality of the Son, and reciprocate about his bed, and spieth out all his ways." He bas a to each of the Persons those titles which express the never-failing and animating motive for the right per- eternal power, the infinite existence, and the adorable formance of every, the most trifling action ; for all is glories, of the Unity. They point out to the believer done in the presence of that Being “ in whose favour God in Christ, and Jesus in Jehovah, as the alone is life," and whose smile is the sunshine of the world object and grounds of his faith and adoration. The of spirits. In the chamber of disease, in silence, and Spirit of truth bears witness with the Gospel in the in darkness, he has still his duties to perform, his believer's heart, giving him to know, " to see, and to part to act, his battles to fight, and 'victories to gain: handle (perceptions that imply assurance of) the and all this, not only in the sight of God, but in the word of life;" and enables him to have a blessed view of that cloud of witnesses, before whom every “fellowship with the Father, and with his Son Jesus candidate for an immortal crown runs his heavenward Christ." This is a logic which the carnal mind canrace. He feels that no silent submission to his cross, not comprehend; this mode of reasoning is upon prin
Italian priests shall never rule
Where stands the English throne ; Our Sovereign is God's minister,
Nor other sway we own!
ciples that surely are not innate; and the deductions are formed upon premises and data laid down in a book, sealed and inscrutable to those who have not learned, as it were, the grammar of heaven.-Serle's Hora Solitarie.
TIMELY REPENTANCE.- If you find it so hard a thing to get from the power of one master-sin; if an old adulterer does dote, if an old drunkard be further from remedy than a young sinner, if covetousness grows with old age, if ambition be still more hydropic, and grows more thirsty for every draught of honour; you may easily resolve that old age, or your last sickness, is not so likely to be prosperous in the mortification of your long.prevailing sins. Do not all men desire to end their days in religion, to die in the arms of the Church, to expire under the conduct of a religious man? When ye are sick and dying, then nothing but prayers and sad complaints, and the groans of a tumultuous repentance, and the faint labours of an almost impossible mortification : then the despised priest is sent for; then he is a good man, and his words are oracles, and religion is truth, and sin is a load, and the sinner is a fool; then we watch for a word of comfort from his mouth, as the fearful prisoner for his fate upon the judge's answer. That which is true then, is true now; and therefore, to prevent so intolerable a danger, mortify your sin betime; for else you will hardly mortify it at all. Remember that the snail outwent the eagle, and won the goal, because she set out betimes.—Bp. Taylor.
Poetry. NATIONAL BALLADS.--No. XIV.
BY MISS M. A. STODART.
(For the Church of England Magazine.) " The Bishop of Rome hath no jurisdiction within this realm of England."—Art. xxxvii.
They say, that we again may bend
Beneath the yoke of Rome,
Rear'd in our sea-girt home.
Recoil e'en from the thought-
Our fathers' lives have bought.
Hath glow'd with martyrs' fires,
Fresh from the funeral pyres :
Our murder'd saints have pray'd -
Our English hearts are made !
Who drove the Armada back;
The torture, and the rack.*
And we are stanch as they,
To bend to popish sway.
The Stuart in disdain,
And spurn'd the Romish chain.
The parting hour drew nigh ;
Spoke forth from eye to eye ;
A white-rob'd prelate bent,
As to the heart they went.
Salvation's hope to gain ;
The tears fell down like rain.
A warm and solemn strain;
The consecrated fane.
With faltering step he sped,
On every priestly head ;
And full of meekness said,
When your old bishop's dead. For more than fifty years, my sons,
A Saviour's love supreme
My unexhausted theme.
Are o'er my temples spread – 0, lead the seeking soul to Him
When your old bishop's dead." Far wan’d the holy Sabbath-eve
On toward the midnight hour, Before that spell-bound throng retir'd
To slumber's soothing power ;
Beheld in snowy stole
Whose accents stirr'd the soul.
And many a grateful guest
With tender memories, prest.
Which, like a flood, doth pour
Through fair Virginia's shore---
O'er rich Potomac's tide,
Rolls on with monarch pride,• From the (United States) " Southern Churchman."
The boats, that ask nor sail nor oar,
dered in intemperance ; and they become happier as With speed majestic glide;
well as better." In every class of society the influence And many a thoughtful pastor leans
of music is salutary. Intemperance may be rendered
more riotous and more vicious by the excitement of In silence o'er their sido ;
loose and profane songs, and music may be an auxiAnd while he seems to scan the flood
liary to the meretricious blandishments of the stage. In silver 'neath him spread,
But the best gifts of nature and art may be turned to
instruments of evil; and music, innocent in itself, is Revolves the charge, “ Be strong for God,
merely abused when it is conjoined with immoral poeWhen your old bishop's dead.”
try and the allurements of pleasure.
“ Music," says Hartford, June 27, 1839.
L, H, S. Burney, may be applied to licentious poetry; but
the poetry then corrupts the music, not the music the poetry. It has often regulated the movements of las
civious dances ; but such airs beard, for the first time, Miscellaneous.
without the song or dance, could convey no impuro INFLUENCE OF Music.--The diffusion of a taste for ideas to an innocent imagination ; so that Montesmusic, and the increasing elevation of its character, quieu's assertion is still in force, that music is the may be regarded as a national blessing. The tend- only one of all the arts which does not corrupt the ency of music is to soften and purify the mind. The mind.'”-Ilogarth's Musical History. cultivation of a musical taste furnishes to the rich a MARTYRDOM.--I will relate a remarkable instance refined and intellectual pursuit, which excludes the in- of modern martyrdom. A young Greek, some years dulgence of frivolous and vicious amusements, and to ago, whose name was Paniotes, was servant to a Turkthe poor a
“ laborum dulce lenimen,' a relaxation from ish nobleman called Osman Effendi. He came with toil, more attractive than the haunts of intemperance. his master to Jerusalem; and when Osman Effendi All music of an elevated character is calculated to
went to worship in the mosque of Omar, this young produce such effects; but it is to sacred music, above Greek accompanied him. Soon after, Osman Etrendi all, that they are to be ascribed. Music may some- undertook a journey to Damascus, intending to return times be the handmaid of debauchery; but this music to Jerusalem, and left Paniotes to await his return. never can. Bacchanalian songs and glees may heighten When the pasha of Damascus arrived here on his annual the riot of a dissolute party; but that man must be visit, Paniotes was accused to him of having profaned profligate beyond conception, whose mind can enter
the mosque of Omar, by having entered it. He was tain gross propensities while the words of inspiration, summoned to appear before the pasha, and questioned clothed with the sounds of Handel, are in his ears. as to why he did so; he answered, that he had followed In the densely peopled manufacturing districts of
his master, whom it was his duty to follow. The Yorkshire, Lancashire, and Derbyshire, music is cul
penalty was death, or to turn Muhammedan, which tivated among the working classes to an extent un
was much pressed upon him. Paniotes exclainied, paralleled in any other part of the kingdom. Every “Christ is risen, who is the Son of the living God. town has its choral society, supported by the amateurs I fear nothing." Pasha : “Say God is God, and of the place and its neiglibourhood, where the sacred Muhammed the prophet of God, and I adopt you as works of Handel, and the more modern masters, are my son.” Paniotes: “Christ is risen, 1 fear nothing." performed with precision and effect, by a vocal and
They led him out before the Castle of David, and drew instrumental orchestra, consisting of mechanics and up the soldiers around him, with their swords drawn ; work-people ; and every village-church has its occa- but Paniotes exclaimed, “ I am a Christian! Christ is sional holyday oratorio, where a well-chosen and well
risen! I fear nothing !" He knelt down and prayed performed selection of sacred music is listened to by to Jesus Christ the Son of God, and exclaimed, “ Christ a decent and attentive audience of the same class as is risen! I fear nothing.” Even Christians advised the performers, mingled with their employers and him to turn Muhammedan. He exclaimed, “Christ is their families. llence the practice of this music is risen! I fear nothing." The executioner listed up his an ordinary domestic and social recreation among the fine hair, which he wore, as many Greeks do, flowing working classes of these districts; and its influence is down to the shoulders, and struck him several times of the most salutary kind. The people, in their man- with the sword, so as to draw blood, in the hope that ners and usages, retain much of the simplicity of " che he might relent; but Paniotes continued, “ Jesus is the olden time ;" the spirit of industrious independence Son of the living God;" and crossing himself, exclaimed, maintains its ground among them, and they preserve “ Christ is risen ; I fear nothing !" and his head fell. — much of their religious feelings and domestic affec- Wolf's Journal. tions, in spite of the demoralising effects of a crowded
God's CHILDREN MUST HAVE God's QUALITIES.population, fluctuating employment, and pauperism.
The Roman censors took such a distaste of the son of Their employers promote and encourage so salutary
Africanus for his wicked life, that they took a rir off a recreation, by countenancing, and contributing to defray the expenses of their musical associations; and
his finger on which the image of his father was ensome great manufacturers provide regular musical
graven, because he so much degenerated from his instruction for such of their work-people as shew a
father's excellent qualities, that they would not suller disposition for it. “It is earnestly to be wished," says
him to wear his father's image in a ring, whose likea late writer, " that such an example were generally
ness he bore not in his mind. Neither will God sutier followed, in establishments where great numbers of
any to bear his name, and be accounted his sons, who people are employed. Wherever the working classes
bear not his imagc, who resemble not his attributes in are taught to prefer the pleasures of intellect, and
their virtues, his simplicity in their sincerity, his imeven of taste, to the gratification of sense, a great and
mutability in their constancy, his purity in their chasfavourable change takes place in their character and
tity, his goodness in their charity, his justice in their manners. They are no longer driven, by mere vacuity
's Sermons. of mind, to the beer-shop: and a pastime, which opens their minds to the impressions produced by the strains London: Published by JAMES BURNS, 17 Portman Street, of Handel and Haydn, combined with the inspired Portman Square; W. EDWARDS, 12 Ave Maria Lane, St. poetry of the Scriptures, becomes something infinitely
Paul's; and to be procured, by order, of all Booksellers in Town better than the amusement of an idle hour. Senti
and Country. ments are awakened which make them love their families and their homes; their wages are not squan-, RODNOX, LEVEY, AND FRANKLYN, 46 ST. MARTIN'S LANE.
THE FAMILY OF GOD IN HEAVEN AND
gion of Christ by St. Paul (Eph. iii. 15), EARTH.
where the great body of those who are
true believers in Christ, who bear his name, BY THE Rev. R. MEEK, M.A.,
and submit to his authority, of every age, Rector of Richmond, Yorkshire.
language, and country, are spoken of as AMONG the principal benefits or fruits of one family !” Though once io afar off by the religion of Christ, which should endear wicked works,” and “ children of wrath it to our hearts, may be noticed the union it even as others, and “ children of the wicked produces among those who are the subjects one;" yet, converted by the grace of God, and of it. In this its opposition to sin is mani- spiritually united to Christ by a living faith, fest. The effect of sin has been to separate they are no longer strangers and foreignbetween man and his God, and between man ers, but fellow-citizens with the saints and of and man. The religion of Christ was de- the household of God.” The representation signed to counteract, and ultimately to de- of the apostle goes even beyond this. It stroy, this effect. The design of God, in this makes this spiritual union of believers to exgreat dispensation of mercy, is thus declared tend beyond the limits of time and mortality; by the apostle ;—“ that in the dispensa- it tells us in effect that neither distance nor tion of the fulness of the times, he might death can dissolve this union; for that blessed gather together in one all things in Christ, spirits above, in the church triumphant, and both which are in heaven, and which are redeemed spirits below, in the church miliin earth, even in Christ" (Eph. i. 10). tant, are one family in Christ : “ of whom," As, by the introduction of sin, disunion says he, “the whole family in heaven and and strife were introduced into the moral earth is named.” Keeping this lovely repreworld ; so, wherever the religion of Christ sentation in view, we may consider-First, prevails, and in the degree in which it pre- The state and circumstances of that part of vails, order, union, and love, are restored. the family of God, on earth. It is clear that It restores fallen man to communion with his all “ named of Christ”—all who have fled God. It unites man to man in Christian to the Saviour as the refuge of their souls--fellowship. It annihilates “the middle wall belong to one happy and redeemed family. of partition” between Jew and Gentile; it God is their Father, Christ their elder Brobecomes a bond of union between nations; ther, the saints of every age their brethren; and when it shall diffuse its influence over heaven is their Father's house, and their everthe world, it will convert the whole race of lasting home. The questions will be asked, mankind into one happy family: wars and on what grounds do we claim for all believers strife shall cease, and the innocence, the in Christ this great honour and privilege, and union, and the happiness of lost paradise how may we know whether we belong to this shall be restored.
family? How interesting the view given us of this They who belong to this family of God are cementing and uniting tendency of the reli- spiritually born into it. By natural birth we VOL. VII.-NO. CCYIII.
(London: Robson, Levey, and Franklyn, 46 St. Martin's Lare.)